Đề thi thử tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2020 môn Anh - Sở GD&ĐT Hà Tĩnh (Lần 2)

7/28/2020 3:00:00 PM

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Researchers in the field of psychology have found that one of the bests ways to make an important decision, such as choosing a university to attend or business to invest in, involves the utilization of a decision worksheet. Psychologists who study optimization compare the actual decisions made by people to theoretical ideal decisions to see how similar they are. Proponents of the worksheet procedure believe that it will yield optimal, that is, the best decisions. Although there are several variations on the exact format that worksheets can take, they are all similar in their essential aspects.
 
Worksheets require defining the problem in a clear and concise way and then listing all possible solutions to the problem. Next, the pertinent considerations that are possible solutions to the problem. Next, the pertinent considerations that will be affected by each decision are listed, and the relative importance of each consideration or consequence is determined. Each consideration is assigned a numerical value to reflect its relative importance. A decision is mathematically calculated by adding these values together. The alternative with the highest number of points emerges as the best decision.
 
Since most important problems are multifaceted, there are several alternatives to choose from, each with unique advantages and disadvantages. One of the benefits of a pencil and paper decision-making procedure is that it permits people to deal with more variables than their minds can generally comprehend and remember. On the average, people can keep about seven ideas in their minds at once. A worksheet can be especially useful when the decision involves a large number of variables with complex relationships. A realistic example for many college students is the question "What will I do after graduation?" A graduate might seek a position that offers specialized training, pursue an advanced degree, or travel abroad for a year.
 
A decision-making worksheet begins with a succinct statement of the problem that will also help to narrow it. It is important to be clear about the distinction between long-range and immediate goals because long-range goals often involve a different decision than short-range ones. Focusing on long-range goals, a graduating student might revise the question above to "What will I do after graduation that will lead the successful career?"
The word "succinct" in paragraph 4 is closest meaning to _____.
  • creative
  • satisfactory
  • personal
  • concise
Of the following steps, which occurs BEFORE the others in making a decision worksheet?
  • Deciding which consequences are most important.
  • Calculating a numerical summary of each solution.
  • Listing the consequences of each solution.
  • Writing down all possible solutions.

What does the passage mainly discuss?

  • Differences between long-range and short-range decision making.
  • A comparison of actual decisions and ideal decisions.
  • Research on how people make decisions.
  • A tool to assist in making complex decisions.
The word "essential" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • introductory
  • fundamental
  • changeable
  • beneficial
According to decision-worksheet theory, an optimal decision is defined as one that _____.
  • has the most points assigned to it
  • is agreed to by the greatest number of people
  • has the fewest variables to consider
  • uses the most decision worksheet

The word "it" in paragraph 4 refers to _____.

  • worksheet
  • problem
  • distinction
  • decision
The author states that "On the average, people can keep about seven ideas in their minds at once" (paragraph 3) to explain that _____.
  • human mental capacity has limitations.
  • some people have difficulty making minor as well as major decisions.
  • people can learn to keep more than seven ideas in their minds with practice.
  • most decisions involve seven steps.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The world is becoming more industrialized and the number of animal species that have become extinct have increased.

  • industrialized
  • species
  • extinct
  • have

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Folklore consists of the beliefs, customs, traditions, and telling stories that people pass from generation to generation.

  • Folklore
  • the
  • telling stories
  • generation

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

There was a gradual raise in the number of literate males and females in the lowlands.

  • a gradual
  • raise
  • literate
  • the lowlands

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

"Why don't you have your room repainted?" said Robert to Lam.

  • Robert suggested that Lam should have his room repainted.
  • Robert suggested having Lam's room repainted.
  • Robert asked Lam why you didn't have your room repainted.
  • Robert wanted to know why Lam doesn't have his room repainted.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

The black dress is more expensive than the white one.

  • The white dress isn't as expensive than the black one.
  • The white dress isn't more expensive than the black one.
  • The white dress is less cheap than the black one.
  • The white dress isn't so expensive as the black one.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

It isn't necessary for you to hurry up now.

  • You can' hurry up now.
  • You needn't hurry up now.
  • You shouldn't hurry up now.
  • You mustn't hurry up now.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

They can't go camping in the mountain. It's raining now.

  • If it is raining now, they could go camping in the mountain.
  • If it were raining now, they could go camping in the mountain.
  • If it isn't raining now, they could go camping in the mountain.
  • If it weren't raining now, they could go camping in the mountain.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

The plane had taken off. Paul realized he was on the wrong flight.

  • Not until the plane had taken off did Paul realize he was on the wrong flight.
  • Hardly had Paul realized he was on the wrong flight when the plane took off.
  • It was not until the plane had taken off, did Paul realize he was on the wrong flight.
  • No sooner had the plane taken off than Paul had realized he was on the wrong flight.
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • interest
  • condition
  • decision
  • destruction
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • visit
  • promise
  • finish
  • appear

Disagreements about defense cuts have opened up deep _____ within the military.

  • divisional
  • divide
  • divisions
  • divided
Many parents tend to make their children study hard in the belief that good education will enable them to _____ in the future.
  • turn up
  • get on
  • get out
  • turn away
I haven't read any medical books or articles on the subject for a long time, so I'm _____ with recent developments.
  • put of reach
  • out of the condition
  • out of the question
  • out of touch
UNICEF _____ supports and funds for the most disadvantaged children all over the world.
  • presents
  • assists
  • offers
  • provides
Thank you for your explanation, but I'm afraid I'm still in a _____ over what happened.
  • fog
  • trouble
  • wonder
  • shade lives of
A true relationship is thought to be a friendship that may _____ though changes in lives of the friends.
  • entail
  • remain
  • endure
  • continue
You have ever met him before, _____?
  • have you
  • haven't you
  • didn't you
  • hadn't you
We went by _____ train to the West of England.
  • a
  • an
  • the
  • x (no article)
Tom apologized _____ having behaved impolitely.
  • for
  • about
  • with
  • to
The children spent the afternoon _____ in the garden.
  • played
  • play
  • playing
  • to play

If he were younger, he _____ a professional running competition now.

