Đề số 17 theo chuẩn đề tham khảo Tiếng Anh Thi THPT 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

5/31/2020 9:29:00 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • caps

  • meters

  • swimmers

  • lines

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • course
  • court
  • pour
  • courage

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • lucky
  • banner
  • begin
  • lunar

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • friendliness
  • occasion
  • pagoda
  • deposit

Peter will be here soon, _____?

  • is he
  • won't he
  • isn't he
  • will he
Education is recognized as _____ essential need for achieving equality in most walks of life.
  • a
  • an
  • the

We had so many problems with the car that ______ we sold it and bought a new one.

  • at the end
  • in the end
  • by the end
  • to the end

Choose the best options to complete the following sentences.

Martin just loves to ______ his teeth into a really challenging crossword.

  • grind
  • get
  • put
  • sink

Choose the correct answer.
My family ______ a week in Turkey in 1996, but we _______ to Greece.

  • spent/have never been
  • has spent/were never
  • was spending/were never
  • spent/are never

Mr. Jones enjoys ________ the Internet in his free time.

  • to surf
  • surfing
  • surfed
  • to surfing

We have to play indoors today _____ it’s too cold outside.

  • because
  • so
  • although
  • despite

Let’s go on a _____ to the mountains this summer!

  • travel
  • journey
  • trip
  • voyage

I recognized my grandma as soon as she ____ the plane although we had not seen each other for more than 10 years.

  • got up
  • got off
  • got in
  • got over

If I were a flower, I _______ a sunflower.

  • be
  • will be
  • would be
  • were

She felt a warm ________ of happiness when he embraced her.

  • heat
  • glow
  • flame
  • fire

Andrew is a very disciplined employee. He _____ great importance to coming to work in time.

  • affixes
  • attaches
  • admits
  • attributes
_____, he still waits for her.
  • As soon as it’s raining
  • Before it rained
  • Although it is raining
  • Even if it had rained

Choose the correct answer.

Books and magazines ______ around made his room very untidy.

  • which lied
  • lying
  • that lie
  • laying
My son is quite _______ in Biology.
  • interestingly
  • interested
  • interesting
  • interest

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The teacher gave some suggestions on what could come out for the examination.

  • effects
  • symptoms
  • hints
  • demonstrations

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word.
Face-to-face socializing is not as preferred as virtual socializing among the youth.

  • instant
  • available
  • direct
  • facial

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Her imagination was kindled by the exciting stories her grandmother told her.

  • smother
  • detest
  • enemy
  • discourage

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Though I persuaded my boss to solve a very serious problem in the new management system, he just made light of it.

  • treated it as important
  • disagreed with it
  • discovered it by chance
  • completely ignored it

- Mary: “Hey, Daisy, I’m going to have a trip to Hawaii this weekend.”

- Daisy: “Oh! _____________.”

  • I like it
  • Have a good time
  • Not too bad
  • I’m well, thanks

Peter and Mary are talking about social networks.

- Peter: “Using social networks may have negative effects on students.”

- Mary: “______________. It distracts them from their studies.”

  • You’re wrong
  • That’s quite true
  • I don’t quite agree
  • I’m not sure about that

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Neither of the scout leaders know how to trap wild animals or how to prepare them for mounting.

  • of the
  • know
  • or
  • for mounting

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Overpopulation is a short way to lead to poor, illiteracy, and social evils.

  • Overpopulation
  • a short way
  • poor
  • illiteracy

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The leader was authoritative, he refused to listen to those whose opinions differed from his.

  • authoritative
  • to
  • whose
  • differed

Read the following passage and choose the correct words to fill in the blanks.

Becoming an independent language learner

   In an educational context, the term “learner independence” has gained increasing importance in recent years. It is of particular to language learning and commonly refers to the way students control and organise their own language learning process. While some people seem to have an almost flair for languages, others have to rely on strategies to maximise their skills and learn a foreign language more effectively.

   The main thing to remember is that becoming truly independent learner ultimately depends above all on taking responsibility for your own learning and being prepared to take every opportunity available to you to learn. You also increase your chances of by learning according to your own needs and interests, using all available resources. Research shows that learners adopt this approach will undoubtedly manage to broaden their language abilities considerably and, , are more likely to achieve their objectives in the longer term.

(Adapted from “Complete Advanced” by Laura Matthews and Barbara Thomas)

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Washington was the first city in history to be created solely for the purpose of governance. Following the Revolution, members of Congress had hotly debated the question of a permanent home for themselves and for those departments - the Treasury, the Patent Office and so on - which even the sketchiest of central governments would feel obliged to establish. In 1790, largely in order to put an end to congressional bickering, George Washington was charged with selecting a site for the newly designated federal district. Not much to anyone’s surprise but to the disappointment of many he chose a tract of land on the banks of the Potomac River, a few miles upstream from his beloved plantation Mount Vernon.

The District of Columbia was taken a part from Virginia and a part from Maryland. At the time it was laid out, its hundred square miles consisted of gently rolling hills, some under cultivation and the rest heavily wooded, with a number of creeks and much swampy land along the Potomac. There is now a section of Washington that is commonly referred to as Foggy Bottom; that section bore the same nickname a hundred and eighty years ago.

