Đề thi thử THPT 2020 môn Anh - Sở GD&ĐT BẮC GIANG (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/25/2020 4:18:00 PM

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

Arguing with the boss has considerably reduced his chances of promotion.

  • His promotion was certain until he had a dispute with the boss.
  • The likelihood of his being promoted has significantly decreased because of his argument with the boss.
  • He argued with the boss about why he wasn't considered for promotion.
  • He would definitely have been promoted by now if had hadn't quarreled with the boss.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

My friend told me, "If I were you, I would not smoke so much."

  • My friend prohibited me from smoking so much.
  • My friend warned me against smoking so much.
  • My friend advised me not to smoke so much.
  • My friend suggested not smoking so much.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

The problem was so complicated that the students couldn't understand it.

  • The problem was too complicated for the students to understand.
  • The problem wasn't simple enough for the students to understand it.
  • It was such complicated problem that the students couldn't understand.
  • It was so complicated problems that the students couldn't understand.

Kathy: "The food is great. I'll get the bill."

Jim: "_____"

  • Yes, speak to you soon.
  • Don't mention it.
  • It's nothing.
  • No, this is on me.

Billy and Bobby are in a coffee shop. Billy is asking Bobby for his opinion about the coffee there.

Billy: "How's the coffee here?"

Bobby: "_____"

  • It’s a little better now that I've got a car.
  • As a matter of fact, I'm not interested.
  • It's a little bitter, to tell the truth.
  • No, I don’t think so.

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Since her parents' death, she has been brought up by her uncle.

  • cried for
  • died for
  • lived with
  • been in touch with

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I'll not stand for your bad attitude any longer.

  • care
  • like
  • mean
  • tolerate

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

Most of the guests at the dinner party chose to dress elegantly, but one man wore jeans and a T-shirt; he was later identified as a high school teacher.

  • gracefully
  • decently
  • gaudily
  • unsophisticatedly

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

I'm sorry I can't come out this weekend - I'm up to my ears in work.

  • bored
  • scared
  • busy
  • free

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Seth informed us of his retirement from the company. He did it when arriving at the meeting.

  • No sooner had Seth arrived at the meeting than we were told about his leaving the company.
  • Not until Seth said to us that he would leave the company did he turn up at the meeting.
  • Hardly had Seth notified us of his retiring from the company when he arrived at the meeting.
  • Only after his retiring from the company did Seth tell us about his arrival at the meeting.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

My mother is very busy with her work at the office. She still takes good care of us.

  • Although my mother was very busy with her work at the office, she still takes good care of us.
  • My mother is so busy with her work at the office that she cannot take good care of us.
  • My mother is too busy with her work at the office to take good care of us.
  • In spite of being very busy with her work at the office, my mother takes good care of us.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

The fictitious androids written about in the mid-1900s are becoming a reality with advances in the field of robotics, Japan and Korea have been pioneers in this field. They regularly compete to be the first. The focus on most researchers is in life-like, attractive female androids. A Japanese research group led by Hiroshi Ishiguro created the world's first female android, which is called Actroid in 2003. The early model was limited so upgrades were made and the dramatic entertainment model was released in 2006, Actroids are covered with a silicone skin and have built-in sensors making them of reacting to humans, and they can also mimic many human behaviors. they can be programmed to speak in any language. The Korean android, EveR-2, released in 2006, was designed by a team from Kitech. They claim that she is more life-like than Actroids, and she can mimic emotions. She can also speak and move her lips to match her . Future models are expected to have higher mobility and even be proficient in dancing. Research teams have also created male androids. One in particular is the Germinoid HI-I. Regardless of the competition, it's clear that this technology will one day present us the dilemma of determining human from machine.

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

Different cultures follow their own special customs when a child's baby teeth fall out. In Korea, for example, they have the custom of throwing lost teeth up on the roof of a house. According to tradition, a magpie will come and take the tooth. Later, the magpie will return with a new tooth for the child. In other Asian countries, such as Japan and Vietnam, children follow a similar tradition of throwing their lost teeth onto the roofs of houses.

Birds aren't the only animals thought to take lost teeth. In Mexico and Spain, tradition says a mouse takes a lost tooth and leaves some money. However, in Mongolia, dogs are responsible for taking teeth away. Dogs are highly respected in Mongolian culture and are considered guardian angels of the people.

Tradition says that the new tooth will grow good and strong if the baby tooth is fed to a guardian angel. Accordingly, parents in Mongolia will put their child's lost tooth in a piece of meat and feed it to a dog.

The idea of giving lost teeth to an angel or fairy is also a tradition in the West. Many children in Western countries count on the Tooth Fairy to leave money or presents in exchange for a tooth. The exact origins of the Tooth Fairy are a mystery, although the story probably began in England or Ireland centuries ago. According to tradition, a child puts a lost tooth under his or her pillow before going to bed. In the wee hours, while the child is sleeping, the Tooth Fairy takes the tooth and leaves something else under the pillow. In France, the Tooth Fairy leaves a small gift. In the United States, however, the Tooth Fairy usually leaves money. These days, the rate is 1 USD to 5 USD per tooth, adding up to a lot of money from the Tooth Fairy!

