Đề ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT số 43

8/27/2020 10:15:00 AM
Đề thi gồm 50 câu hỏi theo đúng cấu trúc đề thi THPT chính thức dành cho học sinh đặt mục tiêu 9 - 10 điểm. Đề đã được giải thích đáp án chi tiết đầy đủ.

Choose the correct answer.

According to new regulations, car drivers will be fined up to VND 30-40 million (US dollar 1,297-1,729) and have their driving license _____ for 22-24 months if they are caught driving under the influence of alcohol.

  • taken
  • validated
  • revoked
  • ratified

Choose the correct answer.

The cosmopolitan flavor of San Francisco is enhanced by _______ shops and restaurants.

  • its many ethnic
  • its ethnicity
  • ethnicity
  • an ethnic

Choose the correct answer.

All work had to be done by _____ hand when there were no modern machines.

  • a
  • an
  • the
  • x

Choose the correct answer.
Jane is going to fill out an application. She wants _______ for the job.

  • being considered
  • having considered
  • to be considered
  • to have considered

Choose the correct answer.

If ___________ after carefully, the plant can live through the winter.

  • looking
  • having looked
  • looked
  • been looked

Choose the correct answer.

What measures have been _____ to control traffic jam at rush hours?

  • imagined
  • taken
  • done
  • carried

Choose the correct answer.

According to scientific ______, the universe began several billion years ago.

  • theory
  • theorize
  • theoretical
  • theoretically

These teenagers spent most of their time playing computer games; __________, they lost their interests in daily activities.

  • though
  • such
  • although
  • as a result

My last birthday _____ the worst day I _____.

  • has been/ had
  • is/ have
  • was/ have ever had
  • was/ was having

Choose the correct answer.

His friends and family left him in the ______ when he went bankrupt.

  • church
  • lurch
  • end
  • street

Choose the correct answer.

After hours of bargaining with the salesman, Jake bought the jacket at a ______ of the original price.

  • fraction
  • piece
  • part
  • spot

In 1959 the political philosopher Hannah Arendt became the first woman ______ a full professor at Princeton University.

  • to appoint
  • who be appointed as
  • to be appointed
  • was appointed

Choose the correct answer.

_______ your help, I wouldn’t have got the scholarship.

  • If I had had
  • Had not it been for
  • But for
  • Unless I had

Choose the best answer.

________ turn color and fall to the ground is a sign of winter.

  • That leaves
  • Leaves
  • When leaves
  • If leaves

Choose the word which underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • increase

  • meant

  • flea

  • lease

Choose the word which underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • horses

  • houses

  • chooses

  • rises

Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from that of the rest.

  • handicraft
  • lacquerware
  • expression
  • pottery

Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from that of the rest.

  • hostess
  • incense
  • perform
  • costume

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
He is very intelligent. He can solve all the problems in no time.

  • So intelligent is he that he can solve all the problems in no time.
  • He is very intelligent that he can solve all the problems in no time.
  • An intelligent student is he that he can solve all the problems in no time.
  • So intelligent a student is he that he can solve all the problems in no time.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

He was successful because he was determined to pursue personal goals. He was not talented.

  • In addition to his determination, his talent ensured his success in pursuing his goals.
  • His determination to pursue personal goals made him successful and talented.
  • It was his determination to pursue personal goals, not talent, that contributed to his success.
  • His success lay in his natural ability, not in his determination to pursue personal goals.
Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
A recent research shows that walking for even twenty minutes a day can have significance health benefits.
  • walking
  • even
  • a day
  • significance
Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
The number of students attending universities to study economics have increased steadily in the last few years.
  • economics
  • of students
  • have
  • attending

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

I am not fond of reading fiction books as they are imaginable ones which are not real.

  • fond of
  • as
  • imaginable
  • are

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.
It was unnecessary for Tommy to take a raincoat because it’s sunny today.

