Đề thi thử tốt nghiệp THPT Kim Liên Hà Nội năm 2020 lần 3

7/14/2020 8:40:00 AM

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Despite their ubiquitous character, the relation of these features to one another and to other features in the geometry has remained unclear.

  • reverent
  • transparent
  • apparent
  • omnipresent

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The government has only made a token gesture towards helping the unemployed.

  • jobless
  • powerless
  • foodless
  • homeless

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Doctors have been given permission to implant five mechanical hearts in patients too ill to qualify for a live organ transplant.

  • insert
  • repair
  • establish
  • remove

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I've had a look at the dresses in the new boutique, but they're nothing to write home about.

  • unfamiliar
  • really special
  • not impressive
  • extremely tedious

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer of the questions. 

   Urbanization results in more, large cities. Larger cities create a new set of transportation sanitation and infrastructure requirement and change the fundamental market dynamics for companies in a wide variety of industries. New technologies, process, products and engineering solutions are being created to address the unique issues resulting from the unprecedented rate and scale of urbanization that is happening now.      

    The impact of urbanization falls into three primary categories. The first is infrastructure, as public officials and city planners need to build infrastructure to support large populations in a sustainable fashion, which private companies will ultimately build and manage. The second are private development companies, which compete with their peers to build and manage large dwellings, venues and facilities that people live, shop, eat and are entertained in. The third are consumer products companies that sell goods and services to people whose consumption patterns are influenced by where and how the lives 

   Urbanization in the United States coincides with a, deep need to modernize city infrastructure. The infrastructure of many American cities was created in the post-war era and has neared or surpassed its planned lifespan. Additionally, this infrastructure often supports a large population than projected and new technologies are available but have not yet been incorporated into infrastructure projects. We see abundant evidence that cities across the United States are looking for solutions to these issues. Among this evidence is the American Society of Civil Engineers, which scores United States infrastructure broadly as a D+, starting the United States requires 3.6 trillion dollar in needed investment by 2020. 

   Urban markets are different from suburban or rural markets for companies who build and sell goods and services. This is not a new challenge and some companies have adapted better than others as this new reality has started to take shape in recent years. However, the rate of change continues to increase and the collision of more people and new types of infrastructure will impact markets and force companies to continue to adapt. There will be companies that gain and lose market share resulting from the decisions they make to prepare for shifting markets. There will also be companies that fail and new companies that emerge resulting from shifting market dynamics. 

   Cities, urban planner and related public also face major challenge to accommodate sustainable growth and incorporate new technological in an appropriate, cost-efficient and environmentally sustainable fashion. Some cities will likely over-invest in the wrong technologies and design approaches. Others will underestimate the scale of impending change and fail to plan accordingly resulting in deteriorating and dangerous cities. 

    In summary, urbanization represents a structural change to the global system that both companies and public institutions will spend money to plan for. Unlike some of our more early-stage themes, urbanization is occurring now and will continue for the foreseeable future. 

The word "surpassed" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _________.
  • reached
  • maximized
  • assured
  • exceeded
The phrase "take shape” in paragraph 4 means _________.
  • develop and become more complete or organized
  • be completely dealt with
  • become worse
  • have more influences
Which of the following is least likely to happen ?
  • There will be an intense competition among companies who build and sell goods and services.
  • None of the companies will be acquainted with urban markets.
  • The market share for each company will gradually become the same.
  • The United States will invest a huge amount of money in modernizing infrastructure.
The author mentions American Society of Civil Engineer as an example to support which of the following?
  • Cities in the US are finding ways to deal with infrastructure problems.
  • Many projects failed to improve infrastructure to support megacities.
  • The United States doesn't spend enough money on modernizing infrastructure.
  • American Society of Civil Engineers is the only organization that possesses new technologies to support infrastructure problems.
It can be inferred from the passage that ________.
  • urbanization doesn't happen in small cities
  • the development of the cities is accompanied by urbanization, which means companies don't have to make any changes to develop
  • the basic system and services in cities will become better and better
  • urbanization which is occurring now is a short-term problem
This passage is most likely to be seen in __________.
  • a global development journal
  • a science journal
  • a college catalog
  • a business company brochure
Which title best reflects the main idea of the passage?
  • How industrialization leads to Urbanization.
  • Direct and Secondary Effects of Urbanization.
  • Urbanization In the United States.
  • Urbanization in large cities

