Đề thi thử THPT 2020 môn Anh - Sở GD&ĐT HÀ NỘI lần 1 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/29/2020 9:36:00 PM

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Environmentalists dedicate a lot of their time to running campaigns to raise people's awareness about protecting endangered species.

  • eliminate
  • save
  • waste
  • devote

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

No matter what I said to him, he still did not believe me. He is certainly a hard nut to crack.

  • controversial
  • obstinate
  • obsolete
  • insatiable

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymity.

  • reveal
  • cover
  • protect
  • conserve

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

All of the students are obliged to pass the entrance examination in order to attend the university.

  • forced
  • required
  • impelled
  • optional

Disapproval from Parents

Parental disapproval of relationships is very common, for a variety of reasons. Your parents may have concerns regarding whether or not you are truly ready to date or if the person you are interested in might not be a good influence. They may also not be ready to admit that their child is nearing adulthood. If you're dealing with this, try to discuss your feelings with your parents. Listen to them and be ready to follow some rules about your relationship. If your parents forbid you from seeing the
person, you should abide their wishes. You can still see your boyfriend or girlfriend at school and friends. If you stay friends after you graduate, you can start dating again since you'll be old enough to make your own decisions. While this may hard to accept at first, what is meant to be will be.

He went back to work in his country after he _____ his course on Advanced Engineering in London.

  • has finished
  • finished
  • would finish
  • had finished

There will be _____ jobs for people because some robots will do the same jobs as people.

  • many
  • less
  • fewer
  • much

There were a lot of people at my friend's wedding party, only a few of _____ I had met before.

  • which
  • whose
  • whom
  • who
Social distancing, also called "physical distancing" means _____ space between yourself and other people outside of your home.
  • keeping
  • kept
  • keep
  • to keep
Students who need _____ extra money can find _____ part-time job.
  • ∅/ a
  • the/ ∅
  • an/ the
  • a/ the
When COVID-19 is spreading in your area, everyone _____ stay home and avoid close contact.
  • might
  • should
  • would
  • can
The Formula 1 Vietnam Grand Prix in Hanoi _____ for April 5 was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • to schedule
  • schedule
  • scheduling
  • scheduled
Thanks to the Al applications, Internet users _____ into a new language in real time.
  • can have translated webpages
  • can have webpages translated
  • can get webpages to translate
  • can have webpages translate
The moment the teacher _____ the exam papers, I was filled with anxiety.
  • handed over
  • gave away
  • handed down
  • gave out
All books on the same subject are supposed to have the same classification number on their _____.
  • indexes
  • titles
  • spines
  • covers
He graduated with doctorates of _____ and surgery from University of Florence, gaining the highest honors that year.
  • medicine
  • medication
  • medical
  • medicate
He has received several scholarships _____.
  • as resulting of his ability in the art and in the academy.
  • for both his academic ability as well as his artistic.
  • not only because of his artistic but his academic ability.
  • because of his academic and artistic ability.
Bamboo Airlines offers excellent _____ entertainment, with the latest movies and music.
  • on-flight
  • over-flight
  • during-flight
  • in-flight
Although she had never used a word-processor before, she soon got the _____ of it after a while.
  • hang
  • feel
  • move
  • touch
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • diversity
  • endanger
  • official
  • memory
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • government
  • secondary
  • politician
  • institute

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • talked

  • passed

  • searched

  • removed

Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • feather

  • although

  • together

  • thorough

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Disabled people can contribute to our community. Non-disabled people can also contribute to our community.

  • Both disabled people and non-disabled ones can contribute to our community.
  • Only disabled people not non-disabled ones can contribute to our community.
  • Either disabled people or non-disabled ones can contribute to our community.
  • Neither disabled people nor non-disabled ones can contribute to our community.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The man wanted to get some fresh air in the room. He opened the window.

  • In order to get some fresh air in the room, the man opened the window.
  • The man wanted to get some fresh air in the room because he opened the window.
  • Having opened the window, the room could get some fresh air.
  • The man got some fresh air in the room, even though he opened the window.

