Đề thi thử THPT 2020 môn Anh - Trường THPT Chuyên ĐH Vinh (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

7/9/2020 8:58:00 AM
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • remained
  • started
  • reminded
  • decided
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • dialogue
  • situation
  • inform
  • signal
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • museum
  • extinction
  • modernize
  • articulate
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • historic
  • recommend
  • cigarette
  • engineer
_____ rush hour, the roads in the city are very busy.
  • On
  • Through
  • During
  • While
I still remember Jack taking me to _____ restaurant he could find in Paris.
  • more beautiful
  • the more beautiful
  • the most beautiful
  • most beautiful

Man: "Was Kitty studying when you came home?"

Woman: "No. She _____ to music."

  • had listened
  • listened
  • had been listening
  • was listening

James would have passed the driving test _____.

  • if he spent his time studying hard
  • if he had spent more time practicing
  • if the was not too difficult
  • if he studied hard

_____ blue whales are very big, they eat some of the smallest animals on Earth.

  • Because
  • In spite of
  • But
  • Although
The ozone layer helps us _____ from the sun's rays.
  • taking
  • stopping
  • protecting
  • avoiding

Mary: "I'm sorry that I bought this little bookshelf."

Linda: "Yes, it is _____ many books".

  • very small to hold
  • too small to hold
  • small enough to hold
  • so small to hold
Russian is a _____ difficult language to learn.
  • comparable
  • comparatively
  • compared
  • comparative
Because of cutbacks in council spending, plans for the new library had to be _____.
  • stockpiled
  • overthrown
  • shelved
  • disrupted
No one wants to stay in this nice weather, _____?
  • does one
  • do they
  • do he
  • don't they
_____ his assignment, Charles turned on TV and enjoyed his favorite game show.
  • Had finished
  • After finished
  • Having finished
  • Finished
Because of her charm, Lucy was able to _____ everyone in her amazing stories.
  • make
  • take
  • interest
  • believe
This silk _____ rough but it _____ smooth.
  • sees/smells
  • feels/touches
  • appears/tastes
  • looks/feels
The Titanic, a British steamer sank in _____ North Atlantic after hitting _____ iceberg.
  • x - x
  • x - an
  • a - an
  • the - an
The lady that I saw last night wasn't a ghost. She was _____.
  • flesh and bone
  • life and soul
  • safe and sound
  • flesh and blood

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Such ingrained prejudices against foreign teachers cannot be corrected easily.

  • unreasonable
  • immoral
  • deep-rooted
  • unacceptable

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The news of his winning the championship made him feel on top of the world.

  • embarrassed
  • depressed
  • very lucky
  • extremely happy

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Last Sunday, Jenny was too tired to cook so she decided to eat out.

  • eat together
  • eat at home
  • eat in a restaurant
  • eat in the garden

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

As the factory's financial outlook deteriorated several directors resigned.

  • worsened
  • improved
  • degraded
  • dismayed

Dick is telling Michelle about his good news.

Nick: "I have a new job!"

Michelle: "_____"

  • Well, have fun.
  • Congratulations. Where do you work?
  • You must be kidding. They are not good for you.
  • Really? Thank you.

Lisa is having a talk with Charles, her classmate at college.

Lisa: "Didn't you go to the book fair?"

Charles: "_____"

  • Yes, I didn't.
  • Sure, If you want to.
  • Yes, that book is good.
  • I did, but I didn't stay long.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

In the 1980s and 1990s, people in many parts of the world began to catch strange and horrible diseases. These new illnesses by tiny viruses. The illnesses are a big problem because no one knows how to cure them. Most people who catch these viruses die.
 
The book "The Hot Zone" tells the story of how the killer viruses are moving around the world. Sometimes people carry them. Sometimes monkeys carry them. The stories in this book are true, they are hard to believe because they are so terrible.
 
The author writes vivid of the illnesses. The reader can almost see the sick patients as they die horrible deaths, with blood coming out of their ears, nose, and mouth.
 
Near Washington, D.C, a special laboratory works on these dangerous viruses in one of the best parts of this book, Preston tells how scientists at that lab work carefully. They wear special clothes make them look like astronauts. A tiny hole in their clothes could let a killer virus inside!
 
This book is perfect for people who like exciting stories and is not for people who are .

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Most early Americans were farmers. As people moved inland, they continued to hunt and farm and supply most of their own needs. However, there were some things they could not produce themselves for these they relied on traveling peddles, Peddlers brought pots and pans, scissors, ribbons and lace, spices, and medicines.

With the Industrial Revolution in the first half of the nineteenth century, people moved to cities to work in factories. Immigrants from Europe helped swell the population of cities. With so many people clustered. Merchants could set up stores to supply residents' needs.

Before the Civil War, store owners made their own buying trips, or manufacturers visited store owners. Travel by stagecoach, canal boat, or steamer was slow and crude, and it was difficult to keep stores stocked. Store owners could not visit every manufacturer, nor could manufacturers every store owner. The rise of the wholesalers, who bought large quantities of manufacturers' goods and sold them to store owners, provided an essential link in the distribution process.

After the Civil War, the expansion of railroads had a tremendous impact on marketing and distribution. There was now a speedy and low-cost way to move large quantities of goods over great distances. Railroads could bring goods to markets previously unreachable. Chain stores and mail-order houses flourished as a result of the railroad.

Traveling salespeople multiplied to take merchants' orders. New inventions were coming into the marketplace. Then, as now, sales workers had to sell the public on the ideas behind the new inventions. For instance, people reacted strongly against the typewriter because they thought it would depersonalize correspondence and ruin business. The sewing machine, elevator, and insurance met with similar resistance initially.