Two ports cities, Alexandria and Georgetown, flourished within sight of the new capital and gave it access by ship to the most important cities of the infant nation - Charleston, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Newport, Salem and Portsmouth - and also to the far-off ports of England and the Continent.

What is the main topic of the passage?
  • The founding of Washington, D.C
  • The government of the federal district
  • The first years of the United States Congress
  • The role of George Washinton in the America Revolution

The word "hotly" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • friendly
  • warmly
  • spicily
  • eagerly

In 1790, a large part of the federal district was _____.

  • seashore
  • wilderness
  • village squares
  • a flourishing sport
Which of the following sentences is NOT TRUE?
  • Washington was founded for the purpose of administration.
  • Congress did not find it necessary to have a home for themselves.
  • George Washington's choice was a disappointment to many people.
  • District of Columbia is commonly referred to as Washington.

Which of the following does the word "it" in paragraph 2 refer to?

  • the District of Columbia
  • part
  • Virginia
  • Maryland

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the 7 questions underneath.

When naming a child, some parents seem to choose a name based simply on their personal preference. In other families, grandparents or professional name-makers come up with a child's name. In some cases, the time of a child's birth influences how the child's name is determined.

In many European cultures, names are typically chosen by parents. Parents' choice for their child's name may be based on names of their relatives or ancestors. For example, in Italy, children are traditionally named after their grandparents. The parents generally use the father's parents' names first. If they have more children, then they will use the mother's parents' names. Similarly, some people in Eastern Europe name their children after relatives who have died. This tradition is seen as a means to protect the child from the Angel of Death.

Traditionally in some Asian countries, a child's grandfather or a fortune-teller chooses the child's name. In contrast to the tradition of naming children after relatives, the child's name is chosen to influence the child's character. For example, names may be based on a connection to certain elements such as fire, water, earth, wood, or metal. Or the name might include a written character meaning beauty, strength, or kindness.

In certain African cultures, when a child is born plays a large part in determining the child's name. In Ghana's Akan culture, the day a child is born determines the child's name. But each day has different names for boys and girls. For instance, a boy born on Friday is named Kofi, whereas a girl born on the same day is named Afua. Both Kofi and Afua mean "wanderer" or "explorer.Children with these names are seen as travelers.

No matter where the name comes from, a child's name is the first gift in life. Whether the name is chosen according to preference or dictated by tradition, it reflects something about a child's culture. For that reason, all names should be treasured and respected.

(Source: Reading Challenge 2 by Casey Malarcher & Andrea Janzen)

What is the main idea of the passage?

  • The choice of name for a child in Asia.
  • The history of child naming around the world.
  • The practice of child naming in Europe.
  • The tradition of child naming in different cultures.

According to the passage, in many European cultures, names are typically selected by ______.

  • ancestors
  • parents
  • relatives
  • grandparents

What is a common belief in some Asian countries concerning the tradition of naming a child?

  • A child's name must include a written character meaning beauty, strength, or kindness.
  • The choice of a child's name is believed to have an impact on his or her personality.
  • A child's name shouldn't be connected with certain elements of nature.
  • The choice of a child's name should be based on names of his or her relatives.

The word "means" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • sign
  • symbol
  • route
  • way

Which of the following about the tradition of child naming in African countries is NOT true according to the passage?

  • The arrival time of a child is an important factor in deciding his or her name.
  • Children born on Friday are normally given names meaning traveling.
  • Children receive the same name if they are born on the same day.
  • No matter how a child's name is chosen, it is related to his or her culture.

The word "it" in paragraph 5 refers to ______.

  • preference
  • culture
  • name
  • tradition

The word "treasured" in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • ignored
  • developed
  • valued
  • revealed
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

It’s not necessary to text Louis, he’s just over there.

  • You mustn’t text Louis, he’s just over there.
  • You don’t have to text Louis, he’s just over there.
  • You can’t text Louis, he’s just over there.
  • You may text Louis, he’s just over there.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this one.

“Shall I help you do the dishes, Carol”? said Robert.

  • Robert suggested helping Carol with the dishes.
  • Robert offered to help Carol do the dishes.
  • Robert suggested to help Carol do the dishes.
  • Robert offered Carol to help do the dishes.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this one.

She is more beautiful than any of the other girls in her class.

  • Any of the other girls in her class is more beautiful than her.
  • No one in her class is as beautiful as her.
  • She is as beautiful as any of the other girls in her class.
  • No one in her class is less beautiful than her.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

You helped me. I was able to solve my problems.

  • Unless you helped me, I would be able to solve my problems.
  • Provided that you help me, I will be able to solve my problems.
  • I would be able to solve my problems in case you helped me.
  • But for your help, I wouldn't have been able to solve my problems.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
The sun went down. The bats came out.
  • Only when the bats came out did the sun go down.
  • Not until the bats came out did the sun go down.
  • Were the sun to go down, the bats would come out.
  • Only after the sun had gone down, did the bats come out.