Đề thi thử THPT QG môn Tiếng Anh #20

7/20/2018 12:00:00 AM
Đề thi thử THPT QG môn Tiếng Anh #20 giúp các em học sinh khắp các tỉnh thành ôn luyện cho kỳ thi THPT quốc gia.

I gave the waiter a $50 note and waited for my ______. 

  • change
  • supply
  • cash
  • cost

Choose the correct answer.

People can become very ______ when they are stuck in traffic for a long time.

  • nervous
  • bad-tempered
  • stressful
  • pressed

I believe that judges should be independent ______ the government.

  • to
  • from
  • with
  • on

The MP asked ______ the prime minister was aware of the growing social problem.

  • that
  • him
  • if
  • what

Although David was ________after a day's work in the office, he tried to help his wife the household chores.

  • exhaustion
  • exhausted
  • exhausting
  • exhaustive

I think there's a picture of the hotel ______ the first page.

  • on
  • at
  • in
  • to

I'm saving all my pocket money ________ to buy a new PlayStation.

  • out
  • down
  • up
  • away

Let’s go on a _____ to the mountains this summer!

  • travel
  • journey
  • trip
  • voyage

Dogs make very ____ pets. They'll always stay by your side.

  • mental
  • private
  • loyal
  • digital

I'm sorry, but I've got ____ much work to do to come to the beach today.

  • so
  • such
  • enough
  • too

If you hadn't lost the pieces, we ______ a game of chess.

  • couldn't have had
  • can't have
  • may have
  • could have

The boys ______ that he had had anything to do with the break-in.

  • refused
  • denied
  • objected
  • reject

Choose the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

- “You must be Jane's sister. Glad to meet you.

“_________ ”.

  • I am, either
  • So I am. I'm glad
  • What do you do
  • Me too

Choose the most suitable response.

- A: “How lovely your pets are!"

- B: “ ______.”

  • Thank you, it's nice of you to say so
  • Really? They are
  • Can you say that again
  • I love them, too

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
Transplanting organs such hearts and kidneys had proved easier than transplanting muscles.

  • such
  • proved
  • easier
  • muscles

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
On the floor of the Pacific Ocean is hundreds of flat-topped mountains more than a mile beneath sea level.

  • On
  • is hundreds of
  • more than
  • beneath sea level

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
Justice is often personified as a blind folded woman to hold a pair of scales.

  • personified
  • blind folded
  • to hold
  • a pair of scales

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the question.

The principle of use and disuse states that those parts of organisms' bodies that are used grow larger. Those parts that are not tend to wither away. It is an observed fact that when you excercise particular muscles, they grow. Those that are never used diminish. By examining a man's body, we can tell which muscles he uses and which he doesn't, we may even be able to guess his profession or his reaction. Enthusiasts of the 'body- building' cult make use of the principle of use and disuse to 'build' their bodies, almost like a piece of sculpture into whatever unnatural shape is demanded by fashion in this peculiar minority culture. Muscles are not the only parts of the body that respond to use in this kind of way. Walk barefoot and you acquire harder skin on your soles. It is easy to tell a farmer from a bank teller by looking at their hands alone. The farmer's hands are horny, hardened by long exposure to rough work. The teller's hands are relatively soft.

The principle of use and disuse enables animals to become better at the job of surviving in their world progressively better during their lifetime as a result of living in that world. Humans, through direct exposure to sunlight, or lack of it, develop a skin color which equips them better to survive in the particular local conditions.Too much sunlight is dangerous. Enthusiastic sunbathers with very fair skins are susceptible to skin cancer. Too little sunlight, on the other hand, leads to vitamin-D deficiency and rickets. The brown pigment melanin which is synthesized under the influence of sunlight, makes a screen to protect the underlying tissues from the harmful effects of further sunlight. If a suntanned person moves to a less sunny climate, the melanin disappears and the body is able to benefit from what little sun there is. This can be represented as an instance of the principle of use and disuse: skin goes brown when it is 'used', and fades to white when it is not. 

(Source: The Blind Watchmaker by Richard Dawkins)

What does the passage mainly discuss?

  • How the principles of use and disuse change people's concepts of themselves.
  • The changes that occur according to the principle of use and disuse.
  • The way in which people change themselves to conform to fashion.
  • The effects of the sun on the principle of use and disuse.

The phrase "wither away" in bold is closest in meaning to______.

  • split
  • rot
  • perish
  • shrink

The word "Those" in bold refers to______.

  • organisms
  • bodies
  • parts
  • muscles

According to the passage, men of the 'body-building' cult ________.

  • appear like sculptures
  • change their appearance
  • belong to strange cults
  • are very fashionable

From the passage, it can be inferred that the author views body building ____.

  • with enthusiasm
  • as an artistic form
  • with scientific interest
  • of doubtful benefit

It can be inferred from the passage that the principle of use and disuse enables ______.

  • change their existence
  • automatically benefit
  • survive in any condition
  • improve their lifetime

The author suggests that melanin_____.

  • is necessary for the production of vitamin-D
  • is beneficial in sunless climates
  • helps protect fair-skinned people
  • is a synthetic product

In the second paragraph, the author mentions suntanning as an example of___________.

  • humans improving their local condition
  • humans surviving in adverse conditions
  • humans using the principle of use and disuse
  • humans running the risk of skin cancer

Choose the word whose underlined part that differs from the other three in the pronunciation

  • close-knit
  • cactus.
  • desert
  • rhinoceros

Choose the word whose underlined part that differs from the other three in the pronunciation

  • blamed
  • dissolved
  • misused
  • increased

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress

  • furnish
  • reason
  • promise
  • tonight

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress

  • habitable
  • infamously
  • geneticist
  • communist

Read the following passage and choose the correct word for each of the blanks.

Basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War is the country's impressive population growth. For every three Canadians in 1945, there were over five in 1966. In September 1966 Canada‟s population passed the 20 million mark. Most of this surging growth came from natural increase. The depression of the 1930s and the war had held back marriages, and the catching-up process began after 1945. The baby boom continued through the decade of the 1950s, producing a population increase of nearly fifteen percent in the five years from 1951 to 1956. This rate of increase had been exceeded only once before in Canada's history, in the decade before 1911 when the prairies were being settled. Undoubtedly, the good economic conditions of the 1950s supported a growth in the population, but the expansion also derived from a trend toward earlier marriages and an increase in the average size of families. In 1957 the Canadian birth rate stood at 28 per thousand, one of the highest in the world. 

After the peak year of 1957, the birth rate in Canada began to decline. It continued falling until 1966 it stood at the lowest level in 25 years. Partly this decline reflected the low level of births during the depression and the war, but it was also caused by changes in Canadian society. Young people were staying at school longer more women were working; young married couples were buying automobiles or houses before starting families; rising living standards were cutting down the size of families It appeared that Canada was once more falling in step with the trend toward smaller families that had occurred all through the Western world since the time of the Industrial Revolution.

Although the growth in Canada's population had slowed down by 1966 (the increase in the first half of the 1960s was only nine percent) another large population wave was coming over the horizon. It would be composed of the children who were born during the period of the high birth rate prior to 1957.

What does the passage mainly discuss?

 

  • Educational changes in Canadian society.
  • Canada during the Second World War.
  • Population trends in postwar Canada.
  • Standards of living in Canada.

The word “five” in bold refers to_____.

  • Canadians
  • years
  • decades
  • marriages

The word “surging” in bold is closest in meaning to____.

  • new
  • extra
  • accelerating
  • surprising

The author suggests that in Canada during the 1950's______.

  • the urban population decreased rapidly
  • fewer people married
  • economic conditions were poor
  • the birth rate was very high

The author mentioned all of the following as causes of declines in population growth after 1957 EXCEPT_______.

  • people being better educated
  • people getting married earlier
  • better standards of living
  • couples buying houses

It can be inferred from the passage that before the Industrial Revolution _____.

  • families were larger
  • population statistics were unreliable
  • the population grew steadily
  • economic conditions were bad

The word “it” in bold refers to_____.

  • horizon
  • population wave
  • nine percent
  • first half

Choose the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part.
A nuclear station may take risk going off due to unexpected incidents.

  • demolishing
  • running
  • developing
  • exploding

Choose the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part.
The members of the orchestra have arrived an hour prior to the performance for a short rehearsal.

  • after
  • while
  • when
  • before

Choose the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part.
Their writings were celebratory in nature, and they were uncritical in their selection and use of sources.

  • related to parties
  • religious
  • serious
  • disregard

Choose the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part.
There are three crucial points in his argument.

  • unimportant
  • special
  • diverse
  • complex

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following sentence.

The hotel is not spacious. The hotel is not comfortable.

  • The hotel is neither spacious nor comfortable.
  • The hotel is neither spacious or comfortable.
  • The hotel is both spacious and comfortable.
  • The hotel is not spacious but comfortable.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following sentence.
The man was shot in the bank robbery. The doctors are operating on him.

  • The man was shot in bank robbery where the doctors are operating on him.
  • The man whom the doctors are operating on him shot in the bank robbery.
  • The man was whom the doctors are operating on him shot in the bank robbery.
  • The doctors are operating on the man who was shot in the bank robbery.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

Nobody at all came to the meeting.

  • There was almost nobody at the meeting.
  • Not a single person came to the meeting.
  • Not many people came to the meeting.
  • Only a few people came to the meeting.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

Twice as many men as women are insurance agents.

  • More men than women have insurance.
  • Women are twice as likely as men to have sold insurance.
  • Insurance is twice as difficult to sell to women as to men.
  • Male insurance agents outnumber female agents.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

We couldn't have managed our business successfully without my father's money.

  • We could have managed our business successfully with my father's money.
  • If we could manage our business successfully, my father would give us his money.
  • If we couldn't have managed our business successfully, we would have had my father's money.
  • Hadn't it been for my father's money, we couldn't have managed our business successfully.

Read the following passage and choose the correct word for each of the blanks.

THE HISTORY OF WRITING

The development of writing (A)_____ a huge difference to the world and we might see it as the beginning of the media. Pieces of pottery with marks on that are probably numbers have been discovered in China that date from around 4000 BC. Hieroglyphics and other forms of "picture writing" developed in the (B)_____ around Mesopotamia (modem-day Iraq), where the ancient Sumerian civilization was based, from around 3300 BC onwards. However, the first (C)_____ alphabet was used by the Phoenicians around 1050BC. Their alphabet had 22 letters and it is estimated that it lasted for 1000 years. The first two signs were called "aleph" and "beth", which in Greek became "alpha" and "beta" which gave us the modem word "alphabet". The modem European alphabet is based on the Greek and (D)_____ to other European countries under the Romans. A number of changes took place as time passed. The Romans added the letter G, and the letter J and V were unknown to people in Shakespeare’s time.
If we (E)_____ the history of punctuation, we also find some interesting facts. The Romans used to write quest at the end of a sentence in order to show that it was a question, they started to write Qo in place of the whole word, and then put the Q above the o. In the end, that became the question mark "?"

(A)

  • made
  • took
  • had
  • did

(B)

  • length
  • distance
  • area
  • earth

(C)

  • accurate
  • true
  • exact
  • precise

(D)______

  • appeared
  • occurred
  • was
  • spread

(E)

  • look into
  • bring on
  • make off
  • hold up