Đề thi thử THPT 2019 của thầy Bùi Văn Vinh #4

5/20/2019 3:30:31 PM
Đề thi thử đại học môn Tiếng Anh số 4 được biên soạn bởi Thầy Bùi Văn Vinh (ĐHSP HN) - GV chuyên luyện ngữ pháp, chuyên gia viết sách Tiếng Anh. SĐT: 0977.267.662. FB: https://www.facebook.com/quoc.vinh.10. Đề hiện chưa có giải thích đáp án chi tiết.

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • vertical
  • conference

  • vulnerable
  • wilderness

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • accept
  • account
  • accident
  • succeed

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • information
  • decoration
  • considerate
  • confidential

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • ensure
  • result
  • become
  • follow

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

A paragraph is a portion of text consists of some sentences related to the same idea.

  • A paragraph
  • a portion
  • consists of
  • related to

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The measurement unit known as a “foot” has originally based on the size of the human foot.

  • measurement
  • has
  • size
  • foot

Choose the underlined part that needs correction

Many animals have become extinction due to the interference of human beings.

  • have
  • extinction
  • due to
  • human beings

This is _____ the most challenging task I have ever done.

  • by far
  • by all means
  • by the way
  • by rights

Not only _____ in the field of psychology but animal behavior is examined as well.

  • is studied human behavior
  • human behavior
  • is human behavior studied
  • human behavior studied

The capacity for growth is inherent _____ all people.

  • from
  • in
  • at
  • on

Jane installed security software on her new computer to _____ it against viruses.

  • protect
  • protector
  • protection
  • protective

I used my calculator; otherwise it _____ longer.

  • will take
  • would take
  • took
  • would have taken

_______ say that property taxes have increased faster than the homeowner’s incomes.

  • Analyze
  • Analysts
  • Analysis
  • Analyzable

These days almost everybody _____ the dangers of smoking.

  • is aware about
  • know of
  • is aware of
  • are aware of

Many difficulties have _____ as a result of the changeover to a new type of fuel.

  • raised
  • been raised
  • risen
  • arisen

His aunt bought him some books on astronomy and football, ____ he had an interest in.

  • neither of them
  • neither of what
  • neither of which
  • neither of whom

There are a few things I didn’t like about Professor Chung’s math class, but ____ I enjoyed it.

  • large and by
  • by and large
  • big and large
  • far and large

What he says makes no _____ to me.

  • reason
  • truth
  • sense
  • matter

You ____ to our conversation. It was private.

  • haven’t been listening
  • shouldn’t have been listening
  • couldn’t have been listening
  • hadn’t been listening

Choose the most suitable response.

- “_______”

- “Oh, but it’s boring”

  • Would you prefer news to films?
  • I often watch the news at night.
  • Don’t you like the news?
  • I think you should watch the news.

- “Thanks a lot for your help.”

- “______”

  • Don’t mention it.
  • Oh, that’s too bad.
  • Oh, I’m sorry to hear that.
  • Of course.

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

This is a difficult topic. Please explain it in plain language.

  • easy
  • new
  • different
  • detailed

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part

He claimed that the car belonged to him.

  • knew
  • thought
  • suspected
  • declared

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part

The use of lasers in surgery has become relatively commonplace in recent years.

  • absolutely
  • irrelevantly
  • virtually
  • comparatively

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part

A deficiency of vitamin D can lead to permanent bone deformities.

  • irreparable
  • infinite
  • temporary
  • occasional

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.  

Because geologists have long indicated that fossil fuels will not last indefinitely, the U.S government finally acknowledged that sooner or later other energy sources would be needed and, as a result, turned its attention to nuclear power. It was anticipated that nuclear power plants could supply the electricity in such large amounts and so inexpensively that they would be integrated into an economy in which electricity would take over virtually all fuel-generating functions at a nominal cost. Thus, the government-subsidized the promotion of commercial nuclear power plants and authorized their construction by utility companies. In the 1960s and early 1970s, the public accepted the notion of electricity being generated by nuclear power plants in or near residential areas. By 1975, 54 plants were fully operational, supplying 11 percent of the nation’s electricity, and another 167 plants were at various stages of planning and construction. Officials estimated that by 1990 hundreds of plants would be on the line, and by the turn of the century, as many as 1000 plants would be in working order.

