Đề thi thử THPT 2020 môn Anh - TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN KHTN Lần 3 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/18/2020 10:21:00 PM
_____ the solar system may seem big, it is a very small part of the universe.
  • Despite
  • Because
  • Inspite
  • Although
I usually spend Saturday evening _____ Premier League on TV.
  • to watch
  • watch
  • watching
  • watched
We need to think of _____ our products to meet the need of potential customers.
  • diverse
  • diversifying
  • diversification
  • diversify
My brother didn't feel well. _____ he didn't go to work yesterday.
  • So
  • But
  • However
  • Therefore

- A: "Excuse me. Could you tell me which bus I should take to get to City Hall?"

- B: "Bus number 1 _____ go there, but maybe you'd better ask the driver."

  • might
  • ought
  • must
  • suppose

If she _____ sick, she would have gone out with me to the party.

  • hadn't been
  • weren't
  • hasn't been
  • wasn't

I have asked him _____ many times but he keeps refusing to say.

  • where does he live
  • when he lives
  • where he lives
  • how does he live
I remember _____ the money in the top drawer, but it's not there now.
  • to put
  • putting
  • put
  • to have put
My phone runs _____ battery often.
  • off
  • out of
  • away
  • away from
After _____ her lunch, the teacher began marking the essays.
  • finished
  • had finished
  • having finish
  • finishing
Environmental pollution has _____ many species to the verge of extinction.
  • sent
  • thrown
  • brought
  • driven
This hike is pretty exhausting. I don't think I can go _____ any farther.
  • to
  • on
  • in
  • out
This is Bob, _____ sister works for my father's company.
  • that
  • whose
  • whom
  • who's

George took _____ of the fine weather to do a day's work in his garden.

  • chance
  • interest
  • advantage
  • charge

John: "I apologize for keeping you waiting for 2 hours. My car broke down on the way."

Catherin: "_____"

  • You are very welcome.
  • Thank you.
  • Your apology is accepted.
  • It is my pleasure.

- "How do you do?"

- "_____"

  • I do it very well.
  • Have a good trip!
  • I will see you soon.
  • How do you do?

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

Let children learn to judge their own work. A child turning to talk does not learn by being corrected; if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He noticed a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people's. In the same way, children learn to do all the other things, they learn to do them without being taught - to talk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bike - compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school, we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes for himself, let alone correct them. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher. Let him do it himself. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, "what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not."

If it is a matter of right answer, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can't find the way to get the right answer. Let's end all the nonsense of grades, exams, and marks. Let us throw them all out and let the children learn what all educated persons must someday learn how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know.

Let them get on with this job in the way that seems most sensible to them, with our help as school teachers if they ask for it. The idea that there is a body of knowledge to be learnt at school and used for the rest of one's life is nonsense in a world as complicated and rapidly changing as ours. Anxious parents and teachers may say, "But suppose they fail to learn something essential, something they will need to get on in the world, won't they?" Don't worry. If it is essential, they will go out into the world and learn it.

According to the author, the best way for children to learn things is _____.
  • by comparing with what other people do
  • by making mistakes and having them corrected
  • by listening to explanations from skilled people
  • by asking a great many questions
What does the author think teachers do what they should not do?
  • They give children correct answers.
  • They point out children's mistakes to them.
  • They allow children to mark their own work.
  • They encourage children to copy from one another.
The passage suggests that learning to speak and learning to ride a bicycle are _____.
  • not really important skills
  • more important than other skills
  • basically different from learning adult skills
  • basically the same as learning other skills
Exams, grades, and marks should be abolished because children's progress should only be estimated by _____.
  • educated persons
  • the children themselves
  • teachers
  • parents
The author fears that children will grow up into adults who are _____.
  • too independent of others
  • too critical of themselves
  • unable to think for themselves
  • unable to use basic skills

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The icebox became a fixture in most homes and remained so until the mechanized refrigerator replaced it in the 1920's and 1930's.

  • substance
  • mechanical device
  • commonplace object
  • luxury item

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The arrival of a great wave of southern and eastern European immigrants at the tum of the century coincided with and contributed to an enormous expansion of formal schooling.

  • ensure the success of
  • happened at the same time
  • began to grow rapidly
  • was influenced by

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

A lot of advice is available for college leavers heading for their first job. In this article, we consider the move to a second job. We are not concerned with those looking for a second temporary position while hunting for a permanent job. Nor are we concerned with those leaving an unsatisfactory job within the first few weeks. Instead, we will be dealing with those of you taking a real step on the career ladder, choosing a job to fit in with your ambitions now that you have learnt your way around, acquired some skills and have some idea of where you want to go.

What sort of job should you look for? Much depends on your long-term aim. You need to ask yourself whether you want to specialize in a particular field, work your way up to higher levels of responsibility or out of your current employment into a broader field.

Whatever you decide, you should choose your second job very carefully. You should be aiming to stay in it for two or three years. This job should be studied very carefully when you send your letter of application for your next job. It should show evidence of serious career planning. Most importantly, it should extend you, develop you and give you increasing responsibility. Incidentally, if you are interested in traveling, now is the time to pack up and go. You can do temporary work for a while when you return, pick up where you left off and yet the second job then. Future potential employers will be relieved to see that you have got it out of your system, and are not likely to go off again.

