FCE Test 10 - Reading and Use of English (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/4/2021 5:04:03 PM

Read the text and decide which answer best fits each gap. 

THE PERFORMING ARTS

In the past, British children were frequently encouraged to try out their performing skills for the benefit of adults. They did this by reading aloud, acting or playing a musical instrument. As they up, they were taken to public places of entertainment - the theatre, opera, circus or ballet. They looked forward to these with great excitement and would remember and discuss what they had seen for many weeks afterwards. But nowadays television and computers an endless stream of easily entertainment, and children quickly accept these marvellous as a very ordinary part of their everyday lives. For many children, the sense of witnessing a very special live performance is gone forever. 

But all is not lost. The of a TV set may have encouraged a very lazy response from in their own homes, but the of those with ambitions to become performing artists themselves does not seem to have been at all diminished. And live performances in public are still relatively popular, albeit with an older, more specialist audience.

Read the text and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only ONE word in each gap.

COMPETITION: YOUR IDEAL SCHOOL 

Is your school just as you want it to be? Or are there things you and your classmates change, given the opportunity? This is your chance to express your ideas about the ideal school is like. Our competition is open to student between the ages of twelve and eighteen. You can enter an individual or your whole class can work together on a team entry. Your entry can take any form a piece of writing, a picture, or even architectural plans. It is completely up to you. What we are looking for is evidence of originality, imagination and, above , the genuine views of young people. 

By taking part in this, you will help in a study being carried out at a leading university. All work entered for the competition will be kept at the university and used in research. Entries cannot be returned of this. But it also means that, even you do not win, your views will still be heard and will remain for future educationalists to study. 

Entries must reach us no later Friday 30 April. Winners will receive valuable prizes of computer equipment and software for their schools.

Read the text and use the word given in capitals at each gap to form a word that fits in each gap.

Airports

Because of the recent growth in air travel, airports have become more than ever before symbols of international importance. They, therefore, have to look good and are (FREQUENT) designed by well-known architects. In addition to this, competition and customer demand mean that airports generally have to have (IMPRESS) facilities nowadays. For instance, there are comfortable departure lounges, where passengers can wait before their (FLY) takes off, luxurious restaurants, shopping areas and banks. Good road and rail (CONNECT) with nearby towns and cities are also essential, with large numbers of people needing to get to and from the airport quickly and efficiently. 

However, it is becoming (INCREASE) difficult to find land on which to build airports. One reason for this is that aircraft, despite (IMPROVE) in engine design, are still very noisy, and need a considerable amount of space in which to land and take off. This of course means that (CROWD) residential areas need to be avoided, so, (FORTUNATE}}, travellers often find that the airport they need to use might be situated at an inconvenient distance from the city. 

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

A friend is decorating my bedroom next week. (AM)

=> I by a friend next week.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

My holiday plans had been canceled at the last minute. (FALLEN)

=> My holiday plans at the last minute.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

I could never have won the writing competition without your advice. (YOU)

=> I could never have won the writing competition, me.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

"Harry, I think you should cancel the concert if this rain continues," John said. (ADVISED)

=> John the concert if the rain continued.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

You must not waste any time in applying for a visa. (SOON)

=> You must apply for a visa possibly can.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

Valerie doesn't object to her photograph appearing in the magazine. (OBJECTION)

=> Valerie her photograph appearing in the magazine.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Inline Skating

Tracy Winters is on a mission to change the image of inline skating in this country

In her skates there is no stopping Tracy Winters. She spends most of her time teaching, consulting, examining or campaigning on behalf of this country's ever-growing number of inline skaters.

Busy as she is, Tracy did manage to spare an hour early one Saturday morning to give me a lesson in the Iocal park. The slight unease I felt at never having used inline skates before was not helped, however, by her emphatic disapproval as I pulled a pair of brand-new skates from my bag.

"Oh dear," she said with a frown - "You've been sold what we call "aggressive" skates, which are no good for the sort of skating that you want to do. They're too heavy for twists and turns and the wheels are too small. And you've no brake."

"But I was told that all I need to do to stop was drag my leg behind me," I protested.

"No, no, no," said Tracy. She explained how she was currently helping a girl who has been off work for a year with a damaged leg after following similar advice. Tracy is drawing up a list of guidelines for selling inline skates based on ability, budget and type of use, which she wants to see all retailers use. She has seen the purchase of inappropriate skates all too often before. "What you should have been sold is recreational skates," she told me.

