Đề thi chính thức tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2020 (Mã đề: 405)

8/11/2020 8:50:00 PM

Đây là 01 trong 04 đề thi chính thức tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2020 môn Tiếng Anh, đã được tổ GV THPT của TiengAnhK12 giải thích đáp án chi tiết.

Các bạn đạt điểm 8+ sẽ được tặng mã học bổng trị giá 50% các gói ôn thi vào Tiếng Anh tốt nghiệp THPT. TiengAnhK12 chúc các em 2k3 chủ động ôn luyện đủ sớm, đủ kĩ, chinh phục mỹ mãn kỳ thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2021 và bước vào trường Đại học mà mình mơ ước.

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • beauty
  • question
  • success
  • album
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • consider
  • decorate
  • discover
  • imagine

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • talks

  • clears

  • brings

  • trains

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • bride

  • prize

  • click

  • slice

Thousands of _____ packed into the stadium to support their team in the final match.
  • viewers
  • witnesses
  • audiences
  • spectators
Even little things like turning off the lights when not in use can make a difference to the amount of electricity _____.
  • is consumed
  • consumed
  • consuming
  • is consuming
Many animal species are under threat of extinction _____ widespread deforestation.
  • because
  • despite
  • because of
  • although
Sometimes it can be really _____ to go hiking alone in the forest.
  • dangerous
  • dangerously
  • endanger
  • danger
He won't understand what the responsibilities of a father are _____.
  • once he had his first child
  • as soon as he had his first child
  • after he had had his first child
  • until he has his first child
If I _____ you, I would take the doctor's advice.
  • had been
  • are
  • were
  • will be
Having your private life splashed across the front pages of newspapers and glossy magazines is part and _____ of being a celebrity.
  • parcel
  • packet
  • package
  • post
Experts agree that too hard workouts may _____ more harm than good.
  • do
  • make
  • hold
  • set
Mr. Smith is often _____ first person to come to the office in the morning.
  • the
  • a
  • an
  • ∅ (no article)
Tom doesn't mind _____ his father mend things around the house.
  • to helping
  • helping
  • help
  • to help
Instead of reading stories from books, Michelle's father usually _____ stories to lull her to sleep.
  • turns off
  • makes up
  • gets on
  • takes after
You often drive to work, _____?
  • didn't you
  • won't you
  • don't you
  • haven't you

Jamie has been financially independent since she _____ to work.

  • was going out
  • would go out
  • went out
  • will go out

The director extended his gratitude to all the staff for their _____ support, without which the company couldn't have overcome its difficult time.

  • unmoving
  • unfeeling
  • unbending
  • unfailing
Dubai is famous _____ its exciting nightlife.
  • for
  • with
  • on
  • to

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Being a wise politician, Mr. Brown tends to reserve his judgments till he knows all the facts.

  • bookings
  • benefits
  • decisions
  • appearances

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The new movie was a big hit as tickets for most of the showings were sold out.

  • threat
  • beat
  • failure
  • success

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

With so many bruises over the body, it is obvious that the child has had a bad fall.

  • correct
  • unfair
  • unclear
  • known

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

When I suggested he was mistaken, Mark got hot under the collar and stormed out of the room.

  • got emotional
  • felt anxious
  • became furious
  • remained calm

Anna is talking to Mark after their school's talent contest.

Anna: "So, you are the winner. Congratulations!"

Mark: "_____"

  • Thank you.
  • You're welcome.
  • Not at all.
  • No problem.

Pat and Sam are talking about doing exercise.

Pat: "I don't think we should exercise late at night."

Sam: "_____. This increases our heartbeats and makes it harder to sleep."

  • It's not true
  • You're right
  • You can do it again
  • I disagree with you

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer for each of the questions.

SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES

Social networking sites are now estimated to have over 700 million users worldwide. As users can create their own profiles, you might expect them to portray themselves in the best possible light. When putting up a profile, it would be (1)_____ for them to present flattering images, choose sophisticated and discerning interests, and carefully express their thoughts to appear more intelligent than in real life. (2)_____, according to a recent study conducted on 250 Facebook users, this is not the case. Far from being idealized versions of themselves, most users' profiles (3)_____ closely to what they are really like and show their true personalities including their both psychological weaknesses and natural physical flaws.

