Đề số 6 Toefl Primary Challenge 2020 vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

5/21/2020 9:50:00 PM

Đợt đánh giá Toefl Primary (lấy phiếu điểm chính thức của ETS) đầu tiên của năm 2020 tại Hà Nội sẽ là đợt ngày 31/5/2020. TiengAnhK12 mời các bạn quan tâm làm bài thi thử miễn phí Toefl Primary Step 2, kỹ năng Reading.

>> Lịch thi TOEFL Primary & TOEFL Junior năm 2020 

>> Chi tiết về cấu trúc bài thi Toefl Primary Step 2

>> Danh sách từ vựng ôn luyện Toefl Primary

This is ​a square or rectangular piece of cloth filled with soft material. Many people like to rest their heads on this when they sleep. What is this?

  • a carpet
  • a blanket
  • a pillow
When going on holiday, people may send a card, often with a photograph or picture on one side to their friends or family. That card can be sent without an envelope. What is it?
  • a postcard
  • a passport
  • a map
His job is to stop fires burning and to save people and property from being harmed. He needs to be very brave to do his job. What is his job?
  • Dentist
  • Police
  • Firefighter
It is a place, usually at the side of a road, marked with a sign. It is where passengers are allowed to get on and off a bus. What is it?
  • An airport
  • A bus stop
  • A subway station
It is a type of weather condition. We say the weather is like this when there is too much fog. What is it?
  • Sunny
  • Cloudy
  • Foggy
It is a bird with a flat face and large eyes that hunts at night. What is it?
  • Eagle
  • A rooster
  • An owl
It is a large area of water surrounded by land. What is it?
  • Sea
  • Lake
  • Stream
It is clothes that you wear next to your skin, under your other clothes. What is it?
  • A ski outfit
  • A bathing suit
  • Underwear
You feel this way when you are relaxed, not angry, nervous, or upset. What is it?
  • Grateful
  • Calm
  • Horrible

Read the email about the karate courses. Then answer the questions.

Katy,
Thanks for asking me to do a karate course with you - what a great ideal! I prefer the earlier time if that's OK with you, and Monday is not good for me because I have a tennis lesson after school that day. Of course, we should do the easiest class! My phone number is 07859-567398. Call me if there is a problem.
Lucas

Why does Lucas write the email for Katy?

  • To ask Katy to do a karate course
  • To change the time of karate course
  • To tell about a tennis lesson

Why cannot Lucas take Karate class on Monday?

  • Because he want to take the course earlier
  • Because he has a tennis lesson
  • Because it's not good for Katy

Read the poster. Then answer the questions.

Zoo Summer Camp 2014

What are your plans for summer? Explore the wonderful world of animals through 5-day adventures in a zoo! Learn about animals, and enjoy fun games and art activities. We have different camp activities for all grades from K to 12.

Tickets are $200 and up.
Call for more information or to reserve a spot.
(723) 555-2341

How long does the camp last?

  • 5 hours
  • 5 days
  • 5 weeks

What are the camp attendees going to do at the camp?

  • Learn other languages
  • Learn about animals
  • Learn to operate machines

Read the weather forecast. Then answer the questions.

Which sentence is true? 
 

  • It was hotter earlier today than now.
  • It was cooler earlier today than now.
  • It will get hotter in the evening.

When the weather is hazy, ____.

  • you can't see things clearly because of smoke, dust or mist
  • you will have clear vision to see things outside
  • the temperature will drop rapidly

The temperature of earlier today is ____

  • 26°C
  • 22°C
  • 14°C

Read the air travel tips. Then answer the questions.

Air Travel Tips

1. After you pack your bag, lock it and put a name tag on it. Try to put your valuable items in your carry-on bags.

2. Don't forget to bring your passport and flight itinerary.

3. Try to be at the airport at least 2 hours prior to your boarding time.

4. Empty your pockets when you go through security.

5. Check your gate number and boarding time.

6. Turn off your cell phone before the plane takes off.

7. Take off your hat or sunglasses when you are at the immigration. Provide extra documents that support your purpose of stay if necessary, such as a hotel confirmation or your return ticket.

8. If you are going to a foreign country and are not fluent in the language, ask for an interpreter at immigration.

What must you have in order to get a boarding pass? 

