Đề thi thử THPT QG môn Anh chuyên Quốc học Huế lần 1 năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

2/3/2020 8:30:47 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • feature
  • reason
  • treasure
  • release

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • released
  • rushed
  • increased
  • informed

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • respond
  • threaten
  • translate
  • assist
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in the following question.
  • curriculum
  • development ‘
  • technology
  • entertainment
A dictionary is _______ important tool in learning a language.
  • the
  • an
  • a
  • Ø

Choose the correct answer.

By the end of this year, my friend and I _____ from high school.

  • will be graduating
  • will be graduated
  • will have graduated
  • has graduated
This is the town in ______ I was born and grew up.
  • which
  • where
  • that
  • when
Had I stayed with my previous job, I could have been promoted and _____ in this difficult situation now.
  • am not
  • wouldn't be
  • won't be
  • wouldn't have been

The advantage _____ living in the countryside is that it is clean and peaceful.

  • in
  • of
  • at
  • with
The cleaner we keep our environment, _____ we protect ourselves.
  • the better
  • the best
  • much better
  • better

________with the size of whole earth, the highest mountains do not seem high at all.

  • A comparison
  • Compare them
  • If you compare
  • When compared
The little child shrunk in fear as the _____ police officer approached him.
  • fragile
  • embarrassed
  • vulnerable
  • intimidating

Having been elected president of the student's union, ______.

  • they asked him to give a speech
  • a speech was given by him
  • they congratulated him
  • he gave a short speech
Despite her difficult living condition, Marie Curie worked very hard and _____ her ambition of becoming a scientist.
  • obtained
  • got
  • realized
  • reached
The system is designed to be used in ______ with a word processing program.
  • conjunction
  • collaboration
  • communication
  • cooperation
People think it is time we _____ unnecessary paperwork and bureaucracy.
  • got away with
  • put up with
  • did away with
  • caught up with
My brother has been getting so _____ with me recently - I've no idea what the matter with him.
  • nervous
  • irritable
  • envious
  • unkind
We've checked the report____; I feel confident that the data is 100% correct.
  • rigorously
  • indefinitely
  • regularly
  • justly
Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
A study that has just been published backs up their theory completely.
  • tests
  • holds
  • supports
  • develops
Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
To err is human; even doctors are not infallible.
  • perfect
  • famous
  • impolite
  • inflexible

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Excessive rainfall early in the spring can adversely affect the planting of crops.

  • positively
  • harmfully
  • greatly
  • strongly

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
We have to try to develop a product that is truly at the cutting edge if we are to say competitive.

  • very expensive
  • very sharp
  • highly advanced
  • the most outdated

Paul is inviting Jane out for the evening.

- Paul: "Would you like to go to the cinema with me tonight?”

- Jane: " ____"

  • Why not? Staying at home is quite relaxing.
  • No, thanks. I'd better do it myself.
  • Thanks for asking, but I just need an early night.
  • Go ahead, I wouldn't mind.

Anne is making a request for Lucy.

- Anne: “Do you mind if I use your phone?"

- Lucy: "_____"

  • Not at all. Help yourself.
  • Yes, it sure is.
  • Sorry, I have no idea.
  • You can say that again.

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

The reality is that everyone uses jargon. It is an essential part of the network of occupations and pursuits which make up society. All jobs have an element of jargon, which workers learn as they their expertise. All hobbies require mastery of a jargon. Each society grouping has its jargon. The phenomenon turns to be universal and valuable. It is the jargon element, which, in a job, can promote economy and precision and thus help make life easier for the workers.

When we have learned to command it, jargon is something we readily take in whether the subject is motorcycling, baseball or computers. It can add pace, variety, and humor to speech - as when, with an important event approaching, we might slip into the related jargon. We enjoy the mutual showing off which stems from a fluent use of terminology, We enjoy the in-jokes

shared linguistic experience permits. we are jealous of this knowledge. We are quick to demean anyone who tries to be part of our group without being prepared to take on its jargon. And we resent it when some other group, sensing our lack of linguistic awareness, refuses to let us in.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

CAN ANIMALS TALK?

