Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia 2020 môn Anh - THPT Chuyên Biên Hòa - Hà Nam (có lời giải chi tiết)

6/30/2020 4:23:00 PM

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

The brain is the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Some primitive animals such as jellyfish and starfish have a decentralized nervous system without a brain, while sponges lack any nervous system at all. In vertebrates, the brain is located in the head, protected by the skull and come to the primary sensory apparatus of Vision, hearing, balance, taste, and smell.

Brains can be extremely complex. The cerebral cortex of the human brain contains roughly 15 - 33 billion neurons, perhaps more, depending on gender and age, linked with up to 10,000 synaptic connections each. Each cubic millimeter of cerebral cortex contains roughly one billion synapses. These neurons communicate with one another by means of long protoplasmic fibers called axons, which carry trains of signal pulses called action potentials to distant parts of the brain or body and target them to specific recipient cells.

The brain controls the other organ systems of the body, either by activating muscles or by causing secretion of chemicals such as hormones and neurotransmitters. This centralized control allows rapid and coordinated responses to changes in the environment. Some basic types of responsiveness are possible without a brain: even single-celled organisms may be capable of extracting information from the environment and acting in response to it. Sponges, which lack a central nervous system, are capable of coordinated body contractions and even locomotion in vertebrates, the spinal cord by itself contains neural circuitry capable of generating reflex responses as well as simple motor patterns such as swimming or walking. However, sophisticated control of behavior on the basis of complex sensory input requires the information- integrating capabilities of a centralized brain.

Despite rapid scientific progress, much about how brains work remains a mystery. The operations of individual neurons and synapses are now understood in considerable detail, but the way they cooperate in ensembles of thousands or millions has been very difficult to decipher. Methods of observation such as EEG recording and functional brain imaging tell us that brain operations are highly organized, while single unit recording can resolve the activity of single neurons, but how individual cells give rise to complex operations is unknown.

Which the following is mentioned in the passage?

  • Sponges, which have no central nervous system, are capable of coordinated body contractions and locomotion.
  • All animals have brain protected in skull.
  • 1 cm3 in cerebral cortex contains about 1,000,000,000 synapses.
  • Neural circuitry in spinal cord can control even complex response to stimuli from external environment.

The word "This" in paragraph three refers to _____.

  • the brain
  • the action of the brain
  • response
  • hormones and neurotransmitters

What is the main topic of the passage?

  • The brain-human's most complex part of the body.
  • The main functions of human brain.
  • An overview of the most complex part of the human body - the brain.
  • The complex operation of human brain.

Which of the following is impossible without the brain?

  • extracting information from the environment and acting in response to it.
  • generating reflex responses as well as simple motor patterns such as swimming or walking.
  • control behavior on the basis of complex sensory input which requires the information - integrating capabilities.
  • coordinated body contractions and even locomotion

It can be inferred from the passage that _____.

  • jellyfish and starfish do not have brain.
  • the number of neurons in the cortex is about 15-33 billion, irrespective of age and gender.
  • the sponge has brain but not nervous system.
  • neurons communicate with one another by targeting themselves to specific recipient cells.

The word “decipher” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.

  • devalue
  • observe
  • decode
  • distract

Methods of observation such as EEG recording and functional brain imaging tell us _____.

  • nothing
  • how individual cells give rise to complex operation is unknown
  • the activities of the brain are highly organized
  • single unit recording can resolve the activity of single neurons

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

A domineering husband is the stereotype of male chauvinist.

  • musician
  • opposite
  • fixed conception
  • disagreeable type

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Do you think that the deal is completely above board?

  • blessed and honest
  • illegal and dishonest
  • legal and honest
  • impartial and serious

The tennis player couldn't _____ the possibility of withdrawing from the championship because of injury.

  • come off
  • pass over
  • rule out
  • do without

We would contact your nearest relative _____ any accident occurring.

  • in place of
  • in spite of
  • on account of
  • in the event of

Not only can he play _____ football well but he is also good at playing _____ guitar.

  • x (no article) - the
  • the - the
  • a - the
  • the - a

After climbing the ______ of steps, the old man felt quite exhausted.

