Đề số 21 theo chuẩn đề tham khảo tốt nghiệp THPT 2020 môn Tiếng Anh (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/25/2020 7:57:00 AM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • impressed
  • laughed
  • published
  • contained

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • entrance
  • paddy
  • bamboo
  • banyan
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in the following question.
  • survive
  • forward
  • secure
  • observe

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • difficult
  • relevant
  • volunteer
  • interesting

Nobody went to the party, ______?

  • does he
  • do they
  • didn’t they
  • did they

It is nearly 3 months _____ he visited his parents.

  • while
  • during
  • since
  • when

The tiger is without doubt _____ most magnificent of the big cats.

  • the
  • an
  • a
  • --

Your car is very _____. It hardly seems to use any petrol at all.

  • economy
  • economical
  • economic
  • economically

The little girl was sitting _____ her father’s shoulders.

  • in
  • on
  • from
  • under

When Gloria is older, she hopes that she can _____ some money from playing football.

  • earn
  • bring
  • take
  • find

You can use my computer _____ you don't read my email!

  • unless
  • in case
  • as long as
  • as well as

This is the first man _____ by police yesterday.

  • to be arrested
  • arrested
  • arresting
  • to arrest

Dana admitted _____ hurt by what I had said.

  • feeling
  • have felt
  • to feel
  • felt

Lately he's ____ staying up till the middle of the night.

  • taken on
  • taken to
  • put up
  • put on

He hated being in the army _____ he had to obey commands.

  • because of
  • although
  • despite
  • because

The proposal will go ahead despite strong _____ from the public.

  • objections
  • refusals
  • resistances
  • disagreements

Their movements have been severely circumscribed since the law _____ into effect.

  • comes
  • has come
  • came
  • is coming

If Dad _____ at home, he would know how to repair the bike.

  • stays
  • stayed
  • had stayed
  • wouls stay

The headteacher has asked me to take the new boy under my _____ and look after him.

  • sleeve
  • arm
  • wing
  • cloak

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The first year at university was probably the most challenging year of her life, which caused her plenty of troubles.

  • tricky
  • tough
  • difficult
  • easy

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He was not afraid to pet the gentle dog even though it was very big.

  • dirty
  • cold
  • calm
  • fierce

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

We should join hands to protect our environment.

  • take-up
  • put up
  • work together
  • make decisions

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

We hope to become more accurate in predicting earthquakes.

  • dangerous
  • delicious
  • nervous
  • exact

Nam: “I think it is a good idea to have three or four generations living under one roof.”

Mai: “_______. Family members can help each other a lot.”

  • I don’t agree
  • It’s not true
  • That’s wrong
  • I couldn't agree more

Jane: “Would you rather have coffee or orange juice?”

Susan: “_______”

  • I like both.
  • I have either.
  • Either, please.
  • I’d rather to have coffee.

Read the following passage and answer the questions. 

    Freak waves are giant walls of water that happen in deep, stormy oceans. Sometimes they can reach up to 100 feet high, which is as high as a ten-story building. The waves are very dangerous and have been known to sink very large ships.

    For years, scientists thought that freak waves were only in stories. Sailors would tell stories of these huge, 100-foot killer waves, but many people did not believe them. That all changed one day when an oil rig was hit by a wave of an impossible size.

    It happened in the ocean near Norway. The Draupner oil rig was hit by a wave that was nearly 100 feet tall. The oil rig was measuring the height of all the waves when suddenly a huge wave rose up from the ocean and smashed it. That was one of the first pieces of evidence that the sailors might have been right. Freak waves only happen in very deep water so people have not had many chances to see them.

    Normal waves are predicted using a mathematical equation called the linear effect. This math equation says that a wave that big is possible once every ten thousand years. But these waves happen a lot more than that. In the waters off of South Africa, these waves happen a lot. Since 1990, twenty ships have been hit by waves that seemed too big to be real. These massive waves do exist and have proved a lot of scientists wrong. 

What is the main idea of the passage?

  • Freak waves
  • Ocean Tsunamis
  • Giant oil rigs and ships
  • The history of waves in the ocean

The word "freak" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • usual
  • angry
  • lucky
  • unusual

Before the Draupner oil rig being hit, people

  • were afraid of freak waves.
  • didn't believe in appearance of freak waves.
  • thought freak waves could be real.
  • saw freak waves in Norway.

The word "it" refers to _____.

  • a sailor
  • the oil rig
  • an evidence
  • a huge wave

Which of the following does NOT happen because of a freak wave?

  • Ships are hit and then sink.
  • Scientists are proved wrong.
  • Houses along the coast are destroyed.
  • Oil rigs and other floating machines are destroyed.

Passage 1.

COULD COMPUTER GAMES BE GOOD FOR YOU AFTER ALL 

     In Britain, the average young person now spends more money on games each year than on going to the cinema or renting videos. But is this (1)_____ a bad thing? For years, newspaper reports have been saying that children who spend too much time playing computer games become unsociable, bad-tempered, even violent as a (2) _____. But new research, carried out in both Europe and the USA, suggests that the opposite may be true. Indeed, playing some of the more complicated games may help people of all ages to improve certain skills. Researchers claim that this is because the games (3)_____ the brain work harder in certain ways, like noticing sounds and movements quickly and identifying what they are. The fact that people play the games repeatedly (4)_____ that they get a lot of practice in these skills which are therefore likely to become highly developed. Social skills may benefit, too. Researchers in Chicago think that fans of first-person shooter games such as "Counterstrike" are better than non-players when it comes to building trust and co-operation, and that this helps them to make good friendships and become strong members of their communities. So rather than (5)_____ up computer games, perhaps young people need to spend more time on them? 