In 1977, a young Harvard graduate named Irene Pepperberg brought a one-year-old African gray parrot into her lab, and attempted something very unusual.

At a time when her fellow scientists thought that animals could only communicate on a very basic level, Irene set out to discover what was on a creature’s mind by talking to it. The bird named Alex proved to be a very good pupil.

Scientists at the time believed that animals were incapable of any thought. They believed that animals only reacted to things because they were programmed by nature to react that way, not because they had the ability to think or feel. Any pet owner would probably disagree. Pepperberg disagreed, too, and started her work with Alex to prove them wrong.

Pepperberg bought Alex in a pet state. She let the store's assistant pick him out because she didn't want other scientists saying later that she'd deliberately chosen an especially smart bird for her work. Most researchers thought that Pepperberg’s attempt to communicate with Alex would end in failure.

However, Pepperberg's experiment did not fail. In fact, over the next few years, Alex learned to imitate almost one hundred and fifty English words and was even able to reason and use those words on a basic level to communicate.

For example, when Alex was shown an object and was asked about its shape, color, or material, he could label it correctly. He could understand that a key was a key no matter what its size or color, and could figure out how the key was different from others.

Pepperberg was careful not to exaggerate Alex's success and abilities. She did not claim that Alex could actually ‘use’ language. Instead, she said that Alex had learned to use a two-way communication code. Alex seemed to understand the turn-taking pattern of communication.  

The reading passage is mainly about _____.

  • how animals communicate with human
  • one woman's successful experiment to communicate with a bird
  • how parrots are smarter than other animals
  • how Irene Pepperberg proved her fellow scientists wrong

According to the reading other scientists believed that animals _____

  • could only communicate in nature
  • had the ability to communicate with pet owners
  • could communicate if they were programmed to do so
  • didn’t have the ability to think

In paragraph 4, “deliberately” is closest in meaning to _____.

  • naturally
  • intentionally
  • cleverly
  • honestly

The word “them" in paragraph 3 refers to____.

  • animals
  • scientists
  • pet owners
  • things
Which of the following is NOT true about Irene’s parrot Alex?
  • He learned to use almost 150 English words.
  • He could label a number of objects.
  • He was able to have complicated conversations.
  • He could understand how one object was different from others.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Over the last 50 years, there has been an increase in the Production and Consumption of plastic globally. Our lifestyles, constant need for easily disposable products and the resulting waste has had a damaging impact on the environment. It is the accumulation of such waste, the kind that takes centuries to decompose, that has resulted in an increasing amount of plastic pollution around the world. Plastic pollution is associated with different types of harmful chemicals, the by-products of manufacturing and chemicals absorbed from the environment.

The amount of waste we produce is increasing and we have to go way beyond recycling and replacing plastic bags in order to deal with plastic pollution. We shouldn't underestimate the scale of the challenge we are facing; one that is formidable and is affecting us all in the four comers of the world.

Plastic is an incredibly useful material and is widely used because it is inexpensive, versatile, durable and resistant to moisture, but it also contains toxic substances that cannot be broken down by a natural system, therefore making it indestructible in a biodegradable sense and with long-lasting effects that cannot be reversed.

A terrifyingly large amount of plastic has been produced-of which only a small amount has been recycled, some has been burn and the remaining majority has ended up in landfills or the environment. A large proportion of waste plastic ends up in the ocean. More plastic is being washed into the sea at a faster rate affecting the marine life and causing problems for the environment and us.

Hundreds of millions of tons of plastic is produced globally each year and much of it ends up in the soil or freshwater. Most of this plastic slowly fragments into small pieces which eventually end up microscopic but never truly go away. These  microscopics particles, or microplastic, have potentially toxic effects on ecosystems.

