Cambridge FCE Amslink Challenge 7th - Reading and Writing

3/21/2019 10:44:20 PM
Đề thi thử được cung cấp bởi Amslink English Centre – Trung tâm đào tạo Tiếng Anh cho trẻ từ 5 đến 15 tuổi - được chứng nhận bởi Hội đồng khảo thí Cambridge English UK. Amslink khẳng định chương trình học và phương pháp đào tạo chuyên biệt đảm bảo các con đạt kết quả học tập cao và thể hiện thành thục các kĩ năng tiếng Anh trong thực tế. Chi tiết liên hệ http://amslink.edu.vn - Hotline: 0247 305 0384.

Read the text below and choose the correct answer in the blanks. There is an example.

The sticking plaster

Nowadays, one of the most common items found in the home is the sticking plaster.

Protecting a cut by covering the affected area with a piece of material that sticks to the skin may seem a rather obvious idea, so it is perhaps surprising to learn that the plaster was not until about ninety years ago.

The person who thought the idea was Earle Dickson, an employee of the Johnson & Johnson company. Concerned that his wife Josephine sometimes had accidents while cooking and doing other jobs, he used pieces of cotton materials placed inside strips of sticky tape to cover her injuries. This prevented dirt from getting into the and protected it from further harm as she did the housework.

Dickson’s boss was impressed, so in 1921 Johnson & Johnson put the new sticking plaster into  under the brand name Band-Aid. Sales at first were slow, but somebody at the company came up with the  idea of giving free plasters to the Boy Scouts. This created publicity and from then on it became a commercial success. Dickson was  within the company, eventually becoming a senior executive.

Although the basic design of the sticking plaster has remained similar to the , there have been many developments in the materials used and it is now  in a variety of shapes, sizes and colours. Total worldwide sales are believed to have exceeded 10 billion.

Read the text below and think of the word which best fits in the blank. Use only one word in each blank. There is an example.

Scientists explain excitement of children

The  reason  children  become  more  excited  than  adults  at  receiving  gifts  has  been identified by scientists. They found   that the areas of the brain involved in processing rewards were far more active in younger people when  they received a prize. This explained why children found almost impossible to contain excitement on birthdays.

A  team  from  the  US  National  Institute  of  Mental  Health  used  scans  to  study  parts of the brain were  stimulated when rewarded    presented to participants. Younger people showed more activity in key brain areas while they viewed a video game or received money.

Dopamine, a chemical that carries messages between brain cells, is believed    act as  a  ‘currency’  in  the  brain’s  reward  processing  areas.  However, the brain’s dopamine system declines with age. The study suggested that this is receiving presents feels less thrilling as people  older.

The scientists say that targeting these dopamine mechanisms may help in the development of  ways  of  treating  various  disorders  of  the  reward  system,  as pathological  gambling and drug addiction.

Read the text below. Use the word given to form a word that fits in the blank. There is an example. Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS. 

Film Festivals

Film festivals are events staged by private organizations,  local governments, arts  (ASSOCIATE) ASSOCIATION  or film societies. They provide an opportunity for (KNOW) filmmakers to present their movies to a real live audience and to have them reviewed by professional critics. If a film is shown at a festival, the filmmaker gets (VALUE) press attention and exposure to agents and buyers.

Some festivals welcome a  wide range of films,  but other festivals are more specialized.  They may accept only comedies or only films made by female directors.  Most festivals accept  (SUBMIT)  from any filmmaker, regardless of his or her past experience.

Each festival has its own set of rules.  (GENERAL) filmmakers are given a deadline by which they have to submit their films. Submitting a film to the wrong festival is likely to end in (REJECT) . If a movie is accepted, the organizers (NOTE) the filmmaker.

Film festivals are  (TYPICAL)  divided into categories like drama, documentary or animation.  Films are judged for their production value, (CREATE) and overall impression.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given. Here is an example:

Everyone thinks that the band has split up
. (
THOUGHT)
The band ..................................... up.
Answer: IS THOUGHT TO HAVE SPLIT

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

I regret not buying that bike when I had the chance. (WISH)

I that bike when I had the chance.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

In spite of the heavy snow, we managed to get home quickly. (EVEN)

We managed to get home quickly heavily.