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

   Why is culture important and how does it answer the question "What is cultural identity?”? Culture is the underlying foundation of traditions and beliefs that help a person relate to the world around them. It is the basis for any superstitions they may have. It is the aversion to types of meat, or which days you can work on. Culture gives us a starting point when beginning to search for our roots. Knowing a person comes from will help to define how they look at their family obligations as well as how they celebrate important milestones in life. As a person has given up their cultural identity, they no longer can identify themselves with the things that were the most important things in their lives. They lose direction. As time by and they continue to forget about their past and their natural traditions, their identity becomes less and less pronounced.

It has cost them _____ money and time to develop this software.

  • a great many
  • a bazillion of
  • a great deal of
  • a large number of

We're having a small drinks party for one of our _____ who's retiring next week after 30 years with the company.

  • colleagues
  • candidates
  • examiners
  • delegates

She was _____ out of 115 applicants for the position of managing director.

  • short-changed
  • shorted-sighted
  • short-handed
  • short-listed

Climate accounts for the ______ of vast areas of grass and trees which inevitably involve different ways of life.

  • alternately
  • alternation
  • alternate
  • alternating

It's been at the back of my mind to call José for several days now, but I haven't _____ it yet.

  • went down with
  • put up with
  • got round to
  • made up for

"No, that's not what I heard," he said, _____ if there was any substance to the rumors.

  • when asking
  • when he asked
  • on asked
  • upon being asked

I'm trying to ______ my account, but I can't remember the password.

  • shut down
  • reboot
  • log into
  • burn

Glucose does not have to be digested, _____ it can be put directly into the bloodstream.

  • so
  • in spite of
  • while
  • because of

Had she kept the camera focused on the river bank, she _____ a vital scene.

  • would capture
  • will capture
  • had captured
  • might have captured

Although _____, individuals with the willingness to learn will make a difference in the foreseeable future.

  • having little experience
  • inexperienced
  • being inexperienced
  • they had no experience

He made me hit the roof as he ordered drinks and then left me to _____ the bill.

  • hand
  • foot
  • back
  • shoulder

They had to change some of the wording in the document to _____ the ambiguity.

  • address
  • reject
  • allocate
  • resolve

Rachel said she was taking her IELTS test _____.

  • the next day
  • tomorrow
  • yesterday
  • last day

The majority of people accept that modern drugs are the most effective way to cure a(n) _____.

  • sicken
  • illness
  • symptom
  • treatment

I would rather _____ the individuals than let the money go to the State by default.

  • pay
  • to pay
  • paid
  • paying

Mai: "Do you think your school days are the happiest days of your life?"

Jim: "_____"

  • What a shame! Were you happy during your school days?
  • I think so. We are worry-free and full of ambitions in the school days.
  • I'm not sure. I wish school days would last forever.
  • I'll say! We are always under pressure of studying.

Simon: "Would you like to register for an online course on extensive reading?"

Nhung: "______"

  • Fat chance! We should improve our extensive reading.
  • Extensive reading courses are available online.
  • Online courses are really popular these days.
  • Yes, I'd love to. How can I register?

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer of the questions. 

   In today's fast-paced industry, learning will most likely involve seeking new skills in ways that challenge the norm. But thankfully, there is a promise for such lifelong learning online - the promise that will save you time and money while helping you earn more of both. 

   Provided you have access to a decent computer and the Internet, the barrier to getting started is probably lower than it ever has been. And with those things in place, it is a matter of finding the content you wish to learn. So, to help others who may be looking to maximize their own learning efforts, I have listed some quick tips below. 

