Bài tập Hoàn thành câu - Câu chẻ

3/23/2020 6:55:21 PM

Câu chẻ hay còn được gọi là câu nhấn mạnh, vì chúng được sử dụng để nhấn mạnh vào một đối tượng hay sự việc nào đó.

Trong một câu chẻ, một thông điệp duy nhất được chia thành hai mệnh đề, nhằm tập trung, nhấn mạnh vào phần thông tin mới đối với người nghe.

E.g.

  • It was John who borrowed my car yesterday.

Có 2 loại câu chẻ thường gặp nhất là: 1) câu chẻ bắt đầu bằng "It" và 2) câu chẻ bắt đầu bằng "that/all"

Trong bài này, chúng ta sẽ tập trung vào các dạng câu chẻ bắt đầu bằng "It".

I. Câu chẻ với “It” nhấn mạnh chủ ngữ:

Cấu trúc: It + be + thông tin cần nhấn mạnh + who/that + V + ...

E.g.:

  • A: Sharon's car got broken into yesterday, didn't it?
  • B: No. It was Nina’s car that got broken into!

Choose the correct answer.

__________ me how to play the drum.

  • It was my uncle who taught
  • It was my uncle taught
  • My uncle who taught
  • It is my uncle teaching

Choose the correct answer.

________ my neighbors who rescued me from the fire.

  • It is
  • It was
  • That is
  • This is

II. Câu chẻ với “It” nhấn mạnh tân ngữ:

Cấu trúc: It + be + thông tin cần nhấn mạnh + who/that + S + V + ...

E.g.:

  • A: You’ve met my mother, haven’t you?
  • B: No, it was your sister that I met!

Choose the correct answer.

_______ we all look for.

  • It is happiness that
  • That happiness
  • Happiness it is that
  • Happiness it is

Choose the correct answer.

_______ the police had rescued from the fire.

  • The baby
  • The baby that
  • It was the baby who
  • The baby whom

III. Câu chẻ với “It” nhấn mạnh trạng ngữ:

Cấu trúc: It + be + thông tin cần nhấn mạnh + that/where/when/why + S + V + ...

E.g.:

A: You are going on holiday in September, aren't you?

B: No. It was in August that I'm going on holiday.

Choose the correct answer.

_______ I bought the golden fish.

  • It was from this shop that
  • It was this shop which
  • It was from this shop where
  • It was this shop that

Choose the correct answer.

_______ my parents gave me the fish tank.

  • It was on my birthday when
  • It was my birthday that
  • It was my birthday on that
  • It was on my birthday that

IV. Ghi nhớ

Câu chẻ được dùng để nhấn mạnh một thông tin nào đó. 

Cấu trúc chung của câu chẻ bắt đầu bằng "It": It + be + thông tin cần nhấn mạnh + Relative clause.

Choose the correct answer.

_______ gave me that picture book.

  • Mary who
  • It was Mary
  • It was Mary who
  • It was Mary whose

Choose the correct answer.

It was Tom _________ to help us.

  • comes
  • that comes
  • to come
  • who came

Choose the correct answer.

_______ I first met my girlfriend.

  • It was in London that
  • It was London that
  • It was in London where
  • It was London which

It was ________ the wet and windy day that I drove over the hill to Milland.

  • in
  • on
  • at
  • for

Choose the correct answer.

It was my friend, Shona, ________.

  • I was at school with whom
  • with who I was at school
  • I was at school with
  • with that I was at school

Choose the correct answer.

_______ on the phone.

  • It is his mother whom is
  • It was his mother who is
  • It was his mother whom is
  • It is his mother who is

Choose the correct answer.

______ those books on the desk?

  • Were it you who put
  • Was it you that put
  • It was you who put
  • It is you that put

Choose the correct answer.

________ we have to wait.

  • It is a long time that
  • It is for a long time that
  • It is a long time for that
  • It is for a long time when

Choose the correct answer.

It is _______ they are going to, not Russia.

  • Spain
  • Spain that
  • in Spain where
  • in Spain that

Choose the correct answer.

________ he heard the news.

  • It was three-week later that
  • It was three-week later when
  • It was three weeks later when
  • It was three weeks later that

Choose the correct answer.

________ a high level of blood cholesterol.

  • It is eggs that contain
  • It is eggs that contains
  • Those are eggs it contains
  • It is eggs contain

Choose the correct answer.

_______ I first met him in that resort.

  • It was last winter when
  • It was in last winter when
  • It was last winter
  • It was the last winter which

________ disappeared when I arrived at the airport.

  • My passport
  • it is my passport that
  • It was my passport
  • it is my passport

Choose the correct answer.

It was the great efforts _______ to complete his study.

  • that made
  • that he made
  • that he made it
  • he made it

Choose the correct answer.

It is ________ we will leave for Paris.

  • April
  • in April that
  • April in that
  • in April when

Choose the correct answer.

________ on my part that I could not manage to deliver the goods on time.

  • An error
  • That’s an error
  • It was an error
  • An error it was

Choose the correct answer.

_______ in sorrow than in anger that his parents criticized him on his failure.

  • It is
  • It was
  • It was much
  • It was more

Choose the correct answer.

______ took my document?

  • It is Peter that
  • Was it Peter that
  • It was Peter that
  • Was that Peter

Choose the correct answer.

It is _______ I get emotional satisfaction.

  • collecting stamps that
  • collecting stamps from that
  • from collecting stamps that
  • collecting stamps that from

Choose the correct answer.

It is the library ________.

  • that I often borrow books
  • where I often borrow books from
  • that I often borrow books from
  • from that I often borrow books

Choose the correct answer.

________ England won the World Cup.

  • It was in 1966 that
  • It was on 1966 that
  • It was in 1966 when
  • It was 1966 in that

Choose the correct answer.

_________ took my car.

  • It was you
  • It were you
  • It was you that
  • it was you whom

Choose the correct answer.

It was the stamp collection _________. 

  • about I have ever told you
  • about that I have ever told you
  • I have ever told you about
  • that I have ever told you

Choose the correct answer.

________ taught me how to collect butterflies.

  • It was my father
  • It was my father whom
  • It is my father
  • My father

Choose the correct answer.

It is _______ that you can leave the exam room.

  • only when have you finished your papers
  • you have finished your papers
  • only have you finished your papers
  • only when you had finished your papers

Choose the correct answer.

It is _______ we usually sit in the afternoon reading books.

  • on the tree where
  • by the tree
  • under the tree that
  • under the tree which

Choose the correct answer.

It is Tom _______ the test.

  • who have finished
  • that has finished
  • that are finishing
  • finishing

Choose the correct answer.

It was in 1990 _______ I met my husband.

  • when
  • which
  • that
  • Ø

Choose the correct answer.

_______ invented the telephone.

  • He was Marconi that
  • He is Marconi who
  • It is Marconi that
  • It was Marconi that

Choose the correct answer.

_______ she was born.

  • It is in Paris where
  • It was in Paris that
  • It is in Paris, that
  • It was in Paris where

Choose the correct answer.

_______ the nearest to the sun.

  • It is Mercury who is
  • It was Mercury that are
  • It is Mercury, which are
  • It is Mercury that is