Đề thi chính thức tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2020 (Mã đề: 422)

8/11/2020 4:57:00 PM

Đây là 01 trong 04 đề thi chính thức tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2020 môn Tiếng Anh, đã được tổ GV THPT của TiengAnhK12 giải thích đáp án chi tiết.

Các bạn đạt điểm 8+ sẽ được tặng mã học bổng trị giá 50% các gói ôn thi vào Tiếng Anh tốt nghiệp THPT. TiengAnhK12 chúc các em 2k3 chủ động ôn luyện đủ sớm, đủ kĩ, chinh phục mỹ mãn kỳ thi tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2021 và bước vào trường Đại học mà mình mơ ước.

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • furniture
  • customer
  • ambition
  • balcony
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • market
  • machine
  • hobby
  • luggage
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • warms
  • starts

  • reads
  • rings
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • score
  • fold
  • phone
  • close
My mother is often _____ first person to get up in the family.
  • a
  • an
  • the
  • X (no article)
The city has changed a lot since I last _____ it.
  • visited
  • would visit
  • will visit
  • visit
Those boys were excited about the new game in the beginning, but now they have _____ it.
  • gone off
  • looked after
  • filled in
  • got on
It’s necessary to listen to opinions that are _____ from ours.
  • differ
  • differently
  • difference
  • different
If I _____ you, I wouldn't go out in this weather.
  • had been
  • am
  • will be
  • were
You may not see how important your family is _____.
  • until you live far from home
  • after you had lived far from home
  • when you were living far from home
  • as soon as you lived far from home
A fashionista herself, Helena is _____ about her clothes, especially when making her appearance in public.
  • particular
  • feasible
  • receptive
  • creditable
You often walk to school, _____?
  • won't you
  • didn't you
  • don't you
  • haven't you
My daughter sometimes practises _____ English with her friends after school.
  • to speaking
  • to speak
  • speaking
  • speak
The football team has waited _____ the championship for 30 years.
  • for
  • to
  • up
  • about

The local shop deals in many kinds of hair products _____ from reasonably priced shampoos to rather expensive dyes.

  • are ranged
  • are ranging
  • range
  • ranging
Applications for admission to this university are not processed without a high school _____.
  • license
  • paper
  • diploma
  • résumé
Fathers can _____ a good example to their children by helping with household chores.
  • hold
  • set
  • follow
  • raise
I can’t give chapter and _____, but to the best of my knowledge, it's a line from "Romeo and Juliet".
  • verse
  • note
  • rhyme
  • scene
Polar bears are in danger of going extinct _____ climate change.
  • because
  • despite
  • because of
  • although

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The beautiful sandy beach with a lot of sunshine and good foods made his holiday complete.

  • serious
  • normal
  • perfect
  • terrible

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The candidate was rejected as he could not meet all the requirements for this position.

  • satisfy
  • arrange
  • establish
  • produce

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The internal structure of the ancient palace is complicated like that of a maze.

  • narrow
  • complex
  • simple
  • attractive

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Everyone was secretly rehearsing a surprise performance for Alex's proposal, but annoyingly Jim let the cat out of the bag at the last minute.

  • disclosed the plan
  • concealed the plan
  • revised the plan
  • abandoned the plan

Dave is talking to Hannah after their school's English speaking contest.

Dave: "Congratulations! You've given a great performance."

Hannah: "_____"

  • No, don't worry.
  • It's nice of you to say so.
  • Me neither.
  • I'm sorry to hear that.

Gini and Adrina are talking about a book they have read lately.

Gini: "That wasn't an interesting book."

Adrian: "_____. I couldn't go further than chapter 2."

  • No, it was fascinating
  • You can say that again
  • Yes, it gave me much information
  • I think it will get better and better

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Single-use plastic products are convenient. They are detrimental to the environment.

  • Convenient though single-use plastic products are, they are detrimental to the environment.
  • It is their detriment to the environment that makes single-use plastic products convenient.
  • Were single-use plastic products convenient, they would be detrimental to the environment.
  • Not only are single-use plastic products convenient, they are also detrimental to the environment.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

There were unexpected twists in the movie. It was so fascinating.

