Đề thi thử THPTQG môn Anh Chuyên Phan Bội Châu - Nghệ An lần 1 năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

2/7/2020 4:21:05 PM

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Naming customs are different around the world. In most cultures, however, people have at least two names: a family name and a given name. Your given name is the name you receive when you are born. Your family name is the name you share with other people in your family. In the United States, the family name is often called the last name, and the given name is often called the first name. However, the order of the two names is not the same everywhere. For example, in many Asian countries, the family name is first and the given name is second. When two people from different cultures meet, sometimes they use the incorrect name. This can cause embarrassment.

Family names can show something about a family's early history. The origin of many English family names is a place, like London, or a job, such as Farmer or Shoemaker. A long time ago, these families probably worked as farmers or shoemakers. Swedish and danish family names often mean son of. For example, Johansson means son of Johan. In South Korea, there are only about 250 family names. These names go back hundreds of years to very old clans. About half of all Koreans have one of the three most common family names - Kim, Park, or Lee.

There is generally no choice about a family name, but there is much more choice about given names. Parents choose their child's name for many different reasons. They may select a name that sounds beautiful or means something special. These names may have meanings like peace or happiness. In some cultures. there may be a connection between children's names and when or how they were born. For example, a Yoruba child in Nigeria might have a name like Sunday or Born on a Sunny Day. In some countries, parents may pay money to a professional baby namer to help them find a good name. They want to find a name that will be lucky for their child.

(Source: Jessica William, Making Connection 1, 2nd Ed., Cambridge, 2014)

It is stated in the first paragraph that when two people from different cultures meet, _____.
  • they do not know how to say their names
  • they very often misaddress each other
  • they may misuse each other's names
  • they will misunderstand each other
What is NOT mentioned as a reason for parents to choose names for their child?
  • a name that shows how a child is born
  • a name that brings strength to their child
  • a name that means something special
  • a name that will be lucky for their child
Which of the following statements can be inferred from the passage?
  • Naming is a universal culture.
  • People can choose their own names.
  • Names are selected in accordance with local customs.
  • People can change their lives by changing names.
What does the word "clans" in the passage mostly mean?
  • a number of royal families
  • large groups of families
  • upper class families
  • lower class families
What can be the best title of the reading passage?
  • Naming for a reason
  • Naming for Fun
  • Beautiful Names
  • Naming Customs

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.
The company will make some research on the domestic market and put forward a proposal to promote sales.

  • will make
  • on the domestic
  • put forward
  • promote sales

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

Globally and internationally the 1990's stood out as the warmest decade in the history of weather records.

  • Globally and internationally
  • out
  • wannest
  • weather records

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

Tom said that if he had to do another homework tonight he would not be able to attend the concert.

  • if he had to
  • another
  • would not be able
  • to attend

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

It's not fair to put all the blame on him. He's not the only one at fault.

  • Only the one who were involved should be punished.
  • He deserved to be punished, but the others don't.
  • It wouldn't be right to punish those who like him, were not involved.
  • He doesn't deserve to he larned for everything as there were others involved.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Increasing urbanization has led to problems. Cities are centers of civilization and culture.

  • Despite increasing urbanization has led to problems but cities are centers of civilization and culture.
  • In spite of increasing urbanization has led to problems but cities are centers of civilization and culture.
  • Although increasing urbanization has led to problems but cities are centers of civilization and culture.
  • Though increasing urbanization has led to problems, cities are centers of civilization and culture.
Choose the word that has different tress pattern.
  • determine
  • rearrange
  • develop
  • distinguish
Choose the word that has different tress pattern.
  • ostentatious
  • uncontrollable
  • competitively
  • controversial

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

The idea of going overseas to study can be daunting, with visions of baffling languages or nights spent in isolation while you are gradually forgotten by your friends and family. , the benefits of studying abroad - such as broadening your mind, improving your career prospects and making friends from all over the world - can make digging out your passport really rewarding.

"Studying abroad is an eye-opening experience," says Anna Boyd, event manager at The Student World. "Being  in another culture, understanding differences and spotting similarities, living on a beach or in the mountains, will have an impact on every student."

