Đề ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT số 44

8/27/2020 10:20:00 AM
Đề thi gồm 50 câu hỏi theo đúng cấu trúc đề thi THPT chính thức dành cho học sinh đặt mục tiêu 9 - 10 điểm. Đề đã được giải thích đáp án chi tiết đầy đủ.

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • suitable

  • biscuit

  • building

  • guilty

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • talked

  • naked

  • liked

  • asked

David: "Your parents must be proud of your result at school."

Kathy: "_______"

  • Sorry to hear that.
  • I am glad you like it.
  • Thanks. It’s certainly encouraging.
  • Of course.

Choose the correct response.
Nam: “Do you think that there are jobs which only men or only women should do?”
Lan: “_______”

  • Men are better at certain jobs than women.
  • I agree. This really depends on their physical strengths and preferences.
  • Women and men should cooperate with each other.
  • Men are often favoured in certain jobs.

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).
Helen Keller, blind and deaf from an early age, developed her sense of smell so finely that she could identify friends by their personal odors.

  • classify
  • communicate with
  • describe
  • recognize

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).
She's put an enormous pile of papers on my desk and I don't have a clue what to do with them.

  • massive
  • miniscule
  • paramount
  • inessential

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
Ships crossing the oceans can receive signals from satellites that enable them to calculate their position accurately.

  • carelessly
  • imprecisely
  • uneasily
  • untruthfully

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
Urbanization is the shift of people moving from rural to urban areas, and the result is the growth of cities.

  • transposition
  • maintenance
  • variation
  • movement

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • habitat
  • athletics
  • interview
  • memory

Choose from the word whose stress pattern is different from the others.

  • describe
  • genius
  • antique
  • immense

Choose the correct answer.

I asked him ___________, but he said nothing.

  • what the matter was
  • the matter was what
  • what was the matter
  • what’s the matter was

Choose the correct answer.

She went to college to study history, but changed _______ and is now a doctor.

  • horses in midstream
  • for a better
  • her tune
  • hands

We moved to the countryside because we wanted to be close to _____ nature.

  • a
  • the
  • an
  • Ø

Choose the correct answer.

__________ me how to play the drum.

  • It was my uncle who taught
  • It was my uncle taught
  • My uncle who taught
  • It is my uncle teaching

The song ______ by our listeners as their favorite of the week is "Goodbye Baby" by Tunesmiths.

  • was chosen
  • is chosen
  • chosen
  • choosing

Choose the correct answer.

If you want to help, perhaps you could _________ the table for dinner.

  • put
  • lay
  • spread
  • place

Choose the correct answer.

Our plane ____ in Cairo hours ago, but we haven’t even taken off from Heathrow yet.

  • was supposed to land
  • must have landed
  • ought to be landing
  • will have landed

Choose the correct answer.

After long years working on his farm, he now has a ____ face.

  • weather - damaged
  • weather - affected
  • wearther - proof
  • weather - beaten

"Let’s go out for some coffee tonight, _________?" Kate asked her friend.

  • don’t we
  • shall we
  • can’t we
  • won't we

Choose the correct answer.

The controller of the body is the __________ system, led by the brain and nerves.

  • circulatory
  • digestive
  • nervous
  • respiratory

Choose the correct answer.

If John hadn't decided to stop working to look after her children, her medical practice ____ now.

  • would have thrived
  • would have been thrived
  • would have been thriving
  • would be thriving

Choose the correct answer.

The poor child was in floods of ______ because his bicycle had been stolen.

  • weeping
  • crying
  • tears
  • unhappiness

Choose the correct answer.

Although he is my friend, I find it hard to _______ his selfishness.

  • put up with
  • catch up with
  • keep up with
  • come down with

He complained to me in a _____ manner.

  • cowardly
  • coward
  • cowardice
  • cowards

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Even poor or rich, every Vietnamese family also get some special foods and decoration for Tet.

  • Even poor or rich
  • get
  • some special foods
  • decoration

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Tim and Tam should be encouraged to discuss analytically with the project that they are given.

  • should be
  • to discuss
  • with
  • are given

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Electric domestic heating systems are uneconomic to use.

  • Electric
  • heating
  • are
  • uneconomic

Choose the sentence which is closest in meaning to the given one.

When the unemployment rate is high, the crime rate is usually also high.

  • The unemployment rate and the crime rate are both higher.
  • The higher the unemployment rate is, the higher the crime rate is.
  • The unemployment rate is as high as the crime rate.
  • The high rate of unemployment depends on the high rate of crime.

Choose the sentence which is CLOSEST in meaning to the given one.

"You have spoilt my party,” she told her brother.

  • She apologized for spoiling her brother’s party.
  • She accused her brother of spoiling her party.
  • She has asked her brother to spoil her party.
  • She threatened to spoil her brother’s party.

Choose the sentence which is closest in meaning to the given one.
People say that Cameron was the best director of his time.

  • Cameron is said to be best director of his time.
  • Cameron was said to have been the best director of his time.
  • It was said that Cameron was the best director of his time.
  • Cameron is said to have been the best director of his time.

Mark the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
Seth informed us of his retirement from the company. He did it when arriving at the meeting.

  • Only after his retiring from the company did Seth tell us about his arrival at the meeting.
  • Not until Seth said to us that he would leave the company did he turn up at the meeting.
  • Hardly had Seth notified us of his retiring from the company when he arrived at the meeting.
  • No sooner had Seth arrived at the meeting than we were told about his leaving the company.