  • If there had been unexpected twists in the movie, it would have been so fascinating.
  • But for the unexpected twists in the movie, it wouldn't have been so fascinating.
  • Suppose that there were unexpected twists in the movie, it would be so fascinating.
  • Without the unexpected twists in the movie, it wouldn't be so fascinating.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The company is looking for a candidate who is honest, honest, and responsibility.

  • is
  • for
  • who
  • responsibility

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Protective gear for firefighters is supposed to be made of inflammable materials so as to eliminate the risk of fire.

  • Protective
  • inflammable
  • eliminate
  • risk

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

It always take parents a lot of time and patience to bring up their children.

  • take
  • a lot of
  • patience
  • their

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Peter is more successful than his sister.

  • Peter is less successful than his sister.
  • Peter is as successful as his sister.
  • Peter's sister is more successful than he is.
  • Peter's sister is not as successful as he is.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

It is compulsory for all students to hand in their assignments on time.

  • All the students needn't hand in their assignments on time.
  • All the students can't hand in their assignments on time.
  • All the students must hand in their assignments on time.
  • All the students may hand in their assignments on time.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

"I'm going on a picnic tomorrow," he said.

  • He said that I was going on a picnic tomorrow.
  • He said that he was going on a picnic tomorrow.
  • He said that I am going on a picnic the following day.
  • He said that he was going on a picnic the following day.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer for each of the questions.

TEENAGERS AND DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY

In many countries, there is a widespread perception that teenagers' lives nowadays are dominated by technology. However, the information (1) _____ was gathered in a recent study of Australian teenagers' use of and attitudes towards technology suggests that this view doesn't reflect the reality of their everyday existence. The research by academics from the University of Canberra in Australia found that. while most teenagers had ready access to home computers, mobile phones and (2) _____ electronic devices, they generally spent more time on traditional (3) _____ such as talking to family and friends, doing homework and enjoying hobbies and sports than on using technology. Accessing social media and playing computer games ranked as low as ninth and tenth respectively among the ten most common after-school activities. Fifteen-year-old Laura Edmonds is one of the teenagers surveyed. She admits to being very (4) _____ to her smartphone and makes full use of various apps, (5) _____ if she needs to unwind after a hard day at school, she tends to "hang out with my friends, listen to music or chat with mum and dad”.

(Adapted from Exam Essential Practice Tests - Cambridge English by Tom Bradbury and Eunice Yeater)

Choose the correct answer for (1):
  • where
  • which
  • when
  • who
Choose the correct answer for (2):
  • one
  • other
  • every
  • another
Choose the correct answer for (3):
  • pursuits
  • operations
  • incidents
  • events
Choose the correct answer for (4):
  • conformed
  • enclosed
  • attached
  • related
Choose the correct answer for (5):
  • till
  • nor
  • but
  • like

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

More and more young people are choosing to take a gap year between finishing school and starting university. Alternatively, they may decide to take a gap year between graduating from university and starting a career feeling the need for some time out before joining the rat race. Most students see the time as an opportunity to travel. The idea of travelling to as many foreign places as possible appeals greatly.

A large percentage of gap-year students have wealthy parents who can easily subsidize their travel. Others have to save up before they go, or look for some form of employment while travelling. For example, they may work on local farms or in local hotels. By doing so, they not only earn some money. but they are likely to meet local people and acquire some understanding of their culture.

There are some students who choose to work for the whole of their gap year. A number may decide to get work experience, either at home or abroad, in an area which they hope to make their career, such as medicine or computers. A large proportion of students are now choosing to work with a charity which arranges voluntary work in various pans of the world. The projects provide hands-on experience of a very varied nature, from teaching to helping build roads or dams.

The gap year is not just an adventure. Young people can benefit greatly from encountering new and varied experiences and from communication with a wide range of people. Perhaps most importantly, gap-year students have to learn to stand on their own two feet.