   First, set achievable goals. When you start learning, a good idea to set goals about what you want to learn or what you might do with your newly acquired knowledge. It might be landing that new job, building a tangible product, or impressing your current management. The goals may vary in size and complexity, but do revisit these goals throughout your learning process. Within a couple of weeks ask yourself, "Am I getting closer to my goal?" or "Am I learning the skills necessary to reach my goals?" If you are not, then you may need to look elsewhere. 

   Second, learn with others. By yourself, learning anything has a high propensity to become frustrating. Try teaming up with friends or colleagues. They can often be your best resource for maintaining motivation while you learn.  

   Third, make it a habit. Online habits often include scrolling through social media or watching videos on YouTube. If you have the downtime for such activities, then you could spend that downtime learning something. And why not learn something? If you do, then you will have plenty more to talk about on social media anyways. So, make learning your new online habit by making a commitment to learn something new each day. 

According to the passage, what are the basic conditions for online learning?
  • A goal and learning efforts
  • A content and the wish to learn
  • A smartphone and a 4G sim card
  • A computer and the Internet
According to the passage; what is the first step of learning online?
  • Setting practical goals and checking them regularly.
  • Buying computer and having it checked every two weeks.
  • Landing new job and building a tangible product.
  • Varying your goals in size as well as complexity.
What is the passage mainly about?
  • Changes of technology
  • Advantages of the Internet
  • Tips for lifelong learning
  • Effects of social media
What is the word "commitment" in the last paragraph closest in meaning to?
  • a rule
  • a chance
  • a need
  • a situation
What does the word "both" in paragraph I refer to?
  • Time and money
  • Lifelong and online learning
  • New skills and ways
  • Industry and technology

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • languages
  • pursues
  • establishes
  • devices

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • persuade
  • increase
  • occasion
  • conservation

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • downside
  • overcook
  • faraway
  • paperwork

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • opportunity
  • navigation
  • academic
  • compassionate

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

People said that the manager would return next Monday.

  • The manager was said to have returned on Monday.
  • The manager was said to return next Monday.
  • The manager is said return next Monday.
  • The manager is said to have returned on Monday.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Scarcely had we opened the door when we realized we shouldn't have left the dog home alone.

  • The moment we opened the door, it became obvious that the dog had not really been alone in the house.
  • We knew leaving the dog at the house by herself had been a bad idea as soon as we opened the door.
  • We used to leave the dog by herself in the house only rarely, and even then would regret it upon our return home.
  • Every time we have to go out, we wonder whether leaving the dog in the house by herself would be a good idea.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Mr. Brown said to me "Make good use of your time. You won't get such an opportunity again."

  • Mr. Brown advised me to make use of my time as I wouldn't get such an opportunity again.
  • Mr. Brown ordered me to make use of my time, said that wouldn't get an opportunity again.
  • Mr. Brown offered me such an opportunity that I could make use of my time.
  • Mr. Brown let me make use of my time, knowing that I wouldn't get an opportunity again.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

She gave a great performance at the festival. We now know she has artistic talent.

  • Hardly had we known about her artistic talent when she gave a great performance at the festival.
  • Although she gave a great performance at the festival, now we still don't know she has artistic talent.
  • But for her great performance at the festival, we wouldn't know about her artistic talent now.
  • Amazing as her artistic talent is, we don't know about her great performance at the festival.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

The woman wanted to have more time for her newborn granddaughter. She left her job as an accountant.

  • The woman left her job as an accountant in order to have more time for her newborn granddaughter.
  • Having left her job as an accountant, her newborn granddaughter could have more time.
  • The woman wanted to have more time for her newborn granddaughter because she left her job as an accountant.
  • The woman had more time for her newborn granddaughter, even though she left her job as an accountant.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

It seems that almost everyone in the company is concerned about this matter, doesn't it?

  • It
  • almost everyone
  • concerned about
  • doesn’t it

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The trial court found that her demands were not petty or unreasonable since they involved practices she felt were racially discriminating.

  • found that
  • petty or unreasonable
  • since
  • racially discriminating

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

More and more information about the accidents are being collected at the moment.

  • more and more
  • about
  • are being collected
  • at the moment