Đề thi thử THPT 2019 của thầy Bùi Văn Vinh #7

5/21/2019 2:22:24 PM
Đề thi thử đại hoc môn Anh được biên soạn bởi Thầy Bùi Văn Vinh (ĐHSP HN) - GV chuyên luyện ngữ pháp, chuyên gia viết sách Tiếng Anh. SĐT: 0977.267.662. FB: https://www.facebook.com/quoc.vinh.10. Đề hiện chưa có giải thích đáp án chi tiết.
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the pronunciation
  • butter
  • gum
  • butcher
  • summer
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the pronunciation
  • hall
  • football

  • drawn
  • camping

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress
  • decimal
  • emperor
  • memorise
  • intervene

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • specific
  • admirable
  • animate
  • realize

Choose the underlined part that need correction.

Not until he got home he realised he had forgotten to give his girlfriend the present.

  • got
  • he realised
  • his girlfriend
  • the present

Choose the underlined part that needs correction
He has hardly never given a more impressive performance than this.

  • has hardly
  • more
  • performance
  • this

Choose the underlined part that need correction

The student must have her assessment form fill in by the examiner during the oral exam.

  • must have
  • fill in
  • during
  • oral exam

Choose the correct answer.

___________________with my previous job, I would have won a higher promotion and I __________ in this unfortunate position now.

  • Unless I had stayed I am not
  • If I stayed / would not be
  • If had I stayed I will not be
  • Had I stayed / would not be

Choose the correct answer.

Quite soon, the world is going to ____________energy resources.

  • get into
  • run out of
  • keep up with
  • come up against

I know you are upset about breaking up with Tom, but there are plenty more ________.

  • horses in the stable
  • cows in the shed
  • tigers in the jungle
  • fish in the sea

Choose the correct answer.

It's no good pretending; you've got to ____________ reality.

  • get down to
  • bargain for
  • come up against
  • face up to

Choose the correct answer.

Not only ____________ to speak to him, but she also vowed never to see him again.

  • she refused
  • did she refuse
  • she did refuse
  • when she refused

It was so foggy that the driver couldn't _____ the traffic signs.

  • break out
  • keep out
  • make out
  • take out

Choose the correct answer.

I'll have to go to the funeral of Ms. Jane, a ____________ of mine.

  • heart to heart
  • body and soul
  • flesh and blood
  • skin and bones

Choose the correct answer.

Wood that has been specially treated is ____________ regular wood.

  • as water resistant much more than
  • water resistant much more than
  • more than water resistant
  • much more water resistant than

Choose the correct answer.

Matthew's hands were covered in oil because he ____________ his bike.

  • had been mending
  • has mended
  • has been mending
  • had mended

Choose the correct answer.

We found some real ____________ at the market.

  • prizes
  • goods
  • bargains
  • items

Choose the correct answer.

The ____________ at the football match cheered their team on.

  • congregation
  • onlookers
  • audience
  • spectators

I'm sorry you've decided not to go with us on the river trip, but ____ you change your mind, there will still be enough room on the boat for you.

  • even
  • nevertheless
  • in the event that
  • provided that

Peter: "I've been awarded a scholarship to study in America."

Kate: "Uh, really? _____"

  • Take care of yourself!
  • Congratulations!
  • You are always lucky.
  • Lucky as you are!

Choose the most suitable response to each of the following questions

- John: "I can't see the stage very well from here."

- Jack: "_____"

  • Neither can't I.
  • So do I
  • Neither I can
  • I can't, either

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer for each of the blanks  

Sugar was for a long time a luxury and in the opinion of the medical profession, it still should be. During the nineteenth century, however, manufacturers discovered (22) ______ of producing it in vast quantities and it has since become one of the staple articles of diet, particularly for the lower social classes. It has the advantages of being comparatively cheap, easily digested, rich in energy and useful for flavoring. Its major drawbacks are that it lacks every nourishing quality except that of giving energy, and because of its attractive flavor it (23)______ to displace other much more valuable foods from the diet. Most serious of all is its adverse (24) _____ on health since excessive consumption can cause heart trouble, obesity, and dental decay. The latter is widespread among the inhabitants of western countries. From the very young to the very old, (25) ______ anyone escapes. Yet if parents would drastically reduce the (26) ______ of confectionery they allow their children to eat, the extent of dental decay would soon be made.

Choose the correct answer for (22).

  • recipes
  • means
  • uses
  • methods

Choose the correct answer for (23).

