Đề số 19 theo chuẩn đề tham khảo Tiếng Anh Thi THPT 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/10/2020 7:55:00 AM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • beard 

  • rehearse

  • hearsay

  • endearment

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • kissed

  • helped

  • forced

  • wanted

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • medium
  • formation
  • computer
  • connection

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • because
  • become
  • beneath
  • beggar
I remember _____ this phone on my 10th birthday.
  • to be given
  • being given
  • to have given
  • having given
Universities send letters of _____ to successful candidates by post.
  • accept
  • acceptable
  • acceptably
  • acceptance

Susan _____ visit museums and monuments than lie on the beach all day.

  • prefers
  • would rather
  • had better
  • likes

People in Israel are going to celebrate their festival _____ is called Passover.

  • whose
  • who
  • which
  • where
Ann pretended _____ me as he passed me in the street.
  • not seeing
  • not to seen
  • not see
  • not to see

_____ he arrived at the bus stop when the bus came.

  • Hardly had
  • No sooner had
  • No longer has
  • Not until had

When he woke up, he realized that the things he had dreamt about could not _____ have happened.

  • possibly
  • likely
  • certainly
  • potentially

At the end of the training course, each participant was presented with a _____ of completion.

  • certificate
  • diploma
  • degree
  • qualification

To protect _____ hackers, security experts advise longer passwords _____ combinations of upper and lowercase letters, as well as numbers.

  • from/to
  • on/between
  • against/in
  • against/with

My purse _____ at the station while I _____ for the train.

  • should have stolen/ had been waiting
  • must have been stolen/ was waiting
  • will be stolen/ am waiting
  • had to steal/ would be waiting

Jessica was born in Australia, but she has spent _____ of her life there.

  • only a few
  • very little
  • a few
  • a little

Mangkhut is the most powerful storm _____ Asia this year.

  • to hit
  • which is hit
  • hit
  • hitting

She didn’t enjoy her first year at college because she failed to _____ her new friends.

  • come in for
  • look down on
  • go down with
  • get on with

He'd hardly finished doing his homework when you arrived, _____?

  • didn't he
  • had he
  • would he
  • hadn't he

I haven't read any medical books or articles on the subject for a long time, so I'm _____ with recent developments.

  • out of reach
  • out of the condition
  • out of touch
  • out of the question

Choose the most suitable response to complete the exchange.

- "You’ve been making very good progress. I’m proud of you!"

- "_____ "

  • No problem.
  • Don’t worry about it!
  • Everything’s alright. Thank you.
  • I really appreciate you saying that.

- “I think selling on our unwanted and underused goods can lead to a lesser impact on our environment.”

- "_______ It's much better than throwing them away."

  • You must be kidding.
  • That’s totally out of the question.
  • That sounds sensible.
  • I don't know.

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In some societies, language is associated with social class and education. People judge one's level in society by the kind of language used.

  • connected with
  • not allowed by
  • separated from
  • dissimilar to

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s)

There was a long period without rain in the countryside last year so the harvest was poor.

  • epidemic
  • drought
  • famine
  • flood

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Laws on military service since 1960 still hold good.

  • remains for good
  • is still in good condition
  • stands in life
  • remains in effect

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Important features of dehydrated foods are their lightness in weight and their compactness.

  • organic
  • dried
  • frozen
  • healthy

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

It would have been better if the teacher had reminded us of the deadline.

  • It doesn’t matter that the teacher didn't remind us of the deadline.
  • The teacher might have reminded us of the deadline.
  • Reminding us of the deadline was a good way for the teacher.
  • The teacher should have reminded us of the deadline.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

"If I were you, I'd ask the professor for help." he said.

  • He suggested asking the teacher for help.
  • He advised me to ask the teacher for help.
  • He said if he was me, he would ask the teacher for help.
  • He told me that he'd ask the teacher for help.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

They expect that recent changes will bring about an overall improvement in the quality of the country’s education.

  • Recent changes are expected to lead to an overall improvement in the quality of the country’s education.
  • The quality of the country’s education is expected to be the consequence of recent changes.
  • It is expected that recent changes are caused by an overall improvement in the country’s education.
  • It was expected that recent changes would result in an overall improvement in the quality of the country’s education.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Sam defeated the former champion in three sets. He finally won the inter-school table tennis championship.

  • Having defeated the former champion in the inter-school table tennis, Sam did not hold the title of champion.
  • Although Sam defeated the former champion in three sets, he did not win the title of inter-school table tennis champion.
  • Having defeated the former champion in three sets, Sam won the inter-school table tennis championship.
  • Being defeated by the former champion, Sam lost the chance to play the final game of inter-school table tennis champion.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

A criminal tried to attack Jane on her way home. A helpful passerby stopped him in the act.

  • A passer-by intervened just when a criminal was trying to attack Jane in the act of going home.
  • Had it not been for the intervention of a helpful passer-by, Jane would have been attacked on her way home.
  • If Jane hadn't got in the criminal's way home, a helpful passerby would have been attacked.
  • A helpful passerby put an end to the attack from Jane when going home with the criminal.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

I read in the newspaper that Italy didn’t get to the quarter finals last year and France didn’t neither.

  • in the newspaper
  • didn’t get to
  • the quarter finals
  • didn’t neither

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Her passion for helping people have motivated her to found her own charity organization.

  • for
  • have motivated
  • found
  • organization

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Because of the expense of traditional fuels and the concern that they run out, many countries have been investigating alternative sources of power.