  • hail
  • collection
  • flight
  • clump

The painting was restored with _____ attention to details.

  • meticulous
  • undivided
  • exact
  • finicky

Left-hand traffic, a custom existing in Britain only, _____ back to the days when English people went to and fro on horseback.

  • dated
  • dating
  • dates
  • which dates

_____ Jason became famous, he has ignored his old friends. He shouldn't do that.

  • If
  • Ever since
  • Even though
  • In spite of

The lenses in an optical microscope bend the light passing through a specimen to form an image of that specimen that is much larger _____ actually viewed.

  • than it
  • than the one
  • one than
  • than one which

Tom is running off _____ too much. I wish he would temper his remarks.

  • at the mouth
  • on the nose
  • in the mind
  • at the back

Getting a new computer system _____ at the school has become a high priority.

  • to install
  • to be installed
  • installed
  • install

Released in 1915, _____.

  • D.W. Griffith's made an epic film about the Civil War, "Birth of a Nation".
  • the Civil War was the subject of D.W. Griffith’s epic film, "Birth of a Nation".
  • D.W. Griffith's epic film "Birth of a Nation" was about the Civil War.
  • the subject of D.W. Griffith's epic film "Birth of a Nation" was the Civil War.

_____ will Mr. Thanh be able to regain control of the company.

  • Only with hard work
  • Only if he works hardly
  • No matter how hard he works
  • Not until his work hard

The school will be closed for three months because of a serious _____ of Covid-19.

  • outbreak
  • outburst
  • outset
  • outcome

_____ for me tomorrow, when you're on the beach and I'm still here.

  • Turn your thoughts
  • Collect your thoughts
  • Give your thoughts
  • Spare your thoughts

To solve this problem, it is advisable _____.

  • that to adopt a drastic measure
  • that a drastic measure should adopt
  • that a drastic measure be adopted
  • that drastic measures is adopted

- Jack: "Sorry, I'm late."

- Peter: "_____."

  • Well, it's worth a try
  • Not on my account
  • No, I wouldn't mind at all
  • That's all right

- Tom: "Have you been able to reach Peter?"

- John: "_____"

  • There's no approval
  • It’s much too high
  • Yes. I've known him for years
  • No. The line is busy

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

It gives out light, but not heat and so is safe to use near inflammable liquids.

  • difficult to burn
  • easy to burn
  • unburnt
  • semi-burnt

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

His physical condition was not an impediment to his career as a violinist.

  • hindrance
  • obstruction
  • furtherance
  • setback

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Sandra cheered herself up by watching a video. She was sad at the thought of missing the party.

  • Being sad at the thought of missing the party, so Sandra cheered herself up by watching the video.
  • Sad at the thought of missing the party, Sandra cheered herself up by watching a video.
  • Cheering herself up by watching a video, Sandra was sad at the thought of missing the party.
  • Cheering herself up by watching a video, because Sandra was sad at the thought of missing the party.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

This spot seems quiet now. Nevertheless, you ought to see it when the tourists are here in May!

  • Quiet this spot seems now though, you ought to see it when the tourists are here in May!
  • You ought to see this spot when the tourists are here in May even though seeming quiet now!
  • Though this spot seems quiet now, but you ought to see it when the tourists are here in May!
  • Quiet though this spot seems now, you ought to see it when the tourists are here in May!

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Visitors may realize that even though they can’t make their homes in Venice city, they can take away with them memories of their beauty.

  • realize
  • even though
  • them
  • their

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Fiorello La Guardia made a speech to the United Nations Relief Administration, which was the director, stating that Europe did not experience prosperity after World War Two.

  • made
  • which
  • stating that
  • prosperity

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Every year, tornadoes cause a lot of damages to property and a tremendous loss of human and animal life.

  • cause
  • damages
  • tremendous loss
  • animal life

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

Only final-year students are allowed to use the main college car park.

  • The main college car park is not used by final-year students.
  • Final year students aren't restricted to use the main college car park.
  • The main college car park is restricted to final-year students.
  • The use of the main college car park isn’t restricted to final-year students.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

The staff couldn't have worked any harder, but they could not even finish half of the order all the week.