  • Tommy needn’t have taken a raincoat because it’s sunny today.
  • Tommy shouldn’t have taken a raincoat because it’s sunny today.
  • Tommy couldn’t have taken a raincoat because it’s sunny today.
  • Tommy might not have taken a raincoat because it’s sunny today.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

It was your assistance that enabled us to get the achievement.

  • But for your assistance, we could not have got the achievement.
  • Your assistance discouraged us from get the achievement.
  • If you assisted us, we could not get the achievement.
  • Without your assistance, we could get the achievement.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

People who are unhappy sometimes try to compensate by eating too much.

  • Unhappy people are usually overweight because they tend to eat too much.
  • Eating too much occasionally makes people unhappy and depressed.
  • For some people, eating too much is a reason to be miserable.
  • When depressed, people occasionally attempt to offset their misery by overeating.

Choose the most suitable response to complete the exchange.

Ann: “Does the global warming worry you?"

Mathew: “_____ ”

  • What a shame!
  • Oh, it's hotter and hotter.
  • I can't bear to think about it.
  • I don't like hot weather, in the garden all day.

Laura and Maria are talking about the environment.

Laura: "I think its high time we taught the children about protecting the nature."

Maria: "_____."

  • I couldn't agree more
  • Don't bother
  • Not a chance
  • It's very kind of you

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).
After many years of unsuccessfully endeavoring to form his own orchestra, Glenn Miller finally achieved world fame in 1939 as a big band leader.

  • requesting
  • trying
  • offering
  • deciding

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).
The attack was in reprisal for the decapitation of their prince.

  • accusation
  • delay
  • retaliation
  • closure

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

New electronic devices have been developed to satisfy users' ever-changing needs.

  • constant
  • predictable
  • unstable
  • changeable

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
“I am nuts about computers. I have about seven in my house. Four laptops and three desktop computers.”

  • to need to sell something
  • to like something a lot
  • to be part of a fan club
  • to be sick of something

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

  The fictitious androids written about in the mid-1900s are becoming a reality with advances in the field of robotics. Japan and Korea have been pioneers in this field. They regularly compete to be the first. The focus of most researchers is in life-like, attractive female androids. A Japanese research group led by Hiroshi Ishiguro created the world’s first female android, which is called Actroid in 2003. The early model was limited so upgrades were made and the dramatic entertainment model was released in 2006. Actroids are covered with a silicone skin and have built-in sensors making them of reacting to humans, and they can also mimic many human behaviors. , they can be programmed to speak in any language. The Korean android, EveR-2, released in 2006, was designed by a team from Kitech. They claim that she is more life-like than Actroids, and she can mimic emotions. She can also speak and move her lips to match her . Future models are expected to have higher mobility and even be proficient in dancing. Research teams have also created male androids. One in particular is the Geminoid HI-1. Regardless of the competition, it’s clear that this technology will one day present us the dilemma of determining human from machine.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Marriage nowadays is a choice people make on their own, but this has not always been the case in society. Thousands of years ago, the average lifespan was shorter than it is today. A man usually lived until he was about 40 years old, while women died even sooner because of childbirth. There were many wars and illnesses, and people had to protect themselves by having more children while they were still young. The parents lived through their children.

Marriage was not so much a romantic love story but a business transaction, or deal. Most marriages were arranged between parents while their children were still very young. It was the custom that the fathers made the decision on whom their children were going to marry. The mothers had little say in it since they rarely made any decisions outside the household. The fathers would meet to arrange the wedding date and the money given for the bride on her wedding date. The more money and land a girl had, the more chances she had to marry well. Therefore, it was important that her father choose the bridegroom very well. Usually, it was someone who came from a good family or who was rich too. It was very unlikely that people married outside their social class. A few well-off and rich merchants got to marry poorer noble women and became King’s business advisors. In a way, poor peasants had an easier choice as it was less important whom they married.

