Đề số 4 Toefl Primary 2020 vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

5/8/2020 11:24:00 PM
Bài thi thử phần Reading của vòng 2 Toefl Primary Challenge 2020, được biên soạn theo đúng cấu trúc chuẩn của bài thi Reading trong Toefl Primary Step 2.
It is a small brown insect. It can jump, and it makes a rough sound by rubbing its wings together. What is it?
  • A spider
  • A mosquito
  • A cricket
It is a child’s vehicle with two small wheels, an upright handle, and a narrow board that you stand on with one foot, while the other foot pushes against the ground. What is it?
  • Helicopter
  • Ambulance
  • Scooter
It is a drink, usually flavored, that does not contain alcohol. Examples of brands include Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Sprite,... What is it?
  • Gas drink
  • Tea
  • Soft drink
It is a flat cover made of wool or similar warm material. It is usually used on a bed. What is it?
  • A blanket
  • A towel
  • A tissue

It is a game played outside on the grass in which each player tries to hit a small ball into 18 small holes, using a long, thin stick. What is it?

  • Boxing
  • Golf
  • Archery

It is a large strong building with high brick walls that was built in the past. It was used to protect people from their enemy's attack. What is it?

  • A castle
  • A bridge
  • A lighthouse
It is a natural flow of water that moves across the land, and it is narrower than a river. What is it?
  • Sea
  • Lake
  • Stream
It is a plant of the onion family that has a strong taste and smell and is used in cooking to add flavor. What is it?
  • Garlic
  • Mushrooms
  • Pineapple
It is a special place in the wall of a room, where you can make a fire. What is it?
  • A garage
  • A balcony
  • A fireplace

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Mr. Richardson,

I wanted to say thank you for all your fun teaching about tigers at the zoo summer camp. The two-week-old cubs were very cute to watch. lt was a bit sad to learn that the cubs are surrounded by possible dangerous attacks from leopards, pythons, and crocodiles in the wild. lt was also surprising that a big tiger can eat about 100 pounds of meat in one sitting. I can't wait to come back to the camp next summer. See you next year!

Sincerely,

Robin Lee

Why did Robin write to Mr. Richardson?

  • To thank him for fun lessons about tigers
  • To ask him to come see the tigers
  • To invite him to the summer camp

What did Robin mention about tigers?

  • That tigers only eat vegetables.
  • That cubs are adorable.
  • That tigers are friendly.

Read the letter. Then answer questions.

Dear Mr. Carl Lee,

Thank you for opening a savings account at PD Bank. It is our pleasure to serve you. The checkbook you ordered will arrive within 4 days at our Smithers Branch, as you requested. The bank manager will give you a call when it arrives. If you have any questions, please call 1800.3548.745. Our trained assistants are always ready to assist you, 24 hours a day. Thank you.

Sincerely,

Meg Logan

What did Carl do?

  • He worked at a bank.
  • He opened a savings account.
  • He called a bank manager.

What did Carl order?

  • A new credit card
  • A checkbook
  • A pizza

Read Jamie's job description. Then answer the questions.

Name: Jamie Percy                                   Job: Tour Guide

Job Description

+ Leads groups of tourists

+ Plans and organizes tour schedules, transportation, and accommodations

+ Takes care of groups of tourists

What Jamie enjoys about his job

+ Has a chance to travel to many places and meet new people

People who are interested in this job

+ Must be good with people

+ Should be a good speaker

+ Must be a good planner and organizer

+ Knowing many languages is optional

What is Jamie's job?

  • Photographer
  • Tour guide
  • Pilot

What does Jamie do when he is working?

  • Sells houses
  • Creates tour itineraries
  • Designs cars

What does Jamie enjoy about his job?

  • Having the chance to travel to many places
  • Getting free time to sleep
  • Working cars

What is not necessary when people do this job?

  • Being nice to others
  • Knowing many languages
  • Planning and organizing well

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

How to keep yourself and others safe from coronavirus 

Most countries around the world have seen cases of COVID-19. It means that people will now need certain actions to help protect themselves and others from this illness. These following simple safety tips will be helpful to you.

  1. Regularly and carefully clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water, which helps kill viruses that may be on your hands.
  2. Stay at least 1 metre (3 feet) away between yourself and others, especially from anyone who is coughing and sneezing.
  3. Avoid going to crowded places. 
  4. Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth. Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once not clean, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth.
  5. Make sure to cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then throw away the used tissue immediately and wash your hands.
  6. Stay home and self-isolate even with minor feelings of illness such as cough, headache, fever, until you recover. If you need to leave your house, remember to wear a mask. 
  7. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, try to get medical care, but call by telephone in advance if possible and follow the directions of your local health departments. Why? They will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly tell you where the right health centre is.
  8. Get the latest updates and information about coronavirus from trusted sources.

What should people do to kill viruses on their hands?

  • Wipe hands with tissue.
  • Use hand rub having alcohol.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose.

What should people do when coughing or sneezing?

  • Cover mouth and nose.
  • Uncover mouth and nose.
  • Use tissue then keep it.

Why should people call ahead when having difficulty in breathing?

  • Doctors will come and take them to the hospital.
  • They will know where to go to have a medical examination.
  • They will know what medicine they should use.

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

My class learned about solids today. Solids are things that have their own shape. My building blocks are examples of solids. I can build so many different things with my blocks.

Yesterday, I built a school out of blocks. When I was done playing with my block school, I took it apart and put the blocks away. I keep all my blocks in a cardboard box.

Today, I dumped out the blocks and started building a house. My brother Asante walked into the room while I was making my house. He asked me if he could play, too. I said okay, if he would build something different from what I was making. So my brother made a doghouse and a supermarket.

When we finished our projects, we played with them for a while. Then we knocked the blocks down and built a train. All aboard!