‘Did you see that film on Friday night?’ Sean asked me. (SEEN)

Sean wanted to know that film on Friday night.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

Jenny rang because she was worried about us. (RUNG)

Jenny if she hadn’t been worried about us.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

Have they repaired your computer yet? (had)

Have yet?

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

We have arranged everything for your trip to China. (MADE)

We have your trip to China.

You are going to read an article about an English poet, William Wordsworth. For each question, choose the correct answer which you think fits best according to the text.

Daffodils Everywhere

Two hundred years ago the English poet William Wordsworth wrote ‘I wandered lonely as a cloud’, a poem that expresses a basic spirit of early English Romanticism. It was Thursday, 15th April 1802. William and Dorothy Wordsworth, the poet’s devoted, journal-writing sister, were walking home to Dove Cottage in the Lake District. The wind was fierce, but the Wordsworth siblings were used to striding long distances in foul weather. They were in the woods close to the waterside when they first clapped eyes on a field of daffodils ‘fluttering and dancing in the breeze’.
What makes this poem an example of Romantic thinking? It isn’t just that Wordsworth chooses to write about a natural scene; it is the way he describes the scene as if it had human emotions. For him, nature is not merely a neutral mixture of scenery, colours, plants, rocks, soil, water and air. It is a living force that feels joy and sadness, shares human pain and even tries to educate us human beings by showing us the beauty of life.
Wordsworth’s home, Dove Cottage, is now one of the most popular destinations in the Lake District. You can go on a tour of the garden which William planted with wild flowers and which survived in his backyard even after they disappeared from the area. ‘He always said that if he hadn’t been a poet, he would have been a terrific gardener,’ says Allan King of the Wordsworth Trust, the orgarnisation that looks after the cottage and gardens.
The Lake District in the north-west of England becomes particularly crowded during the summer months with tourists and ramblers eager to enjoy the region’s majestic valleys, hills and sparkling lakes. Wordsworth himself was far from keen on tourists, which was quite apparent. He wanted outsiders to admire the local sights he enjoyed so much, but was afraid the district might be ‘damaged’ by too many visitors. He opposed the coming of the trains, and campaigned in the 1840s against a plan to link the towns in the areas - Kendal, Windermere and Keswick - by rail.
The place near Ullswater, where Wordsworth saw the daffodils, is at the southernmost end of the lake. The lake is wide and calm at this turning point. There’s a bay where the trees have had their soil eroded by lake water so that their roots are shockingly exposed. You walk along from tree to tree, hardly daring to breathe, because you are walking in the footprints of William and Dorothy from two centuries ago. The first clumps of daffodils appear, but they aren’t tall yellow trumpets proudly swaying in the breeze. They’re tiny wild daffodils, most of them still green and unopened, in clumps of six or seven. They’re grouped around individual trees rather than collecting together.
But as you look north, from beside a huge ancient oak, you realise this is what delighted the Wordsworths: clump after clump of the things, spread out to left and right but coming together in your vision so that they form a beautiful, pale-yellow carpet. What you’re seeing at last is nature transformed by human sight and imagination. For a second, you share that revelation of Dorothy and William Wordsworth’s, the glimpse of pantheism, the central mystery of English Romanticism.

According to the article, Wordsworth’s poem ____

  • started the Romantic movement.
  • was based on actual experience.
  • was written while he was visiting his sister.
  • was written after he had been lonely.

What was Wordsworth’s attitude to nature?

  • He believed nature had a character of its own.
  • He felt nature was human.
  • He thought nature could talk to people.
  • He believed that we could influence nature.

What does ‘which’ refer to?

  • the number of tourists who come to the Lake District.
  • Wordsworth’s desire for outsiders to admire the local sights.
  • the fact that Wordsworth was keen on tourists from far away.
  • Wordsworth’s dislike of tourists.

What does the writer suggest by the words ‘hardly daring to breathe’?

  • You have to walk carefully here.
  • You can’t breathe because the atmosphere is suffocating.
  • You feel excited to be in this place.
  • You must concentrate to stay on the footpath.

The writer implies that the poem describes

  • exactly what Wordsworth saw in detail.
  • the effect the daffodils had on Wordsworth.
  • what Wordsworth saw around an ancient oak.
  • clumps of daffodils on the left and on the right.