  • A passport
  • A new toy
  • A pet

Showing your hotel confirmation or return ticket will support _____.
 

  • your purpose of stay
  • the gate number
  • the boarding time
What do interpreters do? 

  • They operate aircraft.
  • They provide services to passengers on a flight.
  • They help others communicate in different languages.

Read the passage and answer the questions.

Taste this

“Everyone is good at something.” That was what Ms. Lowen always said. But Jake was not so sure. He hated doing math. He wasn’t much of a reader. He couldn’t toss a ball. And he had no idea what he wanted to do when he grew up.

His best friend, Charlie, was going to be a firefighter. Charlie knew what he wanted. It seemed he had always known. He was strong and smart, so he would probably pass all the tests. And his friend Kyle was going to be a teacher, like his dad. Kyle loved math and was always winning contests. “What am I good at?” Jake wondered. “What will I be someday?” 

Sometimes, after school, Jake visited his uncle at the restaurant where Uncle Mike worked. He liked to watch Uncle Mike stir sauces. He liked helping out.

Sometimes he said things like, “This needs a little more pepper,” when he tested Uncle Mike’s recipes. He began to read cookbooks. “Let’s try this!” he’d tell Mike when he found something that seemed good. They experimented together. Jake got good at measuring. He learned to convert a recipe for six to a recipe for ten. He liked playing with ingredients. “Instead of peaches, let’s try pears in this cake,” he would suggest.

The school food fair was coming up. Most students brought in things that their parents had made. Jake decided to try a recipe he’d made up - pineapple pizza. At first, when he placed it on the table, some people said, “Yick. That sounds awful.” Then, one by one, some of his friends decided to try it.

(Adapted from readworks.org)

The rest of the passage will
  • describe how sad Jake will
  • list many things Jake is not good at.
  • tell how Jake found something that he is good at.
  • explain that Jake does not do well in school.
Jake will probably
  • learn that he is good at the cash register.
  • burn something.
  • learn that he is a good waiter.
  • learn that he is good at cooking.

The author wrote, "one by one, some of his friends decided to try it". His friend probably _____

  • took pieces but didn't really at them.
  • didn't like it, but tried it because they were his friends.
  • liked the pizza and encourage others to try it.
  • tried the pizza and teased Jake about how bad it was.
The theme of this passage is
  • helping others is important.
  • finding something you are good at.
  • being kind to your friends.
  • making new friends.

Read the passage and answer the questions.

The shortcut

“Follow me. I know a shortcut,” Danny said.

Carl held back. “I don’t think that’s a good idea,” he said. He was used to his brother looking for easy ways to do things. Danny slept on the floor so he didn’t have to make his bed. And now he had found a shortcut from the store to their grandmother’s house. 

They were visiting for the Thanksgiving weekend. The block around her house was familiar. It was just four blocks from the store, with a turn on one corner. Between the store and the house was a junkyard. It was a dirty place with old cars and sofas piled in heaps. There was a fence around it. But nobody seemed to own it or to care about it. 

“Come on!” Danny said. “Don’t be chicken!” Carl hated it when he called him a chicken. But he felt he had to keep an eye on his brother. It’s what he had been doing his whole life, even though Danny was a year older.

They pushed aside a broken part of the fence and walked through the mud. Danny hopped onto the springs of a discarded bed. His foot got stuck. He had to take off his shoe to free it. Then he saw something interesting on the ground. It looked like a silver dollar, but it turned out to be just a bottle cap. Danny tossed a flat football to Carl. He filled his pockets with all sorts of finds. A piece of blue glass. A soggy picture of a dog. Four pennies. While Danny studied the ground, Carl was looking at the sky. “It’s getting late,” he said. Finally, they reached the other side. There, the fence was strong and high. There was no way to climb over it. So, they had to run-fast-back to where they’d started.

(Adapted from readworks.org)

What is the theme of the passage?

  • Watching out for danger
  • It is important to be kind to your brother.
  • The value of things.
  • Taking a shortcut can be an adventure.
What is the problem in this story?
  • The shortcut took more time than Danny planned.
  • Danny called Carl a chicken.
  • Carl is always watching out for Danny.
  • Danny wanted to take a shortcut.

Carl seemed _____.

  • mean.
  • cautious.
  • adventurous.
  • boring.

