Đề thi thử THPTQG trường THPT Trần Nguyên Hãn lần 1 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

2/26/2020 4:26:29 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • talked

  • missed

  • learned

  • watched

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • magazines

  • newspapers

  • vegetables

  • biscuits

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • prefer
  • refer
  • differ
  • occur
Choose the word that has different tress pattern.
  • certificate
  • equality
  • instrument
  • employee

My brother hopes to travel around the world _____ next summer.

  • a
  • an
  • the
  • (no article)

_____ not openly, I disagreed with him, as I didn't want to quarrel.

  • Since
  • Although
  • In spite of
  • Unless

Jane appears _____ some weight. Has she been ill?

  • having lost
  • having been lost
  • to have lost
  • to have been lost

I decided to go to the library as soon as I _____.

  • would finish what I did
  • finish what I did
  • finished what I did
  • finished what I was doing

_____ in 1937, the Golden Gate Bridge spans the channel at the entrance to San Francisco Bay.

  • Completing
  • Completed
  • Being completed
  • To be completed

These _____ suggest that there is not direct link between unemployment and crime.

  • readings
  • discoveries
  • findings
  • outputs

The situation has become _____ worse, and it is now impossible to handle.

  • progressively
  • continuously
  • frequently
  • constantly

The first week of classes at university was a little _____ because so many students get lost, change classes or go to the wrong place.

  • disarranged
  • chaotic
  • uncontrolled
  • famous

She has to go on a _____ course in cooking because next month she's getting married.

  • crash
  • speedy
  • quickly
  • fast

Learning English isn't so difficult once you _____.

  • get on it
  • get off it
  • get down to it
  • get down with it

Bill Gates is probably the best known and most successful _____ in computer software.

  • pioneer
  • navigator
  • generator
  • volunteer

iPhone 11 is the latest _____ in the field of smartphone design of Apple.

  • creator
  • create
  • creativity
  • creation

When someone is down on their _____, friends are not easy to find.

  • mood
  • luck
  • fortune
  • merit

I decided to have a long calm talk with her to _____.

  • have a go at her
  • cross words with her
  • clear the air
  • jump down my throat

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.

Teenage lethargy is often due to lack of proper nutrients.

  • sluggishness
  • enthusiasm
  • short-tempered
  • boredom

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Their arguments are getting pointless, so they decided to just bury the hatchet and forget what happened.

  • stop an argument and become friends again
  • lose their tempers
  • fight tooth and nail
  • get into hot water

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.

If you say bad things about the person who gives a job you bite the hand that feeds you.

  • be unfriendly
  • be ungrateful
  • be thankful
  • be devoted

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.

Until 1986 most companies would not even allow women to take the exams, but such gender discrimination is now disappearing.

  • unfairness
  • injustice
  • partiality
  • equality

"Thanks for your help!" – “_____”

  • No, it's not new.
  • No, it's too late.
  • No, it's too old.
  • You're welcome.

- "Oops! I'm sorry for stepping on your foot."

- "_____.”

  • Never mind
  • You don't mind
  • You're welcome
  • That's fine

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

The school officials are considering comprehensive planning to alleviate the problem of overcrowding in the dormitories.

  • are
  • planning
  • alleviate
  • overcrowding

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Some of the jobs described in the job interview were writing essays, correcting papers and reports typing.

  • described
  • were
  • essays
  • reports

Choose the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

Sarah was not best speaker in the class, but her personality and ability to convey her feelings helped her become the most requested.

  • not best
  • ability
  • feelings
  • Requested

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

"I really don't think that he'll attend the meeting tomorrow."

  • I did tell you that he would attend the meeting the next day.
  • "I will never forget his attendance at the meeting tomorrow."
  • "I doubt that he will attend the meeting tomorrow."
  • "I don't agree to his attendance at the meeting."

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

You should take regular exercises instead of sitting in front of the television all day.

  • Taking regular exercises is better than sitting in front of the television all day.
  • Sitting in front of the television all day helps you take regular exercises.
  • Sitting in front of the television all day and taking exercises are advisable.
  • Don't take regular exercises, just sit in front of the television all lay.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

It was not until after I got home that I realized I had not set the burglar alarm in the office.

  • On the way home, I suddenly realized that I had forgotten to turn on the burglar alarm in the office.
  • Fortunately, I realized that I hadn't set the burglar alarm just before I left for home; otherwise, I would have had to travel all the way back to the office.
  • I didn't turn the burglar alarm on before I left the office, but I only became aware of this after I’d arrived home.
  • I wish I had realized before I arrived home that I hadn't turned on the burglar alarm in the office, then it would have been easier to go and set it.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The burglar might come back. You’d better change all the locks.

  • If you don’t change all the locks, the burglar could come back.
  • The burglar will come back unless you change all the locks.
  • You’d better change all the locks or the burglar will come back.
  • You’d better change all the locks in case the burglar will come back.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

He was successful because he was determined to pursue personal goals. He was not talented.

  • His determination to pursue personal goals made him successful and talented.
  • It was his determination to pursue personal goals, not talent, that contributed to his success.
  • His success lay in his natural ability, not in his determination to pursue personal goals.
  • In addition to his determination, his talent ensured his success in pursuing his goals.

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

Most adults struggle to recall events from their first few years of life and now scientists have identified exactly when these childhood memories are lost forever. A new study into childhood amnesia has found that it tends to take around the age of seven. The rapid decline of memories persisting while children are five and six is owing to the change in the way memories are formed.