  • Because of
  • traditional fuels
  • run out
  • investigating

Face-to-face conversation is two-way process: You speak to me, I reply to you and so on. Two-way (1)_____ depends on having a coding system that is understood by both (2)_____ and receiver, and an agreed convention about signalling the beginning and end of the message. In speech, the coding system is the language like English or Spanish; the convention that one person speaks at a time may seem too obvious to (3)_____. In fact, the signals that people use in conversations and meetings are often non-verbal. For example, lowering the pitch of the voice may mean the end of a sentence; a sharp intake of breath may signal the desire to interrupt, catching the chairman’s eyes may indicate the desire to speak in a formal setting like a (4)_____ a clenched fist may indicate anger. When these (5)_____ signals are not possible, more formal signals may be needed. 

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (1).

  • exchange
  • correspondence
  • interchange
  • communication

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (2).

  • transmitter
  • sender
  • messenger
  • announcer

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (3).

  • notice
  • recognise
  • mention
  • judge

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (4).

  • broadcast
  • chat
  • lecture
  • debate

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (5).

  • sensory
  • visual
  • verbal
  • auditory

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

A leading question among anthropologists is: what exactly led to the development of human cities? Basically, modern humans have existed on earth for over 100,000 years. Yet it is only in the last 8,000 years that they have begun to gather in significant numbers and form cities. Prior to that period, humans existed in small family or tribal groups, generally consisting of fewer than 100 individuals. What, then, led humans to make the dramatic shift from living in small groups to living in large, organized cities? It seems that the development of cities required a particular set of circumstances.

First, it required a minimum population density. For much of their early history, humans existed only in small numbers. This is due to the fact that early humans relied on hunting and gathering wild foods for their survival. Even the most fertile land would only support a relatively small number of predators, so it was not until humans began to practice agriculture that they were able to gather in large enough numbers to form cities.

Furthermore, the development of a city could only be possible if a large number of people shared a common language, culture, and religion. Without such unifying factors, a cooperative, peaceful existence among large numbers of people would have been impossible.

Finally, it seems that early humans needed to be faced with a large problem, which one small group of individuals could not solve on its own. Only when large-scale cooperation was needed to overcome a problem would humans come together to form cities.

What is the passage mainly about?
  • Factors bringing about the development of human cities
  • How population density affects the development of human cities
  • Why a shared language makes a peaceful human city
  • Problems solved by the cooperation of a large group

The word "circumstance" in paragraph 1 mostly means _____.

  • conditions
  • preparations
  • examples
  • events

The word "they" in paragraph 2 refers to _____.

  • predators
  • humans
  • cities
  • foods
Which of the following enables people to live together in peace?
  • A large area of fertile land
  • A shared belief and value
  • A large and complicated problem
  • A group with a minimal number of members
Which of the following is NOT needed for the development of a city?
  • a shared culture
  • people's gathering
  • peaceful existence
  • large-scale collaboration

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Advertising helps people recognize a particular brand, persuades them to try it, and tries to keep them loyal to it. Brand loyalty is perhaps the most important goal of consumer advertising. Whether they produce cars, canned foods or cosmetics, manufacturers want their customers to make repeated purchases. The quality of the product will encourage this, of course, but so, too, will affect advertising.

Advertising relies on the techniques of market research to identify potential users of a product. Are they homemakers or professional people? Are they young or old? Are they city dwellers or country dwellers? Such questions have a bearing on where and when ads should be placed. By studying readership breakdowns for newspapers and magazines as well as television ratings and other statistics, an advertising agency can decide on the best way of reaching potential buyers. Detailed research and marketing expertise are essential today when advertising budgets can run into thousands of millions of dollars.

Advertising is a fast-paced, high-pressure industry. There is a constant need for creative ideas that will establish a personality for a product in the public's mind. Current developments in advertising increase the need for talented workers.

In the past, the majority of advertising was aimed at the traditional white family - breadwinner father, non- working mother, and two children. Research now reveals that only about 6 percent of American households fit this stereotype. Instead, society is fragmented into many groups, with working mothers, single people and older people on the rise. To be most successful, advertising must identify a particular segment and aim its message toward that group.

Advertising is also making use of new technologies. Computer graphics are used to grab the attention of consumers and to help them see products in a new light. The use of computer graphics in a commercial for canned goods, for instance, gave a new image to the tin can.

What does the passage mainly discuss?

  • How to develop a successful advertising plan.
  • New techniques and technologies of market research.
  • The central role of advertising in selling products.
  • The history of advertising in the United States.

The word "this" in paragraph 1 refers to______.

  • the quality of the product
  • effective advertising
  • repeatedly buying the same brand
  • the most important goal

It can be inferred from paragraph 2 that advertisers must ______.

  • encourage people to try new products
  • aim their message at homemakers and professional people
  • know about the people who will buy the product
  • place several ads in newspapers and magazines

According to paragraph 2, market research includes ______.

  • studying television ratings
  • hiring researchers with backgrounds in many fields
  • searching for talented workers
  • determining the price of a product

The words "a bearing" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to __________. 

  • a decision
  • an influence
  • a purpose
  • an objective

The author implies that the advertising industry requires ______.

  • millions of dollars
  • a college-educated work force
  • innovative thinking
  • government regulation

According to the passage, most advertising used to be directed at ______.

  • working mothers with children
  • two-parent families with children
  • unmarried people
  • older adults