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (1).
  • necessarily
  • certainly
  • fully
  • nearly

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (2).

  • product
  • result
  • reason
  • conclusion

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (3).

  • make
  • force
  • push
  • keep

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (4).

  • means
  • asks
  • brings
  • causes

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (5).

  • giving
  • ending
  • taking
  • stopping

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Millions of people are using cellphones today. In many places, it is actually considered unusual not to use one. In many countries, cellphones are very popular with young people. They find that the phones are more than a means of communication - having a mobile phone shows that they are cool and connected. The explosion in mobile phone use around the world has made some health professionals worried. Some doctors are concerned that in the future many people may suffer health problems from the use of mobile phones. In England, there has been a serious debate about this issue. Mobile phone companies are worried about the negative publicity of such ideas. They say that there is no proof that mobile phones are bad for your health.

On the other hand, medical studies have shown changes in the brain cells of some people who use mobile phones. Signs of change in the tissues of the brain and head can be detected with modern scanning equipment. In one case, a traveling salesman had to retire at young age because of serious memory loss. He couldn't remember even simple tasks. He would often forget the name of his own son. This man used to talk on his mobile phone for about six hours a day, every day of his working week, for a couple of years. His family doctor blamed his mobile phone use, but his employer's doctor didn't agree.

What is it that makes mobile phones potentially harmful? The answer is radiation. High-tech machines can detect very small amounts of radiation from mobile phones. Mobile phone companies agree that there is some radiation, but they say the amount is too small to worry about.

As the discussion about their safety continues, it appears that it‘s best to use mobile phones less often. Use your regular phone if you want to talk for a long time. Use your mobile phone only when you really need it. Mobile phones can be very useful and convenient, especially in emergencies. In the future, mobile phones may have a warning label that says they are bad for your health. So for now, it's wise not to use your mobile phone too often.

The most suitable title for the passage could be ______.

  • “The Reasons Why Mobile Phones Are Popular”
  • “Mobile Phones: A Must of Our Time”
  • “The Way Mobile Phones Work"
  • “Technological Innovations and Their Price”

The changes possibly caused by the cellphones are mainly concerned with _____.

  • the mobility of the mind and the body
  • the resident memory
  • the arteries of the brain
  • the smallest units of the brain

The word “they” in paragraph 1 refers to _______.

  • doctors
  • ideas
  • professionals
  • companies

The phrase "negative publicity" in paragraph 1 most likely means _______.

  • poor ideas about the effects of cellphones
  • information on the lethal effects of cellphones
  • the negative public use of cellphones
  • widespread opinion about bad effect of cellphones

The man mentioned in the passage, who used his cell phone too often, ________.

  • suffered serious loss of mental ability
  • had a problem with memory
  • abandoned his family
  • could no longer think lucidly

The word "potentially" in the passage most closely means____. 

  • obviously
  • possibly
  • certainly
  • privately

According to the writer, people should ______.

  • never use mobile phones in all cases
  • only use mobile phones in medical emergencies
  • keep off mobile phones regularly
  • only use mobile phones in urgent cases

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

His boss asked him to respond immediate this email.

  • His boss
  • asked
  • to respond
  • immediate

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The theory isn't sounding persuasive anymore because it had been opposed by many scholars.

  • theory isn't sounding
  • anymore
  • had been opposed
  • scholars

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Swimming can help improve your health, relieving stress, and keep you in good shape.

  • Swimming
  • help
  • relieving
  • in

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

"This debate was watched by over 10 million people," Bill said.

  • Bill said this debate had watched by over 10 million people.
  • Bill said that debate had watched by over 10 million people.
  • Bill said that debate had been watched by over 10 million people.
  • Bill said this debate had been watched by over 10 million people.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

They understand the instructions more than we do.

  • We don't understand the instructions as much as they do.
  • We don't understand the instructions at all.
  • They understand the instructions inside out.
  • They are very smart.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

As long as you stay calm, you have nothing to fear from the interview.

  • You have remained calm for a long time in spite of your fear of the interview.
  • Even if you are afraid of the interview, it is important not to let it show.
  • Interviews are only intimidating for people who are not extremely calm.
  • Provided you do not get nervous, the interview won't go badly for you.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The situation was embarrassing. She did not know what to do.

  • It was such an embarrassing situation; however, she did not know what to do.
  • So embarrassing the situation was that she did not know what to do.
  • She did not know what to do, though it was not an embarrassing situation.
  • So embarrassing was the situation that she did not know what to do.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The Prime Minister set up a committee of financial experts. They were to help him discuss and formulate new policies.

  • The Prime Minister, who is a financial expert, set up a committee to discuss and formulate new policies.
  • A committee of financial experts was set up by the Prime Minister to help him discuss and formulate new policies.
  • The Prime Minister, who was helped by financial experts, set up a committee to discuss and formulate new policies.
  • A committee consisting of financial experts who were helped by the Prime Minister discussed and formulated new policies.