Đề luyện thi tiếng Anh THPT QG # 28

11/27/2018 12:00:00 AM
Đề thi thử môn Anh trường THPT Lý Thái Tổ - Bắc Ninh lần 1 - 2019

Many graffiti _____ without the permission of the owner of the wall.

  • are writing
  • are written
  • is writing
  • is written

You should be very _____ to your teachers for their help.

  • considerate
  • thankful
  • gracious
  • grateful

You can _____ your shorthand ability by taking notes in shorthand during lectures.

  • keep up
  • keep back
  • keep in
  • keep on

Scientists now understand _______.

  • how birds navigate over long distances
  • how to navigate over long distances the birds
  • how to distance the birds from navigating
  • how long distances navigate the birds

____ he followed my advice, he ____ be unemployed now.

  • Unless/can't
  • Should/ will
  • Were/would not
  • Had/ would not

____ little boy could remember what he had read from _____ book.

  • A/the
  • The/a
  • The/the
  • Ø /the

The judge said that he was ____ by the high standards of performance by the riders.

  • excited
  • impressed
  • interested
  • imposed

Be careful how you _____ the jug; it will break very easily.

  • pour
  • operate
  • handle
  • employ

After driving for five hours, the driver pulled into _____ for a rest.

  • a roundabout
  • a bypass
  • a lay-by
  • a flyover

The woman ______ when the police told her that her son had died.

  • broke away
  • broke down
  • broke into
  • broke in

My friend always dreams of having ______.

  • a bag small red sleeping
  • red sleeping small a bag
  • small a bag red sleeping
  • a small red sleeping bag

David Graddol, a British linguist, believes that English ____ 80% of computer-based communication in the 1990s. 

  • made over
  • took up
  • answered for
  • accounted for

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The federal government recommends that all expectant women will not only refrain from smoking but also avoid places where other people smoke.

  • recommends that
  • expectant
  • will not only refrain
  • smoke

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

I'm so glad that he spoke in my behalf because I felt awful that I couldn't make it to the event.

  • in my behalf
  • felt awful
  • make it
  • the event

- "Which hat do you like best?"

- "________"

  • Yes, I like it best.
  • The one I tried on first.
  • Which one do you like?
  • No, I haven't tried any.

Mary: "Thanks a lot for your help."

John: "________."

  • My happiness
  • My excitement
  • My delight
  • My pleasure

Choose the word which differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • solution
  • energy
  • quality
  • compliment

Choose the word which differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • secure
  • angry
  • polite
  • complete

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • floor

  • door

  • noodle

  • board

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • visits

  • destroys

  • believes

  • depends

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

"I haven't been very open-minded," said the manager.

  • The manager admitted not having been very open-minded.
  • The manager denied having been very open-minded.
  • The manager promised to be very open-minded.
  • The manager refused to have been very open-minded.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

They believe that burning fossil fuels is the main cause of air pollution.

  • It is believed that air pollution is mainly to blame for burning fossil fuels.
  • It is believed that burning fossil fuels is held responsible for air pollution.
  • Burning fossil fuels is believed to result from air pollution.
  • Burning fossil fuels is believed to have caused high levels of air pollution.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

Peter used to work as a journalist for a local newspaper.

  • Peter has stopped working as a journalist for a local newspaper.
  • Peter no longer likes the job as a journalist for a local newspaper.
  • Peter refused to work as a journalist for a local newspaper.
  • Peter enjoyed working as a journalist for a local newspaper.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

They finished one project. They  started working on the next.

  • Only if they had finished one project did they start working on the next.
  • Had they finished one project, they would have started working on the next.
  • Hardly had they finished one project when they started working on the next.
  • Not until did they start working on the next project then they finished one.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The proposal seemed like a good idea. The manager refused it.

  • The proposal didn't seem like a good idea, so the manager didn't accept it.
  • The manager didn't like the proposal because it didn't seem a good idea.
  • The manager refused the proposal though it seemed like a good idea.
  • Since the proposal seemed like a good idea, the manager refused it.