  • Throughout the week, less than half of the order could be produced, although the staff worked as hard as they could.
  • Had the staff worked a little harder, they might have finished all the order by the end of the week.
  • Throughout the week, the staff could only complete half of the order, which they worked as hard as they could.
  • The staff, who only completed half of the order all the week, could not have worked as hard as they claimed they did.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

You'll have no hope of growing crops here unless you find a way to irrigate this land.

  • Even if you find a method of watering this land, there is no hope that any crops will grow on it.
  • Because there is no way you can irrigate this land, you had better give up trying to grow crops on it.
  • Without discovering how to water this land, there is no chance that you can grow crops here.
  • You'll have to try growing crops elsewhere if you prove unable to irrigate this land here.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Interpreting the feelings of other people is not always easy, as we all know, and we as much on what they seem to be telling is, as on the actual words they say. Facial expression and tone of voice we obvious ways of showing our to something, and it may well be that we unconsciously express view that we are trying to hide. The art of being tactful lies in picking up these signals, realizing what the other person is trying to say, and acting so that they are not embarrassed in any way. For example, we may understand that they are in fact to answer our question, and so we stop pressing them. Body movements, in general, may also indicate feelings, and interviewers often pay particular attention to the way a candidate for a job walks into the room and its down. However, it is not difficult to present the right kind of appearance, while many employers want to know relates to the candidate's character traits and psychological stability. This raises the awkward question of whether job candidates should be asked to complete psychological tests and the further problem of whether such tests actually produce reliable results. For many people, being asked to take part in such a test would be an objectionable intrusion their private lives.

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • punctual

  • Monday

  • monkey

  • language

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • surface

  • preface

  • gazelle

  • flamingo

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

Many flowering plants woo insect pollinators and gently direct them to their most fertile blossoms by changing the color of individual flowers from day to day. Through color cues, the plant signals to the insect that it would be better off visiting one flower on its bush than another. The particular hue tells the pollinator that the flower is full of far more pollen than are neighboring blooms. That nectar-rich flower also happens to be fertile and ready to disperse its pollen or to receive pollen the insect has picked up from another flower. Plants do not have to spend precious resources maintaining reservoirs of nectar in all their flowers. Thus, the color-coded communication system benefits both plants and insects.

For example, on the lantana, a flower starts out on the first day as yellow, when it is rich with pollen and nectar. Influenced by an as-yet-unidentified environmental signal, the flower changes color by triggering the production of the pigment anthromyacin. It turns orange on the second day and red on the third. By the third day, it has no pollen to offer insects and is no longer fertile. On any given lantana bush, only 10 to 15 percent of the blossoms are likely to be yellow and fertile. But in tests measuring the responsiveness of butterflies, it was discovered that the insects visited the yellow flowers at least 100 times more than would be expected from the haphazard visitation. Experiments with paper flowers demonstrated that the butterflies were responding to color cues rather than, say, the scent of the nectar.

In other types of plants, blossoms change from white to red, others from yellow to red, and so on. These color changes have been observed in some 74 families of plants.

According to the passage, what is the purpose of the experiments involving paper flowers and painted flowers?
  • to support the ideas that insects respond to the changing color of flowers.
  • to strengthen the idea that butterflies are attracted by the smell of flowers.
  • to prove that flowers do not always need pollen to reproduce.
  • to demonstrate how insects change color depending on the type of flowers they visit.
The word "haphazard" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • dangerous
  • fortunate
  • expected
  • random
The passage implies that insects would be most attracted to lantana blossoms _____.
  • when they turn orange
  • on the first day that they bloom
  • on the third day that they bloom
  • after they produce anthromyacin
The first paragraph of the passage implies that insects benefit from the color-coded communication system because _____.
  • they can gather pollen efficiently
  • the colors hide them from predators
  • the bright colors attract fertile females
  • other insects species cannot understand the code
The word "woo" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • frighten
  • attract
  • trap
  • deceive

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • outstanding
  • obedient
  • mischievous
  • commercial

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • copy
  • remove
  • notice
  • cancel