Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia 2020 môn Anh THPT Kim Liên lần 1 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

2/1/2020 9:16:56 PM

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

Ranked as the number one beverage consumed worldwide, tea takes the lead over coffee in both popularity and production with more than 5 million metric tons of tea produced annually. Although much of this tea is consumed in Asian, European, and African countries, the United States drinks its fair share. According to estimates by the Tea Council of the United States, tea is enjoyed by no less than half of the US. population on any given day. Black tea or green tea — iced, spiced, or instant — tea drinking has spurred a billion-dollar business with major tea producers in Africa and South America and throughout Asia.
Tea is made from the leaves of an evergreen plant, Camellia saneness, which grows tall and lush in tropical regions. On tea plantation, the plant is kept trimmed to approximately four feet high and as new buds called flush to appear, they are plucked off by hand. Even in today's world of modern agricultural machinery, hand-harvesting continues to be the preferred method. Ideally, only the top two leaves and a bud should be picked. This new growth produces the highest quality tea.
After being harvested, tea leaves are laid out on long drying racks, called withering racks, for 18 to 20 hours. During this process, the tea softens and becomes limp. Next, depending on the type of tea being produced, the leaves may be crushed or chopped to release flavor, and then fermented under controlled conditions of heat and humidity. For green tea, the whole leaves are often steamed to retain their green color, and the fermentation process is skipped. Producing black teas requires fermentation during which the tea leaves begin to darken. After fermentation, black tea is dried in vats to produce its rich brown or black color.
No one knows when or how tea became popular, but legend has it that tea as a beverage was discovered in 2737 B.C. by Emperor Shen Nung of China when leaves from a Camellia dropped into his drinking water as it was boiling over a fire. As the story goes, Emperor Shen Nung drank the resulting liquid and proclaimed the drink to be most nourishing and refreshing. Though this account cannot be documented, it is thought that tea drinking probably originated in China and spread to other parts of Asia, then to Europe, and ultimately to America colonies around 1650.
With about half the caffeine content as coffee, tea is often chosen by those who want to reduce, but not necessarily eliminate their caffeine intake. Some people find that tea is less acidic than coffee and therefore easier on the stomach. Others have become interested in tea drinking since the National Cancer Institute published its findings on the antioxidant properties of tea. But whether the tea is enjoyed for its perceived health benefits, its flavor, or as a social drink, teacups continue to be filled daily with the world's most popular beverage.

Based on the passage, what is implied about tea harvesting?
  • It is totally done with the assistance of modern agricultural machinery.
  • It is no longer done in China.
  • The method has remained nearly the same for a long time.
  • The method involves trimming the uppermost branches of the plant.
What does the word “they” in paragraph 2 of the passage refer to______.
  • tea pickers
  • tropical regions
  • evergreen plants
  • new buds
Which of the following is NOT true about the tea production process?
  • Black tea develops its dark color during fermentation and final drying.
  • Black tea goes through two drying phases during production.
  • Green tea is often steamed to keep its color
  • Green tea requires a long fermentation process.
The word “documented” in paragraph 4 could be best replaced by which of the following word?
  • ignored
  • proved
  • stored
  • kept
According to the passage, what is true about the origin of tea drinking?
  • It is unknown when tea first became popular.
  • It may begin sometime around 1650.
  • It began during the Shen Nung dynasty.
  • It was originally produced from Camellia plants in Europe.
The word "eliminate" in paragraph 5 could be best replaced by which of the following word?
  • decrease
  • increase
  • reduce
  • remove
According to the passage, which may be the reason why someone would choose to drink tea instead of coffee?
  • Because it's easier to digest than coffee
  • Because it has a higher nutritional content than coffee
  • Because it helps prevent cancer
  • Because it has more caffeine than coffee
What best describes the topic of this passage?
  • Tea consumption and production
  • The two most popular types of tea
  • The benefits of tea consumption worldwide
  • How tea is produced and brewed

Lots of houses _____ by the earthquake last year.

  • are destroying
  • destroyed
  • were destroyed
  • were destroying
Rape and sexual violence against women have been in focus in India since the December 2012 gang-rape and murder of a young woman on a bus in the capital, Delhi. But there has been no sign that crimes against women are______.
  • relieving
  • abating
  • increasing
  • arising
New York City is blessed with some of the most ______ arresting street in the world.
  • architecturally
  • architecture
  • architectural
  • architecture

Choose the correct answer.

