Đề thi thử THPT môn Anh dành cho HS khá/giỏi #2

7/13/2020 9:00:00 AM

Để khảo sát chất lượng khối 12 lần 2 của Sở GD&ĐT Hà Nội, có tính chất như thi thử tốt nghiệp THPT quốc gia.

Đề sau khi chuyển thể online lên TiengAnhK12 thì gồm 46 câu, tương đương 50 câu hỏi trắc nghiệm trên đề giấy.

Khi làm đề thi thử này, HS hãy lưu ý phân bổ và tối ưu hóa việc sử dụng thời gian như khi thi thật: tạm chọn nhanh đáp án cho cả những câu chưa chắc chắn, đánh dấu để quay lại cân nhắc thêm sau khi đã làm hết một lượt.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

They expect that recent changes will bring about an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.

  • It was expected that recent changes would result in an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.
  • The quality of the country's education is expected to be the consequence of recent changes.
  • It is expected that recent changes are caused by an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.
  • Recent changes are expected to lead to an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

"Don't forget to submit your assignments by Thursday," said the teacher to the students.

  • The teacher encouraged the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.
  • The teacher ordered the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.
  • The teacher allowed the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.
  • The teacher reminded the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Students who earn their own money tend to spend it wisely.

  • As they earn their money by themselves, students tend to spend it wisely.
  • Earning their own money tends to make students spend it wisely.
  • Students earning their own money tend to spend it wisely.
  • Earning their own money encourages students to spend it wisely.

Many parents tend to make their children study hard in the belief that good education will enable them to ______ in the future.

  • turn away
  • turn up
  • get on
  • get out

The operation of the newly constructed plants is likely to lead to ______ environmental consequences.

  • far-flung
  • far-off
  • far-reaching
  • far-gone

Michael rarely returns to his hometown, ______?

  • has he
  • doesn't he
  • does he
  • hasn't he

Drastic measures should be taken to tackle the problems ______ child abuse.

  • to involve
  • involving
  • are involving
  • involved

Nam recommends that his brother ______ the job without reading the work contract thoroughly.

  • can take
  • take
  • not take
  • should take

I had all the information at my ______ before attending the meeting.

  • fingers
  • fingertips
  • thumbs
  • hands

______ other respiratory illnesses, the COVID-19 virus can cause mild symptoms including, sore throat, cough, and fever.

  • Unlikely
  • Like
  • Likely
  • Unlike

She's _____ her brother is.

  • nowhere like so ambitious as
  • nowhere near as ambitious as
  • nothing near as ambitious as
  • nothing as ambitious as

Older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions appear to be more _____ to become severely ill with the COVID-19 virus.

  • vulnerably
  • invulnerability
  • vulnerability
  • vulnerable

John asked me _____ that film the night before.

  • if I had seen
  • had I seen
  • that I saw
  • if had I seen

After a long working day, she felt ______.

  • worn-out
  • broken-down
  • turned down
  • knocked out

_____ he arrived at the hotel when the rain poured down.

  • Hardly had
  • No longer had
  • No sooner had
  • Not until had

Do you know the woman who is wearing the _____?

  • very valuable old gold watch
  • old gold watch very valuable
  • gold watch very old valuable
  • very old gold valuable watch

Had she known how hard this job was going to be, she _____ it.

  • wouldn't accept
  • would accept
  • would have accepted
  • wouldn't have accepted

Lan: "What an attractive hairstyle you've got, Mai!"

Mai: "_____."

  • I don't like your sayings
  • Thank you very much. I am afraid
  • Thank you for your compliment
  • You are telling a lie

Two friends Peter and Linda are talking about pets.

Peter: "Well, cats are very good at catching mice around the house."

Linda: "______."

  • No, dogs are very good, too
  • Yes, I hope so
  • Nothing more to say
  • You can say that again

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

One of the most serious problems face us now is the need to control population growth.

  • the most
  • problems
  • face
  • to control

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Last summer I have stayed on my aunt's farm for a month.

  • Last summer
  • have stayed
  • on
  • for

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

I am now in my attempt winning a place at the same university as my brother.

