Đề số 27 theo chuẩn đề tham khảo Tiếng Anh Thi THPT 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

7/30/2020 5:22:00 PM
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest
  • returns
  • wanders
  • wonders
  • conducts

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • planet

  • fashion

  • travel

  • nature

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • industry
  • memory
  • ambiguous
  • advertise

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • behave
  • relax
  • enter
  • allow

He works very hard, _____?

  • won't he
  • didn't he
  • doesn't he
  • hasn't he

I don’t think it is a good idea to burn trash to reduce the amount of garbage we produce to save ____ earth.

  • the
  • X
  • a
  • an

This year's event will take place _____ June 19th, a week earlier than usual.

  • on
  • in
  • from
  • at

Some students in my class prefer _____ TV to playing sports.

  • to watch
  • watched
  • watching 
  • watch

My English is not good. If I _____ English well, I _____ able to go abroad.

  • spoke / were
  • speak / will be
  • had spoken / would have been
  • spoke / would be

Since we first _____ working here three years ago, the company _____ to include more than 2000 full-time workers.

  • have started/expanded
  • were starting/has expanded
  • started/has expanded
  • started/was expanding

_____ he worked hard all year long and was able to earn a lot of money, he bought his father a very expensive gift.

  • Despite
  • Although
  • Because
  • Because of

_____, he checks his phone for messages.

  • When he was walking up
  • As soon as he wakes up
  • After he had waken up
  • Until he woke up

The patients _____ with the new drug showed better signs of recovery than those receiving conventional medicine.

  • treated
  • having treated
  • treating
  • who treated

They reached an _____ not to sell the product to each other's base customers.

  • agree
  • agreeable
  • agreement
  • disagreement

It is very important for a firm or a company to keep _____ the changes in the market.

  • pace of
  • track about
  • touch with
  • up with
As all field players are only allowed to touch the ball with one hand at a time, they must develop the ability to catch and _____ the ball with either hand.
  • throw
  • point
  • score
  • cross

The detective checked everyone’s story and by a _____ of elimination they were left with on suspect.

  • time
  • period
  • progress
  • process

His mother encouraged him to take up some sports and do exercise regularly in order to stay in ____.

  • shadow
  • shape
  • shield
  • shell

I had _____ on my face after I remembered the wrong day for her birthday party.

  • egg
  • sugar
  • salt
  • tomatoes

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s):

The twin girls are so identical that I can't distinguish one from the other. 

  • similar
  • alike
  • different
  • changeable

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

My neighbors are really tight with money. They hate throwing away food, don’t eat at a restaurant, and always try to find the best price.

  • to spend money too easily
  • to not like spending money
  • to not know the value of money
  • to save as much money as possible

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In the future, many large corporations will be wiped out and millions of jobs will be lost.

  • companies
  • services
  • supermarkets
  • farms

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

When Johnny is finished with his studies, he intends to enroll in a vocational course.

  • participate
  • register
  • recruit
  • admit

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

“The Little Prince” (French: “Le Petit Prince”) is a novella, which tells the story of a child, the little prince, who travels the universe gaining wisdom. First in April 1943, it is the most famous work of French aristocrat, writer, poet, and pioneering aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.
After the outbreak of the Second World War, Saint-Exupéry escaped to North America. personal upheavals and failing health, he produced almost half of the writings for which he would be remembered, a tender tale of loneliness, friendship, love, and loss, in the form of a young prince visiting Earth. An earlier memoir by the author had recounted his aviation experiences in the Sahara Desert, is thought to have been drawn on those same experiences in “The Little Prince”.
Though ostensibly styled as a children's book, The Little Prince makes several observations about life and human nature. For example, Saint-Exupéry tells of a fox meeting the young prince during his travels on Earth. The story's essence is contained in the fox saying that "One sees clearly only with the heart. The essential is invisible to the eye." The fox's messages are arguably the book's most famous quotations because they deal with human .

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

These days, if you want to travel from New York to Beijing, the flight takes about 16 hours. You also have to wait at the airport, and sometimes you have to transfer onto a different airplane. If you add all of that extra time, the trip takes at least 20 hours. But in the future, the trip from New York to Beijing might only take two hours.

Right now, a private company is developing something called ET3. ET3 stands for “evacuated tube transport technology”. Here is how it works. A tube goes all the way from New York to Beijing. The tube is only a few meters wide. Capsules move through the tube. Six people can sit in one capsule. The capsules use electricity instead of gasoline. For international travel, the capsules can travel at about 6,500 kilometers per hour. That is much faster than airplane - most modern airplanes usually only fly at about 800 kilometers per hour.

So how is this possible? How can these capsules travel so fast? The answer is that there is no air inside the tube. When airplanes fly, they have to move through the air. The air slows the airplanes down. Because there is no air in the ET3 tubes, the capsules are able to move at a very high speed. Besides, the capsules are quite light. They only weigh 183 kilograms.

There are other advantages to ET3. Because it uses electricity, it is quite clean. In addition, it is much quieter than airplanes and cars. Finally, ET3 tubes and capsules don’t require very much building material.

Of course, ET3 doesn’t exist yet. The technology is still being developed. Developers still have to solve a lot of problems. The biggest problem is that right now, ET3 would be far too expensive. In order to make ET3 cheaper, we will need much better technology.

