Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia 2020 môn Anh - THPT Chuyên Lào Cai lần 1 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

3/6/2020 9:36:42 PM

Tom and Tony are talking about a tennis game.

- Tom: “I thought your tennis game was a lot better today, Tony”.

- Tony: “____! I thought it was terrible”

 

  • I'm with you
  • You can say that again
  • You’ve got to be kidding
  • Thanks! Same to you

Mary invited her friend, Sarah, to have dinner out that night and Sarah accepted.

- Mary: “Would you like to have dinner with me?"

- Sarah: " _____."

  • I'm very happy
  • Yes, so do I
  • Yes, it is
  • Yes, I'd love to

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

The idea of going overseas to study can be daunting with visions of baffling languages or nights spent in isolation while you are gradually forgotten by your friends and family. , the benefits of studying abroad - such as broadening your mind, improving your career prospects and making friends from all over the world - can make digging out your passport really rewarding.

“Studying abroad is an eye-opening experience,” says Anna Boyd, event manager at The Student World. “Being in another culture, understanding differences and spotting similarities, living on a beach or in the mountains, will have an impact on every student.” 

Overseas study comes in many shapes and sizes. It might be a single semester abroad via an Erasmus program for example. Or you might elect to follow a full three- or four-year degree program. Whatever your ambition is, the key is starting early. Some countries require specific combinations of A-levels from UK students Germany looks for four A-levels including maths or science and one modem foreign language, for instance, while others, such as the US, value extracurricular activities. Starting our research well ahead time can help you make the right choices. “Getting involved in sports, arts and music is also worth considering, as well as gaining experience through volunteering and work placements,” says Boyd. In fact, applying to study abroad could even work to your advantage, for example, you might encounter lower requirements.

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
No one mentions him because he is regarded as the black sheep of the family.

  • the one who confers prestige on his family
  • the one with a bad reputation
  • the one who supports family by raising sheep
  • the one with the sense of humor

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Professor Berg was very interested in the diversity of cultures all over the world.

  • variety
  • conservation
  • changes
  • number

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
Most of the school-leavers are sanguine about the idea of going to work and earning money.

  • pessimistic
  • expected
  • fearsome
  • excited

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
His boss has had enough of his impudence, and doesn’t want to hire him anymore.

  • obedience
  • rudeness
  • respect
  • agreement

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

In America, when dining, people consider it rude for a guest or dining partner to belch or burp, eat with an open mouth, smack, or lick your fingers. Napkins, generally provided are available at every meal and should be placed in one's lap and then used throughout the meal to clean one’s fingers and mouth.

It is acceptable to refuse additional servings of food by saying "No, thank you" and the host or hostess will not be insulted if you do so. Similarly, if you leave a small amount of uneaten food on your plate at a restaurant or in a home, it is not considered an insult. If you eat everything on the plate, a host or hostess may possibly feel that they have not prepared enough food and might be embarrassed. People in the United States serve and eat food with either hand, but never take food from a communal serving dish with their hands. Generally, a serving utensil is used.

Americans typically use forks, spoons and knives to eat, but there are some types of foods that are acceptable to eat with one’s fingers, like sandwiches or pizza. When in doubt, look to see what others are doing. In formal dining situations, if you wonder whether of not it is acceptable to begin eating, you should wait until the oldest woman (or oldest man if no women are present) begins to eat. When eating, do not pick up the bowl or plate from the table to hold underneath your mouth. Even noodles, soup, and rice are eaten with the plate or bow! remaining on the table When consuming soup and hot liquids, it is considered impolite to slurp - do not do this. When consuming noodles, twirl them around your fork and then put it in your mouth.

If you are a man taking out a woman for dinner, you are almost always expected to pay. This is for the woman to gauge your intentions and interest with her. For example, taking a woman for coffee, versus tacos, versus a fancy dinner, verses for drinks at 11:30pm, all signal many different things to them. So, the date is a “test" of many. Paying is just as important as where you take her, and how late. So, don't assume she is just trying to get a “free meal”. Most girls aren't. Also, if you are going out with a friend to eat, almost always, the bill is expected to be split in half, or each person pays for themselves.

