Đề số 20 theo chuẩn đề tham khảo Tiếng Anh Thi THPT 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/14/2020 9:17:00 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • helps
  • laughs
  • cooks
  • finds

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • access
  • website
  • certain
  • internet

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • copy
  • remove
  • notice
  • cancel

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • difficult
  • popular
  • effective
  • national

I don't think the problem will be solved soon, _____?

  • will it
  • do I
  • don't I
  • won't I

Did you see the film on ______ television or at the cinema?

  • a
  • an
  • the
  • Ø

He ran so quickly that when he got _____ the finish line he was out of breath.

  • on
  • at
  • in
  • to

This robber admitted _____ the red mobile phone last week.

  • stealed
  • stealing
  • to steal
  • steal

If it weren't for my mobile phone, I _____ never know where my friends were.

  • will
  • would
  • should
  • shall

_____ Alan for hours but he just doesn't answer his mobile. I hope nothing's wrong. 

  • I call
  • I've been calling
  • I'm calling
  • I've called

______ I finish my homework first, my parents don't mind if I surf the Internet a little.

  • Unless
  • In case
  • As long as
  • Although

Was Neil Armstrong the first person _____ foot on the moon?

  • set
  • setting
  • to set
  • who was set

People don't always behave ______ when they are on holiday.

  • responsibility
  • responsibly
  • responsible
  • response

Harry missed his dance class because he _____ with the flu.

  • came down
  • put down
  • looked down
  • went down

The move to a different environment had brought about a significant _____ in Mary's state of mind.

  • impact
  • effect
  • influence
  • change

I may look half asleep, but I can assure you I am _____ awake.

  • broad
  • well
  • full
  • wide

The proposal will go ahead despite strong _____ from the public.

  • objections
  • refusals
  • resistances
  • disagreements

Of all the employment agencies that Harry visited, the last one was _____.

  • the most helpful
  • more helpful
  • the more helpful
  • most helpful

British and Australian people share the same language, but in other aspects, they are as different as ____.

  • cats and dogs
  • chalk and cheese
  • salt and pepper
  • here and there

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In remote communities, it’s important to replenish stocks before the winter sets in.

  • remake
  • refill
  • repeat
  • empty

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Fruits are customarily treated with sulfur prior to drying to reduce any color change.

  • subsequent to
  • previous to
  • at the time of
  • proceeding

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The term yard was used extensively by English as the measurement from the tip of a man’s nose to the tip of his outstretched thumb.

  • occasionally
  • widely
  • lengthily
  • precisely

Choose the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word of the following question.

He talks continuously with his friends about his achievements. He's kind of person who is always blowing his own horn.

  • showing off
  • modest
  • active
  • trying his best

Read the following passage, then choose the correct answer to questions.
Today, supermarkets are found in almost every large city in the world. But the first supermarket opened only fifty years ago. It was opened in New York by a man named Michael Cullen.
A supermarket is different other types of stores in several ways. In supermarkets, goods are placed on open shelves. The choose what they want and take them to the checkout counter. This means that fewer shop assistants are needed than in other stores. The way products are displayed is another difference between supermarkets and many other types of stores; example, in supermarkets, there is usually a display of small inexpensive items just in front of the checkout counter: candies, chocolates, magazines, cheap foods and so on.
Most customers go to a supermarket buy goods from a shopping list. They know exactly what they need to buy. They do the shopping according to a plan.

- Waitress: “Excuse me, may I take your order, madam?”

- Mrs. Brown: “_____”

  • I don’t want to do anything. I’ve really had enough.
  • OK, here is my bill.
  • Sure, it’s delicious.
  • Yes, I’d like some fish and chips.

- A: “I hope that in the near future, teenagers will participate in important decisions concerning their lives.”

- B: "_______ At least they will decide who they want to be."

  • I disagree.
  • I totally agree with you.
  • Not at all.
  • I'm not sure.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

A survey showed people were confusing about what they should eat to stay healthy.

  • showed
  • confusing
  • about
  • stay healthy

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The abilities to work hard, follow directions, and thinking independently are some of the criteria for success in the workplace.

  • to work
  • thinking
  • are
  • for success

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Each student have to write a paragraph about the benefits of learning English.

  • have
  • a
  • benefits
  • learning

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Washington was the first city in history to be created solely for the purpose of governance. Following the Revolution, members of Congress had hotly debated the question of a permanent home for themselves and for those departments - the Treasury, the Patent Office and so on - which even the sketchiest of central governments would feel obliged to establish. In 1790, largely in order to put an end to congressional bickering, George Washington was charged with selecting a site for the newly designated federal district. Not much to anyone’s surprise but to the disappointment of many he chose a tract of land on the banks of the Potomac River, a few miles upstream from his beloved plantation Mount Vernon.

The District of Columbia was taken a part from Virginia and a part from Maryland. At the time it was laid out, its hundred square miles consisted of gently rolling hills, some under cultivation and the rest heavily wooded, with a number of creeks and much swampy land along the Potomac. There is now a section of Washington that is commonly referred to as Foggy Bottom; that section bore the same nickname a hundred and eighty years ago.

