Đề thi thử THPT 2020 môn Anh - THPT Chuyên KHTN lần 2 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/11/2020 10:45:00 AM

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

More and more companies are conducting business online.

  • Online business is more and more developed thanks to many companies.
  • An increasing number of companies conduct their business online.
  • Many companies have been opening more and more trading online.
  • Business is more and more conducted by many companies.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

"She seems the most likely candidate for the job." said the secretary.

  • The secretary thought highly of her as the candidate for the job.
  • The secretary was afraid that she wouldn't be able to take the job.
  • The secretary asserted that the girl was the best candidate for the post.
  • The secretary doubted that the girl would be offered the job.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

Hardly had she spoken than she regretted it bitterly.

  • Once she had spoken, she regretted it bitterly.
  • She had spoken it so that she regretted It bitterly.
  • She had no sooner spoken than she regretted it bitterly.
  • Because she had spoken it, she regretted bitterly.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

John's car broke down on his way to the airport. He missed the flight.

  • John's car broke down on his way to the airport, and he missed the flight at the same time.
  • Knowing that he would miss the flight, John stopped driving on his way to the airport.
  • John missed the flight because his car broke down on his way to the airport.
  • While John's car broke down on his way to the airport, he missed his flight.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

John knew everything about his project. He presented it in an interesting way.

  • Not only did John know everything about his project, but he also presented it in an interesting way.
  • John knew everything about his project so that he presented it in an interesting way.
  • Because John knew everything about his project, no other could present it in a more interesting way.
  • Knowing everything about his project allows John to present it in an interesting way.
Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • liked

  • wrapped

  • travelled

  • worked

Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • heat

  • each

  • hear

  • eager

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • value
  • suffer
  • worry
  • become
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • impression
  • remember
  • family
  • together
The headmaster is the most popular figure at our school, _____?
  • isn't he
  • was he
  • doesn't he
  • did he
People in every corner of the world can be infected with _____ most recently discovered coronavirus.
  • a
  • an
  • the
  • (no article)
Most children remain dependent _____ their parents while at university.
  • above
  • at
  • in
  • on
At first the student denied _____ but he later admitted wing done it.
  • to plagiarize
  • plagiarizing
  • plagiarize
  • plagiarized
If she _____ all the requirements for the job, she would have been offered the job.
  • satisfied
  • were satisfied
  • had satisfied
  • had been satisfied

By the time I finish the final term exams, I _____ my first two years' study at university.

  • have completed
  • will be completed
  • will complete
  • will have completed
During the pandemic, patients were discharged from hospital _____ the beds were needed by those infected with the deadly virus.
  • although
  • in spite of
  • because
  • because of
I never realized what wonderful people the Japanese are _____ the most interesting exhibit.
  • until I saw
  • as soon as I have seen
  • when I saw
  • after I have seen
On average, a solar panel generates 26 units of solar energy for every unit of fossil energy _____ to build and install it.
  • require
  • requiring
  • is required
  • required
There are some _____ tips on sharing important information at scale on social media.
  • specific
  • specify
  • specifically
  • specification
The city touring bus stops every fifteen minutes for passengers to _____.
  • take on and off
  • get in and out
  • hop on and off
  • jump up and down
The local government has ______ specific instructions on reducing waste disposal.
  • made
  • created
  • issued
  • enacted
It's not easy to apply to the university that has a very selective _____ policy.
  • permissions
  • admissions
  • acceptance
  • agreement
The headmaster rehearsed his speech over and over to make sure that he was word _____.
  • precise
  • exact
  • accurate
  • perfect
Market conditions after the epidemic have _____ many companies to cut back the cost.
  • compelled
  • recommended
  • instructed
  • motioned

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

Social psychologists have recently noticed strange behavior from people having suffered from terrible shocks.

  • rare
  • common
  • negative
  • formal

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

I didn't tell her that he was sick because I didn't want to cause her any alarm.

  • worry
  • inform
  • comfort
  • warn

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The scientists knew they had made a mistake when they saw the outcome of their experiment.

  • production
  • discovery
  • invention
  • result

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

From the beginning, not so many people realized the danger of the Coronavirus so they did not do much to protect themselves.

  • forgot
  • understood
  • questioned
  • suffered

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. Most people infected the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more to develop serious illness,
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 Virus, the disease causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face.
The COVID-19 Virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it's important that you also respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a feed elbow).
At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments, WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.

(Taken from https://www.who.int/emergences/diseases/novel-coronayirus 2019)

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

Nanotechnology refers to the creation and use of materials or devices at extremely small scales. These materials or devices fall in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers (nm). One nm is equal to one-billionth of a meter (0.000000001 m), which is about 50,000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair. Scientists refer to the dimensional range of 1 to 100 nm as the nanoscale, and materials at this scale are called nanocrystals or nanomaterials.

The nanoscale is unique because nothing solid can be made any smaller. It is also unique because many of the mechanisms of the biological and physical world operate on length scales from 0.1 to 100 nm. At these dimensions, materials exhibit different physical properties; thus scientists expect that many novel effects at the nanoscale will be discovered and used for breakthrough technologies.

A number of important breakthroughs have already occurred in nanotechnology. These developments are found in products used throughout the world. Some examples are catalytic converters in automobiles that help remove air pollutants, devices in computers that read from and write to the hard disk, certain sunscreens and cosmetics that transparently block harmful radiation from the Sun, and special coatings for sports clothes and gear that help improve the gear and possibly enhance the athlete's performance. Still, many scientists, engineers, and technologists believe they have only scratched the surface of nanotechnology's potential.