Overseas study comes in many shapes and sizes. It might be a single semester abroad via an Erasmus programme, for example. Or you might elect to follow a full three-or four-year degree programme. Whatever your ambition, the key is starting early. Some countries require specific combinations of A-levels from UK students, Germany looks for four A-levels including maths or science and one modern foreign language, for instance, while others, such as the US, value extracurricular activities. Starting our research well ahead time can help you make the right choices. "Getting involved in sports, arts and music is also worth considering, as well as gaining experience through volunteering and work placements," says Boyd. In fact, applying to study abroad could even work to your advantage, for example, you might encounter lower requirements.

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.

Sometimes, in order to get things done, you have to take the initiative.

  • make the last decision
  • make important changes
  • raise the first idea
  • sacrifice for others

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.

The emblem of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations was designed basing on rice - the most important crop for the Southeast Asian people.

  • banner
  • logo
  • motto
  • slogan

Kathy and Kim are friends. They have just finished lunch in a restaurant.

Kathy: "The food is great. I'll get the bill."

Jim: “_____”

  • Yes, speak to you soon.
  • No, this is on me.
  • It's nothing.
  • Don't mention it.

Jane is talking to Billy about the meeting.

Jane: "Is everybody happy with the decision?"

Billy: “_____”

  • That sounds like fun.
  • Yes, it is certainly.
  • No, have you?
  • Not really.

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.

I've become a bit of a couch potato since I stopped playing football.

  • a lazy person
  • a live wire
  • a kind person
  • a nice person

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

That last comment of yours won the day because nobody could possibly argue with you after that.

  • was a big hit
  • was a break-through
  • was a success
  • was a failure
Choose the word that has different pronunciation.
  • mood

  • bloom

  • stood

  • groom

Choose the word that has different pronunciation.
  • helped

  • advertised

  • finished

  • influenced

Choose the correct answer.

_____ swimming is considered to be _____ good way of losing weight.

  • The / a
  • 0 / a
  • A / the
  • The/ the
_____, they discovered that their house had been burgled.
  • On their return from the trip
  • They had returned from the trip
  • To have returned from the trip
  • After they have returned from the trip
When he went to Egypt, he knew _____ no Arabic, but within 6 months he had become extremely fluent.
  • virtually
  • barely
  • entirely
  • scarcely
_____ young girls think cosmetic surgery is safe, it still carries all the risks of surgery.
  • Despite
  • Since
  • Although
  • Because of
This time tomorrow _____ on the beach sunbathing and drinking freshly squeezed fruit juice!
  • I'll have been lying
  • I will be lying
  • I'll have lain
  • I will lie
That's exactly what I mean, Tom. You've _____.
  • put your foot in it
  • put two and two together
  • killed two birds with one stone
  • hit the nail on the head
The lottery winner was willing to spend a considerable sum of money to _____ to charity to help those in need.
  • give away
  • give in
  • give back
  • give up
The schoolboy's excuse wasn't _____ at all. Nobody in the classroom believed in the far-fetched story he told.
  • credential
  • credible
  • credulous
  • creditable

Choose the correct answer.

Having undergone many changes over the years, Ao dai is still worn _____ pride by Vietnamese women.

  • of
  • with
  • in
  • under
Lady Gaga would never forget _____ the Best Original Song prize for 'Shallow'.
  • being awarded
  • to have awarded
  • to be awarded
  • having awarded
Only if I had known the difference _____ the more expensive car.
  • I would have bought
  • would I have bought
  • would I buy
  • would I bought

Choose the correct answer.

_____ only in the Andes, the plant is used by local people to treat skin diseases.

  • Found
  • Having found
  • Finding
  • Founded
The boy has a collection of _____.
  • valuable Australian old postage stamp
  • old valuable Australian postage stamp
  • valuable old Australian postage stamp
  • old Australian valuable postage stamp

Choose the correct answer.

According to new regulations, car drivers will be fined up to VND 30-40 million (US dollar 1,297-1,729) and have their driving license _____ for 22-24 months if they are caught driving under the influence of alcohol.

  • taken
  • validated
  • revoked
  • ratified

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

There is no point in your phoning Jane - she's away.

  • It would be a waste of time phoning Jane - she's away.
  • Don't spend your valuable time phoning Jane - she's out.
  • Jane is very difficult to phone - she's always away.
  • You waste your time if you insist on phoning Jane - she's away.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

My eldest sister started working as a freelance journalist as soon as she graduated from university.