Just 15 months ago, the leaders of North and South ______ on Mt Paektu, optimistic that they would be able to come to some kind of an agreement to finally end the Korean War.

  • held hand
  • held hands
  • shake hand
  • joined hands
Facebook has faced a series of controversies during the past few years, including questions about the role it plays in elections, with the spread of ______ news and disinformation.
  • fake
  • false
  • prosthetic
  • counterfeit

South African Rapper Kiernan Jarryd Forbes, also known as AKA, is planning a massive concert to raise funds for university students, many ______ struggle to pay their tuition fees.

  • of them
  • of they
  • of that
  • of whom
_____ he arrived at the bus stop when the bus came.
  • Not until had
  • No longer had
  • No sooner had
  • Hardly had
When Mr. Spendthrift ran out of money, he ____ his mother for help.
  • fell in with
  • fell back on
  • fell behind
  • fell upon
She walked past us with her______in the air.
  • nose
  • ears
  • eyes
  • hair
The move to a universal points-based pension system would remove the most _____ pensions for a number of jobs ranging from sailors to lawyers and even opera workers.
  • advantage
  • advantages
  • advantaged
  • advantageous
A patient has been _____ with the rare viral infection monkeypox in the southwest of England.
  • agreed
  • diagnosed
  • familiar
  • flocked
I was angry when you saw me because I______ with my sister.
  • have been arguing
  • had been arguing
  • argued
  • would argue
We bought some______.
  • German lovely old glasses
  • German old lovely glasses
  • lovely old German glasses
  • old lovely German glasses

Last night there was _____ bird singing outside my house.

  • a
  • x
  • an
  • the
Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • agricultural
  • attire
  • advent
  • habitat
Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • chapel
  • label
  • vessel
  • parallel
Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
Although they had never met before the party, Jim and Jane felt strong affinity to each other.
  • enthusiasm
  • difference
  • moved
  • like-mindedness
Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
Recognizable smaller than most of the kids in his age group, Lionel Messi was diagnosed by doctors as suffering from a hormone deficiency that restricted his growth.
  • inadequacy
  • abundance
  • sufficiency
  • strength
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
Overeating is a cause of several deadly diseases. Physical inactivity is another cause of several deadly diseases.
  • Not only overeating but also physical inactivity may lead to several deadly diseases.
  • Apart from physical activities, eating too much also contributes to several deadly diseases.
  • Both overeating and physical inactivity result from several deadly diseases.
  • Overeating and physical inactivity are caused by several deadly diseases.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

No one but the experts was able to realize that the painting was an imitation. It greatly resembled the original.

  • It was obvious that only a person with great talent could fake a painting so successfully.
  • It was hard for ordinary people to judge between the fake painting and the real one, but not for the experts.
  • It was almost impossible for amateurs to realize that the painting was not authentic, though the experts could judge it quite easily.
  • The painting looked so much like the authentic one that only the experts could tell it wasn’t genuine.
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in the following question.
  • long-lasting
  • organic
  • overload
  • unite
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in the following question.
  • unemployment
  • baccalaureate
  • politics
  • perseverance

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
As regards sport and leisure activities, our two countries appear to have little in common.

  • As regards
  • sport
  • appear
  • in common

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
John climbed up into the tree and picked all the fruit out reach.

  • climbed up
  • into
  • the fruit
  • out

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
Sandra has not rarely missed a play or concert since she was seventeen years old.

  • rarely
  • or
  • since
  • was

John: "You're already leaving? The ball is only starting.”

Peter: "But it’s very late, so______."

  • take care
  • it’s great fun, thanks
  • have a good day
  • goodbye for now

"What a lovely house you have!"

- "_____"

  • Thank you. Hope you will drop in.
  • I think so.
  • Of course not, it’s not costly.
  • No problem.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Had he known more about the information technology, he would have invested in some computer companies.

  • Not knowing about the information technology help him invest in some computer company.
  • He didn’t know much about the information technology and he didn’t invest in any computer companies.
  • Knowing about the information technology, he would have invested in some computer companies.
  • He would have invested in some computer companies without his knowledge of the information.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this one.

“Why don't you participate in the volunteer work in summer,” said Sophie.

