Đề ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT số 33

8/17/2020 4:30:00 PM
Đề thi gồm 50 câu hỏi theo đúng cấu trúc đề thi THPT chính thức dành cho học sinh đặt mục tiêu 9 - 10 điểm. Đề đã được giải thích đáp án chi tiết đầy đủ.

Choose one word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • mutual
  • gradual
  • casual
  • equal

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • courageous
  • gaseous
  • gorgeous
  • cretaceous

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • influential
  • accessible
  • rudimentary
  • incidental
Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from the others.
  • disaster
  • injury
  • tsunami
  • provision

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

There are lots of amused ways to volunteer in the arts such as teaching, designing and assisting with a variety of arts and crafts.

  • amused
  • volunteer
  • designing
  • a variety of

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Minor skin imperfections usually can be disguised with a spot of make-up.

  • Minor
  • usually can be
  • disguised
  • make-up

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Because there were so few women in the early Western states, the freedom and rights of Western women were more extensive than Eastern ladies.

  • Because
  • so few women
  • more extensive
  • Eastern ladies

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Most people are pretty law-abiding you might think. Well, think again. According to a recent survey, the average British citizen the law 500 times a year, or about eight times a week.
Some of the offences most commonly committed are downloading music illegally, riding bicycles on the pavement, and dropping litter. Motorists are among the worst offenders, with common crimes including parking on the pavement, eating or drinking behind the wheel, using a non hands-free mobile phone while driving or not putting on a seatbelt.
John Sewell, works for www.onepoll.com, which carried out the poll, said: “It’s worrying to think that so many people are breaking the law on a daily basis. And it’s an even bigger concern that many aren’t at all about it.”
, which can, of course, have serious consequences, was one of the most common laws to be broken. Peter Gray, spokesman for the National Society for the Prevention of Road Accidents, commented, “After many years of campaigning, Britain now has one of the best road safety records in the world. , there are still around six people dying on our road each day. Without doubt, this number could be significantly reduced if people would just follow the law.”

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In most countries, compulsory military service does not apply to women.

  • superior
  • mandatory
  • beneficial
  • constructive

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Flats which are both comfortable and reasonably priced are few and far between in the current context of economic crisis.

  • uncommon
  • non-existent
  • unusual
  • non-standard

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

In 2010, the planetary defense team at NASA had identified and logged 90 per cent of the asteroids near Earth measuring 1km wide. These 'near-Earth objects', or NEOs, are the size of mountains and include anything within 50 million kilometers of Earth's orbit. With an estimated 50 left to log, NASA says none of the 887 it knows about are a significant danger to the planet.
Now NASA is working towards logging some of the smaller asteroids, those measuring 140 meters wide or more. Of the 25,000 estimated asteroids of this size, so far about 8,000 have been logged. Considering that a 19-metre asteroid that exploded above the city of Chelyabinsk in Russia in 2013 injured 1,200 people, these middle-sized asteroids would be a serious danger.
The planetary defense team would still need to work out how to defend the planet against being hit by the truly worrying asteroids – the PHAs. 'Potentially Hazardous Asteroids' are rocks close enough to pass within 7.5 million kilometers of Earth's orbit, none of which are expected to be a threat in the next one hundred years. NASA has created a map of 1,400 PHAs. With technology already available, NASA can track these objects and make predictions about possible impact, at which point two defense solutions could be launched.
The first is DART – the Double Asteroid Redirection Test. Plans are scheduled to test DART on the moon of an asteroid called Didymos. 'Didymoon' is 150 meters wide, orbiting its 800-metre mother, and hopefully the impact of DART will knock it out of its orbit enough for Earth-based telescopes to pick up.
Another suggested defense against a PHA on course to hit Earth is to blow it up using a nuclear weapon. It may sound like a plot from a film, but the Hypervelocity Asteroid Mitigation Mission for Emergency Response (HAMMER) is a genuine NASA proposal. The eight-ton rockets would be fired at an approaching asteroid with the hope of bumping it off course. If the asteroid was too close to Earth for this plan to work, the rockets would carry nuclear bombs to blow it up instead.

