Đề thi thử THPT QG môn Anh Chuyên Hạ Long năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

1/20/2020 2:34:37 PM
Đề thi thử THPT QG 2020 lần 1 của trường THPT Chuyên Hạ Long thuộc Sở GD&ĐT Quảng Ninh.

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • oblige
  • promise
  • notice
  • project
Choose the word that has different stress pattern.
  • compliment
  • interview
  • outstanding
  • industry

Mary is going shopping with John.

Mary: "What do you think of fashion?"

John: "_____”

  • Of course the fashion show is excellent.
  • It’s none of my business.
  • You are very welcome.
  • I am crazy about it.

Tom and John are talking about a tennis game.

Tom: "I thought your tennis game was a lot better today, John. "

John: “_____! I thought it was terrible.”

  • You can say that again
  • You've got to be kidding
  • No, I think so
  • Thanks! Same to you.

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

The Complex of Hue Monuments was the first site in Viet Nam recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

  • Monuments
  • was
  • the first
  • recognized

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

For thousands of years, man has created sweet - smelling substances from wood, herbs, and flowers and using them for perfume or medicine.

  • man
  • sweet - smelling
  • using them
  • or

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

Two billion dollars are not enough for the victims of the tsunami.

  • billion dollars
  • are
  • enough for
  • of the

Choose the word that has different pronunciation.

  • supposed
  • maintained
  • sacred
  • arrived

Choose the word that has different pronunciation.

  • command
  • comprise
  • complete
  • common

Read the passage. Choose one suitable word for each blank.

As a small-business owner, you can avoid many problems simply by improving communication in your office. By clarifying everyone's expectations and roles, you'll help to build greater trust and increased productivity among employees. Here are a few tips for doing so.

Practice active listening. The art of active listening includes close attention to what another person is saying, then paraphrasing you've heard and repeating it back. Concentrate on the conversation at hand and avoid unwanted interruptions (cell phone calls, others walking into your office, etc.). Take note of how your own experience and values may color your perception.

Pay attention to non-verbal cues. We don't communicate with words alone. Every conversation comes with a host of non-verbal cues - facial expressions, body language, etc. - that may contradict what we're saying. addressing a staff member or leading a project conference, think carefully about your tone of voice, how you make eye contact, and what your body is "saying." Be consistent throughout.

Be clear and to the point. Don't cloud instructions or requests with irrelevant details, such as problems with past projects or issues with long-departed personnel. State what you need and what you expect. Ask, "Does anyone have any questions?" Demonstrate that you prefer questions up-front as to misinterpretation later on.

Find the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

The emblem of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations was designed basing on rice - the most important crop for the Southeast Asian people.

  • banner
  • motto
  • slogan
  • logo

Find the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

When the police arrived the thieves took flight leaving all the stolen things behind.

  • did away
  • climbed on
  • ran away
  • took away

In Britain, most shops close at 6 p.m, _____ in other countries they often open in the evening too.

  • despite
  • moreover
  • whereas
  • nevertheless

No one should be exempt _____ prosecution if they have commited a crime.

  • of
  • about
  • against
  • from
Ms. Thompson is always willing to help, but she doesn't want _____ at home unless there is an emergency.
  • to call
  • to be called
  • being called
  • calling

He had to explain the lesson very clearly _____.

  • in order that his student to understand it
  • so that his students could understand it
  • so as to his students understand it
  • so that his students can understand it
In order to _____ their goals in college, students need to invest the maximum amount of time, money and energy in their studies.
  • manage
  • establish
  • achieve
  • catch
It is difficult to assess the full _____ of the damage caused by Hurricane Sandy, one of the most destructive storms the US has had in quite some time.
  • range
  • amount
  • extent
  • quality

Don't be _____ by these slick - talking salesmen.

  • put aside
  • taken in
  • taken away
  • put up

She was _____ out of 100 applicants for the position of managing director.

  • short-changed
  • short-listed
  • shorted-sighted
  • short-handed
One way to let off _____ after a stressful day is to take some vigorous exercise.
  • steam
  • cloud
  • tension
  • sweat

One third of ____ world's population consumes two thirds of _____ world's resources.