Two ports cities, Alexandria and Georgetown, flourished within sight of the new capital and gave it access by ship to the most important cities of the infant nation - Charleston, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Newport, Salem and Portsmouth - and also to the far-off ports of England and the Continent.

What is the main topic of the passage?
  • The founding of Washington, D.C
  • The government of the federal district
  • The first years of the United States Congress
  • The role of George Washinton in the America Revolution

The word "hotly" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • friendly
  • warmly
  • spicily
  • eagerly

Which of the following does the word "it" in paragraph 2 refer to?

  • the District of Columbia
  • part
  • Virginia
  • Maryland

In 1790, a large part of the federal district was _____.

  • seashore
  • wilderness
  • village squares
  • a flourishing sport
Which of the following sentences is NOT TRUE?
  • Washington was founded for the purpose of administration.
  • Congress did not find it necessary to have a home for themselves.
  • George Washington's choice was a disappointment to many people.
  • District of Columbia is commonly referred to as Washington.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

“Where were you last night, Mr. Jenkins?” he said.

  • He wanted to know where Mr. Jenkins had been the following night.
  • He asked Mr. Jenkins where he had been the previous night.
  • He wanted to know where Mr. Jenkins was the night before.
  • He asked Mr. Jenkins where was he last night.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

He started computer programming as soon as he left school.

  • No sooner had he started computer programming than he left school.
  • Hardly had he started computer programming when he left school.
  • No sooner had he left school than he started computer programming.
  • After he left school, he had started computer programming.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

You usually drive fast so you use more petrol than usual.

  • The faster you drive, the more you use petrol.
  • The more you drive fast, the more you use petrol.
  • The faster you drive, the more petrol you use.
  • The more fast you drive, the more petrol you use.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Societies doubted about women's intellectual ability. Therefore, they could not get access to education.

  • Failure to get access to education resulted in the doubt about women’s intellectual ability.
  • The denial of education to women was caused by societies’ doubt about their intellectual ability.
  • Not getting access to education, societies showed their uncertainty to women’s intellectual ability.
  • Women’s intellectual ability was doubted about due to their lack of education.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Transportation has been made much easier thanks to the invention of car. However, cars are the greatest contributor of air pollution.

  • The invention of cars has made transportation much easier, but cars are among the greatest contributors of air pollution.
  • However easier the invention of cars has made transportation, it is cars that among the greatest contributors of air pollution.
  • Although the invention of cars has made transportation much easier, cars are the greatest contributor of the pollution of air.
  • Although the invention of cars has made transportation much easier, people use cars to contribute to the pollution of air.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

      Basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War is the country’s impressive population growth. For every three Canadians in 1945, there were over five in 1966. In September 1966 Canada’s population passed the 20 million mark. Most of this surging growth came from natural increase. The depression of the 1930s and the war had held back marriages, and the catching-up process began after 1945. The baby boom continued through the decade of the 1950s, producing a population increase of nearly fifteen percent in the five years from 1951 to 1956. This rate of increase had been exceeded only once before in Canada’s history, in the decade before 1911, when the prairies were being settled. Undoubtedly, the good economic conditions of the 1950s supported a growth in the population, but the expansion also derived from a trend toward earlier marriages and an increase in the average size of families. In 1957 the Canadian birth rate stood at 28 per thousand, one of the highest in the world.
      After the peak year of 1957, the birth rate in Canada began to decline. It continued falling until in 1966 it stood at the lowest level in 25 years. Partly this decline reflected the low level of births during the depression and the war, but it was also caused by changes in Canadian society. Young people were staying at school longer, more women were working; young married couples were buying automobiles or houses before starting families; rising living standards were cutting down the size of families. It appeared that Canada was once more falling in step with the trend toward smaller families that had occurred all through the Western world since the time of the Industrial Revolution.
      Although the growth in Canada’s population had slowed down by 1966 (the increase in the first half of the 1960s was only nine percent), another large population wave was coming over the horizon. It would be composed of the children who were born during the period of the high birth rate prior to 1957.

What does the passage mainly discuss?
  • Educational changes in Canadian society
  • Canada during the Second World War
  • Population trends in postwar Canada
  • Standards of living in Canada

The word “surging” is closest in meaning to ______.

  • new
  • extra
  • accelerating
  • surprising
The author suggests that in Canada during the 1950’s ______.
  • the urban population decreased rapidly
  • fewer people married
  • economic conditions were poor
  • the birth rate was very high
The author mentions all of the following as causes of declines in population growth after 1957 EXCEPT ______.
  • people being better educated
  • people getting married earlier
  • better standards of living
  • couples buying houses
It can be inferred from the passage that before the Industrial Revolution ______.
  • families were larger
  • population statistics were unreliable
  • the population grew steadily
  • economic conditions were bad

The word "it" in the third paragraph refers to ______.

  • possibility
  • population wave
  • nine percent
  • first half

The word "derived" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • come from
  • get on
  • rise
  • develop