Reading: Tổng hợp các câu khó dạng bài Đọc hiểu văn bản phi hư cấu

12/12/2019 4:24:58 PM
Các câu đọc hiểu văn bản nonfiction là những câu khó nhất trong bài thi Toefl Primary Reading. Hãy thử làm thêm một số bài đọc hiểu dạng này các em nhé!

Read about how to make a volcano. Then answer the questions.

     A volcano is a mountain with a large hole at the top. When it is active, lava, which is extremely hot liquid rock, is forced to come out of the hole. An active volcano can be very dangerous because it can destroy an entire town or city and cause tsunamis, flash floods, earthquakes, mudslides, and rockfalls.

     What makes a volcano erupt? The Earth's crust is made up of plates that fit together like a puzzle. However, these plates sometimes move, and the friction that is caused by their movement causes earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

     There is a fun and easy way to experiment with volcanic eruptions using baking soda. Fill a cylinder or bottle with warm water and a bit of red food coloring. Add 6 drops of detergent and 2 tablespoons of baking soda to the container. Then slowly pour vinegar into it.

     The baking soda and vinegar cause a chemical reaction. Pressure builds from the carbon dioxide gas inside, so the gas bubbles out of the cylinder. 

What is lava?

  • A soft white piece of frozen water
  • A single drop of rain
  • Hot liquid rock flowing from a volcano

What can be caused by a volcano?

  • A hurricane
  • A tornado
  • A tsunami

You can make a volcano experiment with ____.

  • lemons and vinegar
  • baking soda and flour
  • vinegar and baking soda

_____ is the natural force that prevents one surface from sliding easily over another.

  • Tension
  • Resentment
  • Friction

Read the story about William Shakespeare. Then answer the questions.

     William Shakespeare was born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, England. He came from a wealthy family, but his family's wealth declined when he was a teenager. He started working at a theater when he was around 18 years old. He learned stage acting while he was running errands at the theater. Then he became a playwright when he was 26 years old. At that time, England supported artists in developing their art, so Shakespeare was able to demonstrate his talents. His life as a playwright underwent a crisis when the Black Death struck Europe from  1592 to 1594. 
     Millions of people died from the disease, and theaters were closed during that time. However, Shakespeare kept on writing plays, and his work finally achieved recognition 200 years after his death. He wrote 37 comedies and tragedies, and his most well-known plays are Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Romeo and Juliet, and The Merchant of Venice. 

 

Where was William Shakespeare born?

  • In the United States of Americ
  • In England
  • In Malaysia

What was his job?

  • Movie director
  • Recording engineer
  • Playwright

What type of plays did he write?

  • Comedy
  • Science fiction
  • Non-fiction

 Read the following passage.

    The stars are beautiful in the night sky. They are far away, farther away than most people can imagine. Even though they are light-years away, they can still light up the sky. For thousands of years, people have been interested in stars. They have been used as fortunetellers, calendars, and maps. Travelers often used the stars to help them find their way.

    Before there was electricity, the stars and moon were the brightest things in the night sky. People spent hours staring up and wondering what the little, twinkling lights were. Back then, the stars were easier to see because there weren't any other lights at night.

    Not many ancient people realized that the sun was a star. The sun and moon were thought of as father and mother of Earth in some ancient cultures. The stars were thought of as lesser gods or the souls of people who had died.

    Greek philosophers 2,300 years ago started to try to unravel the mystery. A man named Anaxagoras thought that the sun was a giant ball of metal burning in the center of our universe. He was thrown in jail and sentenced to death because this idea conflicted with people's religious beliefs.

    Even so, people did not stop trying to understand the sun. Scientists still study it today. Large telescopes take pictures of the sun almost every day as we try to learn more about it.

What would be the best title for the passage?

  • The Sun
  • Stars in the sky
  • The exploration of space
  • A history of Greek thought

Why were stars useful to people? 

  • They kept people safe.
  • They were beautiful.
  • They showed people the way.
  • They burned up dangerous gases.