Every piece of plastic that has ever been produced is still with us, in some shape or form. Recycling only converts existing plastic into reusable material, so we can't recycle our way out of the plastic pollution. Recycling will never stem the flow of plastic into our ecosystem; we have to get to the source of problem. 

It is the undeniable that the ever-increasing amount of plastic waste will have an impact on the environment, but many are not concern about the long-term issue it can create for the inhabitants of this planet. We have chosen to ignore the effect of our waste and plastic pollution on the planet as well as on our own lives for years, but it is time for radical change. 

This is a global issue which requires collective action. Although some believe that it should be dealt with by government, this problem can only be tackled when individuals and companies around the world work hand in hand to reduce waste. More and more companies are starting to commit to plan to reduce waste over the next couple of decades. As individuals, we also need to to work towards of a world free of plastic pollution by using reusable materials, avoiding using disposable plastic, and supporting initiatives to reduce the plastic footprint in our community. We should care and we should spread it like wildfire. Let's join the cause and make a difference!

 

What does the passage mainly discuss?
  • Plastic consumption and its effects
  • Plastic pollution and our action
  • The impact of plastic pollution on marine life
  • The problems caused by plastic particles
According to the writer, plastic pollution is caused by______.
  • people's busy and throw-away lifestyle
  • the amount of rubbish generated by people
  • the increasing amount of waste build-up
  • harmful and toxic elements of plastic
The word “formidable” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_____
  • compared
  • measured
  • friendly
  • enormous
According to the writer, we should_____
  • recycle in a more organised way
  • tackle plastic pollution at its root
  • dispose of waste rather differently
  • stay on top of the recycling game

The word "it" in paragraph 7 refers to_____

  • plastic waste
  • impact.
  • environment
  • planet

In paragraph 7, the writer says____

  • many people have lost hope about the future of the planet
  • it’s clear why people fail to consider how serious plastic pollution is
  • people are seriously suffering from the effects of plastic pollution
  • people should start taking the issue of plastic pollution seriously
In the last paragraph, “spread it like wildfire” implies that people should____
  • show interest and act very quickly
  • provide a quick solution to the problem
  • accept the consequences of their actions
  • start using non-plastic materials in immediately
It can be inferred from the passage that _____
  • plastic pollution can be addressed by recycling
  • the threat of pollution has diminished dramatically
  • plastic pollution is much harder to deal with than it seems
  • certain communities should take responsibility for plastic pollution

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

They do the washing every four days as they don't have clothes enough to last a week.

  • the washing
  • as
  • clothes enough
  • last

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Tom enjoys going to the park where he is played football with his friends.

  • going
  • where
  • is played
  • with

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
The astrological price of land and building materials deters people on low incomes.

  • astrological price
  • building
  • deters
  • on low incomes

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

"Have you ever tried water skiing, Tom?" she asked.

  • She asked Tom whether he had ever tried water skiing.
  • She asked Tom whether he has ever tried water skiing.
  • She asked Tom had he ever tried water skiing.
  • She asked Tom if you had ever tried water skiing.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

She isn't obliged to tell you the truth.

  • She needn't tell you the truth.
  • She musn't tell you the truth.
  • She has no intention of telling you the truth.
  • You can't make her tell you the truth.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Even though all their money had been returned they continued to complain.

  • They continued to complain but all their money had been returned.
  • They kept on complaining in spite of being given a full refund.
  • They didn’t stop complaining until all their money had been returned.
  • They didn’t stop complaining after they had received most of their money back.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
I don't like Paul's manners. I respect his character.

  • I don't like Paul's manners so I respect his character.
  • Although I don't like Paul's manners, I respect his character.
  • I respect Paul's character because I don't like his manners.
  • I respect Paul's character just as I don't like his manners.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

We arrived at the theatre. The play started then.

  • Not until the play had started did we arrive at the theatre.
  • Hardly had we arrived at the theatre when the play started.
  • Scarcely had we arrived at the theatre than the play started.
  • Only if the play had started did we arrive at the theatre.