Đề thi thử THPTQG năm 2019 của trường chuyên Nguyễn Trãi (Hải Dương)

6/4/2019 3:56:06 PM
Đề thi đã được bổ sung, giải thích chi tiết cho từng đáp án bởi TiengAnhK12.
Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
  • prioritise

  • privacy

  • determined

  • strive

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

  • chooses
  • increases
  • releases
  • practises

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • confusion
  • pollution
  • influence
  • removal
Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
  • renewable
  • influential
  • advantageous
  • beneficial

Choose the part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

It was suggested that Tom study the material thoroughly before attempting passing the exam.

  • was
  • study
  • thoroughly
  • passing

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Despite the roadblock, the police allowed us to enter the restriction area to search for our friends.

  • Despite
  • us to enter
  • restriction area
  • for

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

When we arrived at the shop to buy the dishes advertise in the newspaper, we learned that all of them had been sold.

  • at the
  • to buy
  • advertise
  • been sold

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

I was upset to learn that my first opponent would be Sam Muller, who _____ part in tournaments for no less than ten years.

  • was taking
  • has been taking
  • had been taking
  • took

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

The road in front of my house needs ____.

  • repairing
  • be repaired
  • to repair
  • of repairing

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

At Lunar New Year (Tet) festival, each ethnic group in Vietnam has its own culinary specialties ____ reflect the culture of their people and are used as offerings to worship their ancestors.

  • that
  • which
  • "that" and "which" are correct.

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

On Sundays, many people take their cars to service stations ___.

  • to get the oil refilled
  • to get the oil refill
  • to refill the oil
  • to make the oil refilled

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

The Vietnam men’s national football team has climbed one place from 100th to 99th in the latest FIFA rankings thanks to their excellent results at the Asian Cup 2019, ____ the website Footy Rankings.

  • according to
  • based on
  • related to
  • in view of

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

____ contained in the chromosomes, and they are thought of as the units of heredity.

  • Genes which are
  • Genes are
  • When genes
  • Because of genes

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

The expansion of the natural history museum is most ____ the cause of significant revenue increases.

  • probabilities
  • probability
  • probable
  • probably

One of the _____ for being a lifeguard is knowing emergency first aid for someone having a heart attack.

  • backgrounds
  • requests
  • requirements
  • accomplishments

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

No large ____ lakes are found in the state of South Carolina.

  • natural
  • habitual
  • environmental
  • atmospheric

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

The water workers' claim for a 10 percent pay rise has been under ____ by the government.

  • application
  • inquiry
  • regard
  • consideration

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Vietnam welcomes the second US-Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) summit, planned in Hanoi on Feb27-28, and strongly supports dialogues to maintain peace, security, and stability _____ the Korean Peninsula.

  • at
  • on
  • for
  • of

Choose the correct answer.

She managed to _____ university the first time she tried.

  • come into
  • get into
  • pass to
  • enter to

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

A little farther down the street ____.

  • is the house I used to stay at
  • there is a house where I used to stay in
  • the house is the place where I used to stay
  • is there a house in which I used to stay

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Stop acting like a child. In a few weeks, you'll be coming of _____ and nobody will tolerate your foolish behaviour any longer.

  • childhood
  • age
  • mistake
  • immaturity

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

As children we were very close, but as we grew up, we just drifted apart.

  • were not as friendly as before
  • were not as serious as before
  • were not as sympathetic as before
  • were not as childlike as before

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-informed.

  • easily seen
  • beautiful
  • popular
  • suspicious

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

She was brought up in a well-off family, so she can't understand the problems we are facing.

  • wealthy
  • kind
  • broke
  • poor

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The river should be controlled in order to facilitate navigation.

  • make difficult
  • make impossible
  • make unpopular
  • make busy

Choose the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

John: "Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?"

Laura: " _______ "

  • Yes, it's an absurd idea.
  • There's no doubt about it.
  • Of course not. You bet.
  • Well, that's very surprising.

- "What a nice watch you're wearing!"

- "_____"

  • I'm with you. I'll buy another one for you.
  • Thanks. I bought it on my trip to Switzerland.
  • Sure. That's the best watch on sale.
  • No harm done. You can take it.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

I ate the soup. After that, I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.