Which of the following is NOT mentioned?

  • Stars as fortune-tellers and maps
  • Anaxagoras going to jail for his ideas
  • The sun and moon as father and mother
  • Telescopes taking pictures of the planets

In paragraph 3, the word realized is closest in meaning to ______.

  • found
  • destroyed
  • unearthed
  • understood

Why was Anaxagoras thrown in jail?

  • He did not believe in God.
  • He was not a good philosopher.
  • His ideas were not the same as other people's.
  • He found out that the sun was the same as all the other stars.

Read the following passage. Then answer the questions.


Books and reading are a very important part of education. If you go into someone's house in the modern world, they will usually have some sort of bookshelf full of books that they like to read. Some very educated or book-loving people have large rooms full of books.

Nowadays, you can have many books without needing a room to store them. The Internet is making it more efficient for people to read. Web sites now make it easy for people to buy books. Thousands of books are available online. You can buy used books or new books. Now you can even buy electronic books. The Kindle, released by the web site Amazon, allows people to download books online and read them on the device. People can download hundreds of books at a time and put them on this small, handheld e-book reader.

The personal libraries of the past still look good and many people still like to have paper books, but e-book readers like the Kindle are changing things fast. Now people can carry huge libraries with them anywhere. People can read books for a lot cheaper as well. Books bought electronically are inexpensive because they do not have to be printed. They are stored in files and sold straight to the device. The Kindle and other reading devices are going to change book-buying and reading forever.

What would be the best title for the passage?

  • A New Age of Writing
  • Libraries Lost and Forgotten
  • Changes in the Reading Culture
  • Electronics Replacing Written Literature

The author mentions all of the following EXCEPT

  • carrying huge libraries everywhere.
  • the Internet making it easier for people to read.
  • books and reading as an important part of education.
  • where to buy inexpensive books in North America.

In paragraph 3, the word inexpensive is closest in meaning to

  • cheap
  • difficult
  • high-priced
  • in high demand

What do the Kindle and other e-book readers allow people to do?

  • Read faster
  • Read books with friends
  • Travel with more books
  • Buy more books in stores

What are the Kindle and other reading devices going to do to reading?

  • Destroy it
  • Make it difficult
  • Make it different
  • Make people stop reading

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.
Today's grandparents are joining their grandchildren on social media, but the different generations' online habits couldn't be more different. The over-55s are joining Facebook in increasing numbers, meaning that they will soon be the site's second biggest user group, with 3.5 million users aged 55–64 and 2.9 million over-65s.


Sheila, aged 59, says, “I joined to see what my grandchildren are doing, as my daughter posts videos and photos of them. It's a much better way to see what they're doing than waiting for letters and photos in the post. That's how we did it when I was a child, but I think I'm lucky I get to see so much more of their lives than my grandparents did.”

Ironically, Sheila's grandchildren are less likely to use Facebook themselves. Children under 17 are leaving the site – only 2.2 million users are under 17 – but they're not going far from their smartphones. Chloe, aged 15, even sleeps with her phone. “It's my alarm clock so I have to,” she says. “I look at it before I go to sleep and as soon as I wake up.”

Unlike her grandmother's generation, Chloe's age group is spending so much time on their phones at home that they are missing out on spending time with their friends in real life. Sheila, on the other hand, has made contact with old friends from school she hasn't heard from in forty years. “We use Facebook to arrange to meet all over the country,” she says. “It's changed my social life utterly.

What is the passage mainly about?
  • Digital habits across generations
  • Facebook – a network for teens
  • Digital habits in the old
  • Facebook – the best social network
According to the passage, Sheila uses Facebook to do all of the following EXCEPT ______.
  • to see what her grandchildren are doing
  • to contact her old friends
  • to wait for letters and photos in the post
  • to arrange meetings with her old friends
Children under 17 are missing out on spending time with their friends in real life because ______.
  • they spend so much time working on school assignments
  • they spend so much time in their beds at home
  • they spend so much time on their phones at home
  • they spend so much time at their grandparents’ houses