Đề minh họa THPT QG 2020 (lần 1) của Bộ GD&ĐT (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

4/4/2020 9:44:00 AM

Choose the word that has the underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • attends
  • appears
  • accepts
  • complains

Choose the word that has the underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • light
  • rise
  • mile
  • gift

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • respect
  • marry
  • depend
  • predict

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • fantastic
  • powerful
  • sensitive
  • personal

The view is great, _____?

  • isn't it
  • was it
  • doesn't it
  • did it

Choose the correct answer.

Mark hopes _____ a small part in the school play.

  • to get
  • getting
  • get
  • got

If I _____ just one year younger, I would be eligible for the scholarship.

  • am
  • will be
  • would be
  • were

His health has improved a lot since he _____ doing regular exercise.

  • starts
  • started
  • has started
  • had started

Parents shouldn't use physical punishment _____ it negatively influences children's development.

  • because of
  • although
  • because
  • in spite of

Choose the correct answer.

We'll send you an email of confirmation _____.

  • after we had made our final decision
  • before we made our final decision
  • while we were making our final decision
  • as soon as we have made our final decision

Choose the correct answer.

You should book _____ advance because the restaurant is very popular in the area.

  • on
  • by
  • with
  • in

Choose the correct answer.

Tommy is on the way to his friend's birthday party, carrying a gift box _____ in colourful paper.

  • were nicely wrapped
  • having wrapped nicely
  • nicely wrapped
  • nicely wrapping

Choose the correct answer.

Many twelfth graders find it hard to _____ what university to apply to.

  • decide
  • decision
  • decisive
  • decisively

Choose the correct answer.

He is disappointed at not winning the competition, but he will soon _____ it.

  • take after
  • get over
  • look after
  • go over

Choose the correct answer.

The government has _____ every effort to stop the rapid spread of COVID-19.

  • done
  • made
  • created
  • brought

Making chicken soup is not difficult; it's just a matter of following the _____.

  • ingredients
  • design
  • spices
  • recipe

Choose the correct answer.

After his miraculous recovery from the stroke, the man spent the _____ of his life travelling and doing charity work.

  • remainder
  • abundance
  • legacy
  • excess

Choose the correct answer.

Despite our careful planning, the whole surprise party was a _____ of accidents.

  • volume
  • verse
  • chapter
  • page

Choose the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word.

Laura handled the vase with great care for fear of breaking it.

  • strength
  • comfort
  • success
  • attention

Choose the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word.

It is considered wise to keep silent when one is angry because saying anything then may make matters worse.

  • sensible
  • generous
  • modest
  • careless

Choose the word OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word.

When Josh was promoted to the position of marketing director, he had to shoulder more responsibilities.

  • receive
  • prevent
  • avoid
  • carry

Choose the word OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word.

The athlete's bitter defeat in the match dealt a blow to his hopes of defending his title at the championship.

  • destroyed
  • raised
  • expressed
  • weakened

- David: “What a beautiful painting!”

- Lucy: “ _____.”

  • No problem
  • It's on the wall
  • I'm glad you like it
  • You're welcome

Choose the correct response.

Peter and Dane are talking about environmental protection.

- Peter: “We should limit the use of plastic bags.”

- Dane: “ _____. We can use paper bags instead.”

  • I completely agree
  • It's not true
  • I don't quite agree
  • You're wrong

Read and fill in the correct answer to each blank.

Ecotourism

The primary aim of ecotourism is to educate the traveller and bring him or her closer to nature. Participants are given the chance to visit parts of the world  are untouched by human intervention and to engage in conservation work and various other kinds of environmental projects. Visitors benefit by gaining an appreciation of natural habitats and an  into the impact of human beings on the environment. Local communities gain financially but also in  ways, since not only monuments but other buildings as well, such as bridges or windmills, are restored in order to attract more visitors

, there are also disadvantages to this type of tourism. There have been cases in which tourism has been allowed to develop with no control or limits. As a result,  cultures have been affected or even threatened by foreign lifestyles. Many people today support that our approach to the development of ecotourism has to be reconsidered. It is essential that this type of tourism be environmentally, socially, and culturally friendly

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

Parents complain that it is difficult to live with teenagers. Then again, teenagers say exactly the same thing about their parents! According to a recent survey, the most common arguments between parents and teenagers are those regarding untidiness and household chores. On the one hand, parents go mad over untidy rooms, clothes dropped on the floor and their children's refusal to help with the housework. On the other hand, teenagers lose their patience continually when parents tell them off for dropping the towel in the bathroom, not cleaning up their room or refusing to do the shopping at the supermarket

The survey, conducted by St George University, showed that different parents have different approaches to these problems. However, some approaches are much more successful than others. For example, those parents who yell at their teens for their untidiness, but later clear up after them, have fewer chances of changing their teens' behaviour. On the contrary, those who let teenagers experience the consequences of their actions are more successful. For instance, when teenagers who don't help their parents with the shopping don't find their favourite food in the fridge, they are forced to reconsider their actions

Psychologists say that the most important thing in parent-teen relationships is communication. Parents should talk to their teens, but at the same time they should listen to what their children have to say. Parents should tell their teens off when they are untidy, but they should also understand that their room is their own private space. Communication is a two-way process. It is only by listening to and understanding each other that problems between parents and teens can be solved

Which best serves as the title for the passage?

  • Teen Issues
  • Family Rules
  • Parents' Advice
  • Parents' Anger

The phrase "go mad” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.

  • get bored
  • feel sad
  • remain calm
  • become angry

Which is NOT mentioned in paragraph 1 as a cause of arguments between teenagers and parents?