  • approaches
  • comes
  • include
  • tends

Choose the correct answer for (24).

  • influence
  • affect
  • focus
  • effect

Choose the correct answer for (25).

  • difficulty
  • hardly
  • harshly
  • severely
Choose the correct answer.
  • value
  • quality
  • number
  • amount

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part

The newscaster gave a concise account of the tragedy.

  • long and detailed
  • complicated and intricate
  • sad and depressing
  • short and clear

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part

There were so many members of the political party who had gone against the leader that he resigned.

  • apposed
  • insisted
  • invited
  • opposed

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part

It gives out light, but not heat and so is safe to use near inflammable liquids.

  • difficult to burn
  • easy to burn
  • sunburnt
  • semi-burnt

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part

Experts hope that the vaccine will be mass-produced soon.

  • produced in great numbers
  • produced in small numbers
  • produced cheaply
  • produced with high cost

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions  

   Archimedes’s Principle is a law of physics that states that when an object is totally or partially immersed in a fluid, it experiences an upthrust equal to the weight of the fluid displaced. The principle is most frequently applied to the behavior of objects in the water, and helps to explain floating and sinking, and why objects seem lighter in water. It also applies to balloons.

  The key word in the principle is “upthrust”, which refers to the force acting upward to reduce the apparent weight of the object when it is under water. If, for example, a metal block with a volume of 100 cm3  is dipped in water, it displaces an equal volume of water, which has a weight of approximately 1 N (3.5 oz). The block, therefore, seems to weigh about 1 N less.

  An object will float if its average density is less than that of water. If it is totally submerged, the weight of the water it displaces (and hence the upthrust on it) is greater than its own weight, and it is forced upward and out of the water, until the weight, if water displaced by submerged part is exactly equal to the weight of the floating object. Thus a block of wood with a density six tenths that of water will float with six-tenths of its volume underwater since at that point the weight of the fluid displaced is the same as the blocks’s own weight. If a dense material is made into a suitable shape, it will float because of Archimedes’s principle. A ship floats, whereas a block of iron of the same mass sinks.

  It is also because of Archimedes’s principle that ships float lower in the water when they are heavily loaded (more water must be displaced to give the necessary upthrust). In addition, they cannot be so heavily loaded if they are to sail in fresh water as they can if they are to sail in the sea, since fresh water is less dense than seawater, and so more water must be displaced to give the necessary upthrust. This means the ship is lower in the water, which can be dangerous in rough weather.

     From “Archimedes’s Principle”, Microsoft Student 2008 [DVD]. Microsoft Corporation, 2007.

What happens when something is immersed in a fluid?
  • It will be pushed further down with a force, equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.
  • It receives an upward force, equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.
  • It receives a download force, equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.
  • The fluid will expand the object and overflow to the floor.
The word “volume” in the passage refers to ______.
  • loudness
  • quantity
  • frequency
  • length
The word “displaces” in the passage almost means “_____”.
  • takes the place of
  • takes place
  • replaces with a new one
  • puts in position
A block of wood with a density seven tenths that of water will _____.
  • float with a half of its volume under water
  • float with an equal volume of its volume under water
  • sink immediately when submerged
  • go up and down the sink
A ship floats, whereas a block of iron of the same mass sinks because the ship _____.
  • is made of wood
  • is lighter
  • has buoys
  • has a special shape

The word “upthrust” in the passage refers to the _____. 

  • upward push
  • upper side of an object
  • upturned force
  • upside-down turn
Ships cannot be so heavily loaded if they want to sail in fresh water as they sail in the sea, because _____.
  • fresh water is ‘lighter’ than sea water
  • there’s too much salt in sea water
  • sea water is ‘saltier’ than fresh water
  • fresh water is more polluted
Archimedes’ Principle explains why _____.
  • all objects will float
  • Archimedes became famous
  • objects seem lighter in water
  • humans can swim

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

In the West, cartoons are used chiefly to make people laugh. The important feature of all these cartoons is the joke and the element of surprise which is contained. Even though it is very funny, a good cartoon is always based on close observation of a particular feature of life and usually has a serious purpose.

Cartoons in the West have been associated with political and social matters for many years. In wartime, for example, they proved to be an excellent way of spreading propaganda. Nowadays cartoons are often used to make short, sharp comments on politics and governments as well as on a variety of social matters. In this way, the modern cartoon has become a very powerful force in influencing people in Europe and the United States.