  • will join
  • had joined
  • would have joined
  • would join
Susan _____ her family after she had taken the university entrance examination.
  • phoned
  • had phone
  • phones
  • is phoning
_____ having the best qualifications among al applicants, Justin was not offered the job.
  • Although
  • Because of
  • Despite of
  • In spite of
By the time Bill _____ to bed tomorrow, he will have had a full day and will be ready for sleep.
  • had gone
  • will go
  • goes
  • went

A survey on alternative sources of energy ______ by those scientists will be reported to the public next week.

  • which carried
  • carried
  • which is carried
  • carrying

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

People are busy buying gifts, cleaning and decorating the house and cooking traditional foods to welcome Tet holiday now.

  • national
  • favorite
  • important
  • customary

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Every time he opens his mouth, he immediately regrets what he said. He is always putting his foot in his mouth.

  • speaking indirectly
  • making a mistake
  • saying embarrassing things
  • doing things in the wrong order
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • crowded
  • exported
  • enjoyed
  • existed
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • deal
  • teach
  • break
  • clean

Mai and Scott are having dinner.

Mai: "Do you want another serving of chicken soup?"

Scott: "_____."

  • No, thanks
  • No longer
  • No way
  • No comment

Linda and Janet are talking about the protection of the environment.

Linda: "I think it's a good idea to plant more trees in our community."

Janet: "_____. It will make the air fresher and cleaner."

  • Me, too
  • That's not true
  • It's nice to hear that
  • I can't agree with you more

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

The volume of traffic in many cities in the world today continues to expand. This causes many problems, including serious air pollution, lengthy delays, and the greater risk of accidents. Clearly, something must be done, but it is often difficult to persuade people to change their habits and leave their cars at home. One possible is to make it more expensive for people to use their cars be increasing changes for parking and bringing in tougher fines for anyone break the law. In addition, drivers could be required to pay for using particular routes at different times of the day. This system, also known as 'road pricing', is already being introduced in a number of cities, using a special electronic card to windscreen of the car. way of dealing with the problem is to provide cheap parking on the outskirts of the city, and strictly control the number of vehicles allowed into the center. Drivers and their passengers then use a special bus service for the final stage of their journey. Of course, the most important thing is to provide good public transport. , to get people to give up the comfort their cars, public transport must be felt to be reliable, convenient, and comfortable, with fares charged at an acceptable level.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Most languages have several levels of vocabulary that may be used by the same speakers. In English, at least three have been identified and described.
 
Standard usage includes those words and expressions understood, used, and accepted by a majority of the speakers of a language in any situation regardless of the level of formality. As such, these words and expressions are well defined and listed in standard dictionaries. Colloquialisms, on the other hand, are familiar words and idioms that are understood by almost all speakers of a language and used in informal speech or writing, but not considered acceptable for more formal situations. Almost all idiomatic expressions are colloquial language. Slang refers to words and expressions understood by a large number of speakers but not accepted as appropriate formal usage by the majority. Colloquial expressions and even slang may be found in standard dictionaries but will be so identified. Both colloquial usage and slang are more common in speech than writing.
 
Colloquial speech often passes into standard speech. Some slang also passes into standard speech, but other slang expressions enjoy momentary popularity followed by obscurity. In some cases, the majority never accepts certain slang phrases but nevertheless retains them in their collective memories. Every generation seems to require its own set of words to describe familiar objects and events.
 
It has been pointed out by a number of linguists that three cultural conditions are necessary for the creation of a large body of slang expressions. First the introduction and acceptance of new objects and situations in the society; second, a diverse population with a large number of subgroups; third association among the subgroups and the majority population.
 
Finally, it is worth noting that the terms "standard", "colloquial" and "slang" exist only as abstract labels for scholars who study language. Only a tiny number of speakers of any language will be aware that they are using colloquial or slang expressions. Most speakers of English will, during appropriate situations, select and use three types of expressions.
Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?
  • Standard speech
  • Idiomatic phrases
  • Different types of vocabulary
  • Dictionary usage
The word "obscurity" in paragraph 3 mostly means _____.
  • disappearance
  • influence
  • qualification
  • tolerance
The author mentions all of the following as requirements for slang expressions to be created EXCEPT _____.
  • interaction among diverse groups
  • a number of linguists
  • new situations
  • a new generation
Which of the following is TRUE about standard usage?
  • It limited to written language.
  • It is constantly changing.
  • It can be used in formal or informal settings.
  • It is only understood be the upper classes.
How is slang defined by the author?
  • Words and phrases understood by a large number of speakers but not accepted as formal usage.
  • Words and phrases understood by the majority but not found in standard dictionaries.
  • Words and phrases accepted by the majority for formal usage.
  • Words and phrases that are understood by a restricted group of speakers.

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

John had decided to settle permanently in France.

  • sustainably
  • regularly
  • temporarily
  • constantly

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Certain courses are compulsory; others are optional.

  • mandatory
  • voluntary
  • free
  • pressure