Đề thi thử THPTQG môn Anh Nguyễn Viết Xuân, Vĩnh Phúc lần 1 năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

2/11/2020 10:22:41 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • satellites
  • challenges
  • approaches
  • devices
Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • peasant
  • measure
  • creature
  • pleasure
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in the following question.
  • survive
  • forward
  • secure
  • observe

Choose the word which differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • immigrant
  • miracle
  • strategy
  • position
Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
A body has discovered by the police near the isolated house.
  • has discovered
  • near
  • isolated
  • the
Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
Now that we have a baby, we get seldom the chance to go to the cinema.
  • that
  • have
  • get seldom
  • to go
Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
I know that if I start watching a soap opera. I immediately become hopelessly addictive.
  • addictive
  • if
  • watching
  • hopelessly

If he didn't come to the party, he ______ Sarah.

  • couldn't meet
  • can't meet
  • hadn't met
  • couldn't have met

She started working as _____ childminder when she was at university.

  • an
  • the
  • a
  • no article
He claimed _____ from military service as he was a foreign national.
  • demobilization
  • exemption
  • liability
  • exception
The majority of children ____ an effort to save for the future because they worry about debt they can be in.
  • do
  • have
  • try
  • make
His ____ was destroyed when he was caught stealing some money.
  • determination
  • figure
  • respect
  • reputation
_____ for about 4 weeks, we now can perform most of the tasks confidently.
  • Being trained
  • Training
  • Having trained
  • Having been trained

The most severely affected area was the 19th-century residential and industrial _____ of inner London - particularly the East End.

  • ring
  • loop
  • belt
  • tie
Before they came to the party, Jane ____ all the things needed.
  • had prepared
  • prepared
  • was preparing
  • has prepared
I suggested ____ the matter to the committee.
  • to put
  • putting
  • being put
  • put
The teacher was explaining the lesson slowly and clearly______.
  • in order that his students can understand it
  • in order to his students understand it
  • so as to that his students could understand it
  • so that his students could understand it

She walks so fast that I can hardly _____ her.

  • keep up with
  • keep up to
  • keep away from
  • keep of with

Choose the correct answer.

It was such a/ an ____ book about environmental problems.

  • weather-beaten
  • thought-provoking
  • absent-minded
  • ill-behaved

I still enjoyed the week _____ the weather.

  • though
  • although
  • despite
  • in spite

Nowadays, it becomes _____ common to offer guests the Wi-Fi password along with a cup of tea.

  • increased
  • increasing
  • increasingly
  • increase

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

In the past, technology and progress were very slow. People "invented" farming 12,000 years ago but it took 8,000 years for the idea to go around the world. Then, about 3,500 years ago, people called “potters” used round wheels to turn and make plates. But it took hundreds of years before some clever person thought, if we join two wheels together and make them bigger, we can use them to move things. In the last few centuries, things have begun to move faster. Take the 20th-century invention like the aeroplane, for example. The first aeroplane flight on 17 December 1903 only lasted 12 seconds, and the plane only went 37 meters. It can have been very exciting to watch, but that flight changed the world. Sixteen years later, the first plane flew across the Atlantic, and only fifty years after that, men walked on the moon. Technology is now changing our world faster and faster. So what will the future bring?
One of the first changes will be the materials we use. Scientists have just invented an amazing new material called graphene, and soon we will use it to do lots of things with graphene batteries in your mobile, it will take a few seconds to charge your phone or download a thousand gigabytes of information! Today, we make most products in factories, but in the future, scientists will invent living materials. Then we won't make things like cars and furniture in factories - we will grow them! 
Thirty years ago, people couldn't have imagined social media like Twitter and Facebook. Now we can't live without them. But this is only the start. Right now, scientists are putting microchips in some disabled people's brains, to help them see, hear and communicate better. In the future, we may all use these technologies. We won't need smartphones to use social media or search the internet because the internet will be in our heads!
More people will go into space in the future, too. Space tourism has already begun, and a hundred years from now, there may be many hotels in space. One day, we may get most of our energy from space too. In 1941, the writer Isaac Asimov wrote about a solar power station in space. People laughed at his idea then, but we should have listened to him. Today, many people are trying to develop a space solar power station. After all, the sun always shines above the clouds!

The writer says that in the past_____.
  • people didn't invent many things
  • people didn't want to use wheels
  • most inventions were to do with farming
  • it took time for new ideas to change things

Why does the writer use the example of the aeroplane?

  • To explain how space travel started.
  • To explain why transport changed in the 20 century.
  • Because he thinks it's the most important invention in the history
  • To show how an invention developed quickly.
What does the writer say about the future of communication?
  • We can know what the most popular social media will be.
  • Microchips will become faster.
  • We won't need devices like smartphones.
  • We won't use the internet as much.
What does the writer say about space solar power?
  • It's an old idea, but people are only starting to develop it now.
  • It's much easier to build a solar power station in space than on Earth.
  • It's a science fiction idea and nobody really thinks it will work.
  • People tried it in 1941, but they didn't succeed.
The best title for the article would be____.
  • Will computers rule the world?
  • Progress now and then
  • Man in space
  • More and more inventions

“l have an idea. Let's go for a swim on Sunday afternoon.”

"____"

  • You bet!
  • I know.
  • OK, what time?
  • I'm sure.

Jack and Lala are talking about hiking in the mountain.

- Jack: "I think we should set off early."

- Lala: "___.Then, we can have more time in the mountain.”