What does the writer think of Wordsworth as a poet?

  • He believes Wordsworth was an important figure in English culture.
  • He is critical of Wordsworth.
  • He believes Wordsworth was a sentimental person.
  • He disagrees with Wordsworth’s opinion about nature.

You are going to read part of an article in which a woman talks about her life after winning Olympic gold medals for swimming. Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences the one which fits each blank. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.

A. Two young girls approached, nervously, to ask for a photograph.

B. Nowadays, though, they are hidden away somewhere safe.

C. That, however, was still slower than friend and team-mate Jo Jackson.

D. When I get into the pool I’m very different to how I am outside it.

E. With swimming in general, people don’t recognise the amount of work that’s needed.

F. It just means I don’t need my parents to help me out.

G. Particularly when you are not fully fit.

Rebecca Adlington: top swimmer

Richard Wilson speaks to double Olympic champion Rebecca Adlington

When Rebecca Adlington won gold medals in the 400 metre and 800 metre freestyle events in Beijing, her life changed. It suddenly felt as though she inhabited two worlds: the one the public knew, the one they didn’t know.

Last March she took part in the national championships, her first swimming competition since the Olympics. In the 800 metres she won in 8 minutes 18,86 seconds, four seconds outside the world record she set in Beijing, but still a time that only three women have ever bettered. Then, in the 400 metres, she broke the world record. When she stood at the side of the pool and the television reporters asked if her victories at the Olympics had reduced her will to win, tears came into her eyes. But she held them back, because she had cried them already, in private.

‘It was hard after the Olympics, with everybody expecting me to break a world record every time I got in the water,’ she says, ‘I was trying to handle that. Going into the national championships I wouldn’t say I dealt with it particularly well. I was coming out of training sessions crying, because it’s hard to live up to expectations. Your mind plays tricks on you. I knew what I was doing in training before the Olympics; so going into something when I knew I wasn’t doing those times is about trying to keep your confidence up. I needed to get away from it all and think about myself.’

By early the next year, with her standard not as it should have been, she started to say: no, I can’t keep doing everything. ‘I had to turn a lot of things down,’ she admits, with a sign. We do 90% training and 10% in the race. It’s extremely demanding. After two hours of solid practice you’re going to be pretty tired, and you have that in the morning and the evening, as well as gym.’

I spoke to her in the lobby of a hotel, where she seemed to be trying to make sense of it all. Her eyes are kind and friendly, and she always seems about to smile. She leans forward, attentive, as though there is nothing but you and her, at this moment. She touched her blonde hair and happily let them take one.

Afterward, I ask how often people recognize her. ‘It’s mainly in the supermarket, or somewhere like that,’ she laughs. She used to carry her two Olympic medals with her everywhere, ready to show them off when asked to. In a place, she knows they will always be there for her, and she is moving on.

Some things are no longer quite the same. After Beijing, she is under less financial pressure, as the amount of financial support she received has doubled. Life is different, although not hugely.  It’s not that I’m rolling around in money, or that I can buy a Ferrari - I wish I could. It’s a bit more freedom, that’s all.’

You are going to read an article in which four young people say how they deal with the everyday stress of their lives. For each question, choose from the people (A - D). The people may be chosen more than once.

Sports at School

A. Diane Townson

Looking  back,  I  did  enjoy  sports  lessons  at school, even though I think most schools assume sports are basically for boys, and girls don’t get encouraged  to  do  well  at  sports.  That attitude really  annoys  me,  because  the  whole  point  of sports at school is to help kids develop the right attitudes, and it doesn’t matter really how good you  are.  If  you  can’t  run  as  fast  as  an  Olympic athlete,  that  doesn’t  matter  -  what  matters  is that  you  run  as  fast  as  you  can. Schools are highly competitive environments and sports can teach children the importance of  teamwork. Almost everything  else  at  school  is  about individual  efforts, but  sports are  about  working together  towards  a  common  goal.  Sports at school give children who are not high achievers a chance to excel at something.  Finally, national sports, like cricket in England,  benefit  because they are part of the school curriculum.