  • a/ the
  • the/ X (no article)
  • the/ the
  • the/ a
I didn’t know you were asleep. Otherwise, I _____ so much noise when I came in.
  • didn't make
  • wouldn't have made
  • won't make
  • Wouldn't make
By the time I _____ this report, I will give you a ring.
  • typed
  • will type
  • have typed
  • will have typed

_____ the stories about people who reduced their carbon footprint, we started to change our daily consumption habits.

  • Being read
  • Having read
  • Having been read
  • Reading
In order to avoid boredom, the most important thing is to keep oneself _____.
  • occupation
  • occupant
  • occupied
  • occupational

Find the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

They were forced to leave as part of a government drive to expel illegal immigrants.

  • depart
  • welcome
  • facilitate
  • help

Find the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

At first, no one believed she was a pilot, but her documents lent colour to her statements.

  • provided evidence for
  • got information from
  • borrowed colour from
  • gave no proof of

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this pair of sentences.

I had never seen her before. However, I recognized her from a photograph.

  • I recognized her from a photograph before I had never seen her.
  • Although I had never seen her before but I recognized her from a photograph.
  • After I had seen her, I recognized her from a photograph.
  • Although I had never seen her before, I recognized her from a photograph.

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this pair of sentences.
The substance is very toxic. Protective clothing must be worn at all times.

  • Since the substance is very toxic, so protective clothing must be worn at all times.
  • So toxic is the substance that protective clothing must be worn at all times.
  • The substance is such toxic that protective clothing must be worn at all times.
  • The substance is too toxic to wear protective clothing at all times.

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

People say that at least ten applicants have been selected for the job interview.

  • People say that fewer than ten job interviews have been held so far.
  • I have heard that only ten people have been chosen to have the job interviewed.
  • It is said that well over ten people are interested in having an interview for the job.
  • It is said that no fewer than ten people are going to be interviewed for the job.

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

"You'd better work harder if you don't want to retake the exam!" the teacher said to Jimmy.

  • The teacher reminded Jimmy to work harder if he didn't want to retake the exam.
  • The teacher advised Jimmy to work harder if he didn't want to retake the exam.
  • The teacher ordered Jimmy to work harder if he didn't want to retake the exam.
  • The teacher suggested Jimmy to work harder if he didn't want to retake the exam.

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

I'm sure Luisa was very disappointed when she failed the exam.

  • Luisa must be very disappointed when she failed the exam.
  • Luisa must have been very disappointed when she failed the exam.
  • Luisa may be very disappointed when she failed the exam.
  • Luisa could have been very disappointed when she failed the exam.

Read the passage and answer the questions:

The organization that today is known as the Bank of America did start out in America, but under quite a different name. Italian American A.P. Giannini established this bank on October 17, 1904, in a renovated saloon in San Francisco’s Italian community of North Beach under the name Bank of Italy, with immigrants and first-time bank customers comprising the majority of his first customers. During its development, Giannini’s bank survived major crises in the form of a natural disaster and a major economic upheaval that not all other banks were able to overcome.

One major test for Giannini’s bank occurred on April 18, 1906, when a massive earthquake struck San Francisco, followed by a raging fire that destroyed much of the city. Giannini obtained two wagons and teams of horses, filled the wagons with the bank’s reserves, mostly in the form of gold, covered the reserves with crates of oranges, and escaped from the chaos of the city with his clients’ funds protected. In the aftermath of the disaster, Giannini’s bank was the first to resume operations. Unable to install the bank in a proper office setting, Giannini opened up shop on the Washington Street Wharf on a makeshift desk created from boards and barrels.

In the period following the 1906 fire, the Bank of Italy continued to prosper and expand. By 1918 there were twenty-four branches of the Bank of Italy, and by 1928 Giannini had acquired numerous other banks, including a Bank of America located in New York City. In 1930 he consolidated all the branches of the Bank of Italy, the Bank of America in New York City, and another Bank of America that he had formed in California into the Bank of America National Trust and Savings Association.

