Đề thi thử THPTQG môn Anh Chuyên Nguyễn Trãi lần 1 năm 2020 (có giải thích chi tiết)

2/5/2020 8:35:24 PM
Đề thi thử THPQG năm 2020 lần 1 của THPT Chuyên Nguyễn Trãi trực thuộc Sở GD&ĐT Hải Dương.

Read the following passage choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

In 16th-century France, the start of the new year was observed on April 1st. It was celebrated much the same way it is today- with parties and dancing into the late hours of the night. Then in 1562, Pope Gregory introduced a new calendar to the Christian world, and the new year fell on January 18. Some people either didn't hear about the new calendar system or didn't believe the change had really been made. These people continued to celebrate New Year's Day on April 1st. They became the target of jokes. People played tricks on them and called them "April's fools." They sent them on a "fool's errand" or tried to make them believe that something false was true.

Today, some Americans continued the tradition by playing tricks on their friends on the first of April. One well-known trick or practical joke is to put salt in the sugar bowl. Something that college students do is to print false headlines in their, college newspaper - such as “FREE BEER IN THE LIBRARY”. Most April Fool's jokes are in good fun and not meant to harm anyone. The best April Fool's joke is one where everyone laughs, especially the person the joke is played on.

Who were the first "April's fools"?
  • people who didn't buy calendars
  • people who celebrated New Year's Day on the wrong day
  • Christians throughout the world
  • people who played tricks on others
It can be inferred from the passage that the purpose of an April Fool's trick is _____.
  • to remind people of changes in the calendar
  • to make someone believe something that isn't true
  • to make Pope Gregory laugh
  • to make New Year's Day more fun
Who played the first April Fool's tricks?
  • college students
  • Pope Gregory
  • non-Christians
  • 16th-century French people
Which of the following would be a good April Fool's trick?
  • giving someone a piece of candy
  • stealing someone's money
  • drinking beer in a library
  • putting green food coloring in the milk
The newspaper headline is an example of an April Fool's joke because _____.
  • there really is no beer in the library.
  • students prefer to drink in bars.
  • beer could damage the books.
  • college students don't usually read the newspaper.
Choose the word that has different stress pattern.
  • locality
  • preposition
  • negotiate
  • executive
Choose the word that has different stress pattern.
  • deposit
  • cucumber
  • convenience
  • official
"Could I speak to Alex, please?" - "_____”
  • This is Joe speaking.
  • Can I take the message?
  • I'm sorry. Alex is not in.
  • Just a moment. I'm coming.

"_____" - "I had to go to Hanoi for a project I'm working on."

  • Why weren't you at the club on Wednesday afternoon?
  • How was the weather in Hanoi this weekend?
  • You've been busy these days, haven't you?
  • Isn't your project going as well as you'd hoped?

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

The next step is deforestation which involves growing forests in areas where there were none before.

  • where
  • deforestation
  • were
  • growing

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

In this essay I will discuss what is the most fitting clothing for school.

  • most
  • will
  • clothing
  • is

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

The company should consider how much profit can gain by introducing this new product.

  • should consider
  • introducing
  • can gain
  • much
I am sick of this terrible weather! Hopefully, when we _____ up tomorrow, the sun _____.
  • will wake/will shine
  • wake/will be shining
  • are going to wake/is shining
  • are waking/shines
Helen truly believes that it is her _____ to become a doctor. She feels she was born for it.
  • job
  • appointment
  • engagement
  • calling
 

Choose the correct answer.

She travelled _____ of Ireland looking for her missing brother.

  • the length and breadth
  • the ins and outs
  • ups and downs
  • from far and wide
Jack had difficulty in taking the IELTS test _____ he has a very good foundation in English.
  • since
  • despite
  • although
  • for
The company said that it had always acted _____ environmental laws.
  • in association with
  • in collaboration with
  • in compliance with
  • in contact with

Choose the correct answer.

I was looking around the store for a present for my mom, and this scarf caught my _____.

  • sight
  • breath
  • eye
  • dream

Choose the correct answer.

I wish he _____ borrowing money from me. He has never paid it back.

  • do not keep
  • will not keep
  • would not keep
  • hadn't kept
Christmas Island is known for its annual _____ of bright red land crabs from the forest to the sea.
  • emigrant
  • migration
  • immigration
  • immigrant

Choose the correct answer.

_____ atheist does not believe that _____ God exists.

  • An/0
  • 0/the
  • The/the
  • An/a

Choose the correct answer.

She is worried about her two teenage sons because they're at such an _____ age.

  • impervious
  • impersonal
  • imperative
  • impressionable
The _____ of our agriculture is important if we want to produce more food.
  • mechanic
  • mechanism
  • mechanization
  • mechanical
Learning a new language isn't so difficult once you _____ it.
  • get through
  • get down to
  • get on
  • get down with

Choose the correct answer.

You were the last person _____ the office. Did you see anyone _____ the building?

  • to leave/enter
  • leaving/entering
  • to leave/ to enter
  • leaving/ enter

Choose the correct answer.

Everyone likes _____ when they have succeeded _____ something.

  • being congratulated/in doing
  • be congratulating/do
  • being congratulated/for doing
  • to be congratulated/to do

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the space in the passage.

Most people want to look and feel good. There is a lot of about what's good and bad for health. , a lof people don't know how to live a healthy life.

Nutrition, exercise, and rest are requirements for a healthy life. All three are equally important to our bodily systems. Healthy food gives your bodily system's energy. Regular exercise keeps them strong. Enough sleep gives them rest. You can only be healthy if you usually make healthy . For example, you have to be consistent your choices of nutrition, exercise, and sleep. Going on a diet for health reasons is OK. But it isn't . What happens when you stop? Some people think that not eating is a good way to lose weight. If you don't eat, you will lose muscle, get sick, and be tired.

