Đề ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT số 7

4/18/2020 11:09:00 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • accurate

  • account

  • accept

  • accuse

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • collects

  • likes

  • swims

  • claps

Choose the word which differs from the other three words in the position of the primary stress.

  • comprise
  • depend
  • design
  • novel
Choose the word which differs from the other three words in the position of the primary stress.
  • impressive
  • effective
  • generous
  • terrific

Tom cut down the tree in the garden last week, ____?

  • didn't he
  • did he
  • doesn't he
  • does he

You should use this cream ____ the sun from damaging your skin.

  • for prevent
  • to prevent
  • to preventing
  • preventing

If she _______ rich, she would travel around the world.

  • would be
  • is
  • has been
  • were

I ______ my grandparents since I ______ my studies in Paris.

  • didn't visit/have started
  • don't visit/start
  • wasn't visiting/start
  • haven't visited/started

We do not have many carnivals in Vietnam ______ we have many special traditional festivals.

  • moreover
  • while
  • nevertheless
  • although

Because of difficulties in getting a visa, we had to ____ the idea of visiting the States.

  • take out
  • give out
  • take up
  • give up
A lie travels around the world _____.
  • while truth is putting her boots on
  • as truth put her boots on
  • after truth is putting her boots on
  • before truth has put her boots on

I don’t have a job _____ the moment.

  • in
  • at
  • on
  • of

Despite her painful leg, the dancer moved _______ through the room.

  • graceful
  • gracefully
  • grace
  • graceless

Had it not been for its cautiously prepared performance, the play could not have ______ most of the audience to tears.

  • moved
  • given
  • brought
  • travelled
The newspaper did not mention the ______ of the damage caused by the fire.
  • range
  • extent
  • amount
  • quality

Van Gogh’s Sunflowers once sold for $39.9 million, ____ the previous record.

  • which were three times
  • three times
  • was three times
  • which three times
The referee had no hesitation in awarding the visiting team a _____.
  • penalty
  • penalize
  • penal
  • penalization
Nobody would call me an alcoholic, but I like to have a drink of beer _____ and then.
  • when
  • now
  • often
  • there

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Professor Berg was very interested in the diversity of cultures all over the world.

  • variety
  • conservation
  • changes
  • number

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-informed.

  • easily seen
  • beautiful
  • popular
  • suspicious

Choose the word(s) that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Many women prefer to use cosmetics to enhance their beauty and make them look younger.

  • improve
  • worsen
  • maximize
  • enrich
Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
In the fullness of time Britain will become the best place in the world to do business.
  • Eventually
  • Initially
  • Speedily
  • Finally

- "How well you are playing!"

- "_____."

  • Say it again. I like to hear your words
  • I think so. I am proud of myself
  • Thank you too much
  • Many thanks. That is a nice compliment

Alex is talking to his teammate, Tim, about aquatic sports.

Alex: ”Do you think windsurfing is a dangerous sport?”

Tim: ”______”

  • You’re right. There’s no doubt about it.
  • No, I don’t think so. It’s perfectly safe.
  • You can say that again but it’s still true.
  • I see what you mean but that’s a good idea.

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

When you first arrive in a foreign culture, often your first reaction is completely positive. Everything seems exciting, different and fascinating. It's an . If you are just on a short holiday, you will probably never leave this phase. if you stay longer, your attitude can start to change. As you start to realize little you really understand the new culture, life can get frustrating. People misunderstand what you are trying to say, or they may laugh at you when you say something incorrectly. Even simple things, like posting a letter, can seem very difficult to you. Thus, you are likely to get angry or upset when things go wrong. With time, though, you start to to become more comfortable with the differences and better able to handle frustrating situations. Your of humor reappears. Finally, you may feel enthusiastic about the culture once again, enjoy living in it, and even prefer certain aspects of the culture to your own.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

CAN ANIMALS TALK?

In 1977, a young Harvard graduate named Irene Pepperberg brought a one-year-old African gray parrot into her lab, and attempted something very unusual.

At a time when her fellow scientists thought that animals could only communicate on a very basic level, Irene set out to discover what was on a creature’s mind by talking to it. The bird named Alex proved to be a very good pupil.

Scientists at the time believed that animals were incapable of any thought. They believed that animals only reacted to things because they were programmed by nature to react that way, not because they had the ability to think or feel. Any pet owner would probably disagree. Pepperberg disagreed, too, and started her work with Alex to prove them wrong.

Pepperberg bought Alex in a pet state. She let the store's assistant pick him out because she didn't want other scientists saying later that she'd deliberately chosen an especially smart bird for her work. Most researchers thought that Pepperberg’s attempt to communicate with Alex would end in failure.

However, Pepperberg's experiment did not fail. In fact, over the next few years, Alex learned to imitate almost one hundred and fifty English words and was even able to reason and use those words on a basic level to communicate.

For example, when Alex was shown an object and was asked about its shape, color, or material, he could label it correctly. He could understand that a key was a key no matter what its size or color, and could figure out how the key was different from others.

Pepperberg was careful not to exaggerate Alex's success and abilities. She did not claim that Alex could actually ‘use’ language. Instead, she said that Alex had learned to use a two-way communication code. Alex seemed to understand the turn-taking pattern of communication.  

The reading passage is mainly about _____.

  • how animals communicate with human
  • one woman's successful experiment to communicate with a bird
  • how parrots are smarter than other animals
  • how Irene Pepperberg proved her fellow scientists wrong

According to the reading other scientists believed that animals _____

  • could only communicate in nature
  • had the ability to communicate with pet owners
  • could communicate if they were programmed to do so
  • didn’t have the ability to think

In paragraph 4, “deliberately” is closest in meaning to _____.

