Đề số 13 theo chuẩn đề tham khảo Tiếng Anh Thi THPT 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

5/12/2020 8:18:00 AM

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • involves

  • believes

  • suggests

  • steals

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • slice
  • sprinkle
  • combine
  • versatile

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • problem
  • enough
  • listen
  • summer

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • furniture
  • reference
  • confidence
  • dependence

Nam likes watching movies on TV, _____?

  • did he
  • didn’t he
  • doesn’t he
  • does he

Choose the correct answer.

After walking for about 7 miles, the man stopped _________ a fire to warm himself.

  • to build
  • building
  • for building
  • to have built

I would appreciate it _______ what I have told you a secret.

  • you can keep
  • that you kept
  • you will keep
  • if you kept
An Giang province is located to _____________ west of the Mekong Delta.
  • a
  • an
  • the
  • X

She ______ unemployed since she _____ school.

  • has been/left
  • was /has left
  • is/is leaving
  • was/had left

I managed to get some sleep _____ there was a lot of noise outside.

  • since
  • because of
  • despite
  • even though
Never look down on anybody _____.
  • if you're helping him up
  • so that you're helping him up
  • before you're helping him up
  • unless you're helping him up

The cat is _____ the left of the box.

  • to
  • in
  • on
  • at

The window ______ last night has been repaired.

  • break
  • breaked
  • broken
  • breaking

The water is _______. You can’t drink it.

  • pollution
  • pollutant
  • polluted
  • polluting

"We'd better ____ if we want to get there in time."

  • take up
  • turn down
  • speed up
  • put down
Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
This latest scandal has ______ doubts about his suitability for the post.
  • raised
  • given
  • put
  • risen

I gave the waiter a $50 note and waited for my ______. 

  • change
  • supply
  • cash
  • cost

If you are interested in applying for the vacancy, send in your ________.

  • mortgage
  • paperback
  • notice
  • resume
Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
We are whistling in the ______ if we think we can do it on our own.
  • dark
  • air
  • room
  • wind

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

According to Freud, dreams can be interpreted as the fulfilment of wishes.

  • attainment
  • performance
  • conclusion
  • completion

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Some 12th-grade students find sitting the entrance exam to be accepted into universities such a daunting process that they become depressed due to the level of stress.

  • long-lasting
  • comforting
  • intimidating
  • intriguing

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

You won’t be penalized for venturing a guess, so be sure not to leave any questions unanswered.

  • rewarded
  • punished
  • motivated
  • discouraged

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I'm sure he will be home and dry in the interview because he has good qualifications and wide experience.

  • be successful
  • be satisfied
  • be unsuccessful
  • be unsatisfied

Laura is telling Bob about her exam results.

Laura: “_____.”

Bob: “That’s great. Congratulations.”

  • I’ve passed the exam with an A
  • I hope I’ll pass the exam tomorrow
  • I’ll get the exam results tomorrow
  • I didn’t do well in exam

Jenny and Jimmy are talking about university education.
- Jenny: "I think having a university degree is the only way to succeed in life."
- Jimmy: "______. There are successful people without a degree."

  • That's life
  • That's all right
  • I don't quite agree
  • I can't agree more

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

Higher education also provides a competitive edge in the career market. We all know that in the economic times we are living in today, finding jobs is not guaranteed. The number of people unemployed is still relatively high, and the number of new career isn’t nearly enough to put people in jobs they are seeking.

As a job seeker, you’re competing with a high number of experienced workers have been out of the workforce for a while and are also seeking work. , when you have a higher education, it generally equips you for better job security. Generally speaking, employers tend to value those who have completed college than those who have only completed high school and are more likely to replace that person who hasn’t a higher education. Furthermore, some companies even go so far as to pay your tuition because they consider an educated to be valuable to their organization. A college education is an investment that doesn’t just provide you with substantial rewards. It benefits the hiring company as well.

 Read the following passage.

    The stars are beautiful in the night sky. They are far away, farther away than most people can imagine. Even though they are light-years away, they can still light up the sky. For thousands of years, people have been interested in stars. They have been used as fortunetellers, calendars, and maps. Travelers often used the stars to help them find their way.

    Before there was electricity, the stars and moon were the brightest things in the night sky. People spent hours staring up and wondering what the little, twinkling lights were. Back then, the stars were easier to see because there weren't any other lights at night.

    Not many ancient people realized that the sun was a star. The sun and moon were thought of as father and mother of Earth in some ancient cultures. The stars were thought of as lesser gods or the souls of people who had died.

    Greek philosophers 2,300 years ago started to try to unravel the mystery. A man named Anaxagoras thought that the sun was a giant ball of metal burning in the center of our universe. He was thrown in jail and sentenced to death because this idea conflicted with people's religious beliefs.

    Even so, people did not stop trying to understand the sun. Scientists still study it today. Large telescopes take pictures of the sun almost every day as we try to learn more about it.