Since 1975, this outlook and this estimation have changed drastically, and many utilize have canceled existing orders. In some cases, construction was terminated even after billions of dollars had already been invested. After being completed and licensed at a cost of almost $6 billion, the Shoreham Power Plant on Long Island was turned over to the state of New York to be dismantled without ever having generated electric power. The reason was that residents and state authorities deemed that there was no possibility of evacuating residents from the area should an accident occur.

Just 68 of those plants underway in 1975 have been completed, and another 3 are still under construction. Therefore, it appears that in the mid1990s 124 nuclear power plants in the nation will be in operation, generating about 18 percent of the nation’s electricity, a figure that will undoubtedly decline as relatively outdated plants are shut down.

What was initially planned for the nation’s fuel supply in the 1950s and in the early 1960s?
  • Expansion and renovation of existing fuel-generating plants.
  • Creation of additional storage capacities for fossil fuels.
  • Conversion of the industry and the economy to nuclear power.
  • Development of an array of alternative fuel and power sources.
How does the author describe the attitude of the population in regard to nuclear power as fuel in the early to the mid 1970s?
  • Apprehensive
  • Ambivalent
  • Receptive
  • Resentful
In line 5, the word “nominal” is closet in meaning to _____
  • so-called
  • minimal
  • exorbitant
  • inflated

In line 7, the word “notion” is closet in meaning to _____.

  • nonsense
  • notice
  • idea
  • consequence

In line 13, the phrase “this outlook” refers to _____.

  • the number of operating nuclear plants
  • the expectation for increase in the number of nuclear plants
  • the possibility of generating electricity at nuclear installations
  • the forecast for the capacity of the nuclear plants

In line 14, the word “terminated” is closet in meaning to ______.

  • delayed
  • stopped
  • kept going
  • conserved

It can be inferred from the passage that government officials made a critical error in judgment by _____.

  • disregarding the low utility of nuclear power plants
  • relying on inferior materials and faulty plant design
  • overlooking the possibility of a meltdown, however remote
  • locating installation in densely wooded areas

The author of the passage implies that the construction of new nuclear power plants ____.

  • is continuing on a smaller scale
  • is being geared for greater safety
  • has been completely halted for fear of disaster
  • has been decelerated but not terminated

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions

According to some accounts, the first optical telescope was accidentally invented in the 1600s by children who put two glass lenses together while playing with them in a Dutch optical shop. The owner of the shop, Hans Lippershey, looked through the lenses and was amazed by the way they made the nearby church look so much larger. Soon after that, he invented a device that he called a “looker”, a long thin tube where light passed in a straight line from the front lens to the viewing lens at the other end of the tube. In 1608 he tried to sell his invention unsuccessfully. In the same year, someone described the “looker” to the Italian scientists Galileo, who made his own version of the device. In 1610 Galileo used his version to make observations of the Moon, the planet Jupiter, and the Milky Way. In April of 1611, Galileo showed his device to guests at a banquet in his honor. One of the guests suggested a name for the device: the telescope.

When Isaac Newton began using Galileo’s telescope more than a century later, he noticed a problem. The type of telescope that Galileo designed is called a refractor because the front lens bends, or refracts, the light. However, the curved front lens also caused the light to the separated into colors. This meant that when Newton looked through the refracting telescope, the images of bright objects appeared with a ring of colors around them. This sometimes interfered with viewing. He solved this problem by designing a new type of telescope that used a curved mirror. This mirror concentrated the light and reflected a beam of light to the eyepiece at the other end of the telescope. Because Newton used a mirror, his telescope was called a reflector.  

Very much larger optical telescopes can now be found in many parts of the world, built on hills and mountains far from city lights. The world’s largest refracting telescope is located at the Yerkes Observatory in Williams Bay, Wisconsin. Another telescope stands on Mount Palomar in California. This huge reflecting telescope was for many years the largest reflecting telescope in the world until an even larger reflecting telescope was built in the Caucasus Mountains. A fourth famous reflector telescope, the Keck Telescope situated on a mountain in Hawaii, does not use a single large mirror to collect the light. Instead, the Keck uses the combined light that falls on thirty-six mirrors.

