Choose one word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
Mark the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.
Most people are pretty law-abiding you might think. Well, think again. According to a recent survey, the average British citizen the law 500 times a year, or about eight times a week.
Some of the offences most commonly committed are downloading music illegally, riding bicycles on the pavement, and dropping litter. Motorists are among the worst offenders, with common crimes including parking on the pavement, eating or drinking behind the wheel, using a non hands-free mobile phone while driving or not putting on a seatbelt.
John Sewell, works for www.onepoll.com, which carried out the poll, said: “It’s worrying to think that so many people are breaking the law on a daily basis. And it’s an even bigger concern that many aren’t at all about it.”
, which can, of course, have serious consequences, was one of the most common laws to be broken. Peter Gray, spokesman for the National Society for the Prevention of Road Accidents, commented, “After many years of campaigning, Britain now has one of the best road safety records in the world. , there are still around six people dying on our road each day. Without doubt, this number could be significantly reduced if people would just follow the law.”
Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part.
In most countries, compulsory military service does not apply to women.
Choose the word this is closest in meaning to the underlined word or phrase in each sentence.
Flats which are both comfortable and reasonably priced are few and far between in the current context of economic crisis.
Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.
In 2010, the planetary defense team at NASA had identified and logged 90 per cent of the asteroids near Earth measuring 1km wide. These 'near-Earth objects', or NEOs, are the size of mountains and include anything within 50 million kilometers of Earth's orbit. With an estimated 50 left to log, NASA says none of the 887 it knows about are a significant danger to the planet.
Now NASA is working towards logging some of the smaller asteroids, those measuring 140 meters wide or more. Of the 25,000 estimated asteroids of this size, so far about 8,000 have been logged. Considering that a 19-metre asteroid that exploded above the city of Chelyabinsk in Russia in 2013 injured 1,200 people, these middle-sized asteroids would be a serious danger.
The planetary defense team would still need to work out how to defend the planet against being hit by the truly worrying asteroids – the PHAs. 'Potentially Hazardous Asteroids' are rocks close enough to pass within 7.5 million kilometers of Earth's orbit, none of which are expected to be a threat in the next one hundred years. NASA has created a map of 1,400 PHAs. With technology already available, NASA can track these objects and make predictions about possible impact, at which point two defense solutions could be launched.
The first is DART – the Double Asteroid Redirection Test. Plans are scheduled to test DART on the moon of an asteroid called Didymos. 'Didymoon' is 150 meters wide, orbiting its 800-metre mother, and hopefully the impact of DART will knock it out of its orbit enough for Earth-based telescopes to pick up.
Another suggested defense against a PHA on course to hit Earth is to blow it up using a nuclear weapon. It may sound like a plot from a film, but the Hypervelocity Asteroid Mitigation Mission for Emergency Response (HAMMER) is a genuine NASA proposal. The eight-ton rockets would be fired at an approaching asteroid with the hope of bumping it off course. If the asteroid was too close to Earth for this plan to work, the rockets would carry nuclear bombs to blow it up instead.
The word "logged" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.
The word "those'' in paragraph 2 refers to ______.
The word “track” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.
- "Would you mind turning down the TV? I’m working!"
Choose the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Martin and Jack are discussing about the changing role of men in society.
- Martin: “The modern father may stay at home to take care of his children.”
- Jack: "_______ But I'm not sure if many of them would be happy doing that."
"Shall we meet at seven o’clock ?" - "No,I’ll still __________ then."
Life in Ho Chi Minh City is _____ than we thought at first.
For those artisans, making the paintings is a career ______ it supports the life of many generations of the family.
The escaping prisoner camped in ________ woods but he didn’t light ________ fire because ________ smoke rising from the woods might attract ________ attention.
Choose the correct answer.
It’s hard to _____ on less than a million a month.
Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.
Language is so _____ woven into human experience that it is scarcely possible to imagine life without it.
Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
I have to give a talk about history so I spent the weekend reading ____________ on the Second World War.
Choose the best answer.
Julie was so engrossed _______ the book that she didn’t hear her sister come in.
Choose the correct answer.
Many species of wildlife are ______ of extinction.
Choose the best answer.
Jane was a _______ woman.
They show me a marble sculpture which was____ made by hand.
Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.
Since its foundation, the city of Venice has sunk deeper and deeper into the muddy lagoon bed. Its inhabitants reacted to this by simply piling one floor on top of the other just to keep the level. Up to six floors per house can be found today. Unfortunately, the situation has deteriorated dramatically since the 1930s. In less than 30 years, Venice sank more than it did before during two centuries. Although the reasons are complex, there is one cause in common: human beings. First, the industry of Mestre and Marghera used the groundwater of the lagoon, leading to a rapid sinking of the city. Second, chlorine and nitrogen wastes as well as wastewater from the major cities have attacked the petrified oak trees and slowly dissolved them. Global warming also causes more and more flooding, which is a further burden for the city.
Up to now, there have been numerous projects for the protection of the lagoon, which are more or less effective. The GENESIS (gigantic electronic control dams at the entrance to the lagoon) project will regulate flooding in the city in the future, while other conservation projects have tried to eliminate industry in the lagoon – with limited success so far. To make matters worse, the population of Venice is shrinking. More and more Venetians are moving to Mestre. Venice is increasingly left to the tourists and greedy traders, but whether it is beneficial to the preservation of Venice remains to be seen.
What is the passage mainly about?
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.
We always stand by you when you are in need.
The word “shrinking” in paragraph 4 mostly means ______.
Choose the sentence that has the same meaning to the sentence in the following question.
The likelihood of suffering a heart attack rises as one becomes increasingly obese.