Đề ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT số 49

8/30/2020 11:00:00 AM
Đề thi gồm 50 câu hỏi theo đúng cấu trúc đề thi THPT chính thức dành cho học sinh đặt mục tiêu 9 - 10 điểm. Đề đã được giải thích đáp án chi tiết đầy đủ.

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • products

  • cultures

  • dwellers

  • earplugs

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • nervous

  • scout

  • household

  • mouse

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • invent
  • reduce
  • pollute
  • surface

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • different
  • carefully
  • holiday
  • reviewer

Let's look at the forecast and then decide, _____ we?

  • shall
  • won't
  • can't
  • don't

I ______ from her twice since she ______ her hometown.

  • only heard/was leaving
  • was only hearing/left
  • have only heard/left
  • had only heard/was leaving

_____ we don't have that much money, we won't take a holiday this year.

  • Since
  • Because of
  • Despite
  • Although
Don’t count your chickens_____.
  • as long as they’ll hatch
  • as soon as they had hatched
  • before they hatch
  • while they were hatching

What do you think about the ______ problems in your city?

  • environment
  • environmentalist
  • environmentally
  • environmental

He is a tough politician - he knows how to _____ the storm.

  • run down
  • keep up
  • ride out
  • push back

At the end of the broadcast, the TV station received a _____ of complaints.

  • hurricane
  • tsunami
  • tornado
  • torrent
Many books were not available to the public because of government ______.
  • omission
  • inhibition
  • compensation
  • censorship
I felt a bit ______ and seemed to have more aches and pains than usual.
  • out of sorts
  • on the mend
  • over the worst
  • under the fevers

To _____ further coronavirus infections, the northern Bac Giang Province has transferred factory workers to centralized quarantine facilities.

  • prevent
  • cure
  • stop
  • reinforce

_____ of flammable materials, the house caught on fire easily.

  • Having built
  • To be built
  • Being built
  • Was built

What a/an _____ cup and saucer!

  • amazing little old Chinese
  • little old amazing Chinese
  • old amazing Chinese little
  • Chinese old little amazing

_____ your skin is, the more dangerous it is.

  • More sensitive
  • The more sensitive
  • Less sensitive
  • The most sensitive

Authorities in Hue Town Wednesday decided to cancel the biennial Hue Traditional Craft Festival as a safeguard _____ the spread of Covid-19.

  • for
  • against
  • to
  • during

When the typhoon happened, the communal house _____ totally flooded.

  • is
  • are
  • was
  • were

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The neighbors' constant wrangles with each other shattered our tranquility.

  • wrecks
  • wraths
  • quarrels
  • conversations

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Safety regulations have made it obligatory for all employees to wear protective clothing.

  • significant
  • optional
  • common
  • compulsory

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

As a teacher, you have to adjust your methods to suit the needs of slower children.

  • change
  • remain
  • adopt
  • modify

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

People who do very important jobs sometimes have to work around the clock.

  • permanently
  • irregularly
  • continually
  • hastily

- "Oops! I'm sorry for stepping on your foot."

- "_____.”

  • Never mind
  • You don't mind
  • You're welcome
  • That's fine

Ben: "I think people should be allowed to smoke on trains and buses. Don’t you?"

John: "_______ But it's acceptable if they smoke in private settings."

  • I don't know.
  • I don’t think so.
  • That’s totally out of the question.
  • Well, maybe.

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

In the early twentieth century, an American woman named Emily Post wrote a book on etiquette. This book explained the proper behavior Americans should follow in many different social (A)_____, from birthday parties to funerals. But in modern society, it is not simply to know the proper rules for behavior in your own country. It is necessary for people (B)_____ work or travel abroad to understand the rules of etiquette in other cultures as well. Cultural (C)_____  can be found in such simple processes as giving or receiving a gift. In Western cultures, a gift can be given to the receiver with the relatively little ceremony. When a gift is offered, the receiver usually takes the gift and expresses his or her thanks. (D)_____, in some Asian countries, the act of gift-giving may appear confusing to Westerners. In Chinese culture, both the giver and receiver understand that the receiver will typically refuse to take the gift several times before he or she finally accepts it. In addition, to (E)_____ respect for the receiver, it is common in several Asian cultures to use both hands when offering a gift to another person.

(Source: Reading Advantage by Casey Malarcher)

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (A).

  • situations
  • conditions
  • positions
  • locations

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (B).

  • where
  • who
  • whose
  • which

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (C).

  • different
  • differently
  • differ
  • differences

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (D).

  • Therefore
  • Otherwise
  • However
  • Moreover

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (E).

  • take
  • show
  • feel
  • get

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Although speech is the most advanced form of communication, there are many ways of communicating without using speech. Signals, signs, symbols, and gestures may be found in every known culture. The basic function of a signal is to impinge upon the environment in such a way that it attracts attention, as, for example, the dots and dashes of a telegraph circuit. Coded to refer to speech, the potential for communication is very great. Less adaptable to the codification of words, signs also contain meanings in and of themselves. A stop sign or a barber pole conveys meaning quickly and conveniently.

Symbols are more difficult to describe than either signals or signs because of their intricate relationship with the receiver's cultural perceptions. In some cultures, applauding in a theater provides performers with an auditory symbol of approval. Gestures such as waving and handshaking also communicate certain cultural messages.

Although signals, signs, symbols, and gestures are very useful, they do have a major disadvantage in communication. They usually do not allow ideas to be shared without the sender being directly adjacent to the receiver. Without an exchange of ideas, interaction comes to a halt. As a result, means of communication intended to be used for long distances and extended periods must be based upon speech. Radio, television, and the telephone are only a few.

Which would be the best title for the passage?