Ordinarily, those who turn up with the wrong skates suffer the added annoyance of missing out on a lesson because Tracy will not teach them. I was more fortunate and, after a small ticking off for not having knee pads, my lesson began.

Away from the critical eyes of more experienced skaters, she started me off gently, simple skating up and down a track on the edge of the park. "Hands out," Tracy told me repeatedly. This was not just to help break a fall, but to prevent my tumbling altogether. Ice skaters, Tracy pointed out, keep their arms in front not only to Jook elegant: it actually keeps them balanced.

To help get rid of my fear, Tracy insisted that a fall would be good for me, but that I would need to relax for this to reduce the enhances of injury. I was not so keen, but obeyed each time she reminded me to keep my back straight and chin up. "You don't look at the ground when you're riding a bike," she said.

Apart from ice-skating and bicycle riding, inline skating has similarities with ballet and skiing, which makes it attractive to a wide range of people. An estimated sixty percent of inline skate owners use them every week and more than half are recreational skaters. In this country the sport is regarded as something for the young and as potentially dangerous. Tracy, together with the National Inline Skating Association, is trying to change this impression, in the first instance by emphasizing the importance of insurance and the wearing of protective clothing in case of accidents. She would also like to see the sport more widely catered for in sports centers and health clubs, possibly through the building of indoor skating arenas.

Having been on wheels almost every day of her life since the age of five, Tracy is well-versed in the virtues of skating and, she claims, she never tires of the sport. "It is the feeling of moving, of gliding, I can't quite pin it down, but it makes me feel good," she says. Like the hundreds who start skating every week, I now know what she means.

How did the writer feel before her inline skating lesson?
  • A little nervous
  • Quite confident
  • Very frightened
  • Extremely excited
Why is Tracy writing a set of guidelines?
  • To help people who have been injured
  • To advise people who are buying skates
  • To provide information to sales staff in shops
  • To tell her students what to bring to lessons

The phrase "ticking off" in the paragraph means _____.

  • checking something.
  • waiting for something.
  • giving someone a reward.
  • telling someone they’re wrong.
What does "this" refer to?
  • simple skating
  • repeated instructions
  • use of the hands
  • avoiding falls

Tracy compares skating and cycling in terms of _____.

  • the fear people feel at first
  • the need to learn how to fail
  • the need to relax to keep balanced
  • the correct body position to adopt
How would Tracy like to change the idea people have of inline skating?
  • By encouraging older people to do it
  • By discouraging recreational skating
  • By stressing the need for safety
  • By forming a national association

You are going to read a newspaper article about a dentist. Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A - G the one which fits each gap. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.

A. One of the things I found out there was that when you make it easier for the patient you make it easier for yourself.

B. That's why I took the decision not to wear a white coat. 

C. When people walk in, I want them to realise with all their senses that it's not like going to the dentist's.

D. The relaxation techniques are important but the quality of the treatment is of course the most important thing. 

E. We were the first practice in Britain to introduce them and they're proving very popular.

F.  It feels a bit strange at first, but as long as people are relaxed, it's not painful at all. 

G. Now I'm sure that they actually look forward to their visits here. 

Fun at the Dentist's?

If you walk into W. Lloyd Jerome's dental surgery in the centre of Glasgow, you'll see bright modern paintings on the wall and a fashionable blue couch which patients sit on while he checks their teeth. Jerome says, 'Fifty percent of the population only go to the dentist when they're in pain rather than attending for regular check-ups. That's because they're frightened.' 

To counteract this, he has tried to create an environment where people are not afraid. ' I find that's one of the things that people associate with pain. In fact, my philosophy is that dental treatment should take place in an atmosphere of relaxation, interest and above all enjoyment.' 

Which is all highly shocking for anyone (most of us in fact) who has learnt to associate dental treatment with pain, or at the very least, with formal, clinical visits. Jerome says, 'If people are relaxed, entertained and correctly treated, they will forget such previous negative experiences.'

Virtual reality headsets are one of his new relaxation techniques. ' The headsets are used for the initial check-up, where the patient sits comfortably on the blue couch and watches a film about underwater wildlife while I look at their teeth, Then the headset switches to a special camera, to give the patient a visual tour around their mouth.' Surprisingly, most patients seem to enjoy this part of their visit to the dentist. 

