Đề thi thử tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2020 môn Anh - Trường THPT Thăng Long (Hà Nội)

8/4/2020 10:49:00 AM
Laura hoped ______ to join the club. She could make friends with many people.
  • inviting
  • being invited
  • to invite
  • to be invited
To _____ should I write if I want to make complaint?
  • whose
  • which
  • whom
  • what
_____ have made communication faster and easier through the use of email and the Internet is widely recognized.
  • It is that computers
  • That computers
  • Computers that
  • That it's computers
_____ to school by bus as they are not old enough to ride motorbikes.
  • Much students go
  • Many the students go
  • Many a student goes
  • Many of the students goes
I am sure your girlfriend will lend you a sympathetic _____ when you explain the situation to her.
  • eye
  • arm
  • finger
  • ear
Efforts are underway to protect endangered species from further human _____, but in many areas, it is already too late.
  • depredation
  • habitation
  • deterioration
  • administration
She used to work here as a teacher, _____ she.
  • didn't
  • hadn't
  • wouldn't
  • doesn't
Hurry up if you want to buy something because there is _____ left.
  • hardly something
  • a great deal
  • hardly anything
  • hardly little
Many ambulances took ______ injured to a nearby hospital.
  • a
  • the
  • x (no article)
  • an
I would sooner you _____ your phone in the meeting.
  • shouldn't have used
  • shouldn't use
  • not to use
  • didn't use
Huong's encouraging words gave me _____ to undertake the demanding task once again.
  • a point
  • an incentive
  • a target
  • a resolution
The fireworks festival is _____ event that we all want to watch it.
  • such wonderful an
  • a very wonderful
  • so wonderful an
  • a too wonderful
It is a biological fact that children _____ their parents.
  • take after
  • look up
  • care for
  • take to
Children shouldn't be allowed _____ time ______ computer games.
  • waste - to play
  • wasting - playing
  • to waste - to playing
  • to waste - playing

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

It is raining cats and dogs outside. He wants to climb the mountain today but he can't.

  • It is the heavy rain that prevents him from climbing the mountain today.
  • The heavy rain makes it possible for him to continue going climbing today.
  • He finds it rather hard to climb the mountain despite a heavy downpour outside.
  • He can't carry out his mountain climbing because there are many cats and dogs falling out the sky.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

We arrived at the conference. Then we realized that our reports were still at home.

  • Not until we arrived at the conference that we realized that our reports were still at home.
  • Only after we arrived at the conference did we realize that our reports were still at home.
  • Hardly had we arrived at the conference that we realized that our reports were still at home.
  • No sooner had we realized that our reports were at home than we arrived at the conference.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

It is recommended that people to take regular exercise.

  • recommended
  • people
  • to take
  • exercise

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Dreams are commonly made up of either visual and verbal images.

  • commonly
  • made up
  • either
  • and

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Students suppose to read all the questions carefully and find out the answers to them.

  • suppose
  • all the questions
  • out
  • them

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He usually stays in peace in stressful situations but this time he really lost his head.

  • excited
  • kept calm
  • lost touch
  • took leave of his sense

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

But what the most prevents women from reaching the boardroom, say bosses and headhunters, is lack of hands-on experience of a firm’s core business.

  • unavailable
  • untested
  • impractical
  • insignificant

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Early poverty has taught John to stand on his own feet.

  • be independent
  • resort to burglary
  • be a good farmer
  • be dependent on others

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

She sat with a pensive expression on her face.

  • oppressed
  • caged
  • happy
  • thoughtful

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Moving Your Mind for Maximum Fitness

When people design a new workout programme, they often target their chest, stomach, and leg muscles, hoping to sculpt the perfect physique. However, they often neglect the most important part of the body: the brain. Our brains grow stronger when we exercise them and weaker when neglected. To assist in keeping our minds sharp, several websites and apps offer brain games to help us get our mental workouts accomplished in a very short time.
 