What would be the best title for the passage?

  • The Sun
  • Stars in the sky
  • The exploration of space
  • A history of Greek thought

The word "who" in paragraph 3 refers to _________.

  • dead people
  • souls of people
  • ancient people
  • travelers

Which of the following is NOT mentioned?

  • Stars as fortune-tellers and maps
  • Anaxagoras going to jail for his ideas
  • The sun and moon as father and mother
  • Telescopes taking pictures of the planets

In paragraph 3, the word realized is closest in meaning to ______.

  • found
  • destroyed
  • unearthed
  • understood

Why was Anaxagoras thrown in jail?

  • He did not believe in God.
  • He was not a good philosopher.
  • His ideas were not the same as other people's.
  • He found out that the sun was the same as all the other stars.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

Just two months after the flight of Apollo 10, the Apollo 11 astronauts made their historic landing on the surface of the Moon. This momentous trip for humanity also provided scientists with an abundance of material for study; from rock and soil samples brought back from the Moon, scientists have been able to determine much about the composition of the Moon (as well as to draw) inferences about the development of the Moon from its composition.

The Moon soil that came back on Apollo 11 contains small bits of rock and glass which were probably ground from larger rocks when meteors impacted with the surface of the Moon. The bits of glass are spherical in shape and constitute approximately half of the Moon soil. Scientists found no trace of animal or plant life in this soil.

In addition to the Moon soil, astronauts gathered two basic types of rocks from the surface of the Moon: Basalt and breccia. Basalt is a cooled and hardened volcanic lava common to the Earth. Since basalt is formed under extremely high temperatures, the presence of this type of rock is an indication that the temperature of the Moon was once extremely hot. Breccia, the other kind of rock brought back by the astronauts, was formed during the impact of falling objects on the surface of the Moon. It consists of small pieces of rock compressed together by the force of impact. Gases such as hydrogen and helium were found in some of the rocks, and scientists believe that these gases were carried to the Moon by the solar wind, the streams of gases that are constantly emitted by the Sun.

 

It is implied in the passage that scientists believe that the gases found in the Moon rocks _____.

  • were not originally from the Moon
  • caused the Moon's temperature to rise
  • traveled from the Moon to the Sun
  • were created inside the rocks

What does the word “It” in paragraph 3 refer to?

  • the impact
  • the surface
  • breccia
  • the Moon
According to the passage, what does Moon soil consist of?
  • Large chunks of volcanic lava.
  • Streams of gases.
  • Tiny pieces of stones and glass.
  • Hydrogen and helium.

The word 'emitted' in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.

  • vaporized
  • sent out
  • separated
  • set off

According to the passage, breccia was formed _____.

  • from volcanic lava
  • when objects struck the Moon
  • when streams of gases hit the surface of the Moon
  • from the interaction of helium and hydrogen
What is the subject of this passage?
  • The Apollo astronauts
  • Basalt and breccia
  • What the Moon is made of
  • Soil on the Moon
Which of the following was NOT brought back to the Earth by the astronauts?
  • Soil
  • Breccia
  • Plant life
  • Basalt

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Wealthy people have always desired and wear precious stones because their beauty is lasting.

  • wealthy
  • and wear
  • their beauty
  • is lasting

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The fact that my hair is orange today is besides the point; I am still your mother.

  • fact
  • is
  • besides
  • still

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

On the floor of the Pacific Ocean is hundreds of flat-topped mountains more than a mile beneath sea level.

  • On
  • is hundreds
  • more than
  • beneath sea level
Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this one.
Chang’s package arrived more quickly than Kelly’s did.
  • Kelly's package didn't arrive as quickly as Chang's.
  • Kelly's package arrived as quickly as Chang's.
  • Kelly's package arrived more quickly than Chang's.
  • Chang’s package didn't arrive as quickly as Kelly’s did.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this one.

"I’ll call you as soon as I arrive at the airport," he said to me.

  • He reminded me to call him as soon as he arrived at the airport.
  • He denied calling me as soon as he arrived at the airport.
  • He promised to call me as soon as he arrived at the airport.
  • He objected to calling me as soon as he arrived at the airport.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

Don’t hit your sister again or you’ll be punished.

  • You mustn’t hit your sister again.
  • You don’t have to hit your sister again.
  • You need to hit your sister again.
  • You should hit your sister again.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
We reached the top. We realized how far we had come.
  • If we had reached the top, we would have realized how far we had come.
  • Not until we had reached the top did we realize how far we had come.
  • Only if we reached the top we would realize how far we had come.
  • Were we to reach the top, we would realize how far we had come.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

It might rain later. I'll bring the washing in now.

  • Provided that it rains, I’ll bring in the washing.
  • But for the rain, I wouldn’t bring in the washing.
  • I'll bring in the washing in case it rains.
  • Unless it rains, I’ll bring in the washing.