Another key point is that the surgery smells more like a perfume shop than a dentist's. Today there is the smell of orange. Jerome explains, ' Smell is very important. That dental smell of surgical spirit can get the heart racing in minutes if you're frightened of dentists.' I certainly found the delicate smell in the surgery very pleasant.

Although he is known as Glasgow's most fashionable dentist, Jerome is keen to point out that he takes his work very seriously.

For example, Jerome uses a special Instrument which sprays warm water on the teeth to clean them, rather than scraping them.

Five years ago, Jerome went to the United States to do research into dental techniques. '', he explains. He sees his patient-centered attitude as the start of a gradual movement towards less formality in the conservative British dentistry profession. 

At that moment, a patient arrives. Jerome rushes over, offers him a cup of tea (herbal or regular), asks him what video he'd like to watch and leads him gently towards the chair. The patient seems to be enjoying this five-star treatment and no wonder. The surgery seems more like an elegant beauty parlour than a mainstream dental practice.

Choose the section that contains the information in each question. The sections may be chosen more than once.

IN THE LONG RUN

A. Gunsmoke
Gunsmoke, the longest running dramatic series in the history of television, was shown for the first time in September 1955 and for the last time in September 1975. Two of the stars, James Arness and Milburn Stone, were in the series for all twenty seasons. The series started out as a half-hour show and expanded to an hour in its seventh year on TV. Before Gunsmoke, westerns were generally about fantasy characters, but Gunsmoke was one of the earliest 'adult westerns' with more realistic content. It centred around the exploits of Marshal Matt Dillon in the frontier town of Dodge City, Kansas, in 1873. Gunsmoke started a long-term trend for TV westerns. At one point, there were as many as thirty Westerns on TV at the same time. Gunsmoke outlasted almost all of them. When the television network decided not to show it anymore, there was only one other western still on the air.

B. Neighbours
Neighbours is Australia's longest running soap opera and one of its most successful television exports. After more than 2000 episodes, it still attracts worldwide audiences of over 50 million viewers, many of them British. It was the first programme in Britain to be shown twice daily, five days a week by the BBC. The action revolves around the lives of the people living and working in Ramsay Street, Erinsborough, a fictitious suburb of Melbourne. It was initially based around three families, but there was always plenty of scope for other characters to come and go, often as far away as the UK, where the same characters would sometimes even appear in one of the British soaps. The show was in fact axed by Channel Seven in late 1985, but was then bought by a rival network who added more glamorous and exciting characters, one of whom was played by pop star Kylie Minogue. Neighbours remains one of the most popular domestic soap operas of all time.

C. The Simpsons
10-year-old Bart, his dad Homer and the rest of the Simpson family are about to go into TV history as stars of the longest running sitcom ever. The animated characters were introduced in a series of short sequences on The Tracey Ullman Show in 1987. The Simpsons premiered as a series on December 17th 1989. While following the lives of a mythical family, The Simpsons has always included lots of humour about the real world and avoids the pitfalls of many comedies that seem trapped in the time period when they started. Recently there was even an episode in which the family took part in a reality show. As cartoon characters, Homer, Marge, Bart and Lisa never grow old and, unlike live actors, can't demand more money. However, there was a dispute about contracts with the people who provide the characters' voices a few years ago. This held up production for a couple of weeks. 

D. Coronation Street
Coronation Street, the longest-running and most successful British soap opera, was first broadcast on Friday 9 December 1960. The Street, as it is affectionately known, has been at the top of the UK ratings for over thirty years. Set in the homes, pubs and shops of a fictional town in the North of England, the series began with a limited number of thirteen episodes but this was extended as its cast of strong characters, its northern roots and sense of community immediately created a loyal following. These factors, combined with well written and often amusing scripts, have ensured its continuing success. Early episodes were recorded live without editing and required a very high standard of performance from actors.

Which television series gained a faithful group of admirers almost as soon as it started?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street

Which television series is about someone's brave acts?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street

Which television series is set outside a big city?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street

Which television series demands great skills from actors?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street

Which television series was interrupted because of a quarrel about wages and conditions?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street

Which television series has not made the same mistakes as other similar programmes?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street

Which television series can adapt easily if an actor wants to leave?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street

Which television series didn't begin as a complete programme?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street

Which television series is very popular both at home and abroad?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street

Which television series originally had shorter episodes?

  • Gunsmoke
  • Neighbours
  • The Simpsons
  • Coronation Street