Which of the following best serves as the title for the passage?

  • Asteroids
  • The PHAs
  • NASA planetary defense team
  • NASA

According to paragraph 1, NEOs ______.

  • are within 7.5 million kilometers of Earth's orbit
  • are all 1km wide
  • are as big as mountains
  • are a significant danger to the planet

The word "logged" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • destroyed
  • recorded
  • defended
  • measured

The word "those'' in paragraph 2 refers to ______.

  • the smaller asteroids
  • asteroids measuring 19-metre
  • asteroids measuring 1km
  • asteroids within 7.5 million kilometers of Earth's orbit

It can be inferred from the statement “The planetary defense team would still need to work out how to defend the planet against being hit by the truly worrying asteroids – the PHAs.” that ______.

  • the PHAs will be of no worries at all
  • the PHAs is not expected to be a threat to the earth
  • NASA has already found solutions to defend the planet against being hit the PHAs
  • the PHAs are potentially hazardous to the earth in future

The word “track” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • follow
  • find
  • hide
  • knock

As mentioned in the last paragraph, HAMMER is______.

  • a nuclear weapon
  • a plot from a film
  • a genuine NASA proposal
  • an eight-ton rocket

Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

  • Earth does not appear to be in any danger from any asteroids that measure one kilometer wide.
  • We don’t need to worry about small asteroids under 20 meters wide.
  • PHAs are the biggest concern, but they’re still not an immediate threat.
  • HAMMER may or may not need nuclear weapons to save Earth from an asteroid.

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

She decided to remain celibate and devote her life to helping the homeless and orphans.

  • divorced
  • married
  • single
  • separated

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The Arctic fox‘s brownish-gray coat blends in with the barren tundra landscape in the months without snow.

  • poor
  • fruitful
  • arid
  • desert

- "Would you mind turning down the TV? I’m working!"

- "_______"

  • Yes, I’m working, too.
  • Not at all. I’ll do it now.
  • Thank you. I’m pleased.
  • No, I wouldn’t be working.

Martin and Jack are discussing about the changing role of men in society.

Martin: "The modern father may stay at home to take care of his children."

Jack: "_____ But I'm not sure if many of them would be happy doing that."

  • Well, maybe.
  • Yes, definitely.
  • I totally agree with you.
  • That's a wonderful choice.

"Shall we meet at seven o’clock ?" - "No, I’ll still _____ then."

  • work
  • have worked
  • be working
  • have been working

Today the birth of a girl is welcomed with an enthusiasm _____ to that of a boy.

  • equally
  • equal
  • equals
  • be equal

It was found that he lacked the _____ to pursue a difficult task to the very end.

  • persuasion
  • commitment
  • engagement
  • obligation

Life in Ho Chi Minh City is _____ than we thought at first.

  • far the busier
  • the more busier
  • much more busy
  • much busier
Recently Tawfiq Al-Sudairi, the deputy minister of Islamic Affairs in Saudi Arabia, ______ his disapproval of the political interpretation of Islam.
  • spoke
  • said
  • told
  • voiced

For those artisans, making the paintings is a career ______ it supports the life of many generations of the family.

  • so that
  • because
  • because of
  • although

The escaping prisoner camped in ________ woods but he didn’t light ________ fire because ________ smoke rising from the woods might attract ________ attention.

  • the/a/-/-
  • a/the/the/-
  • the/a/-/the
  • a/a/-/-

It’s hard to _____ on less than a million a month.

  • make ends meet
  • make a fuss
  • make up your mind
  • make a mess

Language is so _____ woven into human experience that it is scarcely possible to imagine life without it.

  • tightly
  • tautly
  • rigidly
  • stiffly

I have to give a talk about history so I spent the weekend reading _____ on the Second World War.

  • up
  • over
  • into
  • out

Julie was so engrossed _____ the book that she didn’t hear her sister come in.