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

They made elaborate preparations for the president's first visit to the African country.

  • simple
  • detailed
  • elegant
  • cautious

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

We appreciated the subtlety with which our host indicated that it was time to leave.

  • cunning
  • slyness
  • craft
  • tact
Choose the word that has different pronunciation.
  • chemistry
  • bachelor
  • chaos
  • scholarship
Choose the word that has different pronunciation.
  • necessity
  • facility
  • economy
  • decision

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

Albert is making a fortune now. It is because he invested his money at the right time.

  • If Albert had invested his money at the right time, he would be making a fortune now.
  • If Albert didn't invest his money at the right time, he isn't making a large sum of money now.
  • If Albert hadn't invested his money at the right time, he wouldn’t be making a lot of money now.
  • If Albert didn't make a great fortune now, he would have invested his money at the right time.

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

She opened the letter. She found she'd been accepted to the college of her choice.

  • Opened the letter, she found that she'd been accepted to the college of her choice.
  • On opening the letter, it said that she'd been accepted to the college of her choice.
  • Finding she'd been accepted to the college of her choice, she opened the letter.
  • Opening the letter, she found she'd been accepted to the college of her choice.

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

These legislative developments will contribute to the promotion of foreign investment.

  • elevation
  • degradation
  • encouragement
  • advertisement

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

I finally surrendered to temptation and ate the last remaining chocolate.

  • repulsion
  • lure
  • allurement
  • impulsion

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

"It's time we sent the supplies", he said.

  • He told us that it is time they sent the supplies.
  • He said that it was time they sent the supplies.
  • He told them that it was time we sent the supplies.
  • He said that it was time they had sent the supplies.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

There was an increase in the number of guests, so we had to prepare extra food.

  • The more guests increased, the extra food we had to prepare.
  • The more guests turned up, the more food we had to prepare.
  • The larger number of guests there was, the better food we had to prepare.
  • The more food we had to prepare, the more guests arrived.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

It is impossible for us to predict the ending of such a mind-blowing movie.

  • Rarely will the ending of such a mind-blowing movie be revealed.
  • Little can we say about how such a mind-blowing movie will end.
  • On no account will we tell you the result of such a mind-blowing movie.
  • On no condition can we understand the outcome of such a mind-blowing movie.

Read the following passage choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

[1] Dreams occur when we are experiencing REM (RAPID EYE MOVEMENT) sleep. We dream about two hours a night (six years of our lives). No one is sure why we dream, but some scientists, psychologists and religions have their theories. Scientist lie Zhang proposes that dreams are our way of processing data about the events of the day. Psychologist Sigmund Freud suggested dreams allow our minds to express things we don't think about when awake.

[2] Throughout history, different cultures have turned to religion for explanations. The ancient Greeks thought dreams were messages from the gods. They built special temples in which dreams were "kept". They placed the sick in these temples as they thought dreams had the power to heal. The Egyptians believed that gifted people could interpret dreams which were messages from God.

[3] Today, dream dictionaries have been developed to help people understand their nocturnal adventures. For example, dreaming of a shark represents a person who is greedy. You need to take care when dealing with this person. Dreaming of spiders means that you feel like an outsider and, if you dream of killing a spider, you are experiencing a period of bad luck. If you dream of eating macaroni, you need to save money and spend it wisely.

[4] There are dreams we share. Flying dreams leave people feeling exhilarated. According to the dream dictionary, they mean that we are on top of the world and feel in control. Ever had a dream where you were walking around in your birthday suit? This is one people having silly or being made fun of.

[5] How about falling dreams? The sickening feeling of plum through the air and then walking just before you hit the ground! (By the way, you won't actually die if you dream that you hit the ground.) This shows that you are anxious and insecure. You have lost control of the situation.

[6] Are dreams our inner desires, our minds making sense of their current circumstances, predictions of the failure or messages from the gods? Perhaps they have no meaning at all. As science is of little help in clearing up the mystery, you will have to make up your own mind. Sweet dreams!

According to the passage, dream dictionaries are used to _____.
  • prevent falling dreams
  • help us control our dreams
  • understand messages from the gods
  • help us interpret our dreams
What does the author mean by the sentence “Ever had a dream where you were walking around in your birthday suit"?
  • You dreamt you were not wearing any clothes.
  • You dreamt you were walking very fast.
  • You dreamt you were shopping for a new suit.
  • You dreamt you were having a birthday party.
According to the passage, which of the following is NOT TRUE?
  • You should beware of a greedy person if you have a shark dream.
  • Spider dreams indicate that you feel like you lack a sense of belonging.
  • You fall off your bed and hit the ground when you have a falling dream.
  • Some dreams, like flying dreams, are shared by many of us.
What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
  • Studying dreams can help predict our future.
  • The reason we dream has not been discovered.
  • Psychologists claim that dreams are our inner desires.
  • Dreams convey messages from the gods to us.
The phrase "on top of the world" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • very secure
  • controllable
  • extremely happy
  • outstanding
The word "they" in paragraph 2 refers to _____.
  • the gods
  • different cultures
  • the Ancient Greeks
  • special temples
It can be inferred from the passage that _____.
  • dreams are our mysterious adventures while asleep.
  • dreams tend to occur when we quickly fall into a deep sleep.
  • dreams enable us to do things we haven't finished during the day.
  • we dream a lot when we feel vulnerable.
Which of the following could be best describe the tone of this passage?
  • critical
  • amused
  • objective
  • content