If you are eating in a restaurant, you will be expected 10 add a 15 to 20 % tip for the server to your bill. In America, wait staff might occasionally stop by your table to ask how your meal is, which is considered good service. They will also bring you your check when it seems reasonable that you are finished with your meal, however this is not necessarily an indication that you must leave right away (Do not be too embarrassed to ask for the check either: waiters and waitresses cannot read minds.) Take your time to finish your meal, and unless there is a line of people waiting at the door, it is not considered rude to linger at your table for as long as you like. 

Source: tripadvisor.com

Which of the following could be the best title of the passage?
  • What is acceptable in dining etiquette in America?
  • Table etiquette in America.
  • What should we do when being invited to the American's dinner?
  • Polite behavior at American's restaurants.
According to the passage, what action may make the American unpleasant?
  • Eating food with the guests’ hands.
  • Leaving the left-overs on the plate.
  • Cleaning the food on the fingers by the tongue.
  • Refusing the supplementary food they serve.
What sentence is NOT stated in the passage?
  • In America, the dishes are expected to remain on the table
  • Food is sometimes delivered from the communal serving dish with people's hands.
  • In formal dinners, the eldest often eat first
  • It is not courteous to slurp when eating soup.

The word “it” in paragraph 3 refers to ____.

  • soup
  • your fork
  • your mouth
  • noodles

What could the word "gauge” in paragraph 4 best be replaced by?

  • impress
  • estimate
  • determine
  • express
When will the bill be divided for the people having the meal?
  • When a girl is testing a boy.
  • When a man is having a date with a woman.
  • When people are having meals with their friends.
  • When people are eating with the elderly.
The word “linger” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to
  • appear
  • arrange
  • reserve
  • remain
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
  • It is impolite if you give extra money for the waiter.
  • Imitating others if you are not sure what to do at the meal is a good idea.
  • Paying meals for another may insult them
  • Whenever you receive your bill, you should think of leaving soon.
You should have _____ your composition carefully before you handed it in.
  • looked in
  • thought of
  • gone over
  • seen through
By the time Mary finished her study, she _____ in Paris for four years.
  • will have been
  • is
  • had been
  • have been

____ I'd like to help you out, I'm afraid I just haven't got any spare money at the moment.

  • Although
  • However
  • Despite
  • In spite of

Students are not allowed ____ dictionaries in the final examination.

  • using
  • being used
  • use
  • to use

He showed his _____ for the TV program by switching it off.

  • distaste
  • pleasure
  • satisfaction
  • happiness

The doctor recommended that she _____ a specialist about the problem.

  • to see
  • see
  • sees
  • seeing

Choose the correct answer.

Books and magazines ______ around made his room very untidy.

  • which lied
  • lying
  • that lie
  • laying
I usually buy my clothes_______. It's cheaper than going to a dress-maker.
  • off the peg
  • on the house
  • on the shelf
  • in public
Life _____ for both men and women has improved greatly in the past 20 years.
  • expectation
  • unexpectedly
  • expectancy
  • expectant

Choose the correct answer.

_____ any further information, please contact us at our office in Green Street.

  • Were you to require
  • Should you require
  • Required
  • Had you required

Students should aim to become more independent ______their teachers.

  • against
  • on
  • of
  • with

His question was so puzzling that I could not make any ____ of it at all.

  • sense
  • understanding
  • interpretation
  • meaning
If a machine stops moving or working normally you can say that it has____.
  • cut off
  • wiped out
  • gone off
  • seized up

When I leave school, I plan to go to _____ university.

  • a
  • an
  • the
  • x (no article)

Choose the word which differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • album
  • problem
  • consume
  • teacher

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress

  • forgettable
  • impolite
  • impatient
  • uncertain

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • feather
  • father
  • weather
  • method

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • state
  • statue
  • status
  • station

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The vast majority of people in the bottom half of the world’s population was facing a daily struggle to survive, with 70° of them living in low-income countries.

  • living
  • majority
  • was
  • to survive

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each following questions.

We admire Tony for his intelligence, cheerful disposition and he is kind.

  • for
  • intelligence
  • disposition
  • he is kind

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each following questions.

She said that the books in the library would be available tomorrow.

  • that
  • in
  • would be
  • tomorrow

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Trinity sings very well. Her father is a famous musician.