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

My mom is always bad-tempered when I leave my room untidy.

  • feeling embarrassed
  • talking too much
  • very happy and satisfied
  • easily annoyed or irritated

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I could see the finish line and thought I was home and dry.

  • successful
  • hopeful
  • hopeless
  • unsuccessful

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

We left New York when I was six, so my recollections of it are rather faint.

  • misunderstood
  • clear
  • ambiguous
  • explanatory

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The US troops are using much more sophisticated weapons in far East.

  • expensive
  • complicated
  • simple and easy to use
  • difficult to operate

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

Many animals in the wild are suspicious and fearful of human beings. Many animals would take escape instantly (A)______ a human approaches. Man, however, soon discovered that some animals can be tamed or domesticated. Unlike animals in the wild, these animals would (B)______ man to come close to them. They would even allow their owners to stroke or pet them. In the early times man would domesticate animals by setting traps to catch their young. A young animal is (C)______ easily domesticated than an adult one. From young, the animal learns to trust and obey its owner. Many different kind of animals have been domesticated. Some common examples are animals like horses, elephants, chickens and pigs. The dog, which is also (D)_____ as ‘man’s best friend’, is one of the first animals to have been domesticated is the pig. In England long ago, the pig was a wild animals. It was a ferocious and aggressive (E)_____ which was not easily captured. Yet nowadays, the domesticated pig is no longer the lean and tough creature it used to be.

(A)_____

  • when
  • whether
  • where
  • while

(B)______

  • allow
  • make
  • tolerate
  • let

(C)______

  • quite so
  • lots more
  • far more
  • so much

(D)______

  • identified
  • known
  • seen
  • recognized

(E)______

  • being
  • individual
  • creature

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.

1. Overpopulation, the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space, is closely associated with poverty. It can result from high population density, or from low amounts of resources, or from both. Excessively high population densities put stress on available resources. Only a certain number of people can be supported on a given area of land, and that number depends on how much food and other resources the land can provide. In countries where people live primarily by means of simple farming, gardening, herding, hunting, and gathering, even large areas of land can support only small numbers of people because these labor-intensive subsistence activities produce only small amounts of food.

2. In developed countries such as the United States, Japan, and the countries of Western Europe, overpopulation generally is not considered a major cause of poverty. These countries produce large quantities of food through mechanized farming, which depends on commercial fertilizers, large-scale irrigation, and agricultural machinery. This form of production provides enough food to support the high densities of people in metropolitan areas.

3. A country’s level of poverty can depend greatly on its mix of population density and agricultural productivity. Bangladesh, for example, has one of the world’s highest population densities, with 1,147 persons per sq km. A large majority of the people of Bangladesh engage in low-productivity manual farming, which contributes to the country’s extremely high level of poverty. Some of the smaller countries in Western Europe, such as the Netherlands and Belgium, have high population densities as well. These countries practice mechanized farming and are involved in high-tech industries, however, and therefore have high standards of living.

4. At the other end of the spectrum, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have population densities of less than 30 persons per sq km. Many people in these countries practice manual subsistence farming; these countries also have infertile land, and lack the economic resources and technology to boost productivity. As a consequence, these nations are very poor. The United States has both relatively low population density and high agricultural productivity; it is one of the world’s wealthiest nations.

5. High birth rates contribute to overpopulation in many developing countries. Children are assets to many poor families because they provide labor, usually for farming. Cultural norms in traditionally rural societies commonly sanction the value of large families. Also, the governments of developing countries often provide little or no support, financial or political, for family planning; even people who wish to keep their families small have difficulty doing so. For all these reasons, developing countries tend to have high rates of population growth.

Which of the following is given a definition in paragraph 1?

  • Poverty
  • Simple farming
  • Overpopulation
  • Population density

What will suffer when there are excessively high population densities?

  • Farming methods
  • Skilled labor
  • Land area
  • Available resources

The phrase “that number” in paragraph 1 refers to the number of ______.

  • densities
  • countries
  • people
  • resources

In certain countries, large areas of land can only yield small amounts of food because ______.