Source: Readworks.org

Which of the following describes the building blocks?

  • They can only be used to make one thing.
  • They are shaped like houses.
  • They are examples of solids.

What happened today, before the main character started building with blocks?

  • The main character learned about solids in class.
  • The main character learned about blocks in class.
  • Asante learned about solids in class.

Yesterday, the main character built a school out of blocks. Today, the main character built a house and a train with the blocks. What conclusion can you draw from this evidence?

  • The main character has blocks that can change shape.
  • The school and the house that the main character built are exactly the same.
  • The same pieces can be put together in different ways to make different things.

What is the main idea of this text?

  • A kid builds a school out of building blocks.
  • Two kids make many different things out of building blocks.
  • Building blocks are examples of solids.

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

An amazing stay at the Ocean View Hotel

I'm usually sad to say goodbye to my cousins after visiting them in Australia. But last June I wasn't. We had to change planes in the Middle East on the way back and had to stay overnight. I just couldn't wait to get to our hotel.

The first thing I noticed in the hotel was all the glass. It was really bright, so I don't know why all the lights were on in the building! There was also loud rock music playing, which I loved (but my parents didn't)! There weren't many people waiting at the reception, so we were soon in our rooms.

The garden wasn't what I expected. "Dad? I said, “you told me there was a pool!” He took me back into the reception area and then up in the lift to the 39th floor and out onto the top of the building. “Here it is,” he said. lt was amazing! Swimming under the clouds was awesome. I've stayed in some great hotels around the world, but nothing as cool as that one! I saw photographs of it before I went, but they don't really show how large the building is. I couldn't believe it. Everything is huge - the building, the pool, the meals (which were delicious, too, by the way)! There's so much to do and see there. I hope we can go back again and stay for longer!

The writer says that last June, she felt _____

  • excited about where she was going.
  • sad because she was leaving her cousins.
  • angry because of the delay in her journey.
What was the hotel like inside?
  • dark
  • noisy
  • busy
Where was the hotel's pool?
  • in the hotel garden
  • on the roof of the hotel
  • close to the hotel's reception area
Why has the writer written this text?
  • to describe what the hotel looks like.
  • to say how the hotel could improve.
  • to explain why she loved the hotel.

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

I don’t wake up very early on school days. I always get up at 7.45 am, have a shower, eat breakfast and leave home at 8.30. I know that's not a lot of time, but I don’t like waking up in the morning! And my first lesson is at 9, so I don’t want to be late.

My mum always makes my lunch for me to take to school. I love that because I don't like the food at school at all and I never eat it. And my friends never eat it, so we all bring our lunch to school. It's funny - we eat our lunch in the canteen, but we don’t eat the food they've got there!

I've got three-afternoon activities. On Tuesdays, I have basketball. I play with my friends and we have a nice time. My afternoon activity on Wednesdays is piano lessons. I like them because I like to spend time with the teacher. She's really great! On Thursdays, I have the maths club. I like it because maths is my favorite subject at school.

My parents, my brother and I get home at different times every day. I usually get home at around 4.30 pm. My mum comes to school to get me in the car. My brother's school is near our house, so he walks. He gets home at 4. My dad gets home from work at around 7. We get home at different times, but we eat dinner at the same time - 8 pm, every night!

My two sisters do a lot of the same things together in the evenings. Melissa, who's 13, and Jessica, who's 14, often watch TV together. They play computer games together too. I sometimes play computer games with them, but I never watch TV with them. Melissa and Jessica always do their homework together, but I never do homework with them.

This person ______

  • is usually late for school.
  • always has breakfast.
  • likes to wake up early.

This student ______

  • eats the food in the school canteen.
  • eats his friends’ lunches.
  • eats lunch with his friends in the school canteen.

This student likes the ______

  • sports teacher.
  • maths teacher.
  • music teacher.
Who gets home first?
  • The writer
  • The writer's brother
  • The writer's dad

What animals see

Scientists think that many - perhaps most - animals cannot see colours. “The world is black and white to them."

To find out if dogs could see colours, scientists gave dogs food every time they played a certain piece of music. “The dogs got ready to eat only when they heard this piece of music. They did not get ready to eat when they heard other pieces of music.

Then the scientists gave the dogs food every time they showed them a certain colour. The dogs got ready to eat when they saw this colour. The scientists then showed the dogs another colour. Again the dogs got ready to eat. The colours were all the same to them.

Colours are not all the same to monkeys, however. For example, if we put food in a red box, and do this every day, a monkey will always go to the red box to get the food. If we then put food in a blue box, the monkey won't go to it.

(Adapted from New century readings)

All colours are the same to _____.

  • dogs
  • monkeys
  • all animals

One way dogs are different from monkeys is that _____.

  • monkeys cannot see any colours and dogs can
  • dogs cannot see any colours and monkeys can
  • monkeys cannot see red and blue

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

People usually sing because they like music or because they feel happy. They express their happiness by singing. When a bird sings, however, its song usually means much more than that. Birds have many reasons for singing. They sing to give information. Their songs are their language. The most beautiful songs are sung by male birds. They sing when they want to attract a female bird. It is their way of saying that they are looking for a wife. Birds also sing to tell other birds to keep away. To a bird, its tree or even a tree branch is his home. It does not want strangers to come near it, so it sings to warn them. If a bird cannot sing well, he usually has some other means of giving important information. Some birds dance, spread out their tails or make others sing. A male bird has an unusual way of finding a wife. It builds a small garden of shells and flowers.

What does a bird warn others when it sings?

  • It warns others to come quickly.
  • It warns others to keep away.
  • It warns others to stop singing.

What do most birds usually do unless they can sing well?

  • They give information in another way.
  • They warn other birds to go away.
  • They find a wife.