The practice of arranged marriage is still common in some countries in the Middle East, such as India or Pakistan. Here, social classes are still strongly divided and very well-kept. Often, however, arranged marriages are a sign that people do not want to let go of the past, which gives them comfort and security in an ever-changing world.

(Adapted from Longman Essence Reading, Vol. 2)

What does the passage mainly discuss?
  • Marriage as a business transaction today.
  • Mothers' roles in their children's marriage.
  • Marriage practices in modern society.
  • The practice of arranged marriage.

The word "it" in paragraph 1 refers to _____.

  • marriage
  • a choice
  • society
  • the average lifespan
According to paragraph 2, richer girls were more likely to _____.
  • become noble women
  • marry well
  • succeed in business
  • marry peasants
The author mentions all of the following in the passage EXCEPT _____.
  • People tended to marry outside their social class.
  • Men made almost all decisions inside the family.
  • Marriage used to be a deal between two families.
  • The wedding date was decided by the fathers.

The word "bridegroom" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • bridesmaid
  • bride
  • daughter-in-law
  • son-in-law

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the question.

The principle of use and disuse states that those parts of organisms' bodies that are used grow larger. Those parts that are not tend to wither away. It is an observed fact that when you excercise particular muscles, they grow. Those that are never used diminish. By examining a man's body, we can tell which muscles he uses and which he doesn't, we may even be able to guess his profession or his reaction. Enthusiasts of the 'body- building' cult make use of the principle of use and disuse to 'build' their bodies, almost like a piece of sculpture into whatever unnatural shape is demanded by fashion in this peculiar minority culture. Muscles are not the only parts of the body that respond to use in this kind of way. Walk barefoot and you acquire harder skin on your soles. It is easy to tell a farmer from a bank teller by looking at their hands alone. The farmer's hands are horny, hardened by long exposure to rough work. The teller's hands are relatively soft.

The principle of use and disuse enables animals to become better at the job of surviving in their world progressively better during their lifetime as a result of living in that world. Humans, through direct exposure to sunlight, or lack of it, develop a skin color which equips them better to survive in the particular local conditions.Too much sunlight is dangerous. Enthusiastic sunbathers with very fair skins are susceptible to skin cancer. Too little sunlight, on the other hand, leads to vitamin-D deficiency and rickets. The brown pigment melanin which is synthesized under the influence of sunlight, makes a screen to protect the underlying tissues from the harmful effects of further sunlight. If a suntanned person moves to a less sunny climate, the melanin disappears and the body is able to benefit from what little sun there is. This can be represented as an instance of the principle of use and disuse: skin goes brown when it is 'used', and fades to white when it is not. 

(Source: The Blind Watchmaker by Richard Dawkins)

What does the passage mainly discuss?

  • How the principles of use and disuse change people's concepts of themselves.
  • The changes that occur according to the principle of use and disuse.
  • The way in which people change themselves to conform to fashion.
  • The effects of the sun on the principle of use and disuse.

The phrase "wither away" in bold is closest in meaning to______.

  • split
  • rot
  • perish
  • shrink

The word "Those" in bold refers to______.

  • organisms
  • bodies
  • parts
  • muscles

According to the passage, men of the 'body-building' cult ________.

  • appear like sculptures
  • change their appearance
  • belong to strange cults
  • are very fashionable

The word "acquire" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to __________. 

  • diminish
  • control
  • obtain
  • purchase

It can be inferred from the passage that the principle of use and disuse enables ______.

  • change their existence
  • automatically benefit
  • survive in any condition
  • improve their lifetime

The author suggests that melanin_____.

  • is necessary for the production of vitamin-D
  • is beneficial in sunless climates
  • helps protect fair-skinned people
  • is a synthetic product

In the second paragraph, the author mentions suntanning as an example of___________.

  • humans improving their local condition
  • humans surviving in adverse conditions
  • humans using the principle of use and disuse
  • humans running the risk of skin cancer