Đề thi thử THPTQG môn Anh năm 2020 của THPT Chuyên Hà Giang - lần 1 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

2/6/2020 7:29:44 AM

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following question:

THE EFFECTS OF DESERT WEATHER

A desert is a type of landscape that receives little precipitation. Deserts are normally defined as areas that receive annual precipitation of less than 250mm. But some places such as Tucson, Arizona receive more but are still called deserts. That is because they have a much higher rate of evaporation.

Many environmentalists argue that desert regions are increasing. This process is called desertification. It happens when useful soil is blown away by wind. Then the temperature rises, and an area that was once fertile becomes desert. They say that this is due to global warming. It is also due to overdevelopment. Both of these problems are major threats to humanity.

True deserts have very spare vegetation. These deserts exist in the most arid regions of Earth. In these places, rainfall is rare and infrequent. Deserts have a reputation for supporting little life. But this is not true. Deserts have many animals that hide during daylight. About one-fifth of the Earth is covered in desert.

Desert landscapes are often composed of sand and rocky surfaces. Sand dunes and stony surfaces called reps are often found in deserts. Cold deserts have similar features but receive snow instead of rain. Antarctica is the largest cold desert. The largest hot desert is the Sahara.

Most deserts have an extreme temperature range. The temperature is way low at night. This is because the air is so dry that it holds little heat. The desert cools as soon as the sun sets. Cloudless skies also increase the release of heat at night.

Sand covers only about 20% of Earth's deserts. There are six forms of deserts. One of the forms is a mountain or a basin desert. Hamada deserts are comprised of plateau landforms. Regs consist of rock pavements. Ergs are formed by sand seas. Intermontane basins occur at high elevations. Finally, badlands are arid regions comprised of clay-rich soil.

(Source: How to master skills for the TOM reading)

Which of the following is NOT MENTIONED in the passage?
  • The formation of deserts
  • Different types of deserts
  • Human's life on deserts
  • The causes of desertification
Which of the following has the closest meaning to "precipitation" in the first paragraph?
  • heat
  • desertification
  • moisture
  • sand
According to the passage, what leads to the increase in desert area?
  • The increase in the Earth's temperature
  • The overpopulation in the whole world
  • The higher speed of the wind
  • The development of human society
According to the passage, what is the major difference between cold deserts and hot deserts?
  • There is less vegetation in cold desert than in hot desert.
  • Many more animals are living in hot desserts than they are in cold desert.
  • While hot deserts sometimes get rainfall, cold deserts get snowfall.
  • The area of cold deserts is much larger than that of hot deserts.
What does the word "it" in the fifth paragraph refer to?
  • the desert
  • the sun
  • the temperature
  • the air
According to the author's description of deserts, all of the following are true EXCEPT _____.
  • They receive much precipitation during the nighttime.
  • There is a small amount of vegetation in them.
  • They are often covered in sand and rocky surfaces.
  • There are six forms of them.
Which of the following is the best definition of "regs", according to the passage?
  • They are deserts which have a lot of mountains.
  • They are deserts of which surfaces are stony.
  • They are the driest deserts where clay is found.
  • They are deserts which comprise of sand dunes.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

The interrelationship of science, technology, and industry is taken for granted today - summed up, not altogether accurately, as "research and development." Yet historically this widespread faith in the economic virtues of science is a relatively recent phenomenon, dating back in the United States about 150 years, and in the Western world as a whole not over 300 years at most. Even in this current era of large scale, intensive research and development, the interrelationships involved in this process are frequently misunderstood. Until the coming of the Industrial Revolution. science and technology evolved for the most part independently of each other. Then as industrialization became increasingly complicated, the craft techniques of preindustrial society gradually gave way to a technology based on the systematic application of scientific knowledge and scientific methods. This changeover started slowly and progressed unevenly. Until late in the nineteenth century, only a few industries could use scientific techniques or cared about using them. The list expanded noticeably after 1870, but even then much of what passed for the application of science was "engineering science" rather than basic science.

Nevertheless, by the middle of the nineteenth century, the rapid expansion of scientific knowledge and of public awareness - if not understanding - of it had created a belief that the advance of science would in some unspecified manner automatically generate economic benefits. The widespread and usually uncritical acceptance of this thesis led in turn to the assumption that the application of science to industrial purposes was a linear process, starting with fundamental science, then proceeding to applied science or technology, and through them to industrial use. This is probably the most common pattern, but it is not invariable. New areas of science have been opened up and fundamental discoveries made as a result of attempts to solve a specific technical or economic problem. Conversely, scientists who mainly do basic also serve as consultants on projects that apply research in practical ways.

In sum, the science-technology-industry relationship may flow in several different ways, and the particular channel it will follow depends on the individual situation. It may at times even be multidirectional.

What is the author's main purpose in the passage?
  • To show how technology influenced basic science.
  • To describe the scientific base of nineteenth-century American industries.
  • To correct misunderstandings about the connections between science, technology, and industry.
  • To argue that basic science has no practical application.
The word "intensive" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • decreased
  • concentrated
  • creative
  • advanced
The “list” mentioned in paragraph 1 refers to _____.
  • types of scientific knowledge
  • changes bpught by technology
  • industries that used scientific techniques
  • applications of engineering science
The understanding of research and development in the late nineteenth century is based on which of the following beliefs?
  • Engineering science is not very important.
  • Fundamental science naturally leads to economic benefits.
  • The relationship between research and development should be criticized.
  • Industrial needs should determine what areas fundamental science focuses on.
The word "it" in paragraph 2 refers to _____.
  • understanding
  • public awareness
  • scientific knowledge
  • expansion
The word “assumption” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • regulation
  • belief
  • contract
  • confusion
Why does the author mention "consultants" in paragraph 2?
  • To show how new areas of science have given rise to new professions.
  • To distinguish between scientists who work in industry and those who do not.
  • To explain the ways in which scientists find financial support for their work.
  • To show how scientists who work in basic research contribute to applied science.
Which of the following statements does the passage support?
  • The development of science and of industry is now interdependent.
  • Basic scientific research cannot generate practical applications.
  • Industries should spend less money on research and development.
  • Science and technology are becoming more separate.