Radio telescopes, like optical telescopes, allow astronomers to collect data from outer space, but they are different in important ways. First of all, they look very different because instead of light waves, they collect radio waves. Thus, in the place of lenses or mirror, radio telescopes employ bowl-shaped disks that resemble huge TV satellite dished. Also, apart from their distinctive appearance, radio telescope and optical telescopes use different methods to record the information they collect. Optical telescopes use cameras to take photographs of visible objects, while radio telescopes use radio receivers to record radio waves from a distant object in space.

What can be inferred about the first optical telescope?
  • It was bought by children.
  • It was invented in America.
  • It was sold by a shop owner.
  • It was invented by accident.
Which of the following is NOT true about Hans Lippershey?
  • He owned a shop.
  • He was a Dutch.
  • He sold his invention in 1608.
  • He got his idea of a telescope from the kids in his shop.
When was Galileo’s invention called “telescope”?
  • in 1611
  • in 1610
  • in 1608
  • in 1600
What did Newton notice about Galileo’s telescope when he used it?
  • It had many problems.
  • It refracted the light.
  • It was called a refractor.
  • It had a curved mirror.
What did Newton do with Galileo’s telescope?
  • He called it reflector.
  • He sent it back to Galileo.
  • He improved it.
  • He stopped using it after his notice.
When did Newton start to use Galileo’s telescope?
  • in the 17th century
  • in the 18th century
  • in the 16th century
  • in the 15th century
Where does the largest reflecting telescope stand?
  • in Wisconsin
  • in California
  • in Hawaii
  • in Caucasus Mountains

Read the following passage and choose the correct word (s) for each of the blanks  

Reading is Fun

More and more people are discovering that sharing and talking about their favorite books with others can be as rewarding as the act of reading itself.  For people who feel that they are too busy to sit down with a book, a book club helps them schedule time to read, others have gained self-confidence by (41)____ in or leading a discussion. And most people enjoy the chance to (42)_____ new friends.

A successful book club should have a group that is small enough so even the quiet people can be heard but also big enough for many different opinions. The best arrangement is a (43)____ of ages, sexes, and backgrounds for more reading variety and livelier discussions.  

The book club could (44)_____ in one subject or type of book, like mysteries, science fiction, or biographies. Or the members could read books of all types, as long as the book is highly recommended by someone who thinks it would be (45)____ discussing.  

Some book clubs meet in places like bookstores, public libraries, or restaurants, but most have their meetings in members’ homes. The approach simply offers more privacy and time for longer meetings. To make the meeting go smoothly, a leader should be appointed. The leader will usually start the discussion by asking what the author’s main idea was. Book club members should never be afraid to offer their opinions, even if they don’t like a book. They just need to be prepared to explain why.

Choose the correct answer.
  • sitting
  • talking
  • participating
  • taking
Choose the correct answer.
  • do
  • form
  • gather
  • make
Choose the correct answer.
  • mixture
  • lot
  • range
  • number
Choose the correct answer.
  • talk
  • focus
  • concentrate
  • specialize
Choose the correct answer.
  • worth
  • useful
  • valuable
  • busy

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

We could not handle the situation without you.

  • You didn't help us handle the situation.
  • If you had not helped us, we could not have handled the situation.
  • If you did not help us, we could not handle the situation.
  • We will handle the situation if you help.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Apples are usually cheaper than oranges.

  • Oranges are usually the most expensive.
  • Oranges are usually more expensive as apples.
  • Apples are not usually as expensive as oranges.
  • Apples are usually less cheap than oranges.

Choose the sentence closest in meaning to the following sentence.

We do not need much furniture because the room is small.

  • The smaller the room is, the less furniture we need.
  • The smaller the room, the fewer furniture we need.
  • The small room makes the furniture less and less.
  • More furniture is needed for the small room.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

I am not sure, but perhaps he went to London.

  • He might go to London.
  • He must have gone to London.
  • He might have gone to London.
  • He could go to London.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

He is a reliable person, which is different from what people think.

  • People think differently about a reliable person.
  • Contrary to what people think, he is reliable.
  • Contrary to what people think, he is unreliable.
  • He, who is reliable, is not what people think.