  • there is an abundance of resources
  • there is no shortage of skilled labor
  • there is lack of mechanization
  • there are small numbers of laborers

Bangladesh is a country where the level of poverty depends greatly on ______.

  • population density in metropolitan areas
  • its population density only
  • its high agricultural productivity
  • both population density and agricultural productivity

Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?

  • All small countries in Western Europe have high population densities.
  • In certain developed countries, mechanized farming is applied.
  • In sub-Saharan African countries, productivity is boosted by technology.
  • There is no connection between a country’s culture and overpopulation.

Which of the following is a contributor to overpopulation in many developing countries?

  • High birth rates
  • High-tech facilities
  • Sufficient financial support
  • Economic resources

Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?

  • Overpopulation: Worldwide Problem
  • High Birth Rate and its Consequences
  • Poverty in Developing Countries
  • Overpopulation: A Cause of Poverty

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.

Today, there are 600 million cars in the world. They may seem like a lot. However, there are over 7 million people on our planet. Most of the world’s population uses public transportation to get around. The number of people using public transportation continues to rise. Subway systems worldwide carry 155 million passengers each day. That’s more than 30 times the number carried by all the world’s airplanes. Every day in Tokyo passengers take more than 40 million rides on public transportation.

Yet many people see public transportation as ‘a depressing experience’, says author Taras Gresco. They say it is slow, crowded, or too expensive. In fact, Gresco says, it is actually ‘faster, more comfortable and cheaper’ than driving a car. Like millions of people, Taras Gresco is a ‘straphanger’ – a person who rides public transportation. In his book straphanger: Saving Our Cities and Ourselves from the Automobile, Gresco describe the benefits of public transportation. Firstly, it is better for the environment. When people use public transportation, they use less fuel. Twenty people on one bus use much less fuel than 20 people in 20 cars. Fewer cars mean less pollution and cleaner air.

Using public transportation can be good for your health in other ways. It can even help you lose weight. In one study, a group of people took public transportation every day for six months. Each day they walked to a bus stop or train station. In six months, each person lost an average of six pounds – almost three kilograms. Taking public transportation has another benefit, says Gresco. It helps people become part of their community. When you are alone in your car, you don’t talk to anyone. One Tokyo straphanger told Gresco, “To use public transport is to know how to cooperate with other people,’ It teaches you ‘how to behave in a public space’. So, public transportation is more than a way to get to work or school. It can help led to cleaner cities. It may also lead to a healthier and more cooperative world population.    

According to the passage, the number of people traveling by planes each day is about ______.

  • 5 million
  • 20 million
  • 125 million
  • 185 million

The word "it" in the passage refers to ______.

  • author Taras Gresco
  • depressing experience
  • public transportation
  • driving a car

What is NOT true about Taras Gresco according to the passage?

  • A. Taras Gresco wrote a book about the benefits of public transportation.
  • B. Taras Gresco often travels by public transportation, especially the bus.
  • C. Taras Gresco finds public transportation beneficial for both the cities and the users.
  • D. Taras Gresco launched a campaign to encourage people to use the public transportation.

Which of the following is mentioned as a benefit for a public transportation rider?

  • He or she will have a good chance to enjoy the natural landscapes.
  • He or she will have a good chance to make more friends with different people.
  • He or she will be able to learn how to ride a means of public transportation.
  • He or she will know how to behave in public places and cooperate with other.

Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as the one that benefits from the public transportation?

  • The car driver
  • The bus rider
  • The city
  • The environment

How does the environment benefit from people's use of the public transportation?

  • Fewer people using private transportation means less fuel used, hence cleaner environment.
  • The smaller number of cars sold helps the automobile industry save the environment substantially.
  • Subways use renewable energy sources instead of the fossil fuels, making the environment cleaner.
  • Buses and trains not only converse energy but also save public transportation riders a lot of money.

Which of the following can be the best title of the reading passage?

  • Public Transportation - to Save the Environment.
  • Public Transportation - We all Benefit.
  • Public Transportation - a Way to Lose Weight.
  • Public Transportation - Cleaner Cities.