  • Hardly had my eldest sister started working as a freelance journalist when she graduated from university.
  • No sooner had my eldest sister graduated from university than she started working as a freelance journalist.
  • No sooner had my eldest sister started working as a freelance journalist than she graduated from university.
  • After my eldest sister graduated from university, she had started working as a freelance journalist.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

She reminded her daughter of the table manners.

  • She wanted her daughter to be more polite while eating.
  • She wanted her daughter to eat a little more slowly.
  • She wanted her daughter to leave the dinner table.
  • She wanted her daughter to remember all meal time.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Mark Zuckerberg was born in 1984, in New York, into a prosperous, professional family. He developed an interest in computers at an early age and when he was twelve, created a messaging program which he named "Zucknet". His dentist father used it in his surgery so that his receptionist could inform him of the arrival of a patient without yelling across the room. Together with his friends, Mark spent much of his spare time as a boy designing and making computer games just for fun.

In 2002, Mark enrolled at Harvard University. By his second year at the institution, he had acquired a reputation on the campus as a developer of software. It was at that time he invented "Facemash" which compared pictures of female students and allowed users to vote on which one was the most attractive. The program became very popular on campus, but was later shut down by the university authorities who deemed it "inappropriate".

Based on the buzz of "Facemash", three of Mark's fellow students, Divya Narendra, and twins, Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss, asked him to work with them on an idea for a social networking site called "Harvard Connection". This site was designed to use information from Harvard's student networks to create a dating site for the university's elite. Mark was initially enthusiastic about the complex project but boredom soon set in and he backed out of it to work on his own social networking site. He created a site that allowed users to produce their profiles, upload photos, and communicate with other people beyond the confines of the university. He called the site "Facebook" and he operated from one small college room until June 2004 when he finally abandoned his studies to devote himself fully to Facebook and moved the company to California.

By the end of 2004, Facebook had one million users and Mark was climbing high.However, in 2006, the multi-millionaire business mogul faced his first big hurdle. The creators of Harvard Connection claimed that he had used their idea, and insisted that he should compensate them for their business losses. Mark maintained that the ideas were based on very different types of social networks but, after lawyers searched his records, incriminating emails revealed that he may have intentionally stolen the intellectual property of his former partners. Although an initial settlement of $65 million was reached between the two parties, the legal dispute over the matter continued well into 2011, after the Harvard Connection creators claimed they were misled with regards to the value of the Facebook stock.

Since amassing his sizeable fortune, Mark has used his millions to fund a variety of philanthropic causes. He has put lots of money into the deteriorating schools' system in deprived parts of New York and he actively encourages other wealthy, young entrepreneurs to follow his example and put back something into society.

(Source: <https:/www.uniks.com Business Mark Zuckerberg)

Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
  • Mark has been investing in improving education in less developed areas of New York.
  • The legal dispute that Mark faced started in 2006 and continued well into 2011.
  • Some of the creators of Harvard Connection used to be Mark's fellow students.
  • Mark has deliberately taken the ideas of the creators of Harvard Connection.
Which of the following statement is true according to the passage?
  • Mark did not copy the idea behind Harvard connection.
  • The Harvard Connection team were unaware of the value of Mark's company.
  • Mark stated that the two websites were not in any way alike.
  • The two parties in dispute were unable to come to an agreement.
According to the passage, as a child, Mark Zuckerberg _____.
  • sold computer programs to his friends
  • was mainly interested in playing computer games
  • developed a communication program
  • created a software package for dentists
Which of the following best serves as the title for the passage?
  • The Success of Facebook
  • The Legal Dispute over Facebook
  • The Harvard Connection Creators
  • The Inventor of Facebook

The word "philanthropic" in paragraph 5 can be best replaced by _____.

  • failing
  • moral
  • humanitarian
  • problematic

It can be inferred from the passage that during his time at university, Mark _____.

  • developed an unsuccessful program
  • was known for developing unsuitable software
  • made a program that was disliked by the authorities
  • produced education programs
The Facebook social network developed at Harvard _____.
  • was a collaborative project with other students
  • became Mark's full-time job after completing university
  • could only be accessed by Harvard students
  • became really successful after June 2004
The Harvard Connection network was _____.
  • for exchanging academic information
  • originally Mark's idea
  • a site for all university students
  • not interesting enough for Mark