  • Teenagers drop their clothes on the floor.
  • Teenagers go shopping a lot.
  • Teenagers refuse to do housework.
  • Teenagers do not tidy their room.

According to paragraph 2, parents have a better chance of changing their children's behaviour by  ______.

  • shouting at them whenever they do something wrong
  • cooking them their favourite food
  • doing the household chores for them
  • letting them experience the bad results of their action

The word “they” in paragraph 3 refers to ______.

  • parents
  • teens
  • psychologists
  • children

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

Oxford University has released a sample of interview questions - including what a rock looks like and how you listen to music - to help students who want to study at the top institution. Among the list of questions are: “What can historians not find out about the past?”, “Is religion of value whether or not there is a God?” and “How can we estimate the mass of the atmosphere?”. Prospective earth sciences students could be asked what a rock handed to them looks like, meanwhile, chemistry candidates are asked to calculate how many different molecules can be made from six carbon atoms and 12 hydrogen atoms. 

In efforts to make the interview process more transparent, the prestigious university has released advice on how to answer the example questions just days after the deadline for applications closed. Dr. Samina Khan, director of admissions and outreach, said: “Interviews will be an entirely new experience for most students, and we know many prospective applicants are already worried about being in an unfamiliar place and being questioned by people they have not met.” 

She added: “We want to underscore that every question asked by our tutors has a purpose, and that purpose is to assess how students think about their subject and respond to new information or unfamiliar ideas. No matter what kind of educational background or opportunities you have had, the interview should be an opportunity to present your interest and ability in your chosen subject, since they are not just about reciting what you already know." 

Laura Tunbridge, from St Catherine's College, explained why a music candidate might be asked to explain the different ways they listen to music. “The question allows students to use their own musical experiences as a starting point for a broader and more abstract discussion about the different ways people consume music, the relationship between music and technology, and how music can define us socially,” she said. 

Candidates who successfully clear the first hurdle with their written application will be invited to interview. “We know there are still misunderstandings about the Oxford interview, so we put as much information as possible out there to allow students to see the reality of the process," added Dr. Khan.

Which of the following best serves as the title for the article?

  • Oxford University: Lowering Standards in Times of Change!
  • The History of Oxford's Interviewing Schemes
  • Oxford University Interview Questions: Would You Pass the Test?
  • The Oxford's Guide to Success in Job Interviews

The word "them” in paragraph 1 refers to _____.

  • prospective earth sciences students
  • historians
  • chemistry candidates
  • questions

Why has Oxford University publicized its sample interview questions and related advice?

  • To prepare students for unfamiliar questions in their job interviews
  • To familiarise potential applicants with their interview process
  • To test public reaction to their novel interview process
  • To reduce confusion among most of their current students

The word “reciting” in paragraph 3 most probably means _______.

  • repeating
  • reassessing
  • releasing
  • revising

According to Laura Tunbridge, the question about a candidate's ways of listening to music is intended to _____.

  • judge the candidate's ability to react to familiar situations
  • set the context for a more abstract discussion on music-related topics
  • encourage the candidate to elaborate on their individual preferences
  • measure their understanding of how technology affects entertainment choices

The word "clear" in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • pass
  • face
  • give
  • skip

Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?

  • Dr. Khan advises candidates to focus more on showing their general knowledge at the interview.
  • Oxford University plans to use the same set of questions for all candidates.
  • Oxford University only releases sample interview questions for earth sciences and music.
  • Dr. Khan understands how the notion of attending the Oxford interview may affect prospective candidates.

Which question is a history candidate LEAST likely to be asked in the Oxford interview?

  • “How can one define a revolution?”
  • “What would a historian find interesting about the place you live?”'
  • “Name some pop idols you would most like to meet. Why the choice?"
  • “Which sort of person in the past would you like to interview? Why?”

Choose the word that needs to correct.

Maths were one of his favourite subjects when he was at primary school.

  • were
  • his
  • subjects
  • at

Choose the word that needs to correct.

Daisy enjoys going shopping, playing sports, and to hang out with friends in her free time.

  • enjoys
  • playing
  • to hang out
  • in

Choose the word that needs to correct.

It was inconsiderable of him not to call home and let his parents know he wouldn't come back until the next day.

  • inconsiderable
  • no to call
  • wouldn't
  • until

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the question.

Joe is more hard-working than his brother.

  • Joe is not as hard-working as his brother.
  • Joe's brother is not as hard-working as he is.
  • Joe is less hard-working than his brother.
  • Joe's brother is more hard-working than he is.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the question.

“You'd better stay at home during this time,” he said to Lan.

  • He ordered Lan to stay at home during that time.
  • He warned Lan against staying at home during that time.
  • He advised Lan to stay at home during that time.
  • He thanked Lan for staying at home during that time.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the question.

You are not allowed to take photos in the museum.

  • You may take photos in the museum.
  • You should take photos in the museum.
  • You mustn't take photos in the museum.
  • You needn't take photos in the museum.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The film is not perfect. Its abrupt ending spoils it.

  • The film would be perfect if it ended abruptly.
  • Provided the film ended abruptly, it would not be perfect.
  • Unless the film ends abruptly, it won't be perfect.
  • But for its abrupt ending, the film would be perfect.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Olga handed in her exam paper. She then realized that she had missed one question.

  • Having realized that she had missed one question, Olga handed in her exam paper.
  • Not until Olga had handed in her exam paper did she realize that she had missed one question.
  • Had Olga realized that she had missed one question, she wouldn't hand in her exam paper.
  • Only after Olga realized that she had missed one question did she hand in her exam paper.