  • Trinity's father, who sings very well, is a famous musician.
  • Trinity whose father is a famous musician, sings very well.
  • Trinity, whose father is a famous musician, sings very well.
  • Trinity's father is a famous musician, who sings very well.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

My father gave us his money. We could manage our business successfully.

  • If we couldn't have managed our business successfully, we would have had my father's.
  • Without my father's money, we could have managed our business successfully.
  • We could have managed our business successfully with my father’s money.
  • Had it not been for my father’s money, we couldn't have managed our business successfully.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

“If you have any difficulty at college, don’t fail to ask for help from friends,” Tom said to his brother.

  • Tom insisted on his brother's asking friends for help in case of difficulty
  • Tom requested his brother to ask friends for help in case of difficulty.
  • Tom advised his brother to ask friends for help in case of difficulty.
  • Tom promised to help his brother and his friends in case of difficulty.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning in the following question.

We haven't written to each other for two months.

  • There are two months for us to write to each other.
  • We started writing to each other two months ago.
  • It is two months since we last wrote to each other.
  • It is two months since we wrote together.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning in the following question.

It is believed that a buried treasure was hidden in the tomb.

  • A buried treasure is believed to hide in the tomb.
  • They believed that a buried treasure was hidden in the tomb.
  • A buried treasure is believed to be hidden in the tomb.
  • A buried treasure is believed to have been hidden in the tomb.

Read and choose the correct answer. 

It's often said that we learn things at the wrong time. University students frequently do the minimum of work because they're crazy about a good social life instead. Children often scream before their piano practice because it’s so boring. They have to be given gold stars and medals to be persuaded to swim or have to be bribed to take exams. But the story is different when you're older.

Over the years, I’ve done my share of adult learning. At 30, I went to a college and did courses in History and English. It was an amazing experience. For starters, I was paying, so there was no reason to be late - I was the one frowning and drumming my fingers if the tutor was late, not the other way round. Indeed, if I could persuade him to linger for an extra five minutes, it was a bonus, not a nuisance. I wasn’t frightened to ask questions, and homework was a pleasure, not a pain. When I passed an exam, I had passed it for me and me alone, not for my parents or my teachers. The satisfaction I got was entirely personal.

Some people fear going back to school because they worry that their brains have got rusty. But the joy is that, although some parts have rusted up, your brain has learned all kinds of other things since you were young. It has learned to think independently and flexibly and is much better at relating one thing to another. What you lose in the rust department, you gain in the maturity department.

In some ways, age is a positive plus. For instance, when you're older, you get less frustrated. Experience has told you that, if you're calm and simply do something carefully again and again, eventually you'll get the hang of it. The confidence you have in other areas - from being able to drive a car, perhaps - means that if you can’t, say, build a chair instantly, you don't, like a child, want to destroy your first pathetic attempts. Maturity tells you that you will, with application, eventually get there.

I hated piano lessons at school, but I was good at music. And coming back to it, with a teacher who could explain why certain exercises were useful and with musical concepts that, at the age of ten, I could never grasp, was magical. Initially, I did feel a bit strange, thumping out a piece that I'd played for my school exams, with just as little comprehension of what the composer intended as I'd had all those years before. But soon, complex emotions that I never knew poured out from my fingers, and suddenly I could understand why practice makes perfect.

It is implied in paragraph 1 that______
  • parents should encourage young learners to study more
  • young learners are usually lazy in their class
  • young learners often lack a good motivation for learning
  • teachers should give young learners less homework

While doing some adult learning courses at a college, the writer was surprised _____.

  • to have more time to learn
  • to be able to learn more quickly
  • to feel leaming more enjoyable
  • to get on better with the tutor
What is the writer's main purpose in the passage?
  • To show how fast adult learning is.
  • To encourage adult learning.
  • To describe adult learning methods
  • To explain the reasons for learning.

The word “rusty” in the third paragraph means _____.

  • staying alive and becoming more active
  • covered with rust and not as good as it used to be
  • impatient because of having nothing to do
  • not as good as it used to be through lack of practice

It is implied in the last paragraph that when you learn later in life, you _____.

  • should expect to take longer to leam than when you were younger
  • find that you can recall a lot of things you learned when younger
  • are not able to concentrate as well as when you were younger
  • can sometimes understand more than when you were younger