Đề số 1 Toefl Primary 2020 vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

4/3/2020 8:48:00 AM
Bài thi thử phần Reading của vòng 2 Toefl Primary Challenge 2020, được biên soạn theo đúng cấu trúc chuẩn của bài thi Reading trong Toefl Primary Step 2
It is a special vehicle. It is used to take people who are ill or injured to the hospital. What is it?
  • Helicopter
  • Ambulance
  • Scooter
This is the money paid to you by a bank when you keep money in an account there. What is it?
  • Interest
  • Balance
  • Withdrawal
They are animals that drink milk from their mother’s body when they are young. Humans, dogs, and whales are some of them. What are they?
  • Insects
  • Mammals
  • Carnivores
You feel this way when you are sick and your body is achy. You also feel this way when you are frightened or upset. What is it?
  • Grateful
  • Calm
  • Horrible
It is the person who has been elected to lead the government of a town or city. What is this person's job?
  • Lawyer
  • Mayor
  • Doctor

It is a small plastic card. You use it to pay for something. What is it?

  • A credit card
  • A birthday card
  • A name card

It is someone who works with you and has a similar position. You may meet him/her every day in your office. Who is he/her?

  • A partner
  • A friend
  • A co-worker

It is an official document that looks like a compact-sized notebook. It has your personal information, and you need this when you enter other countries. What is it?

  • Passport
  • Laptop
  • Sticky notepad

It is a pipe the lets smoke pass out of a building up into the air. What is it?

  • A cord
  • A water pipe
  • A chimney

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Ms. Jackson,
Hello. My name is Jonah Lee, and l go to Sunshine High School. I am in grade 12, and I have to write a research paper about people whose work is related to the weather. I read some of your articles about the weather, and I am very interested in becoming a meteorologist in the future. Do you think you could spend an hour to meet with me for an interview? lf you are too busy to meet, do you think you could answer some of my questions via email? l look forward to hearing from you soon. Thank you.

Sincerely,

Jonah Lee

Why did Jonah write to Ms. Jackson?  

  • To ask her about tomorrow's weather
  • To ask her for an interview
  • To ask her to come to his school

What does Ms. Jackson do for a living? 
 

  • Treats her patients in a hospital
  • Delivers broadcast news
  • Studies weather conditions

Read the letter. Then answer questions.

Dear Mr. Chang,

I would like to place an order for tomorrow. We would like to have 3 Pepperoni, 2 Bacon and Potato, and 2 Vegetarian pizzas. We are going to have them after the meeting. The meeting will end at noon. If you could deliver them by a quarter to twelve, it would be great. Please confirm this order as soon as possible. Thank you.
Sincerely,
Robert

Why did Robert write a letter to Mr. Chang?

  • To ask him about a meeting
  • To place an order
  • To change an order

What time does Robert want to receive the pizzas?

  • By 12 o'clock
  • By 12:15
  • By 11:45
Read the advertisement. Then answer the questions.
Inca Trail and the Amazon

Are you interested in experiencing Lima's lively nightlife, trekking through spectacular mountain scenery and walking through the world's greatest jungle?

Call (222) 647-5248 to reserve your spot NOW!

Group Size: Max. 15

Accommodation: Hotel (3 stars), breakfast included, twin rooms

Transportation: Plane, Bus, Train, and Canoe

Date of Departure: July 19'"

Date of Return: July 30"

Itinerary: Lima-Cuzco-Sacred Valley-Inca Trail/Machu Picchu-Amazon Jungle-Lima 

What is the advertisement about?

  • A movie
  • A trip
  • A book

Where will the travelers visit?

  • Paris
  • Amazon jungle
  • New York

What type of transportation will travelers NOT use during the trip?

  • Bicycle
  • Airplane
  • Canoe

What is true about the accommodation?

  • No meals will be provided
  • One person can use one room
  • Travelers will stay in a hotel

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

How to Write a Biography

A biography is a written work that tells about someone's life. Here are some things to consider when you write a biography.