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

Grover Cleveland was the only American president served two nonconsecutive terms.

  • was
  • only
  • served
  • nonconsecutive terms

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

Having written within only one hour, the song was recognized as the best single last year.

  • Having written
  • within
  • was recognized
  • the best single

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

The refrigerator was too heavy for me to move it by myself.

  • The refrigerator
  • too heavy
  • move it
  • by myself

Find the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Success in the academic field depends on your number of qualifications.

  • The success in the academic field leads to the higher quantity of qualifications you have.
  • The more qualifications you get, the more successful you are in the academic field.
  • The number of qualifications you get depends greatly on your academic success.
  • As long as you are highly academically qualified, you will be more and more successful.

Find the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

The last time he met his parents was one month ago.

  • He last met his parents since one month ago.
  • The last time he didn't meet his parents was one month ago.
  • It's one month since he hasn't met his parents.
  • He hasn't met his parents for one month.

Find the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

"If you wanted to take my bike, you should have asked me first", said Mike.

  • Mike criticized his brother for not having asked him before taking his bike.
  • Mike begged his brother to ask him first before taking his bike.
  • Mike persuaded his brother to inform him about taking his bike.
  • Mike warned his brother against taking his bike without telling him about it.

Find the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

The demand was so great. They had to reprint the book immediately.

  • They demanded that the book be reprinted immediately.
  • So great was the demand that they had to reprint the book immediately.
  • The book would be reprinted immediately since the demand was great.
  • They demanded to reprint the book immediately in great quantity.

Find the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

The Australian government did try very hard to put out the fire. However, it still spread quickly.

  • However hard the Australian government tried, the fire still spread quickly.
  • Because the Australian government tried very hard, the fire was put out.
  • If the Australian government hadn't tried hard to put out the fire, it would have spread quickly.
  • The fire spread so quickly that the Australian government couldn't put it out.
Choose the word that has different pronunciation.
  • malaria

  • eradicate

  • character

  • spectacular

Choose the word that has different pronunciation.
  • wealth

  • cloth

  • length

  • smooth

Choose the word that has different stress pattern.
  • history
  • divide
  • adapt
  • explode
Choose the word that has different stress pattern.
  • communicate
  • catastrophe
  • comfortable
  • economy
They _____ since eight o'clock.
  • are talking
  • have been talking
  • talked
  • talk
He said that he _____ a lot of money on advertising to expand his business.
  • spends
  • has spent
  • spending
  • had spent
Did you enroll for _____ university you told me about last week?
  • a
  • the
  • zero article
  • an
_____ Michelle tried hard, she didn’t manage to win the competition.
  • No matter how
  • Even though
  • In spite of
  • Nevertheless
If she hadn't lost her job last year, she _____ all of her debt.
  • can pay
  • will pay
  • could pay
  • could have paid

Choose the correct answer.

Venice is a beautiful city _____ is visited by thousands of people each year.

  • where
  • what
  • of which
  • which
It is important that he _____ smoking to have better health.
  • quits
  • will quit
  • is going to quit
  • quit
I don't like the hot weather. Thirty degrees _____ too warm for me.
  • was
  • are
  • were
  • is
Jack _____ that job but he didn't; he decided to run his own business.
  • must have taken
  • should have taken
  • could have taken
  • might have taken
I can't _____ what he's doing; it’s so dark down here.
  • make out
  • see through
  • look into
  • show up
Voters are beginning to _____ notice of him as a serious candidate.
  • make
  • do
  • take
  • pay
Many of the _____ paintings were robbed from the museum last night.
  • valueless
  • worthless
  • unvaluable
  • invaluable

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

Southeast Asia is a region of diverse cultures.

  • same
  • adopted
  • various
  • respected

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

Katie appeared infallible in math class because she had never gotten a problem wrong.

  • accurate
  • mistaken
  • wrong
  • incorrect

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

International Organizations are going to be in a temporary way in the country.

  • complicated
  • compulsory
  • permanent
  • good

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

I clearly remember talking to him by chance in a meeting last summer.

  • in an unplanned way
  • unintentionally
  • by accident
  • deliberately

Charles and Lisa are talking outside the cinema.

- Charles: "Do you mind if I smoke?"

- Lisa: "_____."

  • Yes, I don't mind
  • No, I don't think so
  • No, go right ahead
  • Yes, go ahead

Laura and Maria are talking about the environment.

Laura: "I think its high time we taught the children about protecting the nature."

Maria: "_____."

  • I couldn't agree more
  • Don't bother
  • Not a chance
  • It's very kind of you

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

DROUGHT

 A drought is an long spell of dry weather. It is a time when there is not enough water farming, urban, or environment needs. It usually refers to an extended period of below-normal rainfall. But it can be caused by anything that reduces the of water circulation. Human cannot control the weather. the causes that lead to drought cannot be stopped. The most common causes are lack of water and hot temperatures. Many scientists believe many recent droughts happened because of global warming. They claim that if we can reduce the damage done to the ozone layer, there will be droughts.

(Source: flow to master skills for the TOEFL Reading)