  • attempt
  • winning
  • the same
  • as

Read  the  following  passage choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

   Biological diversity has become widely recognized as a critical conservation issue only in the past two decades. The rapid destruction of the tropical rain forests, which are the ecosystems with the highest known species diversity on Earth, has awakened people to the importance and fragility of biological diversity. The high rate of species extinctions in these environments is jolting, but it is important to recognize the significance of biological diversity in all ecosystems. As the human population continues to expand, it will negatively affect  Earth's ecosystems.  In terrestrial ecosystems and infringe marine ecosystems  (such as wetlands),  the most common problem is habitat destruction. In most situations,  the result is irreversible. Now humans are beginning to destroy marine ecosystems through other types of activities, such as disposal and runoff of poisonous waste; in less than two centuries, by significantly reducing the variety of species on Earth, they have irrevocably redirected the course of evolution.

   Certainly,  there have been periods in Earth's history when mass extinctions have occurred. The extinction of the dinosaurs was caused by some physical events, either climatic or cosmic. There have also been less dramatic extinctions, as when natural competition between species reached an extreme conclusion. Only  0.01  percent of  the species  that  have  lived  on  Earth  have  survived  to  the  present,  and  it  was  largely chance that determined which species survived and which died out.

   However, nothing has ever equaled the magnitude and speed with which the human species is altering the physical and chemical world and demolishing the environment. In fact, there is wide agreement that it is the rate of change humans are inflicting, even more than the changes themselves, that will lead to biological devastation. Life on Earth has continually been in flux as slow physical and chemical changes have occurred on Earth, but life needs time for the proliferation of new genetic material and new species that may be able to survive in new environments.

What does the passage mainly discuss?
  • The time required for species to adapt to new environments
  • The causes of the extinction of the dinosaurs
  • The variety of species found in tropical rain forests
  • The impact of human activities on Earth’s ecosystems

The word “jolting" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • unknown
  • illuminating
  • predicted
  • shocking
The author mentions the reduction of the variety of species on Earth in the last sentence of paragraph 1 to suggest that ________.
  • humans are often made ill by polluted water
  • understanding evolution can prevent certain species from disappearing
  • some species have been made extinct by human activity
  • new habitats can be created for species
The author mentions all of the following as examples of the effect of humans on the world's ecosystems EXCEPT ______.
  • the introduction of new varieties of plant species
  • habitat destruction in wetlands
  • destruction of the tropical rain forests
  • damage to marine ecosystems
The author mentions the extinction of the dinosaurs in paragraph 2 to emphasize that ______.
  • not all mass extinctions have been caused by human activity
  • actions by humans could not stop the irreversible process of a species' extinction
  • Earth's climate has changed significantly since the dinosaurs' extinction
  • the cause of the dinosaurs' extinction is unknown

The word “magnitude” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • carelessness
  • extent
  • determination
  • concern
According to the passage, natural evolutionary change is different from changes caused by humans in that changes caused by humans ______.
  • are less devastating to most species
  • affect fewer ecosystems
  • are reversible
  • are occurring at a much faster rate
With which of the following statements would the author be most likely to agree?
  • Human influence on ecosystems should not be a factor in determining public policy.
  • Technology will provide solutions to problems caused by the destruction of ecosystems.
  • Humans should be more conscious of the influence they have on ecosystems.
  • The extinction of a few species is an acceptable consequence of human progress.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

The green building movement, started in the 1970s as a way to reduce environmental destruction, is changing the way buildings are constructed. In the early years, green builders were a small minority, and their goals of reducing the environmental impact of buildings were considered unrealistic. Now, however, the movement is growing, as builders have been able to take advantage of new technology.

Green builders try to make use of recycled materials, which means less waste in dumps. Also, they reduce environmental impact by reducing the energy requirements of a building. One way is to provide an alternative, non-polluting source of energy. First, with solar panels, it is possible to produce electricity from the rays of the sun. Once installed, they provide energy at no cost and with no pollution.

Another solution is to reduce the amount of energy required in a building. It is possible to cut electricity use noticeably by improving natural lighting and installing low-energy light bulbs. To reduce the amount of fuel needed for heating or cooling, builders also add insulation to the walls so that the building stays warmer in winter and cooler in summer.
One example of this advanced design is the Genzyme Center of Cambridge, the most environmentally responsible office building in America. Every aspect of the design and building had to consider two things: the need for a safe and pleasant workplace for employees and the need to lessen the negative environmental impact. 75 percent of the building materials were recycled materials, and the energy use has been reduced by 43 percent and water use by 32 percent, compared with other buildings of the same size.