What does the passage mainly discuss?
  • The history of transportation in America
  • The impact of the Industrial Revolution on American cities
  • The history of marketing and distribution in America
  • The causes and results of the Civil War
According to the passage, what was one effect of the railroad?
  • Goods could reach new markets
  • Manufacturers could easily visit every store
  • The price of goods rose
  • Traveling salespeople were no longer necessary
The word "tremendous" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • trivial
  • negative
  • enormous
  • surprising
The author mentions the typewriter as an example of _____.
  • an invention people resisted at first
  • a machine people could order by mail
  • a way to ruin business
  • an item supplied by traveling peddlers
The author mentions all of the following EXCEPT _____.
  • chain stores and mail-order houses
  • transportation difficulties before the Civil War
  • European immigration to America
  • supermarkets and convenience stores

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Aldophus Busch came to dominance during the Gilded Age, a time when barrels industry left an incredible mark on the United States. And in the brewing industry, Aldophus Busch was the undisputed baron. Aldophus Busch was born in Germany and emigrated to the U.S at the age of eighteen. He worked first as a clerk on the Mississippi river front and then decided to sell brewery supplies. One of his customers was Elberhard Anheuser, owner of a struggling brewery. Busch married Anheuser's daughter Lilly in 1981 and three years later, he was operating his father-in-law's brewery. Within five years, he more than doubled the brewery's output from 6,000 to 16.000 barrels.
 
Busch decided business would even be better if the market could be expanded. Production was limited by the amount of available storage space in the days before refrigeration, brewers relied on caves to store their beer Anheuser's caves were completely full. Expanding the market would also mean shipping beer to other locations, which took time and resulted in spoilage fo the highly perishable product. That is why brewing had ways been a local business. Busch saw the problems of finite cave space and long-distance shopping simply as obstacles to be overcome.
 
So, with little more than conviction to sustain him, he set out to overcome these hurdles. He traveled to Europe to learn about the latest advances in brewing. While there, he heard about pasteurization, a process that kept beverages from spoiling. At the 1876 World's Fair in Philadelphia, he got his first glimpse of the newly invented refrigerated railcar. He ordered five. And so, through persistence and experimentation, Busch found a way around spoilage and storage constraints, revolutionizing an entire industry. He was the first to introduce pasteurization and to use artificial refrigeration ultimately shipping his beer all over the country in a fleet of 850 refrigerated railcars.
 
Busch was a flamboyant promoter, recognizing early on that making the world's best beers did no good unless people knew about them. His marketing acumen became legendary in the brewing industry. He as a dapper man who wore a white carnation and in place of calling cards, gave his business associates pocket knives featuring his portrait.
 
By the time he died in 1913 at the age of seventy-four, Busch had amassed tremendous wealth and attained great position. Few people at that time could dispute the accomplishments of this self-made man.
It can be inferred from paragraph 1 that the Gilded Age _____.
  • caused war among prominent barons
  • was a time of industry activity
  • was marked by economic hardship and ruin
  • occurred in the early twentieth century
Busch realized that expanding the market for beer would involve _____.
  • completely filling the brewery's caves with beer
  • increasing the amount of local business
  • shipping the beer to nearby cities
  • both increasing output and shipping long distances

The word "conviction" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • success
  • intellect
  • faith
  • despair
The phrase "these hurdles" in paragraph 3 refers to _____.
  • shipping and storage
  • caves and beer
  • production and experimentation
  • new developments in brewing
According to the passage, Busch solved the problem of spoilage by _____.
  • marketing his beer all over the country
  • inventing a refrigerated railcar
  • increasing the amount of cave space
  • using pasteurization and refrigeration
It can be concluded from paragraph 4 that _____.
  • Busch understood the importance of advertising.
  • People probably thought Busch was dishonest.
  • Busch thought selling beer was no always good for society.
  • People didn't recognize the quality of the beer they drank.
The word "amassed" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.
  • invested
  • overcome
  • controlled
  • accumulated

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

All of the students in this course will be assessed according to their attendance, performance and they work hard.

  • All of the students
  • according to
  • performance
  • they work hard

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Because the noise from the construction work, the children couldn't concentrate on their lessons.

  • Because
  • construction
  • the
  • on

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Nadine, along with her classmates, are going on a picnic next weekend.

  • with
  • are
  • going
  • next

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

"I don't love you anymore," said Ken to his friend.

  • Ken advised his friend not to love him from then on.
  • Ken told his friend that he didn't love her anymore.
  • Ken's friend told him that she didn't love him anymore.
  • Ken's friend told him not to love her anymore.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Hardly a day goes by without news of fatal road accidents.

  • There is news of fatal road accidents almost every day.
  • There is hardly any news of fatal road accidents.
  • News of fatal road accidents rarely appears in newspapers.
  • Road accidents are hardly fatal according to newspapers.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

People think that Charles Smith stole the car in 2018.

  • It is thought that Charles Smith had stolen the car in 2018.
  • Charles Smith is thought to steal the car in 2018.
  • The car thought to be stolen by Charles Smith in 2018.
  • Charles Smith is thought to have stolen the car in 2018.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Merci was tired. He could hardly continue his work.

  • Merci could continue his work as he was hardly tired.
  • Tired as Merci was, he tried to continue his work.
  • Merci was so tired that he could hardly continue his work.
  • Merci was hardly tired but he could not continue his work.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Jim cycles every morning. It is very good for his health.

  • Jim cycles every morning, which is very good for his health.
  • Jim cycles every morning and is very good for his health.
  • Jim cycles every morning that it is very good for his health.
  • Jim cycles every morning and then it is very good for his health.