(Source: Reading Challenge 2 by Casey Malarcher & Andrea Janzen)

According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about the tradition of tooth giving in the West?
  • Children put their lost teeth under their pillows.
  • Children hope to get money or gifts from the Tooth Fairy.
  • Children give money to the Tooth Fairy
  • Lost teeth are traditionally given to an angel or fairy.
What is the passage mainly about?
  • Presents for young children's lost teeth
  • Animals eating children's lost teeth
  • Customs concerning children's lost teeth
  • Traditions concerning children's lost teeth
The word "their" in paragraph 1 refers to _____.
  • houses'
  • roofs'
  • children's
  • countries'
According to paragraph 2, parents in Mongolia feed their child's lost tooth to a dog because _____.
  • they hope that their child will get some gifts for his or her tooth
  • they think dogs like eating children’s teeth
  • they believe that this will make their child’s new tooth good and strong
  • they know that dogs are very responsible animals
The word "origins" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • countries
  • families
  • stories
  • beginnings
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • valuable
  • variety
  • environment
  • impossible
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • argue
  • common
  • verbal
  • polite
Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • realized

  • watched

  • worked

  • missed

Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • couple

  • trouble

  • through

  • double

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Without speaking other words, I stared at the ridges of sand in the moonlight.

  • Without
  • other
  • stared at
  • in

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Not until the late Middle Ages glass became a major construction material.

  • Not
  • the late
  • glass became
  • major

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The best defense against tsunamis are early warning that allows people to seek higher ground.

  • against
  • are
  • seek
  • ground
Why does he need to make such heavy _____ of a simple task?
  • climate
  • storm
  • weather
  • cloud
I am considering _____ my job. Can you recommend a good company?
  • changing
  • to move
  • to change
  • moving
The more you practice speaking in public, _____.
  • the more confident you become
  • the more you become confidently
  • the greater confidence you become
  • the more you become confident

Peter: "Have you ever been to a live concert?"

Mary: "No, I haven't. But I'd very much like to, _____.

  • though
  • although
  • yet
  • moreover
_____ as the representative at the conference, she felt extremely proud of herself.
  • Be chosen
  • Having been chosen
  • On choosing
  • Having chosen
No one on the plane was alive in the accident last night, _____?
  • wasn't he
  • weren't they
  • were they
  • was he
Monica was so angry about the noise her neighbors were making that she refused to _____ it anymore.
  • get away with
  • put up with
  • run away with
  • cut down on

- "My neighbour is _____ photographer."

- "Let's ask him for _____ advice about color film."

  • a-the
  • the - an
  • a - x (no article)
  • the - the
Her fiancé is said _____ from Harvard University five years ago.
  • to have graduated
  • to be graduated
  • being graduated
  • having graduated
I don't know what it _____ to be as popular with girls as my brother is.
  • uses
  • takes
  • demands
  • expects
I was most _____ of his efforts to help me during the crisis.
  • appreciate
  • appreciable
  • appreciation
  • appreciative
My brother asked me _____ of the football match.
  • what do you think
  • what I think
  • what did I think
  • what I thought
Amber is a hard, yellowish brown _____ from the resin of pine - trees that lived millions of years ago.
  • substance formed
  • forming a substance
  • substance has formed
  • to form a substance
If people paid a little more attention to the environment, the Earth _____ greener.
  • would be
  • will be
  • would have been
  • had been
The accident _____ while he was driving to the office.
  • was occurred
  • was being occurred
  • has occurred
  • occurred

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

There are many theories about the beginning of drama in ancient Greece. The one most widely accepted today is based on the assumption that drama evolved from ritual. The argument for this view goes as follows. In the beginning, human beings viewed the natural forces of the world, even the seasonal changes, as unpredictable, and they sought, through various means, to control these unknown and feared powers. Those measures which appeared to bring the desired results were then retained and repeated until they hardened into fixed rituals. Eventually, stories arose which explained or veiled the mysteries of the rites. As time passed some rituals were abandoned, but the stories, later called myths, persisted and provided material for art and drama.

Those who believed that drama evolved out of ritual also argue that those rites contained the seed of theater because music, dance, masks, and costumes were almost always used. Furthermore, a suitable site hard to be provided for the performances, and when the entire community did not participate, a clear division was usually made between the "acting area" and the "auditorium". In addition, there were performers, and since considerable importance was attached to avoiding mistakes in the enactment of rites, religious leaders usually assumed that task. Wearing masks and costumes, they often impersonated other people, animals, or supernatural beings, and mimed the desired effect- success in hunt or battle, the coming rain, the revival of the Sun as an actor might. Eventually, such dramatic representations were separated from religious activities.

Another theory traces the theater's origin from the human interest in storytelling. According to this view, tales (about the hunt, war or other feats) are gradually elaborated, at first through the use of impersonation, action, and dialogue by a narrator and then through the assumption of each of the roles by a different person. A closely related theory traces theater to those dances that are primarily rhythmical and gymnastic or that are imitation of animal movements and sounds.

The passage supports which of the following statements?
  • Storytelling is an important part of dance.
  • Dramatic activities require the use of costumes.
  • No one really knows how the theater began.
  • Myths are no longer represented dramatically.

The word "they" in paragraph 1 refers to _____.

  • human beings
  • seasonal changes
  • natural forces
  • theories
What aspect of drama does the author discuss in the first paragraph?
  • The reason drama is often unpredictable.
  • The reason in which dramas were performed.
  • The importance of costumes in early drama.
  • The connection between myths and dramatic plots.
What does the passage manly discuss?
  • The origins of theater
  • The role of ritual in modern dance.
  • The variety of early religious activities.
  • The importance of storytelling
According to the passage, what is the main difference between ritual and drama?
  • Ritual requires fewer performers than drama.
  • Ritual is shorter than drama.
  • Ritual uses music whereas drama does not.
  • Ritual has a religious purpose and drama does not.
Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a common element of theater and ritual?
  • Magic
  • Costumes
  • Dance
  • Music
The word "considerable" in paragraph 2 is closest meaning to _____.
  • relational
  • substantial
  • ceremonial
  • thoughtful