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

The Montessori method of educating children is named after its founder, Maria Montessori, an Italian scientist, medical doctor, and educator. This method is guided by perhaps a half-dozen major principles of education. The first affirms the biological programming of child development, the child's capacity for self-realization, for "auto-education". The second calls for "scientific pedagogy". A science of childhood based on observation. The third demands a natural environment in which self-development can be expressed and observed. Montessori believed that the school could be made into such an environment, thus becoming a laboratory for scientific pedagogy. This environment should be determined scientifically. In order to expand, children, left at liberty to exercise their activities, ought to find in their surroundings something organized in direct relation to the children's internal organization. All of these principles imply the next, which Montessori calls the "biological concept of liberty in pedagogy": the child must be free to act spontaneously and to interact with the prepared environment. The entire program is concerned with the individual child; the spontaneity, the needs, the observation, the freedom are always those of the individual. Finally, the modus operandi of the method is sensory training.

Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
  • Principles of the Montessori Method
  • Modern Principles of Education
  • Stages of Child Development
  • Results of the Montessori Method
The phrase "such an environment" refers to which of the following kinds of environment?
  • Pedagogical, in which ideology prevails
  • Natural, in which self-expression prevails
  • Scientific, accompanied by experiments
  • Biological, accompanied by specimens
According to the passage, the Montessori method focuses on _____.
  • small groups of children
  • large groups of children
  • the individual child
  • pairs of children
It can be inferred from the passage that the Montessori method was named after a _____.
  • person
  • book
  • school
  • town
Which of the following would NOT be advocated by the Montessori method?
  • Carefully teaching children to listen and observe.
  • Permitting children to work at their own pace.
  • Tightly controlling children's group activities.
  • Allowing children the freedom to exercise their activities.

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

Where humans have planted crops for food unless they are organic, poisonous chemicals have been sprayed on them; insecticides are used to kill insect pests and herbicides are used to kill weeds. Fungicides fight off fungal diseases. Artificial fertilizers are added to the soil to increase the yield of the crops. If these chemicals are used in excess, some of them dissolve in rainwater and drain into rivers, streams and ponds, polluting the water and killing the wildlife.

The "weeds" competing with the farmers' crops include wild flowers and many of these have become endangered through the use of herbicides. Insects rely on plants for food and breeding sites so the number of these are affected by a reduction in the number of plants. Many birds depend on insects for food so the numbers of birds may be affected by the use of both insecticides and herbicides. One of the reasons why the Barn Owl is endangered is due to a shortage of insects and it may also be poisoned by eating insects affected by chemical sprays.

The case of DDT as well as other chemicals known as organochlorine is well known. These were first used extensively in the 1950s, sprayed onto crops to kill insect pests. Unfortunately, after a few years, it was noticed that birds of prey were rapidly declining in numbers and thousands of seed-eating birds were dying. By the 1960s the once common sparrow hawk was a rare bird in Britain. The sparrow hawk’s prey were the seed-eating birds that were carrying the poisonous insecticides in their bodies. Consequently, many sparrow hawks and other birds of prey were being indirectly poisoned by the chemical sprays. The organochlorine also caused many birds to lay thin-shelled eggs, which cracked easily.

Research showed that the chemicals were entering the food chains and being stored in the fat of the animals' bodies. For example, a thrush may eat snails that have eaten a sprayed cabbage plant. The thrush may not have eaten enough poison to be actually killed but a sparrow hawk eating several thrushes accumulates so much of the poison that it is killed. The chemicals become more concentrated as they travel up the food chain. Even most humans still have small amounts of organochlorine in their fatty tissues although these chemicals had been withdrawn from use by 1976. They are still used, however, in some Third World countries. By the 1980s the sparrow hawk population had recovered dramatically and it is once again a common bird. This example shows just how dangerous the use of chemicals in the environment can be.

As mentioned earlier, some plants are endangered through collectors such as the Venus fly-trap and some tropical orchids, but most threatened plants have become so through the destruction of their habitat. Once very common plants have almost disappeared because of the way humans have changed the land. For example, the Egyptian Papyrus, a type of reed, had been used for thousands of years for all sorts of things such as paper, medicine, boats, baskets, food etc. Then, when changes in the irrigation methods on the river Nile were introduced, this valuable plant almost completely disappeared. It was thought to be extinct until 1968 when a few plants were found in an undisturbed waterway. Orchids have been also collected from rainforests to become household favorites, causing many species to become endangered.

