Đề thi thử THPTQG môn Anh Lê Hữu Trác - Hà Tĩnh lần 1 năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

2/9/2020 9:35:26 PM

Nam and Huy are talking about the 30th SEA Games.

Nam: "Vietnam U22 football team had an excellent performance and won gold medal because they had prepared carefully for the 30th SEA Games.”

Huy: "______. It ended our strong desire to win gold medal for 60 years."

  • You can make it
  • I can't agree with you more
  • You are welcome
  • Not at all

Janifer is meeting Mary in a party.

Janifer: "Wow! What a fashionable skirt you are wearing!"

Mary: “_____”

  • Thank you. That's a nice compliment.
  • Yes. of course. It's expensive.
  • Thank you. I like you to say that.
  • Certainly. Do you like it, too?

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

As you know, the burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas emit greenhouse gases. That is why environmentalists insist that we use clean, renewable energy sources. Wave energy, produced by ocean surface waves, is both eco-friendly and cost-efficient. Research has suggested that ocean wave power could make a major contribution to the world's energy resources. Scientists claim that using 1% of wave energy can provide the equivalent of 500 times the world energy consumption. With 70% of the earth's surface covered with water, wave energy is undoubtedly a valuable source of green energy

However, there is the challenge of converting wave power into energy and transmitting it to shore. Building and operating wave power stations in the ocean are far more expensive and difficult than on land. Also, salt water is a very hostile environment to devices. They go rusty easily and cannot last as long as those on shore. Sea waves make energy harvesting even harder by moving up and down most of the time.

Viet Nam has a long coastline with great potential for producing wave energy. Hopefully, advancements in renewable energy technology will soon allow us to exploit wave energy effectively and efficiently.

 

Which best serves as the title for the passage?

  • The cost of wave energy
  • Wave energy - source of clean energy for future
  • The limitation of fossil fuels
  • Advancements in energy technology

The word "hostile" in paragraph 2 refers to _____.

  • valuable
  • renewable
  • available
  • unfriendly

The word "They" in paragraph 2 refers to _____.

  • sea waves
  • sources of energy
  • devices
  • advancements

According to the passage, we should use renewable energy sources because they are _____.

  • emitting greenhouse gases
  • invaluable
  • eco-friendly
  • limited

What is the disadvantage of wave energy according to the passage

  • eco-friendly
  • expensive
  • efficient
  • renewable

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.

Being a single mother no longer carries the social stigma, that is used to.

  • holiness
  • trial
  • difficulty
  • stain

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.

Many organizations have been involved in drawing up the report on environmental campaigns.

  • engaged in
  • concerned about
  • enquired about
  • confined in

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.

One is supposed to expend far more energy in marathon run than expected.

  • consume
  • spend
  • exhaust
  • reserve

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

On the spur of the moment, she decided to enter the race that she had come to watch.

  • After careful thought
  • At the earliest possible moment
  • For only a short time
  • Without previous thought

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

It was careless of you to leave the windows open last night.

  • You mustn't have left the windows open last night.
  • You needn't have left the windows open last night.
  • You might have left the windows open last night.
  • You shouldn't have left the windows open last night.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Many people are afraid of sharks, but they rarely attack people.

  • Rarely attacked by sharks, many people are, therefore, afraid of them.
  • Although sharks rarely attack people, many people are afraid of them.
  • Many people are afraid of sharks because they are dangerous.
  • Sharks rarely attack people because many people are afraid of them.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

"Why don't you ask the Council for help?" my neighbor said.

  • My neighbor advised me to ask the Council for help.
  • My neighbor told me not to ask the Council for help.
  • My neighbor recommended asking the Council for help.
  • My neighbor wants to know why I don't ask the Council for help.

While Harry _____ his car, a friend of his phoned him to inform that he had been offered the job.

  • washed
  • would wash
  • was washing
  • had washed

Choose the correct answer.

_____ the vegetables are inspected carefully.

  • To have arrive at the supermarket
  • Just arrived the supermarket
  • On arrival at the supermarket
  • They had arrived the supermarket

Choose the correct answer.

The girls remember _____ to Suoi Tien Water Park when they were ten years old.

  • to have taken
  • being taken
  • having taken
  • to be taken

We should take part in "Green Sunday" movement in order to reduce environmental _____.

  • polluting
  • polluter
  • pollution
  • polluted

Fossil fuels still widely used _____ they cause much pollution to our environment.

  • because
  • in spite of
  • since
  • even though

I'm really _____ the weather today; I have a terrible cold.

  • affecting by
  • having of
  • feeling under
  • making out

_____ the living standard for the poor is a permanent aim of local authority.

  • Receiving
  • Improving
  • Making
  • keeping

After graduation, she found _____ with a local travel company in Chicago.

  • career
  • workplace
  • employment
  • service

Neil Armstrong was the first astronaut to step on _____ moon in 1969.

  • an
  • the
  • x (no article)
  • a

Because of a long period of economic depression, the company is about to _____ bankrupt.

  • go
  • make
  • take
  • lead

If the boys played better, they _____ the football match.

  • won
  • would win
  • will win
  • were winning

Thick fog in Hanoi prevented truck drivers _____ driving safely at night.