  • It was not until I ate the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
  • As soon as I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of soup I ate it.
  • Only after eating the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
  • Hardly had I forgotten to give my little sister some of it when I ate the soup.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

I will leave a message to you with my secretary. It is possible that I will be out when you telephone.

  • As long as it might happen that I am out when you telephone, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
  • I will leave a message for you with my secretary in case I am out when you telephone.
  • Unless you telephone when I am out, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
  • Providing that I will leave a message for you with my secretary, I will be out when you telephone.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Residents of the area like to go to the park to enjoy a tea break after taking a walk along the shore.

  • After having a stroll along the shore, people living in this area enjoy going to the park and having a tea break.
  • If you are tired after walking along the shore, people here suggest that you should go to the park for a tea break.
  • The park by the shore is a wonderful place for residents to have a tea break when they go for a walk.
  • Enjoying a tea break with the residents of the park can be very enjoyable after a long walk along the shore.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

It does not seem very probable that Eric will be able to find a new apartment before he has to leave his old one.

  • Eric doesn't think he will be able to find a new apartment before he is thrown out of his old one.
  • Eric's search for a new apartment while there is still time may well succeed, but only if he works really hard at it.
  • It is hardly likely that Eric will be unable to find a new apartment before he is out on the streets.
  • That Eric's search for a new apartment will be successful before he has to vacate his old one appears highly unlikely.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

She is currently writing a historical book about food, which will include old recipes and the history behind them.

  • At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she intends to write on food.
  • The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
  • There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history of food.
  • The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and the stories behind them.

Choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has delivered Vietnam’s strong message, aspiration, and determination to become a “country of renovation and creativity” and an economy with globally extensive when engaging in every activity of the World Economic Forum (WEF) 2019 in Davos, Switzerland.

He participated in 37 activities where he and heads of State and Government leaders of 50 countries and executives from  groups around the globe discussed and dialogued matters relating to the forum’s theme “Globalization 4.0: Shaping a Global Architecture in the Age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution”.

PM Phuc said the Fourth Industrial Revolution is “knocking” on every enterprise and bringing profound changes that no country can be an outsider, and Vietnam's wish to become one of the passengers at the of the Industry 4.0 train, and enthusiastically work with other countries to build a wealthy world.      

In Davos, PM Phuc and WEF President Borge Brende had a dialogue themed “Vietnam and the World”, which is the first-ever event on Vietnam held by the WEF. Through the dialogue, PM Phuc conveyed strong messages about Vietnam’s development and international integration, asserting that  the current circumstance, Vietnam has maintained an economic growth and socio-political stability that demonstrates itself a reliable destination for foreign investors coming to do business.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

     As computer use becomes more common, the need for security is more common than ever. One of the greatest security threats in the online world is computer hacking.

    Computer hacking is the unauthorized access to a computer or network of computers. Hackers are people who illegally enter systems. They may alter or delete information, steal private information, or spread viruses that can damage or destroy files. But how exactly can a hacker get into a system to do these things?

      Most hackers use information called protocols that are built into computer software. These protocols allow the computer to interact with one another. Protocols are sort of like computer police officers. When a computer connects to another system, the protocols check to see if the access is valid. The protocols can also determine how much information can be shared between the two systems. Hackers can manipulate the protocols to get unlimited access to a computer system.

       In fact, just the act of entering a computer network is considered hacking. This is commonly called passive hacking. Passive hackers get a rush from just being able to access a challenging system like a bank or military network. Another kind of hacker tries to do damage to a system. After hacking into systems, these hackers release viruses or alter, delete, or take the information. Known as active hackers, they are, by far, the more dangerous of the two.

       The easiest way to protect a system is with a good password. Long and unusual passwords are harder for hackers to guess. For even greater security, some online services now use “password-plus” systems. In this case, users first put in a password and then put in a second code that changes after the user accesses the site. Users either have special cards or devices that show them the new code to use the next time. Even if a hacker steals the password, they won’t have the code. Or if the hacker somehow gets the code, they still don’t know the password.