  • I don't think so
  • I can't agree with you more
  • Sorry, I missed your point
  • You must be kidding
Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
The icebox became a fixture in most homes and remained so until the mechanized refrigerator replaced it in the 1920's and 1930's.
  • substance
  • mechanical device
  • commonplace object
  • luxury item
Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
The arrival of a great wave of southern and eastern European immigrants at the turn of the century coincided with and contributed to an enormous expansion of formal schooling.
  • ensured the success of
  • happened at the same time as
  • began to grow rapidly
  • was influenced by

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part.

She's a bit down in the dumps because she's got to take her exams again.

  • sad
  • embarrassed
  • confident
  • happy

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

With the dawn of space exploration, the notion that atmospheric conditions on Earth may be unique in the solar system was strengthened.

  • end
  • continuation
  • expansion
  • beginning

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

My interview lasted longer than yours.

  • Your interview was as long as mine.
  • Your interview was shorter than mine.
  • Your interview was longer than mine.
  • Your interview wasn't as short as mine.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.
“Me? No, I didn't tell lies to Susanna.", Bob said.
  • Bob denied telling lies to Susanna.
  • Bob admitted not telling lies to Susanna.
  • Bob apologizes for telling lies to Susanna.
  • Bob refused to tell lies to Susanna.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.
I'm certain Luis was on top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.

  • Luisa must be on the top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.
  • Luisa must have been on the top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.
  • Luisa could have been on the top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.
  • Luisa may be very on the top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

The workers only stopped the walkout after a new pay offer.

  • Not until a new pay was offered, the workers stop the walkout
  • A new pay was offered, which made the walkout stop.
  • The workers stop the walkout only when a new pay offer.
  • Not until a new pay was offered did the workers stop the walkout.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
I did not see Peterson off at the railway station. I feel bad about it now.
  • I wish I saw Peterson off at the railway station.
  • I regret having seen Peterson off at the railway station.
  • If I saw Peterson off at the railway station, I would regret it now.
  • If only I had seen Peterson off at the railway station.

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

MENTORING

Many adults in America and increasing numbers elsewhere take part in mentoring schemes. A mentor is an adult provides support and friendship to a young person. There are numerous different ways of mentoring: passing on skills, sharing experiences, offering guidance. Sometimes the most helpful thing to do is just listen. Mentoring is open to anybody - no particular experience is required, just a desire to make a difference to the life of a young person who needs help. This may seem a difficult thing at first, but many people find they have a real talent for it.

The support of a mentor can an important part in a child's development and can often make up to a lack of guidance in a young person's life. It can also improve young people's attitudes towards society and build up their confidence in dealing with life's challenges. For the mentor, it can be incredibly rewarding to know that they have had a influence on a child and helped to give them the best possible chance in life. , it is not only adults who are capable of taking this role. There is now an increasing demand for teenagers to mentor young children, for example by helping them with reading or other school work.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

The time when humans crossed the Arctic land bridge from Siberia to Alaska seems remote to us today, but actually represents a late stage in the prehistory of humans, an era when polished stone implements and bows and arrows were already being used and dogs had already been domesticated.

When these early migrants arrived in North America, they found woods and plains dominated by three types of American mammoths. Those elephants were distinguished from today's elephants mainly by their thick, shaggy coats and their huge, upward-curving tusks. They had arrived on the continent hundreds of thousands of years before their human followers. The woolly mammoth in the North, the Columbian mammoth in middle North America, and the imperial mammoth of the South together with their distant cousins the mastodons dominated the land. Here, as in the Old World, there is evidence that humans hunted these elephants, as shown by numerous spear points found with mammoth remains.

Then, at the end of the lce Age, when the last glaciers had retreated, there was a relatively sudden and widespread extinction of elephants. In the New World, both mammoths and mastodons disappeared. In the Old World, only Indian and African elephants survived.

Why did the huge, seemingly successful mammoths disappear? Were humans connected with their extinction? Perhaps, but at the time, although they were hunters, humans were still widely scattered and not very numerous. It is difficult to see how they could have prevailed over the mammoth to such an extent.

With which of the following is the passage primarily concerned?
  • Techniques used to hunt mammoths.
  • Migration from Siberia Alaska
  • The prehistory of humans.
  • The relationship between man and mammoth in the New World
The word “implements” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to___.
  • carvings
  • ornaments
  • houses
  • tools
The phrase “these early migrants” in paragraph 2 refers to_____.
  • humans
  • dogs
  • mammoths
  • mastodons
Where were the imperial mammoths the dominant type of mammoth?
  • Alaska
  • the central portion of North America
  • the southern part of North America
  • South America
It can be inferred that when humans crossed into the New World, they_____.
  • had previously hunted mammoths in Siberia.
  • had never seen mammoths before.
  • brought mammoths with them from the Old World.
  • soon learned to use dogs to hunt mammoths.
The passage supports which of the following conclusions about mammoths?
  • Competition with mastodons caused them to become extinct.
  • Humans hunted them to extinction.
  • The cause of their extinction is not definitely known.
  • The freezing temperatures of the lce Age destroyed their food supply.
Which of the following is NOT true about prehistoric humans at the time of the mammoths” extinction?
  • They were relatively few in number.
  • They were concentrated in a small area.
  • They knew how to use bows and arrows.
  • They were skilled hunters.
Which of the following types of elephants does the author discuss in most detail in the passage?
  • the Indian elephant
  • the mammoth
  • the African elephant
  • the mastodon