Mark the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Nam defeated the former champion in three sets. He finally won the inter-school table tennis championship.

  • Although Nam defeated the former champion in three sets, he did not win the title of inter- school table
  • Being defeated the former champion in three sets, Nam lost the chance to play the final games of interschool table tennis championship.
  • Having defeated the former champion in three sets, Nam did not hold the title of champion.
  • Having defeated the former champion in three sets, Nam won the inter-school table tennis championship.

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

Nowadays, people are more aware that wildlife all over the world is in . Many species of animals are threatened, and could easily become if we do not make an effort to protect them. In some cases, animals are hunted for their fur or for other valuable parts of their bodies. Some birds, such as parrots, are caught alive and sold as pets. For many animals and birds the problem is that their habitat - the place they live - is disappearing. More land is used for farms, for houses or industry, and there are fewer open spaces than there once were. Farmers use powerful chemicals to help them to grow better crops, these chemicals pollute the environment and spoil wildlife. The most successful animals on earth - human beings - will soon be the only ones , unless we can solve this problem.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Sunlight is solar energy. Sunlight is needed for growing plants that you eat to get energy. Sunlight is also used to make clean electricity. Burning fossil fuels to make electricity pollutes our atmosphere and rivers. Fossil fuels are expensive and limited sources of energy. Nuclear fission is used to create enormous amount of heat and electricity. However, nuclear fission forms dangerous radioactive waste.

Sunlight offers many ways to get energy. A window can allow warm sunlight into your room. Solar water-heating systems can use sunlight to warm the water for your home, swimming pool and school. Sunlight also warms the Earth and causes wind. Electricity can be made by wind generators.

Photovoltaic, or PV system use a type of material that converts sunlight into electricity. PV systems can power your air conditioner or a satellite like the International Space Station. PV systems are also used to run calculators, recharge cell phones, or even power lightweight cars.

Sunlight is also changed into electricity by concentrating solar power or CSP systems. CSP systems have mirrors that focus the sunlight. The concentrated sunlight turns water into steam which turns a turbine that is connected to an electric generator. A CSP system usually uses sunlight to make steam. CSP power plants can store large amount of heat. The stored heat is used to make electricity at night. During cloudy days, many CSP plants can also burn natural gas to provide the heat that is used to turn water into steam. Sunlight provides the energy needed to grow plants and make large amount of environmentally friendly heat and electricity. Solar energy can provide power today and for a long time in the future.

This article is mainly about _______.

  • Human using sunlight to stay warm
  • The need to develop new technology for solar power system
  • How the energy of sunlight is used
  • How solar energy can provide power for transportation systems

In the first paragraph, the word “fossil fuels” means _______.

  • fuels formed millions of years from the remains of animals and plants
  • nuclear energy
  • solar power
  • fuel formed from the energy of the wind

The drawback of nuclear fission is that _______.

  • it sends out energy in the form of rays that can be harmful.
  • it is costly.
  • it releases smoke.
  • it is time-consuming to be formed.

To help the readers understand some of the benefits of solar energy, the author _______.

  • provides a list of solar energy projects.
  • lists in chronological order the invention of various systems that gather the energy of sunlight.
  • describes in detail how a PV system works.
  • briefly compares and contrasts the differences in using fossil fuels, nuclear fission and solar energy in electric power systems.

Which of the following statements is NOT true?

  • Fossil fuel supplies are unlimited.
  • Solar energy is the energy that comes from the sun.
  • PV systems provide electricity for the International Space Station.
  • A CSP power plant can produce steam even at night.

In the third paragraph, the word “convert” is closest in meaning to _______.

  • change from one religion to another
  • transform
  • exchange for something equal in value
  • converse

In the fourth paragraph, the word “which” refers to _______.

  • water
  • steam
  • sunlight
  • solar power

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage ?

  • CSP power plants store heat to make electricity at night.
  • The International Space Station converts sunlight into electricity.
  • CSP systems concentrate water to generate electricity.
  • Solar energy will be exhausted in the future.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

The sea has always interested people. From it, they can get food, minerals, and treasures. For thousands of years, they sailed on the sea. But they could not go far beneath its surface. People want to explore deep into the sea. However, they are not fishes. Because people must breathe air, they cannot stay under the water’s surface for any length of time. To explore deep water, men and women face even more dangers and problems. A diver who wants to stay underwater for more than a few minutes must breathe air or a special mixture of gases. Divers can wear diving suits and have air pumped to them from above. They can carry tanks of air on their back and breathe through a hose and a mouthpiece. Water weighs 800 times as much as air. Tons of water push against a diver deep in the sea. The diver’s body is under great pressure. When divers are under great pressure, their blood takes in some of the gases they breathe. As they rise too quickly, the gases in their blood form bubbles. Divers then suffer from the bends. The bends can cause divers to double up in pain. Bends can even kill divers. 

Which best serves as the title of the passage?

  • Treasures from the Sea
  • Divers in the Sea
  • The Dangers under the Sea
  • Divers dying of bends

The word “mixture” is closest in meaning to ______.

  • combination
  • division
  • component
  • type

The word “them” refers to _____.

  • diving suits
  • tanks of air
  • undersea divers
  • gases

A diver’s body in deep water________.

  • is just like a fish’s body
  • suffers from the bends
  • is under great pressure
  • weighs very little

Why do drivers get the bends?

  • They come to the surface too quickly.
  • They try to do exercises under the water.
  • Their diving suits weigh too much.
  • Their blood takes some of the gases they breathe.