As we age, our vocabulary continues to expand and we become better at creative plans. However, by the time we enter our 20s, our prefrontal cortex starts to shrink. Although part of the reason for our decline is physical, there is evidence that targeted exercises can halt or even reserve cognitive damage. Throughout our lives we maintain the ability to create new neurons whenever we learn something new, like a foreign language or a new sport. By repeating these activities we create new pathways and connections between neurons that keep our minds functioning at an optimal level. This is what brain fitness exercises aim to accomplish.
 
These digital exercises are broken into different categories. The first is memory exercises. These programmes display information to users and then quiz us to see how much we can recall. The second type is attention exercises. These games get users to focus on multiple tasks at once, dividing their attention. Although trying to concentrate on several things at once during work is not recommended, doing it in a game environment can help to strengthen our focus in the long term. Speed exercises, on the other hand, are designed to keep our minds agile. In addition to these major categories, there are other games that focus on specific situations like remembering names and faces or calculating directions.
 
Although many users rave about positive effects of these games, there are other hacks we can use to
strengthen our brains. One is napping. Studies have shown that people who nap in the afternoon fared much better at mental tasks than those who didn't. A little caffeine can also make your mind sharper, as long as you don't overdo it. Finally, getting some physical exercise also tends to improve the clarity of our thinking. In other words, maybe the Roman poet Juvenal was on to something when he wrote "A sound mind in a healthy body".
What happens when we don't exercise our brains?
  • It grows much bigger in size.
  • It doesn't work well.
  • It causes lots of health problems.
  • It keeps functioning well.
What function of our brain improves as we get older?
  • Nothing improves at all.
  • We can remember more things.
  • We think in a silly way.
  • We are better at making plans.
All of the following are true about our brains EXCEPT that _____.
  • the number of neurons remains the same throughout our lives
  • our brains become stronger when we are more mentally active
  • there are several web sites and apps to help us get our mental workout
  • connections and pathways between neurons play an important role in the functions of our brains
What could replace the word "optimal" in paragraph 2?
  • debatable
  • unacceptable
  • excellent
  • decent
What is the meaning of the word "it" in paragraph 3?
  • doing memory exercises
  • concentrating on many things
  • keeping your mind empty
  • focusing on one thing
The word "agile" in paragraph 3 is opposite in meaning to _____.
  • smart
  • sharp
  • inactive
  • broad
What can be inferred from the passage?
  • There is a close relationship between physical and mental health.
  • Our brains will work very well during a nap.
  • We don't need brain games when we are playing a new sport.
  • There are some brain games to treat mental diseases.

According to the passage, which of the following statements about coffee is true?

  • It is not very good for your brain.
  • You should drink as much of it as possible.
  • Its effects on the brain were never tested.
  • A few cups of it could help your brain.
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • ploughs

  • photographs

  • gas

  • laughs

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • suitable

  • recruitment

  • building

  • suit

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • superb
  • legal
  • ideal
  • naive
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • anniversary
  • intercultural
  • punctuality
  • enthusiasm

Rebecca and Peter are at the airport.

Rebecca: "Don't forget to send your parents my regards."

Peter: "_____"

  • Never mind.
  • Thanks, I will.
  • It's my pleasure.
  • Good idea, thanks.

Linh and Tim are in the classroom.

Linh: "Would you mind closing the door?"

Tim: "_____"

  • No, not at all. I'll do it now.
  • Yes, of course. Are you tired?
  • Yes, I do. You can close it.
  • Don't worry. Go ahead!

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

After the members of the committee had had lunch, they discussed the problem.

  • Having been served lunch, it was discussed by the committee members of the problem.
  • Having been served lunch, the problem was discussed by the members of the committee.
  • Having been served lunch, a discussion of the problem was made by the members of the committee.
  • Having been served lunch, the committee members discussed the problem.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Had she read the reference books, she would have been able to finish the test.

  • If she had read the reference books, she could finish the test.
  • Although she didn't read the reference books, she was able to finish the test.
  • Not having read the reference books, she couldn't finish the test.
  • Because she read the reference books, she was able to finish the test.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Many countries share the view that drastic measures must be taken to stop the pollution of the seas.