  • with
  • to
  • on
  • in

Many species of wildlife are ______ of extinction.

  • at risk
  • on the verge
  • on the side
  • in dangers

Jane was a _______ woman.

  • beautiful young tall thin
  • young beautiful thin tall
  • beautiful tall thin young
  • young thin tall beautiful

They show me a marble sculpture which was _____ made by hand.

  • skilled
  • skillful
  • skillfully
  • skill

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Since its foundation, the city of Venice has sunk deeper and deeper into the muddy lagoon bed. Its inhabitants reacted to this by simply piling one floor on top of the other just to keep the level. Up to six floors per house can be found today. Unfortunately, the situation has deteriorated dramatically since the 1930s. In less than 30 years, Venice sank more than it did before during two centuries. Although the reasons are complex, there is one cause in common: human beings. First, the industry of Mestre and Marghera used the groundwater of the lagoon, leading to a rapid sinking of the city. Second, chlorine and nitrogen wastes as well as wastewater from the major cities have attacked the petrified oak trees and slowly dissolved them. Global warming also causes more and more flooding, which is a further burden for the city.
Up to now, there have been numerous projects for the protection of the lagoon, which are more or less effective. The GENESIS (gigantic electronic control dams at the entrance to the lagoon) project will regulate flooding in the city in the future, while other conservation projects have tried to eliminate industry in the lagoon – with limited success so far. To make matters worse, the population of Venice is shrinking. More and more Venetians are moving to Mestre. Venice is increasingly left to the tourists and greedy traders, but whether it is beneficial to the preservation of Venice remains to be seen.

What is the passage mainly about?

  • The city of Venice
  • Reasons for Venice’s sinking
  • Conservation projects for Venice
  • The foundation of Venice

According to the passage, all of the following are the reasons to the rapid sinking of the city EXCEPT ______.

  • the use of the lagoon’s groundwater
  • six-floor houses
  • global warming
  • chlorine and nitrogen wastes as well as wastewater

The word ''them'' in paragraph 3 refers to ______.

  • the major cities
  • the petrified oak trees
  • Venice city
  • the houses in Venic

The GENESIS project ______.

  • copes with the groundwater for the industry of Mestre and Marghera
  • copes with wastewater from major cities
  • copes with flooding in the city
  • copes with global warming

The word “shrinking” in paragraph 4 mostly means ______.

  • becoming smaller
  • becoming older
  • becoming younger
  • becoming bigger

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

For your safety, we recommend that you keep your seat belt loosely fastened during the flight.

  • For your safety, it is recommended that your seat belt is kept loosely fastened during the flight.
  • For your safety, your seat belt is recommended to be kept loosely fastened during the flight.
  • For your safety, we recommend that your seat belt are kept loosely fastened during the flight.
  • For your safety, it is recommended that your seat belt be kept loosely fastened during the flight.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

We always stand by you when you are in need.

  • Whenever you are in need, we stand next to you.
  • We cannot do anything for you though you are in need.
  • We always continue to support and help you when you are in need.
  • We can never stand your necessity.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

The likelihood of suffering a heart attack rises as one becomes increasingly obese.

  • Heart attacks are happening more and more often, and most of the sufferers are obese.
  • Obesity results in only a slight increase in the probability of having a heart attack.
  • The more obese one is, the higher the chances for a heart attack become.
  • Anyone who is obese is likely to experience a heart attack at any time.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

I saw a great cell phone on sale yesterday. However, I didn’t have enough money with me.

  • I wish I hadn't had more money with me yesterday to buy that cell phone!
  • Only if I’d had more money with me yesterday to buy that cell phone!
  • I wish I had more money with me yesterday to buy that cell phone!
  • If only I’d had more money with me yesterday to buy that cell phone!

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The children were attracted by the show. It was performed by the animals.

  • The children attracted by the show which was performed by the animals.
  • Performing by the animals, the show attracted the children.
  • The children were attracted by the show to have been performed by the animals.
  • The children were attracted by the show performed by the animals.