In other parts of the world, several large-scale projects have recently been developed according to green building principles. One of these is in Vauban, Germany, in an area that was once the site of army housing. The site has been completely rebuilt with houses requiring 30 percent less energy than conventional ones. These houses, heated by special non-polluting systems, are also equipped with solar panels.

A larger project is under way in China. The first phase of this project will include houses for 400 families built with solar power, non-polluting bricks, and recycled wall insulation. In a second phase, entire neighborhoods in six cities will be built. If all goes well, the Chinese government plans to copy these ideas in new neighborhoods across China.

Green building ideas, on a small or large scale, are spreading. Individuals, companies, and governments are beginning to see their benefits. Not only are they environmentally friendly, green buildings improve living and working conditions and also save money in the long run.

(Adapted from "Advanced Reading Power" by Beatrice S. Mikulecky and Linda Jeffries)

Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?

  • An environmentally friendly approach to constructing buildings
  • Economic benefits of environmentally responsible buildings
  • Successful green building projects all over the world
  • New technologies applied to constructing office buildings

The word "insulation" in paragraph 3 mostly means ______.

  • materials that prevent heat loss and absorption
  • devices that monitor changes in temperature
  • panels that convert solar energy into electricity
  • systems that protect buildings from the sun's rays

What is one common characteristic shared by the Genzyme Center of Cambridge and the project in Vauban, Germany?

  • Both took advantage of new insulation technology, which cuts down on construction costs.
  • Both were built out of entirely recycled materials instead of conventional ones.
  • Both are housing complexes with special, non-polluting heating systems.
  • Both were built based on green building principles, which reduces energy use considerably.

The phrase "under way" in paragraph 6 mostly means ______.

  • being inspected
  • being certified
  • being launched
  • being notified

According to the passage, which of the following statements about green buildings is TRUE?

  • They have only been built in technologically developed countries.
  • They are more economical and produce no pollution.
  • They are environmentally responsible constructions with gardens.
  • They are gaining in popularity in different parts of the world.

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • weighed
  • laughed
  • helped
  • checked

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • bulb
  • celebrate
  • blanket
  • plumber

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

If the students understand the content of the story thoroughly, they won't need to read it again.

  • completely
  • scarcely
  • badly
  • hardly

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I'm sorry I didn't inform you about it. The decision came out of the blue.

  • unexpectedly
  • out of order
  • out of place
  • immediately

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Judy has just won a full scholarship to one of the most prestigious universities in the country; she must be on cloud nine now.

  • incredibly optimistic
  • obviously delighted
  • extremely panicked
  • desperately sad

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game.

  • Comfortable
  • Favorable
  • Bad
  • Severe

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

   Throughout history, people have always communicated with one another, not only by speech but also by movements of the hands and body. It is, however, only the last few years that these aspects of communication have been studied at all widely. This type of communication is known as body language or non-verbal communication.

   People sometimes wonder you can learn how body language works. It is, of course, possible to read books on the subject but you also need to time observing people's movements. A railway station is a particularly good place for such observation, as here people can be seen openly expressing eagerness, sorrow, delight, impatience, etc. If you the sound on your television set and try to understand is happening simply by watching the picture,  you will learn even more about communication without words.

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • obtain
  • affect
  • happen
  • encounter

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • companion
  • opponent
  • president
  • assistant

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

His friends supported and encouraged him. He did really well in the competition.

  • Such were his friends' support and encouragement that he couldn't do really well in the competition.
  • If his friends had given him support and encouragement, he could have done really well in the competition.
  • Had it not been for his friends' support and encouragement, he couldn't have done so well in the competition.
  • No matter how much his friends supported and encouraged him, he couldn't do well in the competition.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Joe has finished his first-aid course. He proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker.

  • Although Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker, he hasn't finished his first-aid course.
  • Without finishing his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker.
  • Having finished his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker.
  • However helpful Joe proves as a rescue worker, he hasn't finished his first-aid course.