Nanotechnology is in its infancy, and no one can predict with accuracy what will result from the full flowering of the field over the next several decades. Many scientists believe it can be said with confidence, however, that nanotechnology will have a major impact on medicine and health care; energy production and conservation; environmental cleanup and protection; electronics, computers, and sensors, and world security and defense.

(Adapted from Encarta DVD 2009)

What is the passage mainly about?
  • A new physical property of matters in nature.
  • A way of manufacturing technological products.
  • An introduction to a new technology.
  • An overview of how technology will develop.
The word "that" in paragraph 3 refers to _____.
  • converters
  • automobiles
  • technologies
  • properties
The word "novel" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • imaginative
  • innovative
  • inventive
  • significant
Which of the following statements is NOT true about nanotechnology according to the passage?
  • No other products are smaller than those made by nanotechnology.
  • Nanotechnology allows the production of things at extremely small scales.
  • Nanotechnology has seen a number of important breakthroughs.
  • Medicine and healthcare will be greatly affected by nanotechnology.
Which of the following will be most likely discussed in the next part of the article?
  • world security and defense
  • nanotechnology's potential
  • how nanotechnology works
  • nan technological products

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

Sensing phantom phone vibrations is a strangely common experience. Around 80% of us have imagined a phone vibrating in our pockets when it's actually completely still. Almost 30% of us have also heard non-existent ringing. Are these hallucinations ominous signs of impending madness caused by digital culture?

In fact, phantom vibrations and ringing illustrate a fundamental principle in psychology. It's an example of a perceptual system, just like a fire alarm, an automatic door, or a daffodil bulb that must decide when spring has truly started. Your brain has to make a perceptual judgment about whether the phone in your pocket is really vibrating. And, analogous to a daffodil bulb on a warm February morning, it has to decide whether the incoming signals from the skin near your pocket Indicate a true change in the world.

Psychologists use a concept called Signal Detection Theory to guide their thinking about the problem of perceptual judgments. Analyzing the example of phone vibrations, we can see how this theory explains why they are a common and unavoidable part of healthy mental function. When your phone is in your pocket, the world is in one of two possible states: the phone is either ringing or not. You also have two possible states of mind: the judgment that the phone is ringing, or the judgment that it isn’t. Obviously, you'd like to match these states in the correct way. True vibrations should go with "it's ringing", and no vibrations should go with "it's not ringing". Signal detection theory calls these faithful matches a "hit" and a "correct rejection", respectively.

But there are two other possible combinations: you could mismatch true vibrations with "it's not ringing" (a "miss"); or mismatch the absence of vibrations with “it’s ringing" (a “false alarm”). This second kind of mismatch is what's going on when you imagine a phantom phone vibration.

For situations where easy judgments can be made, such as deciding if someone says your name in a quiet room, you will probably make perfect matches every time. But when judgments are more difficult - if you have to decide whether someone says your name in a noisy room, or have to evaluate something you're not skilled at - mismatches will occasionally happen. And these mistakes will be either misses or false alarms.

(https:/www.bbe.com/future/artide/20130701-why-you-feel-phantom-phone-calls)

Which of the following best serves as the title for the passage?

  • Why You Have Feeling That Your Phone Is Vibrating?
  • Why You Should Beware of Feeling Phantom Phone Calls?
  • How You Can Avoid False Feeling of Your Phone Vibrating?
  • How You Can Distinguish Truc Phane Calls from Phantom Ones?
The word "hallucinations" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • desires
  • illusions
  • illustrations
  • suggestions
The phrase "analogous to" in paragraph 2 mostly means _____.
  • similar to
  • contrary to
  • different from
  • because of
Which kind of perceptual judgment does the brain make when sensing a phone vibration?
  • It has to decide whether the phone is inside the pocket.
  • It has to decide whether the incoming signals are from the phone.
  • It has to decide whether the signals from the skin indicate the fact.
  • It has to decide whether the incoming signals are from the skin.
The word "it" in paragraph 3 refers to ______.
  • judgement
  • mind
  • state
  • phone
According to Signal Detection Theory, which of the following is going on when you sense a phone that is truly vibrating?
  • a "correct rejection"
  • a "hit"
  • a "false alarm"
  • a "miss"
The experience of sensing phantom phone vibrations is indicative of _____.
  • an avoidable problem of brain function
  • a common brain problem
  • a sign of impending madness
  • a normal brain function

Ben is talking to a school staff at the registration office.

- Ben: " I would like to register for a class today."

- Staff: "_____."

  • I hope that you are doing well with the course.
  • Well, what class would you like to take?
  • There are two classes that are still open.
  • Enjoy your life at the college, dear.

Laura and Mitchell are talking about their class notes.

- Laura: "Do you have the notes from last week's class?"

- Mitchell: "Did you come late?"

- Laura: "I couldn't make it. I was sick."

- Mitchell: "_____."

  • Oh, wait, here are the rest.
  • You must learn how to take notes.
  • Oh, okay. Well, here you go.
  • I don't think that's a good idea.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Linguistics is the scientific study of language, which involve analyzing language form, language meaning, and language in context.

  • is
  • language
  • involve
  • in

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Abused children commonly exhibit one or more of the following symptoms: withdrawal, rebelliousness, restlessness, and being depressed.

  • commonly exhibit
  • more of
  • following symptoms
  • being depressed

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Probably, the depth of this ocean will be found to be very inconsiderable comparing with its breadth.

  • Probably
  • this ocean
  • to be
  • comparing with