B. Roger Dias

There are obvious benefits in having good sports classes at school. Children stay fit and learn the importance of fair play. Schools can  introduce children  to  sports  they  would  never  otherwise have  the  opportunity  of  doing.  For instance,  I grew  up  in  a  big  city,  and  we  hardly  ever travelled  to  the  countryside  as  a  family.  At school  we  had  a  climbing  wall  in  the  gym,  and we  learnt  rock  climbing  in  sports  class.  When I moved  to  Europe,  i  took  up  rock  climbing  and was  surprised  at  how  good  I  was  at  it.  Schools should  offer  a  wide  range  of  sports  from  the most popular ones, like football and basketball, to  the  less  popular  ones,  like  table  tennis  and climbing.  Unfortunately, sports  are  often regarded  as  a  sort  of  optional  extra  by  certain schools and this is also reflected in the children’s attitude to them.

C. Colin Campbell

My  own  memories  of  sports  lessons  at  school aren’t  particularly  good,  but  that’s  mainly because  of  the  type  of  school  I went  to.  It  was unusual by British standards, with old-fashioned ways  of  teaching,  and  the  head  didn’t  really think  sports  mattered  at  all.  The school  rarely organised  sports  events  and  never  invested  in sports  equipment.  There  was  very  little emphasis  on  the  importance  of  a  healthy  diet and  the  benefits  of  keeping  fit  and  exercising properly.  I believe  that  issues  like  obesity, anorexia,  nutritional  value  of  food,  etc,  should be included  in sports lessons at school. Children should be encouraged  to  take  part  in competitive sports. Being competitive is part of Human nature, and doing sports can provide an excellent outlet for this aggressiveness. Winning at sports can build up your self-esteem and confidence. On the other hand, since you can’t expect to win  every time, sports can  teach you how to be humble and realistic.

D. Helen Smith
The main point about sports is that they encourage peaceful competition. I think that’s the basis of the Olympic spirit of Classical Greece, which nowadays is more important than ever before. Sports can teach you how to discipline yourself, how to remain focused on what you’re doing and how to apply yourself to achieving a goal. I don’t think sports are really about the sort of aggression and rage that you see sometimes in football matches, for instance. I certainly think teachers should discourage any form of aggression during sports classes. On top of that, we need to be more sensitive towards the feelings of children who are not fit or good at sports. Taking part in a sports lesson can be a major source of embarrassment and a traumatic experience for less athletic children.

Question

1. Which person thinks sports encourage cooperation?: 

2. Which person believes that experience of losing is important?: 

3. Which person thinks one benefit of sports is learning to concentrate?: 

4. Which person believes the Olympic spirit is essential today?: 

5. Which person thinks sports help non-academic pupils?: 

6. Which person thinks sports can teach objectivity and justice?: 

7. Which person believes that humankind is aggressive by nature?: 

8. Which person thinks schools should teach unusual sports?: 

9. Which person thinks males and females are not treated equally?: 

10. Which person believes diet and health should be taught with sports?: 

You must answer this question. Write your answer in 140- 190 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet.
1. In your English class you have been talking about the environment. Your teacher has asked you to write an essay for homework.
Write your essay using all the notes and giving reasons for your point of view.

"Every country in the world has problems with pollution and damage to the environment. Do you think these problems can be solved?"

Notes

Write about:

1. transport
2. rivers and seas
3. ………………(your own idea)

Write your essay. You must use grammatically correct sentences with accurate spelling and punctuation in a style appropriate for the situation.

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Write an answer to one of the questions 2 - 4 in this part. Write your answer in 140 - 190 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet. 

2. You have seen this advertisement in an international music magazine:

MUSIC AROUND THE WORLD

We are planning to publish a number of articles on different types of music people listen to. 

Write an article about the music people listen to in your country. Tell us what music people like to listen to and why. The best article will be published in our magazine.

3. Your teacher has asked you to write a story. The story must begin with the following words:
"When he found his seat on the plan, Sam recognised the person who was sitting in the seat next to his”
Write your story.
4. You have had a class discussion about part-time jobs that people at your college do or could do.
Your teacher has now asked you to write a report on part-time jobs in the area. You should include information on jobs that students on the course are currently doing and on other possible jobs. You should also include advice on how students can get these jobs.
Write your report.

(Với câu hỏi tự luận này, TiengAnhK12 không thiết kế chỗ để bạn nhập vào câu trả lời và chấm điểm tự động được.)