Juliette Davidson spent her first year after leaving St. Aldate's College working for three solicitors. It was the perfect first job in that "OK... they were very supportive people. I was gently introduced to the work, learnt my way around an office and improved my word processing skills. However, there was no scope for advancement. One day, I gave my notice, bought an air ticket and traveled for a year.”

Juliette now works as a Personal Assistant to Brenda Cleverdon, the Chief Executive of business in the Community. "In two and a half years I have become more able and my job has really grown," she says. "Right from the beginning, my boss was very keen to develop me. My job title is the same as it was when I started but the duties have changed. From mainly typing and telephone work, I have progressed to doing most of the correspondence and budgets. I also have to deal with a variety of queries, coming from chairmen of large companies to people wanting to know how to start their own business. Brenda involves me in all her work but also gives me specific projects to do and events to organize."

Who is intended to benefit from the advice given in the article?
  • Students who have just finished their studies
  • People who are unhappy with their current job
  • Those who are interested in establishing a career
  • People who change job regularly
According to the writer, why is the choice of your second job important?
  • It will affect your future job prospects.
  • It will last longer than your first job.
  • It will be difficult to change if you don't like it.
  • It should give you the opportunity to study.
The word "it" in the passage refers to the _____.
  • first job
  • second job
  • application
  • career
If you have a desire to travel, when does the writer suggest that you do?
  • straight after you have left college
  • when you are unable to find a permanent job
  • after you have done some temporary work
  • between the first and second job
Juliette spent her first year working ________.
  • as a lawyer
  • for three solicitors
  • for Brenda Claverdon
  • as a Chief Executive
The phrase "you have got it out of your system" means _____.
  • You have planned your career sensibly
  • You are an experienced traveler
  • You have satisfied your wish to travel
  • You have learned to look after yourself
How did Juliette Davidson benefit from the experience of her first job?
  • It was a good introduction to working in an office.
  • She met a variety of interesting people.
  • It enabled her to earn enough money to travel.
  • She learnt how to use a word processor.
In what way is Juliette's current job better than her first job?
  • She has a more impressive job title.
  • She now knows how to start her own business.
  • She has been able to extend her skills.
  • She is more involved in the community.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The sooner you leave, the earliest you will arrive at your destination.

  • The sooner
  • leave
  • earliest
  • will arrive

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

In my opinion, he maybe elected because he is honest, knowledgeable and competent.

  • In
  • maybe
  • because
  • knowledgeable

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

After Nam will finish his degree, he intends to work in his father's company.

  • will finish
  • degree
  • intends
  • to work

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

People say that prevention is better than cure.

  • It is said that prevention is better than cure.
  • Prevention is said to be better than cure.
  • Prevention is to have said to be better than cure.
  • A and B are correct.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

The coffee was not strong, so it didn't keep us awake.

  • The coffee was very strong, but it couldn’t keep us awake.
  • The coffee was not strong enough to keep us awake.
  • We were kept awake because the coffee was strong.
  • The coffee was so strong that kept us awake.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

Neil wishes he hadn't sold his car.

  • Neil didn't sell his car.
  • Neil didn’t have a wish for a car.
  • Neil doesn't wish to sell his car.
  • Neil regrets having sold his car.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

I don't think you left your keys at school. You haven't been there today.

  • You should have left your keys at school.
  • You can't have left your keys at school.
  • I think your keys are at school now.
  • I wondered where your keys are.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Laura practiced playing the instrument a lot. She could hardly improve her performance.

  • Hardly had Laura practiced playing the instrument a lot when she could improve her performance.
  • Had Laura practiced playing the instrument a lot, she could have performed much better.
  • However much Laura practiced playing the instrument, she could hardly perform any better.
  • As soon as Laura practiced playing the instrument a lot, she could perform much better.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Challenges also bring about opportunities. Prof. Yunyan Liu at Southwest University pointed that the lockdown period can be a valuable opportunity to promote teacher-parent collaboration and parents' engagement in children's education (CNSECE, 2020).
As parents are forced to home-educate children, they are in desperate need of guidance and support. The daily communication between parents and kindergarten teachers is a rare opportunity to deepen understanding and strengthen the teacher-parent relationship.
Chinese kindergarten teachers have been creating and sharing a great many of online resources for parents, including guidance on setting up daily routines and caring for children’s physical and mental health, suggestions of self-care for parents, play activities for children’s learning and so on. Some activities are designed to encourage parent-child interaction whereas others are designed to solely engage children parents can have some free time on their own.
Parents to regularly share children's performance with kindergarten teachers, who also provide tailored support to parents whose children have special needs.
Kindergarten teachers have reported some enhanced partnerships with parents in educating and caring for young children, Dr. Chily Song, a practitioner leader in Shenzhen, said that many of their parents had gained a better understanding of learning through play as they observed their children’s development in parent-child play activities.

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

She's a bit down in the dumps because she's got to take her exams again.

  • sad
  • embarrassed
  • confident
  • happy

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

"That is a well-behaved boy whose behaviour has nothing to complain about."

  • behaving nice
  • good behaviour
  • behaving improperly
  • behaving cleverly
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • celebrate
  • together
  • restaurant
  • organize
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • pollution
  • awareness
  • disappear
  • addition
Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • hour

  • happy

  • husband

  • hold

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • postpones

  • avoids

  • delays

  • breaks