It's not entirely clear why online profiles depict users' personalities so accurately. It could be that users want to portray themselves as they really are, or that people attempt to present an ideal image of themselves but fail to do so. One thing seems clear: social networking sites can in no way be considered a false online world (4)_____ is idealized and removed from reality; rather, they are simply (5)_____ way in which people choose to interact with each other.

(Adapted from English Unlimited by Adrian Doff and Ben Goldstein)

 

Choose the correct answer for (1):
  • exceptional
  • controversial
  • reasonable
  • believable
Choose the correct answer for (2):
  • However
  • Therefore
  • Besides
  • Furthermore
Choose the correct answer for (3):
  • conform
  • comply
  • follow
  • abide
Choose the correct answer for (4):
  • when
  • that
  • who
  • where
Choose the correct answer for (5):
  • other
  • another
  • few
  • many

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

For many years, schoolchildren in the US have been taken on "field trips" to cultural institutions and historical sites. Despite these trips involving some expense and disruption to class timetables, educators arrange them in the belief that schools exist not only to teach economically useful skills but also to produce civilized young people who appreciate the arts and culture.

However, there have been increasing signs in recent years that the attitude towards field trips changing, with a significant decrease in the number of tours organized for school groups. A survey carried out by a group of school administrators found that over half the schools they asked had decided to cancel trips planned for the next academic year.

So what are the reasons for this change? The most obvious one is the issue of finance. Because there are increasing demands on their funds, schools are forced to make a difficult choice about how to spend the limited money they have. Field trips are an obvious thing to cut since they are seen by many as a luxury. A large number of school heads also consider days spent away from school a waste of time, believing that the only worthwhile use of students' time is spent preparing for exams in the classroom.

But why should anybody worry if schoolchildren go on fewer trips? Those that believe this is a negative development in education would say that cultural field trips contribute to the development of students into well-educated adults who have a healthy interest in history and the arts. Researchers warn that if schools cut field trips, then valuable opportunities to broaden and enrich children’s learning experiences are lost.

(Adapted from Exam Booster by Helen Chilton, Sheila Dignen, Math Fountains and Frances Treloar)

What is the passage mainly about?
  • New trends in educational development.
  • Valuable academic learning experiences.
  • Field trips for schoolchildren.
  • Positive changes in American school.
According to paragraph 1, educators believe that through field trips, children can _____.
  • practice some outdoor activities
  • enjoy their time at school
  • learn to value the arts and culture
  • develop economically useful skills only
The word "they" in paragraph 2 refers to _____.
  • the schools
  • school administrators
  • field trips
  • school groups
The phrase "a luxury" in paragraph 3 mostly describes something which is _____.
  • difficult and important
  • cheap but comfortable
  • expensive but not essential
  • new and common
According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
  • Schools no longer have to pay for their students' field trips.
  • Cutting field trips may mean fewer opportunities for students' cultural learning.
  • The number of field trips organized for school groups is growing.
  • Most school heads find it not worthwhile for students to spend time preparing for exams.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

"I have not paid a single electricity bill since the year 1970," says Richard Perez with noticeable glee. He can afford to be smug. He lives "off-grid" - unconnected to the power grid and the water, gas and sewerage supplies that most people in the world rely on. He generates his own electricity, sources his own water and deals with his own waste disposal - and he prefers it that way. "There are times when the grid blacks out," he says. "I really like the security of having my own electricity company."

Perez is not alone. Once the preserve of mavericks, hippies and survivalists, there are now approximately 200,000 off-grid households in the United States of America, a figure that Perez says has been increasing by a third every year for the past decade. For all of the people who live off-grid, self-sufficiency means guilt-free energy consumption and peace of mind. "It feels brilliant to make use of clean, free energy that is not from fossil fuels," says Suzanne Galant, a writer who lives off-grid in a rural area in Wales. "And if something goes wrong, we can fix it ourselves." Now even urbanites are seeing the appeal of generating some if not all of their own power needs. So is energy freedom an eco pipe-dream or the ultimate good life?