  • The pollution of the seas can only be prevented provided that many countries follow the same policy.
  • A lot of countries agree that it is essential to take strong action to put an end to the pollution of the seas.
  • The seas will, it seems, continue to be polluted unless this agreement is accepted by a majority of the countries.
  • By putting into practice a series of precautions it is generally believed that the pollution of the seas will be prevented.

Read the following passage.

   Biorobotics is a field within robotic science that is based on the movements of living things. The most famous biorobots look and move a lot like humans. However, there are several robots that have been made to mimic animals. While many companies develop such robots as toys, some are used for practical purposes.

   One example of a biorobot is a flying robot that is based on the movements of bees. The robot, named “Carlton,” was developed by the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence. Built to be both light and powerful, it can hover like a bee in tight spaces and also change direction without losing speed. This robot's abilities make it very useful for military and police search and rescue missions. For example, Carlton can hide behind a tall wall, rise up to quickly look at what is on the other side, and then hide again. It can also send video images of what it sees to soldiers in a safe location far away.

   “Modsnake” is a robot that was modeled on snakes. This robot was developed by the Carnegie Mellon University Biorobotics Lab. It is made to move like a snake, so it can pass through narrow spaces, move over all sorts of obstacles, climb, poles, and even swim. The way Modsnake moves makes it useful for a variety of tasks such as checking for survivors in collapsed buildings, finding damaged areas inside of pipes and cleaning up oil spills in lakes and rivers.

   A third robot, based on cockroaches, also has several uses “Sprawl” was designed by a research team at Stanford University to take videos and recover small objects. Like many six-legged robots, Sprawl was made to move like an insect. However, Sprawl is uncommonly fast and strong for its size, just like a real cockroach. These characteristics make it particularly useful for military situations in which an enemy might try to disable it. It is very difficult to shoot because it moves quickly and is relatively small. Even if an enemy shoots Sprawl, it can usually keep functioning.

(Adapted from Practise Set 1 - Toefl Junior Preparation book - oneplusone.cn)

What is the passage mainly about?

  • Biorobots based on animals.
  • Biorobots that work like humans.
  • Military uses of biorobots.
  • Flying abilities of biorobots.

In paragraph 1, the word mimic is closest in meaning to___________.

  • understand
  • guard
  • teach
  • copy

In paragraph 1, the word some refers to____________.

  • companies
  • toys
  • robots
  • humans
According to the passage, Carlton can do all of the following things EXCEPT___________.
  • change directions quickly
  • climb in tight spaces
  • hide behind walls
  • send video images

What does the author imply about Modsnake?

  • It has no legs.
  • It moves quickly.
  • It can be dangerous.
  • It has no military uses.

In paragraph 3, the word "collapsed" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • old
  • cheap
  • wooden
  • fallen
Which of the following is true about Sprawl?
  • It was originally built to destroy small objects.
  • It was developed by a German research team.
  • It is smaller than a cockroach.
  • It is small but very solid.

Why is Sprawl useful in military situations?

  • It cannot be shot.
  • It can shoot at the enemy.
  • It is small enough to be shot from a gun.
  • It will usually keep working even when shot.

In paragraph 4, the word "disable" is closest in meaning to _______.

  • break
  • follow
  • see
  • buy

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Good gift-giving is an art. The perfect present can lift a mood or improve a relationship. It can repair a wrongdoing, or simply remind a loved one that you care.
 
Psychologists have long been fascinated by the subject of gifting because it's a window into so many other important human traits: how we see others, how we assign value to things, our skills, and our ability to empathize.
 
From sausages to silk flowers, you too can shop like the Queen.
"Humans are an incredibly social species and one of the things that set us apart is forming and maintaining relationships with others. Gift-giving around holidays, birthdays, graduations, or weddings a great opportunity to those relationships," said Daniel Farrelly, a psychologist at the University of Worcester.
 
Gifting has also become a high stakes business. This year in the US, for example, consumers estimate they will spend $942 on Christmas gifts, up from $885 in 2018. total, gift expenditure is expected to surpass $1 trillion. Getting it wrong can come at an increasingly high price.
 
the occasion, gift-giving is a social ritual that requires careful thought and consideration. So are there a set of rules to follow. We spoke to some experts to help us craft a simple guide to gifting.