  • Sophie suggested me to participate in the volunteer work in summer.
  • Sophie asked me why not participate in the volunteer work in summer.
  • Sophie suggested my participating in the volunteer work in summer.
  • Sophie made me participate in the volunteer work in summer.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

You should have persuaded him to change his mind.

  • You should persuade him to change his mind.
  • You didn't persuade him to because of his mind.
  • It was essential to persuade hìm to change his mind but you didn't.
  • You persuaded him to change his mind but he didn't listen.

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

In “Cerealizing America”, Scott Bruce and Bill Crawford remark that the cereal industry uses 816 million pounds of sugar per year. Americans buy 2.7 billion packages of breakfast cereal each year. If end to end, the empty cereal boxes from one year's consumption would to the moon and back. One point three (1.3) million advertisements for cereal are broadcast on American television every year at a(n) of $762 million for airtime. Only automobile manufacturers spend more money on television advertising than the makers of breakfast cereal.

of the boxed cereals found in supermarkets contain large amounts of sugar and some contain more than 50% sugar. Cereal manufacturers are very clever in their marketing, making many cereals appear much healthier than they really are by “fortifying” them with vitamins and minerals. Oh, - you now have vitamin-fortified sugar!

Before you eat any cereal, read the ingredient list and see how híph sugar appears on the ingredient list. Then check the “Nutrition Facts” panel.

(From “Foods That Burn Fat, Foods That Tuh to Fdal” by Tom LentHio)

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).
An air pollutant is defined as a compound added directly or indirectly by humans to the atmosphere in such quantities as to affect humans, animals, vegetation, or materials adversely.

  • considerably
  • quickly
  • admittedly
  • negatively

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In the early days of baseball, the game was played by young men of means and social position.

  • with ambition
  • with money
  • with skill
  • with equipment

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

Only a fool pays big money for the real thing when you can get stuff on the street for a fraction of the price. No one's going to know the đifference and besides, it doesn't đo anyone any harm. does it?

Sadly, it's not quite that simple. Counterfeit goods are a serious problem for the big brand name manufacturers. "Although none of the big companies would admit how mụch they are losing, it clearly runs into millions of pounds every year," says John Anderson, executive secretary of the Anti-Counterfeiting Group, a body that represents around 200 major brands in the UK.

“You can buy a bag of fake Lacoste crocodiles in a market in some foreign country and Just sew them on to a bunch of cheap T-shirts.” Anderson says, “The products are often very poor quality, and you have no right to return those kinds of goods to the shop afterward if they run to the wash or something.”

Although few people are likely to feel sorry for brand name manufacturers, the problem goes deeper than that. “A fake T-shirt is not going to kill you, but you could die if the profits from that shirt go into making fake pharmaceuticals. We have evidence that there is money - laundering going on and a lot of the profits often go back into drug-dealing” says Anderson.

The Anti-Counterfeiting Group is convinced that most fake products are directly linked to organized crime and terrorism and there is strong anecdotal evidence to support this claim.

Trading of goods often works like this. The counterfeit traders operate from small portable crates, mostly selling fake perfumes and T-shirts. Three or four of them work a patch and the cash is held by a money man who watches over his team.

The money man hands out cash to his stooges, often women, who gather round traders pretending to feverishly buy the fake goods. The stooge's Job is to whip up interest from the public.

Each time the trader runs out of goods he gets more from a van parked out of sight nearby. At the first sign of trouble, the traders whip away their crates and disappear. Policing the counterfeit Is not easy. 

So while the cunning counterfeiters continue to escape the law, black-market shoppers will still be able to look like a million dollars on the cheap. But at what cost to the rest of us?

The article claims that buy counterfeit goods____.
  • does little harm
  • only harms big companies
  • particularly harms women
  • potentially harms everyone
According to Mr. Anderson, big companies_____.
  • deny they are losing money because of counterfeit goods
  • are setting up anti-counterfeit organization
  • buy their labels in foreign countries
  • are losing a lot of money because of counterfeit goods
The article suggests that_____
  • we should feel sorry for the big companies
  • counterfeit goods help us look smart
  • counterfeit goods are linked to other crimes
  • counterfeit goods are made in foreign countries
According to the article, counterfeit goods_____.
  • are often sold from crates
  • are good value for money
  • are usually T-shirts
  • are mainly bought by women
According to the article, counterfeit trading is dependent on_____.
  • good teamwork
  • interest from the public
  • quick reactions
  • women's interest in shopping