1. It must be about a real person. A fictional character's life is fake, so it cannot be used for a biography.

2. Find enough information about the person. Look for his or her achievements in books, newspaper articles, magazines, the Internet, interviews, or video clips. There may also be an autobiography.

3. Point out important events in chronological order. Then provide detailed information to support the events.

4. Add your own thoughts. Write about why you chose the person, how the person has affected your life and what you have learned from the person.

A biography is about

  • a real person.
  • a fiction character.
  • a cartoon character.

Which source is inappropriate for researching a person's life?

  • Newspaper articles
  • Video clips
  • The writer's imagination

What is the chronological order?

  • Events are picked at random
  • Events that will happen in the future are listed
  • Events are arranged in the order they occurred

Read the story about Brad and his dad. Then answer the questions.

     On Sunday morning Brad was woken up early by a sound from outside. "Who is making that loud noise?" he wondered. He got up and looked out the window, and saw his dad in the backyard. "What are you doing, Dad'?" Brad shouted. "Good morning, son," Brad's dad replied. "I'm going to remodel the house. Why don't you come down and help me?" "Remodeling our house?" Brad thought to himself as he changed his clothes. "What does that mean?" 

     Brad went to the kitchen. Then he drank a glass of milk and grabbed an apple as he headed out to the backyard. "What do you mean by remodeling our house?" Brad asked. "We are going to make some changes in the kitchen," answered his dad. "First, we are going to put up more shelves next to the sink. Then we will change some tiles on the bathroom wall. Lastly, we are going to paint the fence." "Wow, that's a lot of work, Dad," Brad said with a surprise. "Yeah," his dad replied. "But it isn't that hard to do. We will do each job one by one, and it won't take more than a month."

     Brad and his dad worked hard every weekend for a month. It wasn't as easy as they had thought, but it felt so good when new changes started to show around the house. After a month, Brad's house now looks a lot different than before. It looks a lot better. Brad's mom and little sister are happy to see the new changes, too. Brad and his dad can believe how fresh and new a few small changes have made the entire house look. 

What did Brad's dad want to do?

  • Buy the house
  • Remodel their house
  • Sleep more on Sunday mornings

What change did Brad and his dad make in the house?

  • They bought new furniture for the living room.
  • The changed the wallpaper in the bedroom.
  • They changed the tiles on the bathroom wall.

How long did it take to remodel the house?

  • One week
  • One month
  • One year

What does Brad's family feel about the remodeled house?

  • There isn't much difference.
  • It doesn't look new at all.
  • It looks better than before.

Read the story about three girls and Mr. Watson. Then answer the questions.

"Knock, knock." "Please come in," Mr. Watson called out.

Three young girls walked into the room.

"Hello, Mr. Watson," said one.

"I am Lisa, and these are my friends Sara and Kimberly. We talked on the phone yesterday about an interview."

Mr. Watson greeted them with a warm smile. "Please have a seat. What do you want to interview me about?"

"We have a group assignment," answered Lisa. "We were divided into groups by different jobs, and our group has to do a presentation about editors."

"Great," Mr. Watson said. "So how much do you know about editors?"

"Editors publish books, don't they?" Sara asked.

"That's right," Mr. Watson replied. "Editors usually work to publish books, magazines, and newspapers, but they also work in broadcasting, advertising, and design as well."

"What's your daily work routine like?" Kimberly asked shyly.

"Editors help each other to research and plan what information they want to deliver to readers. Then they work with authors, illustrators, and designers to make the best printed or electronic products they can. They add and change things many times to make their products better," answered Mr. Watson.

"What do you need to do to become an editor?" said Sara.

"I suggest you learn not only from your school but also at libraries, museums, galleries, and many other places around you. Have an open mind. Editors do not work alone, so you should communicate with others well."

"Thank you very much for your time. May we take a photo with you before we go?" Lisa asked.