What is the main idea of this reading? 

  • Famous hackers
  • Funny things that hackers do
  • Hackers and computer security
  • Good ways to stop hackers

What do hackers do to get into a computer?

  • Spread viruses
  • Change the security programs
  • Make a new password
  • Manipulate codes

What is not considered hacking?

  • Releasing a virus
  • Illegally accessing a computer
  • Turning on a private computer
  • Changing unauthorized information

Why are active hackers probably considered more dangerous than passive ones?

  • Active hackers are more skilled.
  • Passive hackers have more intense personalities.
  • Active hackers do damage.
  • Passive hackers are caught more easily.

What does “plus” in “password-plus” probably mean?

  • Extra
  • Long
  • Fast
  • Danger

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

 Scientists have discovered that for the last 160,000 years, at least, there has been a consistent relationship between the amount of carbon dioxide in the air and the average temperature of the planet. The importance of carbon dioxide in regulating the Earth's temperature was confirmed by scientists working in eastern Antarctica. Drilling down into a glacier, they extracted a mile-long cylinder of ice from the hole. The glacier had formed as layer upon layer of snow accumulated year after year. Thus drilling into the ice was tantamount to drilling back through time.

      The deepest sections of the core are composed of water that fell as snow 160,000 years ago. Scientists in Grenoble, France, fractured portions of the core and measured the composition of ancient air released from bubbles in the ice. Instruments were used to measure the ratio of certain isotopes in the frozen water to get an idea of the prevailing atmospheric temperature at the time when that particular bit of water became locked in the glacier.

       The result is a remarkable unbroken record of temperature and of atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide. Almost every time the chill of an ice age descended on the planet, carbon dioxide levels dropped. When the global temperature dropped 9°F (5°C), carbon dioxide levels dropped to 190 parts per million or so. Generally, as each ice age ended and the Earth basked in a warm interglacial period, carbon dioxide levels were around 280 parts per million. Through the 160,000 years of that ice record, the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere fluctuated between 190 and  280 parts per million, but never rose much higher-until the Industrial Revolution beginning in the eighteenth century and continuing today.

          There is indirect evidence that the link between carbon dioxide levels and global temperature change goes back much further than the glacial record. Carbon dioxide levels may have been much greater than the current concentration during the Carboniferous period, 360 to 285 million years ago. The period was named for a profusion of plant life whose buried remains produced a large fraction of the coal deposits that are being brought to the surface and burned today.

Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss? 

  • Chemical causes of ice ages.
  • Techniques for studying ancient layers of ice in glaciers.
  • Evidence of a relationship between levels of carbon dioxide and global temperature.
  • Effects of plant life on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere.

According to the passage, the drilling of the glacier in eastern Antarctica was important because it ________.

  • allowed scientists to experiment with new drilling techniques
  • permitted the study of surface temperatures in an ice-covered region of the Earth
  • provided insight about climate conditions in earlier periods
  • confirmed earlier findings about how glaciers are formed

The phrase "tantamount to" in line 5 is closest in meaning to _______.

  • complementary to
  • practically the same as
  • especially well suited to
  • unlikely to be confused with

According to the passage, scientists used isotopes from the water of the ice core to determine which of following?

  • The amount of air that had bubbled to the surface since the ice had formed.
  • The temperature of the atmosphere when the ice was formed.
  • The date at which water had become locked in the glacier.
  • The rate at which water had been frozen in the glacier.

The word "remarkable" in line 12 is closest in meaning to _______.

  • genuine
  • permanent
  • extraordinary
  • continuous

The passage implies that the warmest temperatures among the periods mentioned occurred _____.

  • in the early eighteenth century
  • 160,000 years ago
  • at the end of each ice age
  • between 360 and 285 million years ago

According to the passage, the Carboniferous period was characterized by _______ .

  • a reduction in the number of coal deposits
  • the burning of a large amount of coal
  • an abundance of plants
  • an accelerated rate of glacier formation

The passage explains the origin of which of the following terms?

  • Glacier
  • Isotopes
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Carboniferous period