Đề ôn luyện THPT QG độ khó TB-Khá số 3 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

12/31/2019 12:48:13 PM
Đề thi gồm 50 câu hỏi theo đúng cấu trúc đề thi THPT chính thức. Đề đã được giải thích đáp án chi tiết đầy đủ.
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • raised
  • practised
  • talked
  • liked
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • neighbor
  • receive
  • weight
  • great

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • remember
  • quality
  • occasion
  • terrific

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • depend
  • describe
  • advice
  • notice
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
I feel sick. I ate so much chocolate.
  • If only I hadn’t eaten all that chocolate.
  • I wish I had eaten all that chocolate.
  • I regret I hadn’t eaten all that chocolate.
  • If only I didn't eat all that chocolate.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

We arrived late. We missed the beginning.

  • Were we to arrive earlier, we wouldn't miss the beginning.
  • Only when we arrived late did we miss the beginning.
  • Had we arrived sooner, we wouldn’t have missed the beginning.
  • Not until we had missed the beginning did we arrive late.

Identify the mistake in the sentence below.
In the United States among 60 percent of the space on the pages of newspapers is reserved for advertising.

  • among
  • of the space
  • is reserved
  • advertising

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
The result of that test must be inform before August.

  • result
  • must be
  • inform
  • before
Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
How do you often hang out with friends after school?
  • do
  • often
  • out
  • after

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.
The teacher asked his student,” Where are you going after school”?

  • The teacher wanted to know where his student is going after school.
  • The teacher asked his student where are you going after school.
  • The teacher wanted to know where his student was going after school.
  • The teacher asked his student where he would go after school.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

In Venezuela, beauty contests are more popular than football.

  • In Venezuela, beauty contests are as popular as football.
  • In Venezuela, football is more popular than beauty contests.
  • In Venezuela, football is not as popular as beauty contests.
  • In Venezuela, beauty contests are not as popular as football.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Harry sat there waiting for Lucy, which was not necessary.

  • Harry might not have sat there waiting for Lucy.
  • Harry needn’t have sat there waiting for Lucy.
  • Harry couldn’t have sat there waiting for Lucy.
  • Harry may not have sat there waiting for Lucy.

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.
It isn’t irrational to fear that you haven’t revised or understood enough of the subject you have studied to a course. It may be true that if you have studied and revised a little of the course you have left yourself at risk of failing to accumulate sufficient marks to pass it. It may be that you will need some luck in the of questions that appear in the exam paper.
, it is irrational to believe that if you haven’t covered the syllabus you are inevitably going to fail the course. Few courses, teachers or students “cover the syllabus” in the sense of paying full and equal attention to all parts of it. Examiners do not expect you to have done so. They accept that there are certain areas you are under-prepared, unclear or uninformed. They want too see you demonstrate what you do understand and what you have prepared.
Even when you are struggling to find enough questions to answer, you will find that many have some kind of link or association with your course content. You will normally find some links which you can up into an answer.

Mary: "What a nice piece of shoes you're wearing."

Peter: "_______."

  • Don't worry
  • No problem
  • You're welcome
  • Thanks a lot

- "I love studying science as it allows me to answer questions about the natural world."

- "_____"

  • No, I won't.
  • Neither do I.
  • Yes, I like it.
  • So do I.

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

When you are in a restaurant, you can raise your hand slightly to show that you need assistance.

  • bill
  • menu
  • help
  • food
Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).
Let’s go over that report again before we submit it.
  • dictate
  • print
  • read carefully
  • type

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He can stay with us for the time being until he finds a place of his own.

  • temporarily
  • momentarily
  • briefly
  • permanently
Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
I propose that we wait until the budget has been announced before committing ourselves to any expenditure.
  • deny
  • suggest
  • present
  • recommend
Internet users often suffer various risks, such as spam or _____ junk mail.
  • scientific
  • electric
  • electronic
  • traffic

I don’t think it is a good idea to burn trash to reduce the amount of garbage we produce to save ____ earth.

  • the
  • X
  • a
  • an

If he _____ up smoking, he will be well again soon.

  • will give
  • gave
  • would give
  • gives

Choose the best answer.
The scientists are on the _______ of making an incredible discovery about our past.

  • extent
  • edge
  • limit
  • verge
His parents are very happy with his _________ exam results.
  • satisfaction
  • satisfactory
  • satisfied
  • satisfactorily
The lifeguards saved the children ______ drowning.
  • at
  • of
  • from
  • of

By learning English, you can easily get _____ to the world's development.

  • access
  • entrance
  • approach
  • entry

Choose the best answer to each of the following sentences:
I only asked if he'd put on a bit of weight and he ________ it completely the wrong way.

  • took
  • went
  • confirmed
  • had

Linda took great photos of butterflies while she ______ in the forest.

  • is hiking
  • was hiking
  • hiked
  • had hiked
Jack went to school on time _________ it snowed heavily.
  • therefore
  • because of
  • although
  • so
Most robots are empowered by artificial ________, or AI, and machine learning technology.
  • intelligence
  • internet
  • information
  • interest

Choose the correct answer.

As they remembered ___________ about the danger of getting lost in the forest, the tourists closely

followed the tour guide.