(Adapted from Thematic Vocabulary & Comprehension by Betty Kirkpatrick Ind Rebecca Mok)

What could be the best title for the passage?
  • Studying Overseas
  • Taking Time Out
  • Working for Life
  • Contributing to the Community
The word "subsidize" a paragraph 2 could be best replaced by _____.
  • pay for
  • work for
  • apply for
  • ask for
The word "their" in paragraph 2 refers to _____.
  • gap-year students
  • local farms
  • local people
  • local hotels
According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
  • Students can take a gap year only before starting university.
  • The number of students taking a gap year between high school and university is failing.
  • Most students consider a gap year as a chance to travel.
  • None of the students choose to work for the whole of their gap year to get experience.
According to the passage, what is perhaps the most important benefit of students' taking a gap year?
  • They receive practical training for their future careers.
  • They learn how to become independent.
  • They earn money to support their further studies.
  • They have an opportunity to meet local people.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

"I have not paid a single electricity bill since the year 1970," says Richard Perez with noticeable glee. He can afford to be smug. He lives "off-grid" - unconnected to the power grid and the water, gas and sewerage supplies that most people in the world rely on. He generates his own electricity, sources his own water and deals with his own waste disposal - and he prefers it that way. "There are times when the grid blacks out," he says. "I really like the security of having my own electricity company."

Perez is not alone. Once the preserve of mavericks, hippies and survivalists, there are now approximately 200,000 off-grid households in the United States of America, a figure that Perez says has been increasing by a third every year for the past decade. For all of the people who live off-grid, self-sufficiency means guilt-free energy consumption and peace of mind. "It feels brilliant to make use of clean, free energy that is not from fossil fuels," says Suzanne Galant, a writer who lives off-grid in a rural area in Wales. "And if something goes wrong, we can fix it ourselves." Now even urbanites are seeing the appeal of generating some if not all of their own power needs. So is energy freedom an eco pipe-dream or the ultimate good life?

Well, there is only one way to find out: begin to explore the possibilities of solar, wind or hydro-power. But unless you live on a sunny, south-facing hillside with access to a nearby river or stream, that might prove prohibitively expensive!

There is no doubt that being off-grid has its problems, and it is not always the cheapest way to get the energy you need. Even so, pioneers like Perez have proved that it can be done, and without giving up a 21st-century lifestyle: "I have got five personal computers, two laser scanners, two fridge-freezers, a microwave, a convection oven, vacuum cleaners - you name it," says Perez "There is an external beam antenna on the roof for the phone and a satellite dish for an Internet connection. I have got 70 kWh in batteries that could last me five days. I have too much electricity." Too much electricity and no more bills. That has got to be worth aiming for.

(Adapted from English Unlimited by Adrian Doff and Ben Goldstein)

Which best serves as the title for the passage?
  • Unplugging from the Grid
  • Living without Electricity
  • No Water, No Life!
  • A Day in the Life of an "Off-gridder"
The phrase "blacks out" in paragraph 1 mostly means _____.
  • fails to work
  • serves many purposes
  • is able to run
  • has no functions
According to paragraph 1, Richard Perez has managed to _____.
  • pay off his electricity bills since 1970
  • provide energy for people in his neighborhood
  • save a lot of money with his own company
  • stay independent of certain public utilities
The word "pipe-dream" in paragraph 2 mostly means _____.
  • a promising vision
  • a terrible situation
  • an impractical hope
  • a real nightmare
The word "it" in paragraph 4 refers to _____.
  • getting the energy
  • being a pioneer
  • giving up a 21st-century lifestyle

  • being off-grid
Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage?
  • "Off-gridders" enjoy not doing harm to the environment.
  • Some city dwellers have shown an interest in producing their own electricity.
  • People opting for off-grid living used to be considered quite eccentric.
  • The number of "off-gridders" in the US is said to have risen by 33% over the past 10 years.
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
  • Most people living in temperate regions are against the idea of living off-grid.
  • Many "off-gridders" have made a fortune selling their own electricity.
  • Leading a 21st-century lifestyle means consuming a great deal of electricity.

  • Adopting an off-grid lifestyle is only suitable for low-income people.