  • to
  • from
  • about
  • with

_____ in the United Kingdom, Harry Potter has been the bestseller book for a long time.

  • Published
  • Are published
  • Having published
  • Publishing

When he went to Egypt, he knew _____ no Arabic, but within 6 months he had become extremely fluent.

  • virtually
  • entirely
  • barely
  • scarcely

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The cowboy fell off his horse. He was wounded by an arrow.

  • The cowboy wounding by an arrow fell off his horse.
  • The cowboy fell off his house who wounded by an arrow.
  • The cowboy wounded by an arrow fell off his horse.
  • The cowboy who wounded by an arrow fell off his horse.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

I did not prepare carefully for the final test. I got disappointed result.

  • If I had prepared carefully for the final test, I would have got disappointed result.
  • If I hadn't prepared carefully for the final test, I would have got disappointed result.
  • If I had prepared carefully for the final test, I wouldn't have got disappointed result.
  • If I didn't prepare carefully for the final test, I would not get disappointed result.
Choose the word that has different pronunciation.
  • failed
  • performed
  • delivered
  • finished
Choose the word that has different pronunciation.
  • enough
  • thousand
  • trouble
  • couple

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Even though they had been lost in the mountains for three days they looked a strongly and healthy.

  • Even though
  • had been lost
  • for three days
  • strongly

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

New sources of energy have been looking for as the number of fossil fuels continues to decrease.

  • sources of energy
  • continues
  • been looking
  • number

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

It would be more economic to buy the bigger size.

  • It
  • be
  • bigger size
  • economic

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Pollution emitted in industrial areas represents a threat to human health and the surrounding natural resources. We have a tendency to believe that the production processes are the only source of environmental damage, and often forget about the possible long-term effects of harmful production practices. We may think that the closure of these huge industrial areas would improve the quality of the environment. Unfortunately, this ignores the threat of the remaining waste, which is abandoned and poorly stored. It represents an even bigger danger because it stands neglected as it degrades and leaks into the earth without any control at all.

Changes in the water chemistry due to surface water contamination can affect all levels of an ecosystem. It can affect the health of lower food chain organisms and, consequently, the availability of food up through the food chain. It can damage the health of wetlands and damage their ability to support healthy ecosystems, control flooding, and filter pollutants from storm water runoff. The health of animals and humans are affected when they drink or bathe in contaminated water. In addition water-based organisms, like fish and shellfish, can pile up and concentrate contaminants in their bodies. When other animals or humans eat these organisms, they receive a much higher dose of contaminant than they would have if they had been directly exposed to theoriginal contamination.

Contaminated groundwater can badly affect animals, plants and humans if it is removed from the wound by manmade or natural processes. Depending on the study of rocks of the area, groundwater may rise to the surface through springs or seeps, flow sideways into nearby rivers, streams, or ponds, or sink deeper into the earth. In many parts of the world, groundwater is pumped out of the ground to be used for drinking, bathing, other household uses, agriculture, and industry.

Contaminants in the soil can harm plants when they take up the contamination through their roots. Eating, breathing in, or touching contaminated soil, as well as eating plants or animals that have piled up soil contaminants can badly affect the health of humans and animals.

Air pollution can cause breathing-related problems and other bad health effects as contaminants are absorbed from the lungs into other parts of the body. Certain air contaminants can also harm animals and humans when they contact the skin. Plants rely on breathing for their growth and can also be affected by exposure to contaminants moved in the air.

The word "it" in the first paragraph refers to _____.

  • a danger
  • the remaining waste
  • the environment
  • the threat of the remaining waste

Which of the followings has the opposite meaning to the word "absorbed" in the last paragraph?

  • released
  • swallowed
  • consumed
  • piled up

The word "dose" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • body
  • part
  • amount
  • organism

Which of the followings is NOT badly affected by contaminated groundwater?

  • Rocks
  • Plants
  • Human
  • Animals

According to the passage, which of the followings supports healthy ecosystems?

  • Animals
  • Water-based organisms
  • Lower food chain organisms
  • Wetlands

According to the passage, the industry is likely to be thought as _____.

  • the only source of pollution
  • the utmost harmful activity
  • a danger to the environment
  • a threat to human health

What is the topic of the passage?

  • The quality of the environment
  • Bad effects of industrial waste
  • Sources of environmental damage
  • The pollution from the city

Which of the followings affect an ecosystem as the whole?

  • Groundwater contamination
  • Air contamination
  • Soil contamination
  • Surface water contamination
Choose the word that has different tress pattern.
  • conceal
  • follow
  • conserve
  • contain

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • invention
  • manager
  • company
  • attitude

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

When you first arrive in a foreign culture, often your first reaction is completely positive. Everything seems exciting, different and fascinating. It's an . If you are just on a short holiday, you will probably never leave this phase. if you stay longer, your attitude can start to change. As you start to realize little you really understand the new culture, life can get frustrating. People misunderstand what you are trying to say, or they may laugh at you when you say something incorrectly. Even simple things, like posting a letter, can seem very difficult to you. Thus, you are likely to get angry or upset when things go wrong. With time, though, you start to to become more comfortable with the differences and better able to handle frustrating situations. Your of humor reappears. Finally, you may feel enthusiastic about the culture once again, enjoy living in it, and even prefer certain aspects of the culture to your own.