Bài tập kết hợp câu - Đại từ quan hệ

4/1/2020 5:36:51 PM

I. Mệnh đề quan hệ là dạng mệnh đề thường được dùng khi cần kết hợp 2 câu đơn cùng nói về một đối tượng nào đó.

Các loại mệnh đề quan hệ:

1. Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định: xác định, làm rõ danh từ mà đại từ quan hệ thay thế.

E.g.: The boy whom you met yesterday is my son. 

2. Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định: cung cấp thêm thông tin về danh từ mà đại từ quan hệ thay thế, được ngăn cách với mệnh đề chính bằng các dấu phẩy trước và sau mệnh đề.

E.g.: I was born in Hanoi, which is the capital of Vietnam.

II. Các đại từ quan hệ thường gặp.

Đại từ quan hệ

Cách sử dụng

Ví dụ

who

- Thay thế cho danh từ chỉ người

- Làm chủ ngữ/tân ngữ trong MĐQH

I told you about the woman who lives next door.

which

- Thay thế cho danh từ chỉ vật, hoặc:

- Thay thế cho cả mệnh đề trước nó

- Làm chủ ngữ/ tân ngữ trong MĐQH

Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof?

He couldn’t read, which surprised me.

whose

- Chỉ sở hữu cho người/ vật

- Làm tính từ sở hữu trước danh từ trong MĐQH

Do you know the boy whose mother is a nurse?

whom

- Thay thế cho danh từ chỉ người

- Làm tân ngữ trong MĐQH

I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference.

that

- Thay thế danh từ chỉ người (= who)/ chỉ vật (= which)

- Làm chủ ngữ/tân ngữ trong MĐQH (chỉ dùng trong MĐQH xác định)

I don’t like the table that is in the kitchen.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
He behaved in a very strange way. That surprised me a lot.

  • He behaved very strangely, which surprised me very much.
  • I was almost not surprised by his strange behavior.
  • What almost surprised me was the strange way he behaved.
  • His behavior was a very strange thing, that surprised me a lot.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
The book is very interesting. My brother bought it yesterday.

  • The book which my brother bought it yesterday is very interesting.
  • The book my brother bought yesterday is not interesting.
  • The book which is very interesting my brother bought yesterday.
  • The book which my brother bought yesterday is very interesting.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
This is a rare opportunity. You should take advantage of it to get a better job.

  • You should take advantage of this rare opportunity, for which is to get a better job.
  • This is a rare opportunity what you should take advantage of to get a better job.
  • You should take advantage of this opportunity, that is rare to get a better job.
  • This is a rare opportunity that you should take advantage of to get a better job.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
Why did Danny decide to enter the marathon? Danny’s totally unfit.

  • Why did Danny, whose total unfit, decide to enter the marathon?
  • Why did Danny decide to enter the marathon, who’s totally unfit?
  • Why did Danny, who’s totally unfit, decide to enter the marathon?
  • Why did Danny decide to enter the marathon who’s totally unfit?

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Mr. Smith is a professor. His car was stolen yesterday.

  • His car was stolen yesterday, he is a professor.
  • Mr.Smith, who his car was stolen yesterday, is a professor.
  • Mr.Smith, who is a professor, his car was stolen yesterday.
  • Mr.Smith, whose car was stolen yesterday, is a professor.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

My friend Albert has decided to buy a motorbike. His car was stolen last week.

  • My friend Albert, whose car was stolen last week, has decided to buy a motorbike.
  • My friend Albert whose car was stolen last week has decided to buy a motorbike.
  • My friend Albert has decided to buy a motorbike which car stolen last week.
  • My friend Albert has decided to buy a motorbike has his car stolen last week.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
He was overconfident. Therefore, he ruined our plan completely.

  • It was because his overconfidence that ruined our plan completely.
  • He was overconfident, which ruined our plan completely.
  • That he was overconfidence ruined our plan completely.
  • It was his overconfidence ruined our plan completely.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The old man is working in this factory. I borrowed his bicycle yesterday.

  • The old man is working in this factory which I borrowed his bicycle yesterday.
  • The old man who is working in this factory I borrowed his bicycle yesterday.
  • The old man whose bicycle I borrowed yesterday is working in this factory.
  • The old man whom I borrowed his bicycle yesterday is working in this factory.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
The next door neighbour is a singer. He often comes home very late at night.

  • The next door neighbour, a singer, come home very late at night.
  • As a singer, next door neighbours often come home late at night.
  • The next door neighbour who is a singer often comes home late at night.
  • The next door neighbour comes home very late at night but he is a singer.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Trinity sings very well. Her father is a famous musician.

  • Trinity's father, who sings very well, is a famous musician.
  • Trinity whose father is a famous musician, sings very well.
  • Trinity, whose father is a famous musician, sings very well.
  • Trinity's father is a famous musician, who sings very well.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
I met the workers. Reporters interviewed them last week.

  • I met the workers because reporters interviewed them last week.
  • I met the workers who interviewed reporters last week.
  • I met the workers who were interviewed by reporters last week.
  • I met reporters who interviewed workers last week.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
People’s carelessness can cause forest fires. They are dangerous.

  • People’s carelessness can cause forest fires are dangerous.
  • People’s carelessness can cause forest fires that is dangerous.
  • People’s carelessness can cause forest fires which is dangerous.
  • People’s carelessness can cause forest fires which are dangerous.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The student next to me kept chewing gum. That bothered me a lot.

  • The student next to me bothering me a lot kept chewing gum.
  • The student next to me kept chewing gum bothered me a lot.
  • The student next to me kept chewing gum that bothered me a lot.
  • The student next to me kept chewing gum, which bothered me a lot.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
The plants may develop differently. The plants live on that island.
  • The plants which live on that island may develop differently.
  • The plants live on that island may develop differently.
  • The plants which lives on that island may develop differently.
  • The plants which live that island may develop differently.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
Hemingway developed a very concise writing style. His name is well- known throughout the world.
  • Hemingway, whose name is well- known throughout the world, developed a very concise writing style.
  • Hemingway, whose is name well- known throughout the world, developed a very concise
  • Hemingway, his name is well- known throughout the world, developed a very concise writing style.
  • Hemingway, who developed a very concise writing style, his name is well- known throughout the world.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
My grandparents’ lake house was built in 1953. It was completely destroyed by the forest fire.
  • My grandparents’ lake house was built in 1953; however, completely destroying the forest fire.
  • My grandparents’ lake house, which was built in 1953, was completely destroyed by the forest.
  • My grandparents’ lake house was built in 1953, so it was completely destroyed by the forest fire.
  • The forest fire destroyed my grandparents’ lake house was built in 1953.