  • naturally
  • intentionally
  • cleverly
  • honestly

The word “them" in paragraph 3 refers to____.

  • animals
  • scientists
  • pet owners
  • things
Which of the following is NOT true about Irene’s parrot Alex?
  • He learned to use almost 150 English words.
  • He could label a number of objects.
  • He was able to have complicated conversations.
  • He could understand how one object was different from others.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.

Are Human Beings Getting Smarter?

Do you think you are smarter than your parents or grandparents? According to James Flynn, a professor at a New Zealand university, you might be. Over the course of the last century, IQ test scores of people in some countries have got increasingly better - on average, three points better for every decade that has passed. This trend of improving scores is known as “the Flynn effect,” and scientists want to know what is behind it.

IQ tests and other similar tests are designed to measure general intelligence rather than knowledge. Flynn knew that intelligence is partly inherited from our parents and partly the result of our environment and experiences, but the improvement in test scores was happening too quickly to be explained by heredity. So what happened in the 20th century that led to higher test scores?

Scientists have proposed several explanations for the Flynn effect. Some suggest that the improved test scores simply reflect increased exposure to tests in general. Because we take so many tests, we learn test-taking techniques that help us perform better. Others have pointed to better nutrition, which results in babies being born larger, healthier, and more brain development than in the past. Another possible explanation is a change in educational styles - children are encouraged to discover things for themselves rather than just memorizing information. This could prepare people to do the kind of problem-solving that intelligence tests require.

Flynn himself suggested that learning new technologies may have improved people’s problem-solving skills. This may be true for the first decade of his tests when IQ scores in many countries increased. However, in recent years, IQ test scores in some countries have begun to decline. Data from Norway, the Netherlands, Australia, and Great Britain have shown that as these countries become more and more modern, IQ scores have begun to drop.

While scientists aren’t sure what is causing this decline, they think technology is dramatically changing the way that we learn and get information. For example, people are now able to access all kinds of information easily using online resources like Google or Wikipedia. The danger is when they start to rely too much on these sources of information, and not do any thinking for themselves. Lifestyle changes that come with modern technology may also have a negative effect on intelligence, such as video games and television making people less social. So while the world may have got smarter over the 20th century, improving technology and changing lifestyles may soon reverse that trend.

Note: heredity (n) = the process by which features and characteristics are passed on to you from your parents through your genes.

What best describes the Flynn effect?

  • a way to measure intelligence
  • an increase in IQ test scores
  • a way of teaching university students
  • an explanation for why people are less smart

The Flynn effect is probably the result of _______.

  • heredity
  • our environment and experiences
  • taking fewer tests
  • memorizing information

IQ test evaluate our ________.

  • knowledge
  • environment
  • intelligence
  • memories

The word "exposure" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ________.

  • being influenced by something
  • attention from newspapers or TV
  • the act of making something public
  • the amount of light received

Who does the word "others" in paragraph 3 refer to?

  • babies
  • scientists
  • people in general
  • people who take tests

The writer uses video games as an example of how __________.

  • we are becoming less social
  • technology increases problem-solving skills
  • people don't think for themselves
  • countries are becoming more technologically advanced

Which sentence gives the main idea of the passage?

  • This trend of improving scores is known as "the Flynn effect", and scientists want to know what is behind it.
  • Because we take so many tests, we learn test-taking techniques that help us perform better.
  • However, in recent years, IQ test scores in some countries have begun to decline.
  • Lifestyle changes that come with modem technology may also have a negative effect on intelligence.

Which statement would the writer probably agree with?

  • People today are more intelligent in every way.
  • People today have fewer problems to solve.
  • People today don't take enough tests.
  • People today use computers too much.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

There was a small table besides the bed, on which there was a book.

  • was
  • besides
  • on
  • was

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The amounts of oxygen and nitrogen in the air almost always remain stable, but the amount of water vapor vary considerably.

  • The amounts of
  • almost always
  • the amount of
  • vary

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

His sister likes sewing, drawing, dancing and to listen to music.

  • likes
  • drawing
  • dancing
  • to listen

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

My interview lasted longer than yours.

  • Your interview was as long as mine.
  • Your interview was shorter than mine.
  • Your interview was longer than mine.
  • Your interview wasn't as short as mine.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

It’s essential that you be on time for the exam.

  • You can be late for the exam.
  • You mustn’t be late for the exam.
  • You don’t need to be on time for the exam.
  • You should be late for the exam.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

“You must never play truant again." said their mother.

  • Their mother forbade them from playing truant again.
  • They are allowed to play truant ever again by their mother.
  • Their mother commanded that they should not play truant again.
  • Never will their mother allow them to play truant again.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Jane was about to miss her train. Jack got her there just in time by driving fast.

  • Jane would have missed the train if Jack had driven fast.
  • Provided Jack hadn't driven fast, Jane wouldn't have missed the train.
  • But for Jack's fast driving, Jane would have missed the train.
  • Unless Jack drove fast, Jane would miss the train.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The basketball team knew they lost the match. They soon started to blame each other.

  • Not only did the basketball team lose the match but they blamed each other as well.
  • Hardly had the basketball team known they lost the match when they started to blame each other.
  • No sooner had the basketball team started to blame each other than they knew they lost the match.
  • As soon as they blamed each other, the basketball team knew they lost the match.