  • being warned
  • warning
  • to be warned
  • to warn
If _________ with pictures and diagrams, a lesson will be more interesting and comprehensible.
  • have illustrated
  • illustrated
  • was illustrated
  • illustrating
Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
______, Alexa purchased a textbook and dictionary.
  • Before beginning the new class
  • Begin the new class
  • Begun the new class
  • Be beginning the new class

 Read the following passage.

    The stars are beautiful in the night sky. They are far away, farther away than most people can imagine. Even though they are light-years away, they can still light up the sky. For thousands of years, people have been interested in stars. They have been used as fortunetellers, calendars, and maps. Travelers often used the stars to help them find their way.

    Before there was electricity, the stars and moon were the brightest things in the night sky. People spent hours staring up and wondering what the little, twinkling lights were. Back then, the stars were easier to see because there weren't any other lights at night.

    Not many ancient people realized that the sun was a star. The sun and moon were thought of as father and mother of Earth in some ancient cultures. The stars were thought of as lesser gods or the souls of people who had died.

    Greek philosophers 2,300 years ago started to try to unravel the mystery. A man named Anaxagoras thought that the sun was a giant ball of metal burning in the center of our universe. He was thrown in jail and sentenced to death because this idea conflicted with people's religious beliefs.

    Even so, people did not stop trying to understand the sun. Scientists still study it today. Large telescopes take pictures of the sun almost every day as we try to learn more about it.

What would be the best title for the passage?

  • The Sun
  • Stars in the sky
  • The exploration of space
  • A history of Greek thought

The word "who" in paragraph 3 refers to _________.

  • dead people
  • souls of people
  • ancient people
  • travelers

Which of the following is NOT mentioned?

  • Stars as fortune-tellers and maps
  • Anaxagoras going to jail for his ideas
  • The sun and moon as father and mother
  • Telescopes taking pictures of the planets

In paragraph 3, the word realized is closest in meaning to ______.

  • found
  • destroyed
  • unearthed
  • understood

Why was Anaxagoras thrown in jail?

  • He did not believe in God.
  • He was not a good philosopher.
  • His ideas were not the same as other people's.
  • He found out that the sun was the same as all the other stars.

Read the following passage and answer the questions.

     There have been many famous detectives in literature. But one of the first -and certainly the most famous - is Sherlock Holmes. Holmes was created by the British writer Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in the late nineteenth century.

     Sherlock Holmes made his first appearance in the work A Study in Scarlet, which was published in 1887. Holmes instantly became a popular literary figure with the general populace, who demanded that Doyle write more stories involving him. Doyle complied and eventually wound up writing fifty-six short stories and four novels that featured Holmes. While he took a break of several years from creating stories about Holmes, Doyle continued to write Holmes stories until 1927. Among the most famous of all the works featuring Holmes are The Hound of the Baskervilles, The Blue Carbuncle, and A Scandal in Bohemia.

     One of the reasons that Sherlock Holmes was so popular concerns the method he employs to solve his cases: logic. Together with his partner, Dr. Watson, Holmes uses his powers of observation to detect clues that can help him solve the cases he accepts. Holmes has an incredibly sharp mind that enables him to determine who the guilty party is or what the problem is. Holmes also is a master of disguise, which he proves many times, and he is skilled at boxing as well as sword fighting.

     While Holmes often solves cases that are unrelated to one another, he has a nemesis with whom he comes into both direct and indirect conflict in several stories. That person is Professor Moriarty, the leader of a crime ring In London. In one of the stories, The Final Problem, Holmes and Moriarty fight one another and fall to their deaths by plunging down a steep cliff near a waterfall. When he wrote that story, Doyle had tired of Holmes and wanted to kill off the character. He then refrained from writing about Holmes for many years, but public demand for more stories induced him to bring Holmes back from the dead and to continue writing detective stories.

 What is the best title for the passage?

  • A brief biography of Sherlock Holmes
  • Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle: The creator of Sherlock Holmes
  • The most famous detectives in the world

 What does the author say about Sir Arthur Conan Doyle?

  • He considered becoming a detective in his youth
  • He was a bestselling author during his life
  • He created more detective stories than any other writer
  • He wrote stories about Sherlock Holmes for decades

 Why does the author mention The Hound of the Baskervilles?

  • It was the first novel he wrote involving Sherlock Holmes
  • The story is one that involves Professor Moriarty
  • It is the title of one of his well-known Sherlock Holmes stories
  • Dr. Watson makes his first appearance in that work

 According to the passage, which is true about Sherlock Holmes?

  • He was fluent in sevaral foreign languages
  • He often resorted to fighting during his investigations
  • He relied upon logic to solve various mysteries
  • He encouraged Dr. Watson to become more observant

 In paragraph 4, the word nemesis is closest in meaning to _______.

  • competitor
  • peer
  • partner
  • rival

 In paragraph 4, the phrase refrained from is closest in meaning to _______. 

  • stopped
  • resumed
  • postponed
  • continued

 What does the author imply about Professor Moriarty?

  • There is an unknown reason why he engaged in a life of crime.
  • He fails to encounter Holmes in some stories he is involved in.
  • Critics consider him to be the greatest literary villain in history.
  • Sherlock Holmes and he are related to one another.

 Why did Doyle kill Sherlock Holmes in one of his stories?

  • It was too difficult for him to come up with new storylines
  • His fans demanded that Holmes be killed off
  • He had no desire to write about Holmes anymore
  • Killing Holmes would help Doyle increase his sales