At the end, Danny and Carl _____.

  • kept taking the shortcut
  • succeed in taking the shortcut
  • couldn't reach their grandmother's house
  • turned back to where they had started

Read the passage and answer the questions.

The magician

Simon was really excited when he got a magic kit on his birthday. He dreamed of being a great magician someday.

He figured he’d get his start at the school talent show. But when he opened the box, Simon wasn’t so excited anymore. All the tricks were made of plastic pieces that had to be put together. There were lots of instructions to read. Simon stared at the box for a while. Then he closed it back up.      

The next week, his teacher sent out a sign-up sheet for the school talent show. Simon still really wanted to be in the show. He signed his name on the sheet: “The Amazing Simon - a magic act.” Everyone got excited when they saw Simon’s name on the sheet. 

“Can you really do magic?” his friend Megan asked.

“Sure,” Simon said. “I have a kit and everything.” Simon wasn’t worried. There were four weeks until the talent show. He figured that would be plenty of time to learn some tricks. 

The next night, Simon opened the box again. He picked the easiest trick. It was a thin plastic box. You put a quarter in it and closed it. When you opened the box, the quarter was gone. Simon showed the trick to his grandma.

"That’s great, Simon!” she said. “You’re a real magician!” A real magician! Simon felt really proud. He would do just fine in the talent show, he knew it.        

But the weeks went by, and Simon didn’t learn any more tricks. Everything else in the box looked so hard. One night Simon and his family were eating dinner. His grandma looked at the calendar on the wall.

"Tomorrow night is the talent show, Simon!” his grandma said. “I can’t wait to see you on stage!” 

Simon got a bad feeling in his stomach. He put down his fork. “Uh, grandma, I think I have a problem,” he said.

(Adapted from readworks.org)

This passage will probably be about
  • Simon writing to a magician.
  • Simon reading about a famous magician.
  • Simon trying to be a magician.
  • Simon meeting a magician.

After opening the box, Simon 

  • got more excited.
  • didn't feel excited any longer.
  • felt nothing.
  • was more excited.

Before the show, Simon seemed

  • lazy
  • scared.
  • busy.
  • over-confident.

Simon's grandma 

  • looked forward to his performance.
  • lied about the trick Simon showed.
  • thought his trick was not good enough.
  • didn't wait to see his performance.

Read the text. Then answer questions.

Weather Instruments 

     In order to measure the weather, weather instruments such as a thermometer, a barometer, a rain gauge, a wind vane, and a weather map are needed. A thermometer measures the air temperature. When the air is hot, the liquid in the closed glass tube moves up, and when it is cold, it goes down. A barometer measures air pressure. When the weather is sunny and dry, the pressure goes up, but when it is rainy or stormy, it drops. A rain gauge measures the amount of rain over a certain period of time, and a wind vane determines the direction the wind is blowing. A weather map shows atmospheric conditions of the Earth's surface. Meteorologists examine the weather map and predict the weather. 

What instrument is NOT used for measuring the weather?

  • A city map
  • A barometer
  • A thermometer

What does a rain gauge do? 

  • It measures the amount of rain.
  • It finds out the direction of the wind.
  • It measures the air temperature

Read about how to make a volcano. Then answer the questions.

     A volcano is a mountain with a large hole at the top. When it is active, lava, which is extremely hot liquid rock, is forced to come out of the hole. An active volcano can be very dangerous because it can destroy an entire town or city and cause tsunamis, flash floods, earthquakes, mudslides, and rockfalls.

     What makes a volcano erupt? The Earth's crust is made up of plates that fit together like a puzzle. However, these plates sometimes move, and the friction that is caused by their movement causes earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

     There is a fun and easy way to experiment with volcanic eruptions using baking soda. Fill a cylinder or bottle with warm water and a bit of red food coloring. Add 6 drops of detergent and 2 tablespoons of baking soda to the container. Then slowly pour vinegar into it.

     The baking soda and vinegar cause a chemical reaction. Pressure builds from the carbon dioxide gas inside, so the gas bubbles out of the cylinder. 

What can be caused by a volcano?

  • A hurricane
  • A tornado
  • A tsunami

You can make a volcano experiment with ____.

  • lemons and vinegar
  • baking soda and flour
  • vinegar and baking soda