Bài tập hoàn thành câu - Câu điều kiện loại 1

3/29/2020 6:02:08 PM

I. Cấu trúc cơ bản:

Câu điều kiện loại 1 được dùng để diễn đạt điều có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai. Cấu trúc:

If + S + V(hiện tại đơn), S + will/can/shall…… + V + …

E.g.: If the weather is nice, I will go swimming tomorrow.

If we _____ enough time, we’ll study this exercise more carefully.

  • will have
  • have
  • had
  • would have

If you do go to see Alec Smith’s new play, then I’m sure you’ll _____ yourself.

  • entertain
  • enjoy
  • cheer
  • please

II. Unless = If ...not ...

Khi mệnh đề điều kiện viết ở thể phủ định, ta có thể dùng Unless thay thế cho "If ...not ...".

E.g.:

You will be sick if you do not stop eating. ~ You'll be sick unless you stop eating.

______ we water these trees, they will die.

  • If
  • As if
  • Unless
  • Whether

Tom's company will almost certainly fire him _____ he improves his attitude.

  • unless
  • or
  • otherwise
  • if

III. Luyện tập

He _____ be able to travel if the weather is bad.

  • couldn't
  • won't
  • wouldn't
  • isn't

If it rains next Saturday, ______.

  • they play indoors
  • they'll play indoors
  • they would play indoors
  • they should play indoors

If the players train hard for the final, _____.

  • I'm sure they'll win
  • I'm sure they win
  • I'm sure they would win
  • I'm sure they could win

If you decide to join the gym, _____.

  • I join, too
  • I'll join, too
  • I'd join, too
  • I've joined, too

If the man doesn’t drive carefully, he ______ an accident.

  • caused
  • would cause
  • will cause
  • has caused

If the weather _____ worse, we won’t go to the beach.

  • will get
  • would get
  • got
  • gets

If you _____ hard and effectively today, you will have a day off tomorrow.

  • work
  • will work
  • worked
  • would worked

If you take the 8 a.m. flight to New York, you _____ change planes.

  • could not have to
  • will not have to
  • had not had to
  • would not to have to

Unless Peter _____ more time training, he won't stand any chance of winning the race.

  • will spend
  • spent
  • spends
  • doesn't spend

We _____ on a field trip if the weather is fine this weekend.

  • could have gone
  • will go
  • would go
  • went

If we _____ to pollute the water, we will have no fresh water to use.

  • continuing
  • continued
  • continue
  • to continue

I won't go _______ you explain everything to me.

  • unless
  • if
  • although
  • because

If she ______ harder, she will break past records and set new ones.

  • try
  • tries
  • will try
  • would try

They'll be able to walk across the river _______.

  • if the ice is thick enough
  • if the ice will be thick enough
  • when the ice will be thick enough
  • unless the ice is thick enough

_____ any further information, please contact us at our office in Green Street.

  • Were you to require
  • Should you require
  • Required
  • Had you required