  • Gestures
  • Signs and signals
  • Speech
  • Communication

What does the author say about speech?

  • It is dependent upon the advances made by inventors.
  • It is the most advanced form of communication.
  • It is necessary for communication to occur.
  • It is the only true form of commnication.

According to the passage, what is a signal?

  • A form of communication that interrupts the environment.
  • The most difficult form of communication to describe.
  • A form of communication which is rarely used across long distances.
  • The form of communication most related to cultural perception.

The word "it" in paragraph 1 refers to _____.

  • way
  • environment
  • function
  • signal

The word "potential" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • advantage
  • possibility
  • organization
  • signal

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.

1. Overpopulation, the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space, is closely associated with poverty. It can result from high population density, or from low amounts of resources, or from both. Excessively high population densities put stress on available resources. Only a certain number of people can be supported on a given area of land, and that number depends on how much food and other resources the land can provide. In countries where people live primarily by means of simple farming, gardening, herding, hunting, and gathering, even large areas of land can support only small numbers of people because these labor-intensive subsistence activities produce only small amounts of food.

2. In developed countries such as the United States, Japan, and the countries of Western Europe, overpopulation generally is not considered a major cause of poverty. These countries produce large quantities of food through mechanized farming, which depends on commercial fertilizers, large-scale irrigation, and agricultural machinery. This form of production provides enough food to support the high densities of people in metropolitan areas.

3. A country’s level of poverty can depend greatly on its mix of population density and agricultural productivity. Bangladesh, for example, has one of the world’s highest population densities, with 1,147 persons per sq km. A large majority of the people of Bangladesh engage in low-productivity manual farming, which contributes to the country’s extremely high level of poverty. Some of the smaller countries in Western Europe, such as the Netherlands and Belgium, have high population densities as well. These countries practice mechanized farming and are involved in high-tech industries, however, and therefore have high standards of living.

4. At the other end of the spectrum, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have population densities of less than 30 persons per sq km. Many people in these countries practice manual subsistence farming; these countries also have infertile land, and lack the economic resources and technology to boost productivity. As a consequence, these nations are very poor. The United States has both relatively low population density and high agricultural productivity; it is one of the world’s wealthiest nations.

5. High birth rates contribute to overpopulation in many developing countries. Children are assets to many poor families because they provide labor, usually for farming. Cultural norms in traditionally rural societies commonly sanction the value of large families. Also, the governments of developing countries often provide little or no support, financial or political, for family planning; even people who wish to keep their families small have difficulty doing so. For all these reasons, developing countries tend to have high rates of population growth.

Which of the following is given a definition in paragraph 1?

  • Poverty
  • Simple farming
  • Overpopulation
  • Population density

What will suffer when there are excessively high population densities?

  • Farming methods
  • Skilled labor
  • Land area
  • Available resources

The phrase “that number” in paragraph 1 refers to the number of ______.

  • densities
  • countries
  • people
  • resources

In certain countries, large areas of land can only yield small amounts of food because ______.

  • there is an abundance of resources
  • there is no shortage of skilled labor
  • there is lack of mechanization
  • there are small numbers of laborers

Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?

  • All small countries in Western Europe have high population densities.
  • In certain developed countries, mechanized farming is applied.
  • In sub-Saharan African countries, productivity is boosted by technology.
  • There is no connection between a country’s culture and overpopulation.

Which of the following is a contributor to overpopulation in many developing countries?

  • High birth rates
  • High-tech facilities
  • Sufficient financial support
  • Economic resources

Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?

  • Overpopulation: Worldwide Problem
  • High Birth Rate and its Consequences
  • Poverty in Developing Countries
  • Overpopulation: A Cause of Poverty

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Such human activities as pollution, drainage of wetlands, cutting and clearing of forests, urbanization, and road and dam construction has destroyed or seriously damaged available habitats.

  • Such
  • drainage
  • clearing
  • has destroyed

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Despite their short time on Earth, human beings have brought about enormous changes to the surface of the planet, where they are surviving and destroy.

  • Despite
  • changes
  • where
  • and destroy

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Rebecca is definitely disinterested in studying biochemistry and geography.

  • definitely
  • disinterested
  • studying
  • geography

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

It’s essential not to interrupt others while they are speaking.

  • You mustn’t interrupt others while they are speaking.
  • You can interrupt others while they are speaking.
  • You couldn’t interrupt others while they are speaking.
  • You don’t have to interrupt others while they are speaking.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

“You should have informed me of the change in advance.” the boss said to his secretary.

  • The boss blamed his secretary for not informing him of the change in advance.
  • The boss thanked his secretary for informing him of the change in advance.
  • The boss encouraged his secretary not to inform him of the change in advance.
  • The boss advised his the secretary to inform him of the change in advance.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

You should take regular exercises instead of sitting in front of the television all day.

  • Taking regular exercises is better than sitting in front of the television all day.
  • Sitting in front of the television all day helps you take regular exercises.
  • Sitting in front of the television all day and taking exercises are advisable.
  • Don't take regular exercises, just sit in front of the television all lay.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Mary left home to start an independent life. She realised how much her family meant to her.

  • Only when Mary realised how much her family meant to her did she leave home to start an independent life.
  • To realise how much her family meant to her, Mary decided to leave home to start an independent life.
  • Not until Mary had left home to start an independent life did she realise how much her family meant to her.
  • Mary left home to start an independent life with a view to realising how much her family meant to her.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

She practices regularly. That’s why she succeeds.

  • Provided that she practices regularly, she won’t succeed.
  • Unless she had practiced regularly, she would have succeeded.
  • She wouldn’t succeed but for her regular practice.
  • Supposing she practiced regularly, she would have succeeded.