Before the age of seven, children tend to have an form of recall with no sense of time and place in their memories. In older children, however, the early recollected events tend to be more adult like in their content and the way they are formed. Faster rate of forgetting in children and higher turnover of memories , means early memories are less likely to survive. , memories of younger children tend to lack autobiographical narrative leading to a process known as retrieval induced forgetting the action of remembering causes other information to be forgotten. Consequently, if childhood memories can survive into the ninth or tenth year of life, they may stay a chance of it into adulthood.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

THE POWER OF CROWDSOURCING

There is a famous old saying that when trying to solve a problem "two heads are better than one". Yet until recently, businesses would often rely on one key person to get important tasks done. But thanks to a phenomenon called crowdsourcing, more and more companies are allowing their consumers to have their say when designing new products.

The term "crowd sourcing" refers to the process of outsourcing jobs which were once done by a single person to a large group (or a crowd) of people. In the past, crowdsourcing wasn't practical, as it was impossible to gather thousands of like-minded people together to share opinions. Now, thanks to the Internet, online forums, and social media, this isn't a difficult task at all.

There are many important applications for crowdsourcing in business. For example, if a small business was looking to develop a business logo, it might employ a single designer and hope for the best. However, with crowdsourcing, companies can specify some guidelines about their project, set a budget, and start a design contest online. Within hours, they will likely receive hundreds of designers sending them logos. In the end, they can choose the design they like best and the winner will get compensated.

Crowdsourcing has other applications as well. A website called Duolingo is using crowdsourcing to translate documents into different languages. It offers free lessons to language learners. As part of their tests, users translate lines to test their knowledge. Then, a computer program will analyze thousands of test results for consistency and arrange an accurate translation.

Not everyone is sold on crowdsourcing, though. In many cases, it may be better to rely on the opinion of a few specialized professionals than information from a crowd. For instance, it makes more sense to trust the opinion of one top doctor than to take the advice of 1,000 random people regarding a health issue. Another criticism is the low wage that crowdworkers usually receive. Since crowdworkers are freelancer and not employees, they can be paid less than minimum wage. Whether you love or hate crowdsourcing, it appears to be here to stay. So before you make any financial judgements, consider following the crowd and give crowdsourcing a try.

The old saying “two heads are better than one” in paragraph 1 means that _____.

  • two people can work more carefully than one person working alone
  • two heads are more expensive than one
  • two people can achieve more than one person working alone
  • two heads are paid better than one

One of the advantages of using crowd sourcing is _____.

  • we can get the best answer to our solution with the unbelievably small budget
  • within a relatively short period of time, we can get so many answers to a single problem
  • the company no longer hire employees to solve problems
  • hospitals can practically apply the method of crowd sourcing in consulting patients

Which of the following is NOT a good situation to use crowdsourcing?

  • A company needs to get ideas for a new sneaker.
  • A business is looking to understand why people like its products.
  • A student is looking for ideas on where to stay on holiday.
  • A person needs to understand a law for an important court case.

According to the passage, why didn't businesses use crowdsourcing in the past?

  • It was too hard to collect and check lots of people's ideas.
  • People weren't as smart as they are today.
  • It was usually illegal in most countries to do this.
  • No one had ever thought of the idea of crowdsourcing before.

The word "They" in paragraph 3 refers to _____.

  • the winning logo
  • the designer
  • the company
  • the website

The word "compensated" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • helped
  • provided
  • employed
  • paid

Why might someone agree to translate a document for Duolingo?

  • They might get paid lots of money.
  • It will help them get a good job in the future.
  • Duolingo will let them use crowdsourcing for free.
  • It is a part of their free language course.

Which of the following sentences is true?

  • Everyone agrees that crowdsourcing is a great idea.
  • Crowdsourcing is now a fast way to get logos made.
  • It seems that crowdsourcing will become less popular in the future.
  • People who work as crowd workers don't earn large salaries.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Parentese, the exaggerated, drawn-out form of speech that people use to communicate with babies, apparently is universal and plays a vital role in helping infants to analyse and absorb the phonetic elements of their parents' language. An international study shows that infants are so good at analysing this speech that by the age of 20 weeks they are beginning to produce the three vowel sounds common to all human languages - "ee", "ah" and "uu".

"Parentese has a melody to it. And inside this melody is a tutorial for the baby that contains exceptionally well-formed versions of the building blocks of language", explains Patricia Kuhl, a University of Washington neuroscientist.

The new study examined differences in how American, Russian and Swedish mothers speak to their infants and to other adults. The study shows that parentese is characterised by over-articulation that exaggerates the sounds contained in words. Mothers in the study were, in effect, sounding out "super-vowels" to help their infants learn the phonetic elements of language.

"In normal, everyday speech adults generally race along at a very fast pace", Kuhl says. But we know it is easier to understand a speaker when they stretch out sounds. That's why we tend to speak more slowly and carefully to increase understanding when we teach in the classroom or talk to strangers. We also do this unconsciously with babies, giving them an improved verbal signal they can capitalise on by slowing down and over articulating.

Which of the following best serves as the title for the passage?

  • Parentese and Standard Speech.
  • Parentese - A New Discovery in the field of Language.
  • Parentese - A Style of Speech for Babies.
  • How to Boost Babies' Language Development.

Which of the following is NOT mentioned as one thing parents tend to do when they talk with their babies?

  • stretching out sounds.
  • teaching phonetic elements.
  • speaking more slowly and carefully.
  • exaggerating sounds.

The word "capitalise on" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • catch up with
  • take the advantage of
  • get hold of
  • get the hang of

As mentioned in the passage, talking with babies using parentese can help them _____.

  • articulate better consonant sounds
  • absorb faster speech
  • analyse and absorb everyday speech
  • pronounce certain vowel sounds earlier

Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

  • Parents use parentese to help their babies learn new vocabulary.
  • Parents use parentese with their babies without realising that they do.
  • Parentese is different in different countries.
  • Parentese is also used in the classroom and with strangers.