Which of the following could best reflect the purpose of the author in the passage?
  • The author wants to imply that human activities are responsible for species extinction.
  • The author wants to indicate how chemicals and pollution contribute to animal extinction.
  • The author tries to provide evidence of species that have already been eliminated.
  • The author wishes to raise people’s awareness of how species are disappeared.
The word "yield" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.
  • quality
  • fertility
  • nutrition
  • production
What will happen to the insect-eating birds if the weeds are in danger?
  • They must find rely on other kinds of insects when the vegetation is limited.
  • They may compete with many species to have crops for food.
  • They will experience a downward trend in the number on account of food shortage.
  • They will not have materials to make nets in breeding seasons.

According to the passage, sparrow hawks are described as a species that _____.

  • was killed by the toxics of insecticides used for crops containing inside the insect's body.
  • laid broken egg due to the consequences of lack of nutrient insect pests.
  • depended on their enemy to survive when the number of seeds declined.
  • was poisoned by eating the chemical sprays on the weeds.
The word "their" in paragraph 3 refers to _____.
  • sparrow hawks
  • seed-eating birds
  • insect-eating birds
  • sparrow hawks
What does the word "accumulates" in paragraph 4 mean?
  • happens or makes something happen faster or earlier than expected.
  • removes or gets rid of something.
  • gradually gets more and more of something over a period of time.
  • makes something seem larger, better, worse or more important than it really is.
According to the last paragraph, which of the following is NOT true?
  • Flora biodiversity remains unchanged when humans interfere with supply of water for cultivation.
  • Many valuable plants have provided people with invaluable products.
  • Keeping some kinds of plants for recreation at home is not a good way to save endangered species.
  • Deforestation is the primary reason of flora disappearance.
It can be inferred from the passage that _____.
  • The chemicals used for agriculture have a direct influence on both the species and their enemy.
  • Many endangered species are only preserved by human's effort in changing the environment.
  • Whenever chemicals are used, humans should think of their impact on biodiversity.
  • There are many alternative ways for humans to save species from extinction.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Our council should provide cheap car parks on the outskirts at the town and free bus services to the center.

  • at
  • on
  • bus services
  • to

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

It is essential that cancers is diagnosed and treated as early as possible in order to assure a successful cure.

  • to assure
  • as early as possible
  • essential that
  • is diagnosed

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Five miles beyond the hills were a fire with its flame reaching up to the sky.

  • were
  • its
  • Five miles
  • reaching up

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the following question.

Without her teacher's advice, she wouldn't have written such a good essay.

  • Her teacher didn’t advise her and she didn’t write a good essay.
  • If her teacher didn’t advise her, she wouldn't write such a good essay.
  • Her teacher advised her so she didn’t write a good essay.
  • She wrote a good essay because her teacher gave her some advice.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the following question.

"Don't forget to tidy up the final draft before submission." the team leader told us.

  • The team leader simply wanted us to tidy up the final draft before submission.
  • The team leader required us to tidy up the final draft before submission.
  • The team leader reminded us to tidy up the final draft before submission.
  • The team leader ordered us to tidy up the final draft before submission.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the following question.

When I picked up my book, I found that the cover had been torn.

  • Picking up my book, the cover had been torn.
  • The cover had been torn when my book picked up.
  • On picking up the book, I saw that the cover had been torn.
  • Picked up, the book was torn.

After a party at Mary’s house.

Bill: "_____"

Mary: "Thanks for your compliment. Good night!"

  • Many happy returns. Good night!
  • You are a good cook. Good night!
  • You are a good cooker. Good night!
  • Long time no see. Good night!

Maria is talking to Ann after work.

- Maria: "_____"

- Ana: "With pleasure."

  • Could you give me a lift?
  • What do you plan to do?
  • Would you like a cup of tea?
  • Would you mind if I smoked?