A second major crisis for the bank occurred during the Great Depression of the 1930s. Although Giannini had already retired prior to the darkest days of the Depression, he became incensed when his successor began selling off banks during the bad economic times. Giannini resumed leadership of the bank at the age of sixty-two. Under Giannini’s leadership, the bank weathered the storm of the Depression and subsequently moved into a phase of overseas development.

The word "consolidated" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • hardened
  • moved
  • sold
  • merged
It can be inferred from the passage that Giannini used crates of oranges after the earthquake _____.
  • to hide the gold
  • to fill up the wagons
  • to provide nourishment for his customers
  • to protect the gold from the fire
According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about the San Francisco earthquake?
  • It happened in 1906.
  • It occurred in the aftermath of a fire.
  • It caused problems for Giannini's bank.
  • It was a tremendous earthquake.
The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses _____.
  • bank failures during the Great Depression
  • a third major crisis of the Bank of America
  • the international development of the Bank of America
  • how Giannini spent his retirement
The word "its" refers to _____.
  • saloon
  • customer
  • immigrant
  • bank

Read the passage and answer the questions:

The human criterion for perfect vision is 20/20 for reading the standard lines on a Snellen eye chart without a hitch. The score is determined by how well you read lines of letters of different sizes from 20 feet away. But being able to read the bottom line on the eye chart does not approximate perfection as far as other species are concerned. Most birds would consider us very visually handicapped. The hawk, for instance, has such sharp eyes that it can spot a dime on the sidewalk while perched on top of the Empire State Building. It can make fine visual distinctions because it is blessed with one million cones per square millimeter in its retina. And in water, humans are farsighted, while the kingfisher, swooping down to spear fish, can see well in both the air and water because it is endowed with two foveae – areas of the eye, consisting mostly of cones, that provide visual distinctions. One foveae permits the bird, while in the air, to scan the water below with one eye at a time. This is called monocular vision. Once it hits the water, the other fovea joins in, allowing the kingfisher to focus both eyes, like binoculars, on its prey at the same time. A frog’s vision is distinguished by its ability to perceive things as a constant motion picture. Known as “bug detectors”, a highly developed set of cells in a frog’s eyes responds mainly to moving objects. So, it is said that a frog sitting in a field of dead bugs wouldn’t see them as food and would starve. 

The bee has a “compound” eye, which is used for navigation. It has 15,000 facets that divide what it sees into a pattern of dots, or mosaic. With this kind of vision, the bee sees the sun only as a single dot, a constant point of reference. Thus, the eye is a superb navigational instrument that constantly measures the angle of its line of flight in relation to the sun. A bee’s eye also gauges flight speed. And if that is not enough to leave our 20/20 “perfect vision” paling into insignificance, the bee is capable of seeing something we can’t – ultraviolet light. Thus, what humans consider to be “perfect vision” is in fact rather limited when we look at other species. However, there is still much to be said for the human eye. Of all the mammals, only humans and some primates can enjoy the pleasures of color vision.

The word "that" refers to _____.
  • foveae
  • areas of the eye
  • cones
  • visual distinctions
The word "criterion" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • need
  • expectation
  • rule
  • standard
According to the passage, "bug detectors" are useful for _____.
  • navigation
  • seeing moving objects
  • avoiding bugs when getting food
  • avoiding starvation
According to the passage, why might birds and animals consider humans very visually handicapped?
  • humans can't see very well in either air or water.
  • human eyes are not as well suited to our needs.
  • the main outstanding feature of human eyes is color vision.
  • human eyes can't do what their eyes can do.
According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
  • kingfishers have monocular vision
  • bees see patterns of dots
  • hawks' eyes consist mostly of cones that can allow it to scan with one eye at a time
  • humans are farsighted in water
The phrase "paling into insignificance” is closest in meaning to _____.
  • fading away
  • of less importance
  • without colored light
  • being reduced to little importance
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
  • eyes have developed differently in each species
  • bees have the most complex eye
  • humans should not envy what they don't need
  • perfect vision is not perfect
What does the passage mainly discuss?
  • limits of the human eye
  • perfect vision
  • eye variation among different species
  • different eyes for different uses species