It is exciting to think of how ET3 will change travel in the future. Maybe someday, you will be able to have lunch in New York and dinner in Beijing.

The passage mainly focuses on _____.

  • China's Tourism Industry
  • Flights to New York
  • Traveling in the Future
  • Changes in Tourism Policy

The word "extra" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • necessary
  • limited
  • additional
  • relaxing

Which of the following is NOT true about travelling at present?

  • Modem planes fly at about 800 kilometers per hour.
  • We use mostly gasoline for transportation.
  • Flights make little noise thanks to modern technology.
  • Traveling takes place in the air.

The word "works" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _________.

  • travels
  • operates
  • earns money
  • succeeds

All of the following are factors that make ET3 travel fast EXCEPT that _____.

  • there is no air inside the tube
  • the capsule is quite light
  • building material was discovered by accident
  • there is nearly no friction during the trip

The word "they" in paragraph 3 refers to ____.

  • capsules
  • planes
  • tubes
  • cars

What can be inferred from the passage?

  • There is still a lot to do before putting ET3 into operation.
  • All flights have to transfer at different cities.
  • ET3 will be used domestically.
  • Electricity used as a source of energy makes a capsule much quieter.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

     The idea of life in outer space has been talked about for a long time. Some scientists say that life development on Earth was far too unlikely for it to have happened anywhere else. Things had to be perfect for us to make it on this planet. Other scientists say that space is too big. Stars and other planets are far too numerous for there to be no other life in the universe. 

     For many years, there have been reports of visitors from other planets. People all around the world have claimed to see alien spaceships or even aliens themselves. There have been glimpses of these so-called UFOs (unidentified flying objects) flying through the air and they have even been captured on video. Some Americans believe that the U.S. Army found an alien spaceship crashed in the desert and then lied to the press about it. Although these sightings may be true, scientists have not found significant evidence that aliens exist.

     If you go out into the countryside on a clear night and look up, you can see thousands of stars. Those stars make up a tiny part of our universe. There are more stars, planets, and galaxies than we can count. Even the smartest scientists can't even come close to defining how big space is. The number of possible stars and planets out there is bigger than our ability to count. If we are really on the only planet that can sustain life, then we are very special in a universe full of amazing things.

 

 What would be the best title for this passage?

  • Visitors from Faraway Planets
  • The Possibility of Life on Other Worlds
  • The Life and Times of an Alien Life
  • The Mysterious Crash Landing in America

 What can be inferred about finding aliens?

  • It's not possible yet.
  • It's already been done.
  • Aliens can be found in the USA.
  • Scientists already know the truth.

 What have some people claimed about aliens?

  • Aliens often appear in dreams.
  • They have encountered aliens.
  • Aliens are extremely dangerous.
  • Aliens are always kidnapping people.

 In paragraph 2, the word they refers to

  • UFOs
  • people
  • videos
  • glimpses

 In paragraph 3, the word defining is closest in meaning to

  • wanting
  • describing
  • questioning
  • guaranteeing

Ben: "I think people should be allowed to smoke on trains and buses. Don’t you?"

John: "_______ But it's acceptable if they smoke in private settings."

  • I don't know.
  • I don’t think so.
  • That’s totally out of the question.
  • Well, maybe.

John invites his friend to go to a party with him.

John: "Would you like to come with me to the party tonight?"

Adam: "_______"

  • I’m so sorry. I don’t think I can.
  • That's definitely right.
  • Yeah, it was a lot of fun.
  • Wow. I can't imagine that.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

What happened in that city were a reaction from city workers, including firemen and policemen who had been laid off from their jobs.

  • What happened
  • were
  • including
  • their

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Your secretarial duties include making business arrangements, correspond with potential clients and filing documents.

  • secretarial
  • making
  • correspond
  • clients

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Some of the most excited architecture in Britain can be found in Manchester and the nearby Salford Quays area.

  • of
  • excited
  • found
  • nearby

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

“I was walking home when I saw the accident yesterday,” James said.

  • James said he had been walking home when he had seen the accident the day before.
  • James said was walking home when he had seen the accident the day before.
  • James said he had been walking home when he saw the accident the day before.
  • James said he was walking home when he saw the accident the day before.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

You are not allowed to play computer games in the week.

  • You can play computer games in the week.
  • You mustn’t play computer games in the week.
  • You shouldn’t play computer games in the week.
  • You may play computer games in the week.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Maybe I can’t build things as quickly as other people do.

  • Maybe I can build things as quickly as other people do.
  • Maybe other people can build things more quickly than I do.
  • Maybe other people can't build things more quickly than I do.
  • Maybe other people can build things as quickly as I do.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

I will leave a message to you with my secretary. It is possible that I will be out when you telephone.

  • As long as it might happen that I am out when you telephone, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
  • I will leave a message for you with my secretary in case I am out when you telephone.
  • Unless you telephone when I am out, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
  • Providing that I will leave a message for you with my secretary, I will be out when you telephone.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The teacher gives a lesson about the theory of evolution. I can now really know about human origins.

  • Had the teacher given a lesson about the theory of evolution, I would have really known about human origins.
  • Not until I had really known about human origins did the teacher give a lesson about the theory of evolution.
  • Were the teacher not to give a lesson about the theory of evolution, I wouldn't really know about human origins.
  • Only after I had really known about human origins did the teacher give a lesson about the theory of evolution.