"Sure," Mr. Watson answered. The girls and Mr. Watson took a photo together. It was a special time for them all. 

Why did the three girls come to see Mr Watson?

  • To ask aboout an assignment deadline
  • To interview him
  • To fight with him

How were the groups at Lisa's school divided?

  • By gender
  • By age
  • By different jobs

What does Mr. Watson suggest to the girls?

  • Learning only from school
  • Learning many things in different places
  • Getting used to working alone

What did the girls and Mr. Watson do at the end?

  • Take a photo together
  • Take a test
  • Clean the office

Read the story about Holly. Then answer the questions.

     Holly often becomes lonely and bored at home. Her parents work full-time, and she doesn't have any brothers or sisters. "Are you going to be late again, Mom?" Holly asked. She hates when her mom comes home late because she has to eat dinner by herself. "I am not sure yet," Holly's mom replied. "I will call you later."

     Around 6 o'clock, somebody opened the door. Holly ran to the door. "Is that you, Mom?" she shouted. "It's me, Holly." It was Holly's dad. "Hi, Dad. Mom isn't home yet, and I'm getting hungry," said Holly. "That's why I came home early," replied her dad. "Mom called me and told me that she was going to be late, so I'm afraid we have to order some food for dinner." "But I'm sick and tired of takeout food!" Holly yelled. She seemed like she was about to cry. Holly's dad thought for a minute. "Well, then let's go to the kitchen and see if we can find anything to make there," he said. They walked to the kitchen and fished through the refrigerator and cabinets. "We have some tomatoes and mushrooms," said Holly. "I found some spaghetti noodles," said her dad. "Let's make some spaghetti!"

     That night, Holly and her dad had a late dinner. It was not as good as the spaghetti from a restaurant, but Holly thought it was the tastiest spaghetti she had ever eaten

 

What is true about Holly?

  • She has a brother
  • Her mom is usually at home
  • She often eats takeout

What does Holly hate?

  • When her mom comes home late
  • When she does her homework
  • When she eats tomatoes

What is Holly and her dad make?

  • Macaroni and cheese
  • Mushroom pizza
  • Spaghetti

How did Holly feel about making dinner with her dad?

  • She didn't like it at all.
  • She enjoyed it very much.
  • She felt it was a waste of time.

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

     Today, many families lead busy lives. Children are busy learning something new every day after school. Not many moms cook at home because they have jobs, just like dads. Our society is changing rapidly, and so are people's lives. Busy families tend to find new ways to make their lives easier and simpler. These new changes can be found in our eating habits, too. Many families get takeout or order out for delivery. This is nice because you can try many different kinds of food, and you save lots of time because you don't need to go shopping for ingredients or prepare the food yourself. However, not all takeout makes you happy. You may never know what you are actually eating. Also, it is too expensive to get takeout or order food every day. Most importantly, nothing can be compared to a home-made meal. 

  What is the text about?

  • Busy families' eating habbits and how to have a good meal for them
  • Busy families' eating habbits and advantages & disadvantages of getting takeout
  • Busy families' eating habbits and how takeout makes them happy everyday

What is true about takeout?

  • It takes too long to get
  • You need to go shopping for ingredients
  • You can try many different kinds of food

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

What is the most important thing to consider when you look for a job? Is it a high salary, the distance between your home and work, or the work environment? People work for many reasons, but mostly, they work because they need money to get things they want and need. However, you cannot choose a job based only on money. A job is not something you can do for one day and then quit to find another. You should think carefully about what you really enjoy doing. What makes you excited?
What kinds of things do you enjoy the most? What are you good at? Try to find something that you can enjoy doing for the rest of your life. When you enjoy your work, not only you will get better at it but your luck, fame, and fortune will come for you.

People work mainly because they

  • need money to buy things
  • are bored
  • have free time

What should people consider when looking for a job?

  • Is it something I enjoy doing?
  • Will my friends like it?
  • Should I clean my room?