Unlike most American and European cartoons, however, many Chinese cartoon drawings in the past have also attempted to educate people, especially those who could not read and write. Such cartoons about the lives and sayings of great men in China have proved extremely useful in bringing education to illiterate and semi-literate people throughout China. Confucius, Mencius, and Laozi have all appeared in very interesting stories presented in the form of cartoons. The cartoons themselves have thus served to illustrate the teachings of the Chinese sages in a very attractive way.

In this sense, many Chinese cartoons are different from Western cartoons in so far as they do not depend chiefly on telling jokes. Often, there is nothing to laugh at when you see Chinese cartoons. This is not their primary aim. In addition to commenting on serious political and social matters, Chinese cartoons have aimed at spreading traditional Chinese thoughts and culture as widely as possible among the people.

Today, however, Chinese cartoons have an added part to play in spreading knowledge. They offer a very attractive and useful way of reaching people throughout the world, regardless of the particular country in which they live. Thus, through cartoons, the thoughts and teachings of the old Chinese philosophers and sages can now reach people who live in such countries as Britain, France, America, Japan, Malaysia or Australia and who are unfamiliar with the Chinese culture.

Until recently, the transfer of knowledge and culture has been overwhelmingly from the West to the East and not vice versa. By means of cartoons, however, publishing companies in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore are now having success in correcting this imbalance between the East and the West.

Cartoons can overcome language barriers in all foreign countries. The vast increase in the popularity of these cartoons serves to illustrate the truth of Confucius’s famous saying “One picture is worth a thousand words.”

Which of the following clearly characterizes Western cartoons?
  • Originality, freshness, and astonishment.
  • Humour, unexpectedness, and criticism.
  • Enjoyment, liveliness, and carefulness.
  • Seriousness, propagande, and attractiveness.

Chinese cartoons have been useful as an important means of ______.

  • educating ordinary people
  • spreading Western ideas
  • political propaganda in wartime
  • amusing people all the time

The major differences between Chinese cartoons and Western cartoons come from their ________.

  • purposes
  • nationalities
  • values
  • styles
The passage is intended to present________.
  • a contrast between Western cartoons and Chinese cartoons
  • an opinion about how cartoons entertain people
  • a description of cartoons of all kinds the world over
  • an outline of Western cartoons and Chinese cartoons
Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?
  • A Very Powerful Force in Influencing People
  • Cartoons as a Way of Educating People
  • Chinese Cartoons and Western Cartoons
  • An Excellent Way of Spreading Propaganda

In general, Chinese cartoons are now aiming at ________.

  • illustrating the truth of Chinese great men’s famous sayings
  • bringing education to illiterate and semi-literate people in the world
  • spreading the Chinese ideas and cultural values throughout the world
  • disseminating traditional practices in China and throughout the world

The word “imbalance” in paragraph 6 refers to ________.

  • The mismatch between the East cartoons and the West cartoons
  • the influence of the East cartoons over the West cartoons
  • the dominant cultural influence of the West over the East
  • the discrimination between the West culture and the East culture

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

He was successful because he was determined to pursue personal goals. He was not talented.

  • His success lay in his natural ability, not in his determination to pursue personal goals.
  • In addition to his determination, his talent ensured his success in pursuing his goals.
  • His determination to pursue personal goals made him successful and talented.
  • It is his determination to pursue personal goals, not talent, that has contributed to his success.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

I did not arrive in time. I was not able to see her off.

  • She had left because I was not on time.
  • I did not go there, so I could not see her off.
  • I was not early enough to see her off.
  • I arrived very late to say goodbye to her.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

David was narrowly defeated and blew his own chance of becoming a champion.

  • Losing the championship came as a terrible blow to David.
  • In spite of the narrow defeat, David won the championship.
  • As a result of his narrow defeat, David did not win the championship.
  • But for his title as the former champion, David would not have defeated his rivals.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

If you had stuck to what we originally agreed on, everything would have been fine.

  • If you had not kept to what was originally agreed on, everything would have been fine.
  • Things went wrong because you violated our original agreement.
  • If you had changed our original agreement, everything would have been fine.
  • As you fulfilled the original contract, things went wrong.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

"I would be grateful if you could send me further details of the job," he said to me.

  • He flattered me because I sent him further details of the job.
  • He felt great because further details of the job had been sent to him.
  • He thanked me for sending him further details of the job.
  • He politely asked me to send him further details of the job.