Well, there is only one way to find out: begin to explore the possibilities of solar, wind or hydro-power. But unless you live on a sunny, south-facing hillside with access to a nearby river or stream, that might prove prohibitively expensive!

There is no doubt that being off-grid has its problems, and it is not always the cheapest way to get the energy you need. Even so, pioneers like Perez have proved that it can be done, and without giving up a 21st-century lifestyle: "I have got five personal computers, two laser scanners, two fridge-freezers, a microwave, a convection oven, vacuum cleaners - you name it," says Perez "There is an external beam antenna on the roof for the phone and a satellite dish for an Internet connection. I have got 70 kWh in batteries that could last me five days. I have too much electricity." Too much electricity and no more bills. That has got to be worth aiming for.

(Adapted from English Unlimited by Adrian Doff and Ben Goldstein)

Which best serves as the title for the passage?
  • Unplugging from the Grid
  • Living without Electricity
  • No Water, No Life!
  • A Day in the Life of an "Off-gridder"
The phrase "blacks out" in paragraph 1 mostly means _____.
  • fails to work
  • serves many purposes
  • is able to run
  • has no functions
According to paragraph 1, Richard Perez has managed to _____.
  • pay off his electricity bills since 1970
  • provide energy for people in his neighborhood
  • save a lot of money with his own company
  • stay independent of certain public utilities
The word "pipe-dream" in paragraph 2 mostly means _____.
  • a promising vision
  • a terrible situation
  • an impractical hope
  • a real nightmare
The word "it" in paragraph 4 refers to _____.
  • getting the energy
  • being a pioneer
  • giving up a 21st-century lifestyle

  • being off-grid
Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage?
  • "Off-gridders" enjoy not doing harm to the environment.
  • Some city dwellers have shown an interest in producing their own electricity.
  • People opting for off-grid living used to be considered quite eccentric.
  • The number of "off-gridders" in the US is said to have risen by 33% over the past 10 years.
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
  • Most people living in temperate regions are against the idea of living off-grid.
  • Many "off-gridders" have made a fortune selling their own electricity.
  • Leading a 21st-century lifestyle means consuming a great deal of electricity.

  • Adopting an off-grid lifestyle is only suitable for low-income people.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Some mobile applications are very tempting. They may expose users to identity theft.

  • So tempting are some mobile applications that they limit users' exposure to identity theft.
  • Not only is identity theft tempting, it also exposes users to some mobile applications.
  • It is the temptation of identity theft that exposes users to some mobile applications.
  • Tempting though some mobile applications are, they may expose users to identity theft.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The English patient made a miraculous recovery from Covid-19. This was thanks to the efforts of the Vietnamese medical staff.

  • Suppose that the English patient made a miraculous recovery from Covid-19, the Vietnamese medical staff would make efforts.
  • Without the efforts of the Vietnamese medical staff, the English patient couldn't make a miraculous recovery from Covid-19.
  • If the English patient had made a miraculous recovery from Covid-19, the Vietnamese medical staff would have made efforts.
  • But for the efforts of the Vietnamese medical staff, the English patient couldn't have made a miraculous recovery from Covid-19.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Tom is more ambitious than his elder sister.

  • Tom's elder sister is more ambitious than he is.
  • Tom is less ambitious than his elder sister.
  • Tom's elder sister is not as ambitious as he is.
  • Tom is as ambitious as his elder sister.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

"I'm going to have a job interview tomorrow," said Paul.

  • Paul said that he was going to have a job interview tomorrow.
  • Paul said that I am going to have a job interview tomorrow.
  • Paul said that I was going to have a job interview the following day.
  • Paul said that he was going to have a job interview the following day.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

It is compulsory for all the students to finish their class work before going home.

  • All the students needn't finish their class work before going home.
  • All the students can't finish their class work before going home.
  • All the students may finish their class work before going home.
  • All the students must finish their class work before going home.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Reading books, listening to music, and play sports are among the most popular leisure activities.

  • play
  • are
  • the
  • activities

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

My mother always give me a big hug before I go to school in the morning.

  • give
  • big
  • go
  • morning

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

One necessary preventive measure to be taken is that the public should be on the outlook for symptoms of the disease.

  • preventive
  • taken
  • the public
  • outlook